Malcolm, II, King of Scots

Child of Malcolm, II, King of Scots

Malcolm, IV, King of Scotland

(circa 1142 - December 1165)
     Malcolm, IV, King of Scotland was born circa 1142. He was the son of Prince Henry, (of Scotland). 3rd Earl of Huntingdon and Ada de Warenne.
     Malcolm died in December 1165 in Jedburgh, Roxburghshire.

Malcom, III Canmor, King of Scotland

( - 13 November 1093)
     Malcom, III Canmor, King of Scotland was born in Scotland. He was the son of Duncan, I, King of Scotland.
     Malcolm III (1058-1093): Malcolm "Canmore" ('ceann' means head or chief and 'mor' means great) was the son of Duncan I and went into exile in Northumberland when his father was killed by Macbeth. With English support, he defeated and killed Macbeth at Lumphanan in Aberdeenshire in 1057 and Lulach, Macbeth's stepson, the following year. He founded the dynasty of the House of Canmore which lasted until the House of Stewart. By his first marriage to Ingibiorg (daughter of Thorfinn of Orkney) he had two sons, Duncan II (see below) and Donald. Following Ingibiorg's death he married Margaret, the sister of Edgar Atheling, who would have become King of England if William the Conqueror from Normandy had not over-run the country. By this marriage there were six sons, four of whom (Duncan, Edgar, Alexander and David) would become king. Malcolm made raids into Northumbria and Cumbria but William marched north and Malcolm was forced to submit and sign the Treaty of Abernethy in 1071. A final incursion in 1093 led to his defeat and death at Alnwick. His son and heir, Edward, died in the same battle and Queen Margaret died four days later.

Malcolm III., called Canmore (Ceanmohr, or Great-head), King of Scotland, was eldest son of Duncan, who was murdered by Macbeth in 1039. After Duncan's death Malcolm fled for safety to his kinsman, Siward, Danish Earl of Northumberland, and continued to live for many years in England. In 1054 Siward, with the sanction of Edward the Confessor, led an army into Scotland, encountered Macbeth near Dunsinane, defeated him, and left Malcolm in possession. Macbeth retired into the North, and the contest was only ended in 1056, by his defeat and death at Lumphanan. Malcolm remained at peace with England during the reign of Edward the Confessor, but on the accession of Harold he favoured the attempt of Tostig. After the battle of Hastings he welcomed to his court Edgar the Atheling, with his mother and two sisters, and soon married one of them, the Princess Margaret. In 1070 he invaded England, ravaged Durham, and carried off so many prisoners that for years after English slaves were found in every hamlet of Scotland. This raid was avenged by a more savage and destructive devastation of Northumbria by William the Conqueror. Malcolm agreed to do homage, and Edgar left his court, but he continued to give his protection to the English exiles. Disputes arose with William Rufus, and in 1091 Malcolm again invaded England, but retired without fighting. William invaded Scotland the next year, but peace was made by the mediation of Duke Robert and Edgar. In 1093 Malcolm once more made an incursion into England and besieged Alnwick Castle. He was attacked by Roger de Mowbray and killed in the battle, November 13th of that year. His queen, Margaret, heard the tidings, and died three days later.
     Malcom died on 13 November 1093. He was buried at Tynemouth Priory and again at Dunferminline Abbey or possibly Iona.

