Hugh, Lord Lovat,

     Hugh, Lord Lovat, was the son of Simon, Lord Lovat, and Catherine MacKenzie.

Hywel ap Rhys,, King of Glywysing

( - 886)
     Hywel ap Rhys, King of Glywysing was the son of Rhys ab Arthfael (?).
     Hywel died in 886 in Wales. After 880..

Child of Hywel ap Rhys,, King of Glywysing

Isabel, of Huntingdon,

(between 1199 and 1206 - before 20 March 1251/52)
     Isabel, of Huntingdon, was born between 1199 and 1206 in England. She was the second daughter of David, Earl of Huntingdon & niece of King Malcolm IV & William I of Scotland. She was the daughter of David, of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon (8) and Maud/Matilda, of Chester.
     Isabel, of Huntingdon, married Robert de Brus 4th Lord of Annandale, son of William de Brus and Christina FitzAlan (Bruce), circa 1219.
     She held the manors of Writtle & Hatfield Broad Oak in Essex. She was the second daughter, and coheiress of her brother, John, Earl of Chester. She had the manors of Hatfield Regis and Writtle, Essex as her share of the Chester inheritance (or in lieu thereof), 1238
Acc. to Sanders, held ' for the service of 1 knight's fee in exchange for her share of the Chester estates', p. 102[2]]
She also held to have received possession of Great Baddow, Essex, 1243 (Farrer, HKF II: 47)[15]
Her manors of Writtle and Hatfield (Broad Oak), Essex and the 1/2 hundred pertaining to Hatfield, were taken into the King's hand before 20 Mar 1251/52, and her son did homage therefor in Apr. or May. These manors, &c., had been granted to her, 16 Oct. 1241, in exchange for her share of the inheritance of John, Earl of Chester, in that Earldom.
     Isabel died before 20 March 1251/52 in England. She was buried in Saltre Abbey (Sawtrey), near Stilton, Huntingdonshire.

Child of Isabel, of Huntingdon, and Robert de Brus 4th Lord of Annandale

Isabella, Countess of Fife,

     Isabella, Countess of Fife, married Walter Stewart, son of Robert, II Stewart, King of Scotland and Elizabeth Mure. He was her fourth husband.

Ithel ap Morgan,, King of Glywysing

     Ithel ap Morgan, King of Glywysing was the son of Morgan ab Athrwys, King of Glywysing and unknown ferch Thedeu.
     Ithel died in Wales.

Child of Ithel ap Morgan,, King of Glywysing

Ithel Gam

     Ithel Gam married Tibod ferch Rhirid.

Child of Ithel Gam

James, II, King of Scotland

(16 October 1430 - 3 August 1460)
     James, II, King of Scotland was born on 16 October 1430 in Scotland. Possibly born in 1431?. He was the son of James, I Stewart, King of Scotland and Queen Joan or Jane Beaufort.
     King of Scotland 1437-1460. James II (known as Fiery Face because of a large birthmark) was only six years old when he was crowned in Holyrood Abbey. This ended a tradition that all kings since Kenneth MacAlpin were crowned at Scone. During his minority, he was brought up in Edinburgh Castle. He reinstated Edinburgh as the capital of Scotland and it has not been challenged since. Scotland during his minority was ruled by two rivals, Chrichton and Livingstone. The 5th Earl of Douglas was appointed Lieutenant General of the kingdom. James was a pawn and a prisoner in the hands of the competing Scots lords, all of whom wished to rule through him. After two years Lord Chancellor Crichton refused to let anyone see him. Queen Joan made plans to move him. She took her leave from the castle, tearfully requesting Crichton to look after the boy. Unknown to Crichton she had packed James into a chest and smuggled him out of the castle. He was taken to Stirling to Lord Livingstone. Before long Livingstone used James in he same manner. So Queen Joan stole James back and went back to Crichton. Livingstone followed with his forces and civil war became imminent. The two sides were reconciled by the bishops who encouraged them both to make war against the Douglases. Lt. Governor Earl of Douglas had died leaving two sons. They were believed to be enemies to the throne. Crichton (the keeper of Edinburgh castle) and Livingstone (the keeper of Stirling Castle) murdered the 6th Earl of Douglas (a great-grandson of Robert III) and his brother at the Great Hall of Edinburgh where they had been invited to banquet. James was charmed by them but at the feast they were murdered in the presence of James II and two younger brothers. The head of a black bull was carried to the table. Under Scottish custom, this presaged death of the principal guest. James begged for the lives of the two young men to be spared but they were beheaded. This was called the Black Dinner of 1440. They had feared a Douglas coup. Some years later when James came of age, he decided to reestablish control over the nobles as Scotland had again become racked by lawlessness, plague and famine since James I's death. He wanted to make an example of troublemakers. He at once executed two of the Livingstone leaders. James himself in a fit of rage stabbed William, the 8th Earl of Douglas, one of the most powerful nobles in the land when the Earl would not denounce the 4th Earl of Crawford (the Tiger Earl) and the Earl of Ross (4th Lord of the Isles). He defeated the Douglases at Arkinholm. Two of the Douglas brothers were slain and Douglas fled to England. The great house of Black Douglas had fallen and this was a turning point in the fortunes of the Scottish Crown. James did bring order to his kingdom and was able to govern in peace.
James married Mary of Gelders, a kinswoman. He acquired some of the guns the Low Countries were famous for, possibly the Mons Meg. An act of 1456 authorized the King to request certain great barons each to provide a cart of war carrying two double-barreled guns and to train gunners. He got some artillery with his bride, Mary, whose dower house, Ravenscraig, was the first castle in Scotland with a gun platform.
Although he was always busy with his wars, his reign was marked by some important social legislation. An act of 1450 guaranteed the position of a tenant whose land passed to another lord. James II was killed at the siege of Roxburgh Castle when a cannon he was supervising exploded. He was trying to retrieve Roxburgh and Berwick Castles from the English and had raised an army for that purpose. Cannons were introduced in battle for the first time and he was proud of them and was standing too close when one exploded.
     James, II, King of Scotland married Mary of Gueldres Queen of Scotland, daughter of Arnold d'Egmond Duke of Gueldres and Catherine, of Cleves,, on 3 July 1449 in Holyrood, Edinburgh, Scotland.
     James died on 3 August 1460 in the seige, Roxburgh Castle, Scotland, aged 29. When too near an exploding cannon. He was buried in Holyrood, Edinburgh.