Children of Malcom, III Canmor, King of Scotland

Maldred or Malcolm,, King of Cumbria

(say 1000 - 1045?)
     Maldred or Malcolm, King of Cumbria was born say 1000. He was the son of Crinan the Thane, and Beatrice or Bethoc.
     Maldred, or Malcolm, the second son of Crinan, is believed to have become King of the Cumbrians when his elder brother succeeded as King of Scots. There is no direct proof of this, and Fordun states that Cumbria was in 1034 bestowed on Malcolm, afterwards Malcolm III son of Duncan I But he was only a child at that date, and it is more probable it was his uncle, the older Malcolm, who was made ruler of Cumbria. Certainly he is found closely linked to that district, which then included Strathclyde as well as Cumberland, by marriage relations and other ties. A recently discovered writ by his son Gospatric, to be referred to later, suggests that he may have possessed in his own right the Allerdale district of Cumberland. Little is known of Maldred's history, and his career was probably cut short in the same battle as that in which his father was slain, in 1045.
     Maldred or Malcolm, King of Cumbria married Algitha or Ealdgith,, daughter of Uchtred Earl of Northumberland and Elgiva or Aelgifu (?). He married Ealdgith or Algitha, daughter of Uchtred, Earl of Northumberland, by his wife Aelgifu or Elgiva, daughter of Aethelred II King of England.
     Maldred died in 1045?. Maldred of Scotland (d. 1041) (Regent of Strathclyde).

Children of Maldred or Malcolm,, King of Cumbria and Algitha or Ealdgith,,


     Maldred of Allendale had three sons: Robert; Uhtred; Ulkel and one daughter. Maldred, was born in England. Maldred, is claimed as the ancestor of Robert Fitz Maldred, Lord of Raby in Durham, and through him of the Nevills, Earls of Westmorland and Warwick, and other families of that name. He had apparently two sons, Robert and Uchtred.' An Ulkil, son of Maldred, appears as a witness to charters by Cospatric, brother of Dolfin before 1138.' They may have been cousins. He was the son of Maldred or Malcolm, King of Cumbria and Algitha or Ealdgith.

Margaret Countess of Flanders

     Margaret Countess of Flanders married Philip Duke of Burgundy.

Child of Margaret Countess of Flanders and Philip Duke of Burgundy

Margaret,, Princess of Denmark

(23 June 1456 - February 1486/87)
     Margaret, Princess of Denmark was born on 23 June 1456 in Denmark. She was the daughter of Christian, I, King of Denmark.
     Margaret, Princess of Denmark married James, III, King of Scotland, son of James, II, King of Scotland and Mary of Gueldres Queen of Scotland, on 13 July 1469 in Holyrood House, Edinburgh, Scotland. After the marriage James was strong enough to destroy the Boyds. However, his internal problems were not over. His brothers, Alexander, the Duke of Albany, and John, the Earl of Mar were serious conspirators towards obtaining the crown from James. They were arrested on suspicion of conspiring against the crown. Mar died under suspicious circumstances, leading the nobles to wonder what could happen to them if a prince of the realm could be killed. Albany was able to escape from Edinburgh Castle to England where he was received by Edward IV. James tried to reconcile with his brother but Albany again tried to win the kingdom and was, therefore, exiled to France. It was during the reign of James III that a written record of Parliament came into being to be kept in a book, which has provided historians with much information. A third university was established during his reign also.
James was interested in many things, trade, currency, ships and artillery, music and building, and could have brought about a new age within Scotland but he was lacking one basic thing, and that was any element of force in his personality.
James met another challenge to the throne that may have been more serious than that of his brothers. The Scottish lords were totally appalled about James's bisexuality. James became unpopular with his nobles because of the favorites he had at court. He lavished money and gifts, including land, on these favorites to the detriment of others. This may have been the excuse the nobles needed, not that they were so enraged about his sexual preferences, but that of his ineffectual control of law and order. Seeing a way to exact vengeance, the nobles called a meeting in a nearby church when the army was camped at Lauder. There was a loud knocking on the door during this clandestine meeting and in came Robert Cochrane, the King's favorite, lavishly dressed. The nobles were irate. One grabbed Cochrane's gold necklace, while others grabbed his jacket and tied him up. At first he thought it as a joke but then came to realize that the nobles were indeed intent on doing him harm. Some of the Scottish lords went to the King's tent, captured the King and other favorites of James. Ropes were tied around their necks. The story is that when Cochrane realized they were serious, he begged them to use a silken rope. No mercy was shown and all but the King were dragged to Lauder Bridge and hanged beneath. James was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle for three months. He was released when peace was made. However, he soon reverted to his former ways and gathered his favorites around him. Not being able to tolerate this any longer, the nobles declared war on James. They declared him unfit to rule. He had a new friend, John Ramsay, and conferred an earldom upon him, much to the aversion and displeasure of the Scottish lords. The lords pressed the cause of young Prince James who was only 15 at the time. The young James agreed to support their cause as long as his father was not harmed
     Margaret died in February 1486/87 in Stirling, Scotland, aged 30. She was buried in Cambuskenneth Abbey, Stirlingshire, Scotland.