Children of James, II, King of Scotland and Mary of Gueldres Queen of Scotland

James, III, King of Scotland

(10 July 1451 - 18 June 1488)
     James, III, King of Scotland was born on 10 July 1451 in Scotland. He was the son of James, II, King of Scotland and Mary of Gueldres Queen of Scotland. James, III, King of Scotland ruled Scotland between 1460 and 1488. James III was a child of 9 years when he came to the throne. He was crowned at Kelso Abbey. His mother, Marie of Gueldres, after his father's death, ruled as Regent until her death. Bishop Kennedy was Guardian of Scotland. He apparently managed the business of governing much better than James did when he reached his majority. The government of the time dealt with the outside threat of England by signing a truce with Edward IV.
When Marie died, the Boyd family, a powerful family in Scotland, became advisors to James III and took control of his person. Thomas, the son of Lord Boyd, was married to the King's sister, Mary, and was instrumental in arranging the King's marriage. James married Margaret of Denmark in 1469, whose father was the King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Part of her dowry consisted of Orkney and Shetland. They were given as security for part payment of her dowry since her father was impoverished. Her dowry was never forthcoming and, therefore, Orkney and Shetland became a permanent part of Scotland. When Thomas returned with James' new bride, he was in danger of being arrested, because he was a Boyd. However, his wife, Mary, met the ship bringing them to Scotland and warned her husband. They both fled to Denmark
.
     James, III, King of Scotland married Margaret, Princess of Denmark, daughter of Christian, I, King of Denmark, on 13 July 1469 in Holyrood House, Edinburgh, Scotland. After the marriage James was strong enough to destroy the Boyds. However, his internal problems were not over. His brothers, Alexander, the Duke of Albany, and John, the Earl of Mar were serious conspirators towards obtaining the crown from James. They were arrested on suspicion of conspiring against the crown. Mar died under suspicious circumstances, leading the nobles to wonder what could happen to them if a prince of the realm could be killed. Albany was able to escape from Edinburgh Castle to England where he was received by Edward IV. James tried to reconcile with his brother but Albany again tried to win the kingdom and was, therefore, exiled to France. It was during the reign of James III that a written record of Parliament came into being to be kept in a book, which has provided historians with much information. A third university was established during his reign also.
James was interested in many things, trade, currency, ships and artillery, music and building, and could have brought about a new age within Scotland but he was lacking one basic thing, and that was any element of force in his personality.
James met another challenge to the throne that may have been more serious than that of his brothers. The Scottish lords were totally appalled about James's bisexuality. James became unpopular with his nobles because of the favorites he had at court. He lavished money and gifts, including land, on these favorites to the detriment of others. This may have been the excuse the nobles needed, not that they were so enraged about his sexual preferences, but that of his ineffectual control of law and order. Seeing a way to exact vengeance, the nobles called a meeting in a nearby church when the army was camped at Lauder. There was a loud knocking on the door during this clandestine meeting and in came Robert Cochrane, the King's favorite, lavishly dressed. The nobles were irate. One grabbed Cochrane's gold necklace, while others grabbed his jacket and tied him up. At first he thought it as a joke but then came to realize that the nobles were indeed intent on doing him harm. Some of the Scottish lords went to the King's tent, captured the King and other favorites of James. Ropes were tied around their necks. The story is that when Cochrane realized they were serious, he begged them to use a silken rope. No mercy was shown and all but the King were dragged to Lauder Bridge and hanged beneath. James was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle for three months. He was released when peace was made. However, he soon reverted to his former ways and gathered his favorites around him. Not being able to tolerate this any longer, the nobles declared war on James. They declared him unfit to rule. He had a new friend, John Ramsay, and conferred an earldom upon him, much to the aversion and displeasure of the Scottish lords. The lords pressed the cause of young Prince James who was only 15 at the time. The young James agreed to support their cause as long as his father was not harmed
.
     James died on 18 June 1488 in Beaton's Mill, Sauchieburn, Stirlingshire, aged 36. A battle resulted near Stirling and James III was thrown from his horse - he was not a very good rider. Somewhat injured, he was carried into a nearby mill. When he regained consciousness, the people at the mill asked who he was. He replied, 'I was your king this morning.' The miller's wife rushed out of the building shouting for a priest for the king. A man claiming to be a priest entered the building and bent over the King. He asked the King if his wounds were mortal. The King replied that they were not but he wished to confess his sins and receive pardon. The stranger, stabbed the King in the heart, yelling, 'This then will give you your pardon.' He escaped before anyone could identify him. He was buried in Cambuskenneth, Stirlingshire?, Scotland. James was buried in Cambuskenneth Abbey, not having reached his 37th year. His son, James IV never quite escaped the guilt for the part that he had played in his father's death.

Children of James, III, King of Scotland and Margaret,, Princess of Denmark

James, IV, King of Scotland

(17 March 1473 - 9 September 1513)
     James, IV, King of Scotland was born on 17 March 1473 in Stirling Castle?, Scotland. He was the son of James, III, King of Scotland and Margaret, Princess of Denmark. James, IV, King of Scotland ruled Scotland from 1488 to 1513.
     James, IV, King of Scotland married Princess Margaret, Tudor, Queen of Scotland on 8 August 1503 in Glasgow, Lanarkshire. Wikipedia states: In a ceremony at the altar of Glasgow Cathedral on 10 December 1502, James confirmed the Treaty of Perpetual Peace with Henry VII of England. By this treaty James married Henry's daughter Margaret Tudor. After a wedding by proxy in London, the marriage was confirmed in person on 8 August 1503 at Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh. Their wedding was commemorated by the gift of a Book of Hours. The union produced four children plus two stillbirths:
James, Duke of Rothesay (21 February 1507, Holyrood Palace – 27 February 1508, Stirling Castle)
A stillborn daughter at Holyrood Palace on 15 July 1508.
Arthur, Duke of Rothesay (20 October 1509, Holyrood Palace – Edinburgh Castle, 14 July 1510).
James V (Linlithgow Palace, 15 April 1512 – Falkland Palace, Fife, 14 December 1542), the only one to reach adulthood, and the successor of his father.
A second stillborn daughter at Holyrood Palace in November 1512.
Alexander, Duke of Ross (Stirling Castle, 30 April 1514 – Stirling Castle, 18 December 1515), born after James's death
.
     Because James IV felt guilty for being involved, although unwillingly, in the death of his father, James III, he wore an iron chain around his waist as penance. Every year on the anniversary of his father's death, he added another weight to the belt.
Under James IV, Scotland was very progressive. Major changes were taking place in Europe, including the end of the feudal system. James wanted his realm to take its proper place in the new world. James gave to the Scottish realm the effective power which made it a "new monarchy: His reign was an expression of his own personality and its achievements were largely due to his own vigor and ability. Another university, the third, was founded at Aberdeen, the printing press came to Scotland, architecture flourished with the remodeling of palaces at Falkirk and Stirling Castle. A navy was established and James felt great pride for the Great Michael, the largest warship ever to have been built in Scotland. He was a true prince of the Renaissance in developing the military power of his country. The people were instructed to practice archery instead of golf and football. James was a learned man with many interests, which included sports, clothes, music, hunting, the arts, and architecture. James granted the barbers and physicians the right to form a guild and the sole right to sell whiskey which was a medicine. Each year the guild was also given the corpse of a hanged criminal in order to learn more about human anatomy. James was interested in surgery and himself extracted a tooth, set a broken leg, bled a patient. He was even interested in alchemy and financed an adventurer who thought he could find out how to produce gold.
It was reported to the King of Spain that James "is exceptionally clever, and can speak Latin, French, German, Flemish, Italian and the barbarian Gaelic, the native tongue of nearly all his subjects. He knows the Bible well and is conversant with most subjects. He is a good historian and reads Latin and French history, committing much to memory. He does not cut his hair or his beard. He is devout and says all his prayers. He maintains that the oath of a king should be his royal word, as was the case in bygone times. He is active and works hard, when he is not at war he hunts in the mountains. He is courageous. I have seen him undertake most dangerous things in the last wars. On such occasions he does not take the least care of himself." This portrait of the King by the Spaniard may have been exaggerated and he may not have spoken the number of languages that Ayala says.
At the beginning of his reign the Highlands were in turmoil, mainly due to the feud between the MacDonalds and MacKenzies. He visited the Isles six times and finally he took the Lordship of the Isles away from the MacDonalds of Islay and annexed MacDonald lands. He tried to treat the Highland chiefs like Lowland barons but this didn't work. Later he used the strongest clans, the Campbells and the Gordons to keep order. This was successful on a short term but in the long run it did not prove out as this further divided the clans because other chiefs resented the interference.
James was interested in education and made it mandatory for all men of means to send their eldest son to schools to study the arts, law and Latin. His intention was to keep the elite and wealthy in positions of power. It was also mandatory for all young men to train in warfare.
What comes through is the King's love of good government and of his people. His domestic policy was the suppression of disorder and the improvement of governmental machinery.