Children of Margaret,, Princess of Denmark and James, III, King of Scotland

Lady Margaret,,

     Lady Margaret, married Kenneth MacKenzie VII. Lady Margaret, daughter of John, Lord of the Isles and Earl of Ross.

Child of Lady Margaret,, and Kenneth MacKenzie VII

Margaret, of Huntingdon,

(circa 1194 - after 1 June 1233)
     Margaret, of Huntingdon, was born circa 1194. She was the daughter of David, of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon (8) and Maud/Matilda, of Chester.
     Margaret died after 1 June 1233. Her grandson was John Balliol who died in 1313 after ruling Scotland from 1292-96.

Margery, of Scotland,

     Margery, of Scotland, was the daughter of Alexander, II, King of Scotland.
     Margery, of Scotland, married Alan Durward.
     Robert, Lord Abbott of Dunfermline, resigned (A.D. 1251). - The Lord Abbot of Dunfermline appears to have been "implicated in the plot of trying to get the bastard daughter of King Alexander II., the wife of Alan Durward, Justiciar of Scotland, legitimized, that she might succeed to the throne, in the event of the death of the boy-King, Alexander III." Feeling that he had done wrong, and having had some misunderstanding with the monks, he resigned his office of Lord Abbot of Dunfermline, and also his seals of office as Lord Chancellor of Scotland, and retired to Newbottle, where he assumed the attire and position of a monk of that Abbey. About the year 1269 he was elected Abbot of Melrose, and died in 1273. (Fordun ii. 68, 216; Chron. Mel. P. 151, 191, 216; Morton's An. Tev. P. 226.)
cf. R. Borthwick, .

Child of Margery, of Scotland, and Alan Durward

Marjory, of Buchan,

     Marjory, of Buchan, married William Comyn. In 1212 King William granted the hand of Marjorie of Buchan, estates and title of Earl of Buchan to William Comyn as his 2nd wife.

Child of Marjory, of Buchan, and William Comyn

Matilda of Northumberland

     Matilda of Northumberland was the daughter of Gospatrick Earl of Northumbria.
     Matilda, married to Dolfin, son of Aylward.

Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon,

     Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon, was the daughter of Waltheof Earl of Northumbria & Huntingdon and Judith of Lens.
     Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon, married David, I, King of Scotland 1124-53, son of Malcom, III Canmor, King of Scotland.

Child of Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon, and David, I, King of Scotland 1124-53

Maud, Countess of Angus,

     Maud, Countess of Angus, was the daughter of Malcolm, Earl of Angus.
     Maud, Countess of Angus, married Gilbert de Umfraville, son of Robert de Umfraville Baron of Prudhoe.