James wanted to marry Margaret Drummond. However, shortly after the political marriage between himself and Margaret Tudor, Henry VII's daughter, had been proposed to him, Margaret Drummond and her two sisters were found murdered. They had been poisoned. James never forgot her and prayed for her soul for the rest of his life. He married Henry VII's daughter, Margaret Tudor, with whom he had six children, only one of whom survived. This was more of a political marriage, as most were, than a romantic one. He signed the Treaty of Perpetual Peace in Glasgow Cathedral. James was 28 and Margaret 12. The ceremony to receive the young Queen was filled with pageantry and something that Scotland had not seen before. "The queen was dressed in white satin damask bordered with crimson velvet, with a collar of gold and pearls, a present from the King. Her long hair nearly reached the floor. The King was also dressed in white damask with gold trimmings, over a jacket slashed in crimson satin and edged with black velvet." The queen was very unhappy away from her home. Of course, she was just a child.
Ten years after the marriage feast and the declaration of lasting peace between England and Scotland, James once more found himself at war with the English. By the auld alliance James IV was bound to support France so when Henry VIII invaded France, the Scottish king invaded England. He also had some grievances with Henry VIII because he would not send the jewelry that had been promised by Henry VII to Scotland as part of the dowry of Margaret. Another reason was that two Scottish ships had been seized by the English. Henry VIII refused to return them even though James had returned captured English vessels during Henry VII's reign.
His reign ended tragically. He and his army were wiped out at Flodden in 1513. He had gathered an army of 20,000, the most powerful that Scotland had ever put on the field and took it to Norhumbria. The Scots chose an ideal position on Flodden Hill for the battle. The Earl of Surrey who was a skillful general was in command of the English army. He realized that he had to make the Scots change position and so he marched his army to the north, cutting of their retreat. The Scots were arranged in five groups, like Bruce's formation at Bannockburn. The English were divided into two groups. The Scots had cannons but they were very unwieldy, not like the much lighter artillery of the English. Also, the English had expert German gunners at the cannons. The English shot great gaps in the ranks of the Scots. Instead of letting the English come up the hill to him, he chose to advance down the hill. The ground was slippery and the Scots could not remain a wall of spears coming toward the English. The Scots spears were 19 feet long and the English used shorter axe-like weapons which were easier to use. The central part of his army had almost reached the Earl of Surrey when James was killed. At the end of the battle at nightfall, more than 10,000 brave Scots lay dead on Flodden Hill, including the King, the Archbishop of St. Andrews, two bishops, three abbots, nine earls, fourteen lords and three Highland chiefs. Their bodies were buried in deep pits and a monument stands now to commemorate the battle and their loss.
St. Pauls Church near the battlefield has printed a booklet about the battle. It says, in part: "Thus ended the last medieval battle to be found on English soil. Never again were knights to fight in armor, their personal standards flying. Never again were arrows, swords and spears to be the decisive weapons. Small arms, still unknown at Flodden, would gradually take their place."
When James died, the people of Edinburgh felt they would never be safe from the English unless they protected themselves. They started building fortifications but the English did not attack again. The wall that was completed around the city was named Flodden Wall. Some parts of it can still be seen.
Scotland never fully recovered from the defeat. James was a popular king, the greatest by far of all the house of Stewart. He does not deserve the blame which tradition has accorded to him. It was Henry, not James, who was responsible for the war and one reason that he was ill prepared was that he strove to keep the peace to the very last. His campaign was not at fault. His defeat in battle was primarily due to the fact that his ill organized force, numerically not much more than that of the enemy, was not adequate for its task.. So many died with him, including his brilliant bastard son, the Archbishop of St. Andrews. Again, the country was to suffer the uncertainties of a long minority for James V was only 17 months old.
James's body was disembowelled, embalmed and sent to London. His body, grotesquely preserved, was kept in the Monastery of Sheen, then thrown in a lumber room. Years later itt was discovered by workmen who cut off the head and used it for a macabre plaything. It was passed from one English noble to another for years, until it was finally buried in an anonymous grave
.
     James died on 9 September 1513 in Flodden, Northumberland, England, aged 40. He was buried in Shene, Richmond, Surrey.