Child of Maud, Countess of Angus, and Richard de Umfraville

Maud/Matilda, of Chester,

(1171 - circa 1233)
     Maud/Matilda, of Chester, was born in 1171 in England. She was the daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester.
     Maud/Matilda, of Chester, married David, of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon (8), son of Prince Henry, (of Scotland). 3rd Earl of Huntingdon and Ada de Warenne, on 26 August 1190. “Earl David’s daughter Maud, wife of John of Monmouth II, died
> childless earlier than [her brother] Earl John. For her marriage,
> hitherto unknown to family historians, see PRO DL 42/2, fos. 196v.–7r.” END OF QUOTE.
> As we can see, Stringer finally provides us with a source for Maud and
> her marriage, namely Public Record Office, Duchy of Lancaster, 42/2,
> fos. 196v.– 7r.” Stringer assumed that he was making an original
> discovery, whereas Maud's parentage and marriage appeared in print as
> shown above as early as 1812. While I haven't yet examined the
> original Duchy of Lancaster record, I have no doubt that it proves
> that Maud, daughter of Earl David, existed and that she married John de Monmouth.

Just to note that DL 42/2 is listed on TNA Discovery catalogue as:
"Great cowcher or carte regum, II. Copies of deeds of title etc of the Duchy of Lancaster dated Hen I-Hen IV. For calendar see DL 41/36/12 & IND 1/17591 and for 15th century transcript see DL 42/192-193. An index is on open access. See Finding Aids Location Index" and is dated to c 1402.
     Maud/Matilda died circa 1233.

Children of Maud/Matilda, of Chester, and David, of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon (8)

Merfyn Mawr,, King of Man

( - 681)
     Merfyn Mawr, King of Man was the son of Cynin ab Anllech.
     Merfyn died in 681. See the Annals of Ulster..

Child of Merfyn Mawr,, King of Man

Moreddig of Warwyn,, Lord of Penyfed

Child of Moreddig of Warwyn,, Lord of Penyfed

Morgan ab Athrwys,, King of Glywysing

( - 665)
     Morgan ab Athrwys, King of Glywysing was the son of Athrwys ap Meurig.
     Morgan ab Athrwys, King of Glywysing married unknown ferch Thedeu, daughter of Thedeu ap Peredur (?).
     Morgan died in 665 in Wales.

Child of Morgan ab Athrwys,, King of Glywysing and unknown ferch Thedeu

Morgan Mawr Howard Hen,, King of Morgannwg

( - 974)
     Morgan Mawr Howard Hen, King of Morgannwg was born in Wales. He was the son of Owain ap Hywel (?) and Nest ferch Rhodri Mawr.
     Morgan died in 974 in Wales.

Child of Morgan Mawr Howard Hen,, King of Morgannwg


(900 - 959)
     Murdoch was born in 900. He was the son of Doir.
     Murdoch died in 959.

Children of Murdoch

Neil Earl of Carrick

(say 1200 - 1256)
     Neil Earl of Carrick was also known as Niall in records.
     Neil Earl of Carrick married Isabel Unknown. John Ravillious gives Marjorie's mother as Isabel (parentage unknown) quoting Andrew Macewan's research. The Scots peerage had linked her to Margaret Stewart. Neil Earl of Carrick was born say 1200 in Scotland. He was successor of mormaer Dhonnchad of Charraig, whom modern genealogical research has determined to have been his grandfather. Niall's father Cailean of Charraig (Nicol, Nicholas) was heir but seems to have predeceased his father, mormaer Dhonnchad. He was the son of Duncan Earl of Carrick and Avelina FitzWalter or FitzAlan or Stewart.
     Nigel, or Niel, second earl of Carrick, like his father, was very liberal to the church. In 1255, a commission was granted by Henry the Third, for receiving ‘Niel earl of Karricke,’ and other Scotsmen into his protection. He was one of the regents of Scotland and guardians of Alexander the Third and his queen, appointed in the convention at Roxburgh, 20th September, 1255, and died the following year.
     Sometimes called Nicol. One of the English faction, and under the protection of Henry III, was appointed one of the Regents of Scotland and guardians of Alexander III, 20 Sep 1255.
     Neil died in 1256.

Child of Neil Earl of Carrick and Isabel Unknown

Nominoe, Duke of Brittany,

( - 851)
     Nominoe, Duke of Brittany, was the son of Frodaldus, Count of Brittany.
     Nominoe died in 851.