Children of James, IV, King of Scotland and Margaret Boyd (of Bonshaw)

Child of James, IV, King of Scotland and Margaret Drummond

Child of James, IV, King of Scotland

Child of James, IV, King of Scotland and Princess Margaret, Tudor, Queen of Scotland

James, V, King of Scotland

(15 April 1512 - 13 December 1542)
     James, V, King of Scotland was born on 15 April 1512 in Linlithgow Palace. He was the son of James, IV, King of Scotland and Princess Margaret, Tudor, Queen of Scotland. James, V, King of Scotland ruled Scotland from 1513 to 1542. James V., of Scotland, succeeded, in 1513, on the death of his father, James IV, though only eighteen months old. At the age of 17 he assumed the government, and assisted Francis I of France against Charles V., for which the former gave him his daughter Margaret in marriage. On her decease he married, in 1539, Mary of Lorraine, daughter of Claude, Duke of Guise. James died in 1542, leaving his crown to Mary Stuart, his infant daughter, then only eight days old.
     James died on 13 December 1542 in Falkland Palace, Fife, aged 30. Or 14th?.

Children of James, V, King of Scotland

James, VI & 1, King of Scotland and England

(19 June 1566 - 27 March 1625)
     James VI of Scotland loathed violence and was very insecure. In fact, he wore heavily padded clothing most of his life as a method of protecting himself from being stabbed. After the raid at Stirling, he found a friend and protector, Esme Stuart, whom he made Duke of Lennox. Esme had spent most of his life in France and was educated and sophisticated. Morton had given James a certain amount of power and as his confidence grew, Morton could no longer control him. Morton was accused by James Stewart of being in on the plot to kill Darnley and James did nothing to protect Morton who was executed.
It is believed that the relationship between Lennox and James was a homosexual one. It was Lennox who put forth the idea to James of the divine right of Kings, that he was above the people and the Church, whereas Knox and the Presbyterians thought that the King should rule Scotland for God and be an ordinary member of the Kirk.
Regents: The coronation of James was not exactly the splendid pageant one would expect. Only 7 lords showed up to see him crowned King of Scotland. The Earl of Moray, who was a strong Protestant, was made Regent for James. However, his Regency did not last long as he was assassinated in 1570. Three Regents followed, with James being the pawn in their struggle for power, until James began his rule in 1585 at the age of 21. Scotland had suffered from a succession of kings who had been crowned as children and the country was ruled by regents for 100 of the years between 1406 and 1587. The second Regent was James' grandfather, the Earl of Lennox (Darnley's father). Lennox was elderly and ineffectual and was shot during a raid. The third was the Earl of Mar who held the office for less than a year before he died, albeit of natural causes. The last Regent was the Earl of Morton who had been a ringleader in the killing of Darnley and Rissio (Mary Queen of Scot's trusted counselor and confidant). Morton is reported to have been a "crude, uneducated thug" but his strength kept Scotland together. He kept in favor with Elizabeth, defeated the Catholics who were trying to restore Mary and kept the Protestant ministers from taking over the government. The Earls of Argyll and Atholl opposed Morton. Morton's plan was to resign the regency and control the government from behind the scenes. During this struggle for power, the young Earl of Mar who was a Morton supporter stormed into Stirling Castle and captured the King. James was terrified. Mar had been his old guardian's son and a playmate as a child. He learned that you could trust no one.
. James, VI & 1, King of Scotland and England was born on 19 June 1566 in Edinburgh Castle, Midlothian, Scotland. He married Anne of Denmark. He was the son of Henry Stewart Lord Darnley and Mary Stewart Queen of Scots.
     James died on 27 March 1625 aged 58.

Joan,,

     Joan, was the daughter of John, King of England.
     Joan, married Llywelyn The Great ab Iowerth Prince of Gwynedd, son of Iorweth Drwyndwn ab Owain Gwynedd and Margred ferch Madog, circa 1204. In as much as there is much confusion in printed sources and newsgroup archives regarding the marriage date of Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales, and his wife, Joan, illegitimate daughter of King John, Douglas Richardson of the Gen-Medieval Mailing list, contacted the English historian, Louise Wilkinson, Ph.D. Dr. Wilkinson recently delivered a paper on Joan at the Tenth Thirteenth Century England Conference held at St. Aidan's College, Durham in September 2003 [see website for details of conference ~ [EMAIL:]http://www.dur.ac.uk/History/confs/tce.htm[:EMAIL]].
Dr. Wilkinson replied:
"... references to the marriage settlement first appear in the records of the English Chancery in October 1204. See Rot. Litt. Claus. I, p.12. The charter, formally recording the settlement, appears in April 1205. See Rot. Litt. Claus., I.i., p. 147." [Note: Rot. Litt. Claus. is an abbreviation for Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum in Turri Londinensi].
Dr. Wilkinson stated that she has "encountered problems sorting out the daughters [of Joan]," and has "generally been guided by A.J. Roderick, 'Marriage and Politics, 1066-1282', Welsh Hist. Review, 4, 1968-69."
Dr Wilkinson also recommended "an extremely good article" by Huw Pryce on Llywelyn and Joan entitled 'Negotiating Anglo-Welsh
Relations: Llywelyn the Great and Henry III,' which article is found in the book, England and Europe in the Reign of Henry III, edited by B.K.U. Weiler and I.W. Rowlands (Aldershot, 2002).

Joan,, Princess of England

( - 14 August 1362)
     Joan, Princess of England was also known as Joanna Plantagenet (of the Tower) in records. She was born in England. She was the sister of Edward III and daughter of Edward II.
     Joan, Princess of England married David, II Bruce, King of Scotland, son of Robert, the Bruce, King of Scotland and Elizabeth de Burgh, on 17 July 1328 in Berwick Upon Tweed, England.
     Joan died on 14 August 1362 in London.

Joan, Sister of Henry III,

     Joan, Sister of Henry III, married Alexander, II, King of Scotland, son of William the Lion, King of Scotland and Ermengarde de Beaumont, in 1221.

Child of Joan, Sister of Henry III, and Alexander, II, King of Scotland

John Lord of the Isles

     John Lord of the Isles was also known as Eoin in records. He was the son of Angus Og of Islay.
     John Lord of the Isles married Margaret Stewart, daughter of Robert, II Stewart, King of Scotland and Elizabeth Mure, after 14 June 1350 in Scotland. On that date, they received a Papal dispensation to marry. She was his second wife.

Child of John Lord of the Isles and Margaret Stewart

John,, King of England

Child of John,, King of England

John, Duke of Burgundy,

(28 March 1371 - 10 September 1419)
     John was nick-named The Fearless. He was born on 28 March 1371 in Dijon, France. He was the son of Philip Duke of Burgundy and Margaret Countess of Flanders.
     John, Duke of Burgundy, married Margarethe von Bayern, daughter of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria-Straubing and Margaret von Schlesien-Brieg, on 12 April 1385.
     John died on 10 September 1419 in Montereau, France, aged 48. He was assassinated on Montereau bridge as talks commenced with King Charles VII of France.

Child of John, Duke of Burgundy, and Margarethe von Bayern

John, Lord Lindsay of Byres,

     John, Lord Lindsay of Byres, married daughter Stewart, daughter of Robert Stewart Lord of Lorn and Margaret Stewart (Stewart).

Child of John, Lord Lindsay of Byres, and daughter Stewart

Judith of Lens

     Judith of Lens married Waltheof Earl of Northumbria & Huntingdon in 1070. She was the daughter of Lambert II, Count of Lens and Adelaide of Normandy, Countess of Aumale.

Kenneth

(960 - 1030)
     Kenneth married Dunclina,, daughter of Kenneth, II, King of Scotland. Kenneth was born in 960. He was the son of Ferguard, and Daughter, of Norway.
     Kenneth died in 1030.