Padarn Beisrudd (Paternus)

     Padarn Beisrudd (Paternus) was born in Kent, England.
     The old British form of this name means Paternus Red Cloak and indicates that he was a very senior Roman officer. He was appointed Praefectus Gentium about 369 when Theodosius re-settled the Borders after the Great Invasion, and was set to rule over the southern Votadini. [Family Tree Magazine (July 1989) extracted from "The Age of Arthur" by John Morris].

Child of Padarn Beisrudd (Paternus)

Pasgen,, King of Buellt & Gwrtheyrnion

     Pasgen, King of Buellt & Gwrtheyrnion was born in Wales. He was the son of Gwrtheyrn Gwrtheneu (Vortigern) (?) and Severa f Macsen Wledig (?).

Child of Pasgen,, King of Buellt & Gwrtheyrnion

Penda ap Pybbe,, King of Mercia

(626 - 655)
     Penda ap Pybbe, King of Mercia was born in 626 in England. He was the son of Pybbe.
     Penda died in 655.

Philip Duke of Burgundy

(15 January 1341 - 27 April 1404)
     Philip Duke of Burgundy married Margaret Countess of Flanders. Philip Duke of Burgundy was born on 15 January 1341.
     Philip died on 27 April 1404 aged 63.

Child of Philip Duke of Burgundy and Margaret Countess of Flanders

Queen Philippa,,

(circa 1312 - 14 August 1369)
     Queen Philippa, was born circa 1312.
     Queen Philippa, married Edward, III, King of England.
     Philippa died on 14 August 1369.


(before 610 - )
     Pybbe, was born before 610 in England.

Children of Pybbe,,


Child of Ranulph,,

Rhirid Flaidd Lord of Comot of Penllyn

( - circa 1207)
     Rhirid Flaidd Lord of Comot of Penllyn was born in Merioneth, Wales. See: for further details on this line.
     Rhirid Flaidd, "who dwelt at Rhiwaedog," is frequently alluded to in the Welsh chronicles of the later half of the twelth century. Details may be conveniently found concerning him and several families of North Wales who trace their descent from him, in the "Annals of Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales", under the particular chapter devoted to Merionethshire. It says (p. 678): "This distinguished man, Lord of Penllyn (a cnatref containing five parishes north of the Bala Lake), Eifonydd, Pennant, Melangell, and Glyn, in Powis, and, as some say, of eleven towns or trefs in the hundred of Oswestry, has been occasionally described, but erroneously, as founder of one of the fifteen noble tribes of North Wales. At the same time his territories were larger and his influence much more extensive than those of several of the founders of noble tribes. He flourished at the time of Henry II, and his son Richard I. Paternally his descent was from Cynedda Wledig, but maternally it is alleged that his lineage was Norman, his mother being a descendant of Richard, Earl of Avranches, by his son William, whose brother was Hugh Lupus Earl of Chester. Whether Rhirid was called Flaidd (the wolf), from a cognomen of his maternal ancestors, or from the possession of a hungry and savage nature, it is not easy to say. His eldest son Madoc had a son, Rhirid Fychan (the younger, or the little), who married into the family of Fychan (Vaughan), of Nannau, and from him were descended the subsequents Vaughans of Nannau and Rhug. From his son David Pothon, who married Cicely, daughter of Sir Alexander Myddleton, Lord of Myddelton, in Shropshire, the Myddletons of Chirk Castle were descended, retaining the maternal name.". He was the son of Gwrgeneu ap Collwyn (?). Rhirid was nick-named Rhirid The Wolf.
     Rhirid Flaidd Lord of Comot of Penllyn married Gwenllian f Ednyfed (?), daughter of Ednyfed ap Cynwrig (?) and Gwladus ferch Aldud.
     Rhirid died circa 1207.

Child of Rhirid Flaidd Lord of Comot of Penllyn and Gwenllian f Ednyfed (?)