Child of Kenneth and Dunclina,,

Kenneth, II, King of Scotland

( - 995)
     Kenneth, II, King of Scotland was the son of Malcolm, I, King of Scotland.
     Kenneth died in 995.

Children of Kenneth, II, King of Scotland

Ketelbern

     Godric, son of Chetelbert, or Ketelbern (father of William son of Godric de Emley) is named in 1130 when he was amerced 4 marks on the occasion of the eyre of Walter Espec in this county [Mag. R. Pip, 31 Hen I 33]. Possibly he was the Godric who attested a charter of Robert de Lascy to Pontefract [Chartul. of Pontefr. no.7]. When Dr Burton made extracts from the chartulary of Nyland he found a charter on f.134 by which Godric son of Ketelbern gave to the monks of Byland as much iron ore as would supply one furnace, and also fuel out of the wood of "Emmelay" which gift was confirmed by William his son [Mon ebor. 332]. William son of Godric is frequently named in the records down to 1182, when he made a last payment of 10 shilling in respect of a debt incurred 2 years earlier for having peace "de quadam lege que ei fuit adjudicata" [Pipe roll 28 Hen II 42; 26 Hen II 73]. He married not earlier than 1165, nor later than 1173 Aubreye, daughter and heiress of Robert de Lisours, and widow of Richard Fitz-Eustace, constable of Chester. ... William, son of William son of Godric, was probably of age in 1194, when his mother Abrey de Lisours, released to Roger, constable of Chester the fee of Robert de Lascy, lately deceased. .. The record of a plea in Michaelmas term, 1211, establishes the descent of the old line of FitzWilliam from Ketelbern: "William, son of William son of Godric, demands against Alexander de Crevequer 1 carucate of land in Hopton as his right an as that whereof Ketelbert, his ancestor, was seised as of fee and right the day and year King Henry, grandfather, died, and from Ketelbert the right descended to Godric, and from Godric to William, and from William to the said William, his son. Alexander puts himself on the grand assize."
     William FitzWilliam died before 23 Feb 1224, when Thomas FitzWilliam, his son and and heir, had livery of Royton, co. Lancaster, held in chief of the crown.
     This old Anglo Norman family became extinct in the male line on the death of the last of the senior line in 1516, when all the family estated passed by females ot the Saviles and Copleys. ....
     Ketelbern was mentioned in a deed dated 1 December 1135. A lawsuit of 1211 mentions that he was seized of land at Hopton, not far from Emley on the day of the death of King Henry.

Child of Ketelbern

Lachlan,,

     Lachlan, was the son of Gareth, Thane of Atholl.

Child of Lachlan,,

Livingus

Child of Livingus

Llewelyn,, King of Gwynedd

     Llewelyn, King of Gwynedd married Guerta, of Deheubarth,.

Child of Llewelyn,, King of Gwynedd and Guerta, of Deheubarth,

Macbeth,,

(circa 1005 - 15 August 1057)
     Macbeth, was born circa 1005 in Moray. He was the son of Finlaech, Mormaer of Moray, and Donada.
     He was King of Scots (Alba) from 1040.
     Macbeth died on 15 August 1057. He was slain by Malcolm.

Macsen Wledig, Maximus, Emperor,

(before 350 - 388)
     Macsen Wledig, Maximus, Emperor, was born before 350.
     Macsen died in 388.

Children of Macsen Wledig, Maximus, Emperor,

Malcolm, Earl of Angus,

Child of Malcolm, Earl of Angus,

Malcolm, I, King of Scotland

( - 954)
     Malcolm, I, King of Scotland was the son of Donald, II, King of Scotland.
     Malcolm died in 954.

Child of Malcolm, I, King of Scotland

Malcolm, II, King of Scotland

( - 1034)
     Malcolm, II, King of Scotland was the son of Kenneth, II, King of Scotland.
     Malcolm died in 1034.

Child of Malcolm, II, King of Scotland