Thomas Fairfax

     Thomas Fairfax was the son of Sir Thomas Fairfax and Anne Gascoigne. Thomas was an Anglican priest.

Thomas Fairfax

     Thomas Fairfax lived at Walton, Yorkshire, circa 1349.
     Thomas Fairfax married Elizabeth or Margaret de Etton in 1349.

Child of Thomas Fairfax and Elizabeth or Margaret de Etton

Sir Thomas Fairfax

(circa 1474 - 1520)
     Sir Thomas Fairfax was born circa 1474 in Walton, Yorkshire. He was 29 when he succeeded his father in 1505. He was the son of Sir Thomas Fairfax and Elizabeth Sherborne.
     In 1489 Thomas became the owner of the Gilling estate in Walton through his ancestor Elizabeth de Etton and her husband Thomas Fairfax of Walton in 1349.
     Sir Thomas Fairfax married Anne Gascoigne, daughter of Sir William Gascoigne and Lady Margaret Percy, before 1504 in Yorkshire. They had 6 sons and 6 daughters.
     Thomas died in 1520.

Children of Sir Thomas Fairfax and Anne Gascoigne

Sir Thomas Fairfax

(circa 1430 - 31 March 1505)
     Sir Thomas Fairfax was born circa 1430. He was the son of William Fairfax and Catherine Neville.
     Sir Thomas Fairfax married Elizabeth Sherborne. Sir Thomas Fairfax was knighted He was created a Knight of Bath in 1495.
     Thomas died on 31 March 1505.

Children of Sir Thomas Fairfax and Elizabeth Sherborne

Sir Thomas Fairfax (1st Baron)

(circa 1560 - 1 May 1640)
     Sir Thomas Fairfax (1st Baron) was born circa 1560 in Bilbrough, Yorkshire. He was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Fairfax of Denton and Nun Appleton, Yks. He was the son of Sir Thomas Fairfax (of Denton) and Dorothy Gale (Rokeby).
     Sir Thomas Fairfax (1st Baron) married Ellen Aske, daughter of Robert Aske and Elizabeth Dawney, in 1582. He had 12 children, 2 of whom were to die abroad in the 30 Years War and 1 in the ill fated expedition to La Rochelle. A 4th son died mysteriously in Turkey.
     Thomas fought in the Low Country and was knighted by Lord Essex for gallant conduct before Rouen, 1591. He served Queen Elizabeth as a diplomatist; was one of the Council of the North, under the presidency of Lord Sheffield, from 1602-1619. Sir Thomas Fairfax (1st Baron) was widowed on 23 August 1620 on the death of his wife Ellen Aske.      
Sir Thomas Fairfax (1st Baron) was elected MP in 1625 for Yorkshire. Thomas was created a peer of Scotland, 4 May 1627, as Baron Fairfax of Cameron on 4 May 1627.
     Thomas died on 1 May 1640. Sir Thomas jr. was knighted and made Viscount Fairfax of Cameron. He was buried in Otley, Yorkshire. See a photograph of the memorial inscription at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/52219527@N00/3010335156/sizes/o/in/photostream/.

Children of Sir Thomas Fairfax (1st Baron) and Ellen Aske

Sir Thomas Fairfax (of Denton)

(1521 - 28 January 1599/0)
     He was of Denton and Nun Appleton, deprived of Steeton in favour of his brother Gabriel.
He changed the field of his coat from argent to or to distinguish it from the Steeton branch. He received Denton from his mother’s estate but lost Steeton Castle by his father disinheriting him and giving Steeton Castle to his younger son, Gabriel.
They had issue Sir Thomas, Henry who died young, Ferdinando who died young, Ursula who married Sir Henry Bellasyse, of Newborough; Christiana who married John Aske of Aughton, buried at St Mary Bishophill, 1 July 1619; Anne who died young and was buried at Bishophill 29 Aug 1571. Sir Thomas jr. was knighted and made Viscount Fairfax of Cameron and died 23 Aug 1620. He had issue Ferdinando, 2nd Lord Fairfax who was General of the Northern Forces for the Parliament ... His brother Thomas became 3rd Lord Fairfax and General of Horse for the Parliament 28 Jan 1642, Commander in Chief, M.P.Yorkshire 1660. .
enjoyeth Denton and the lands that came by Thwates, Tonge Surtees 58. Sir Thomas Fairfax (of Denton) was born in 1521 in Bilborough, Yorkshire. He was the second son. He was the son of Sir William Fairfax and Isabel Thwaites.
     Sir Thomas Fairfax (of Denton) married Dorothy Gale (Rokeby) in 1559. She was the widow of John Rokeby of Sandal. Sir Thomas Fairfax (of Denton) was High Sheriff of Yorkshire, in 1571.
     Sir Thomas Fairfax (of Denton) made a will dated 13 January 1578. His will is printed in Reg. Test. xxviii, 46. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth in 1579.
     Thomas died on 28 January 1599/0 in Denton, Yorkshire.
     His will was proved on 31 January 1599/0 at the Prerogative Court of York.

Children of Sir Thomas Fairfax (of Denton) and Dorothy Gale (Rokeby)

Children of Sir Thomas Fairfax (of Denton)

Thomas Fairfax 3rd Baron

(17 January 1611/12 - 12 November 1671)
     Thomas Fairfax 3rd Baron was born on 17 January 1611/12 in Denton, Yorkshire. He was the son of Ferdinando Fairfax 2nd Baron and Mary Sheffield. Thomas Fairfax 3rd Baron graduated in 1626 from St John's College, Cambridge University.
     Thomas Fairfax 3rd Baron served in the military in the Army in 1629. He joined Sir Horace Vere's army, fighting for the Dutch in the Thirty Years War. He married Vere's daughter on his return to England. In 1639 he marched with King Charles I against the Scots in the First Bishop's War. Although the war ended with the pacification of Berwick before any fighting took place, Fairfax was knighted for his services in January 1640. Sir Thomas Fairfax was a leading particpant in theSecond Siege of Bradford, the Storming of Leeds, the Storming of Wakefield, the Battle of Seacroft Moor, the Battle of Adwalton Moor and the Battle of Marston Moor..
     Thomas Fairfax 3rd Baron married Ann Vere on 20 June 1637.
     He was a leading Parliamentarian general of the First and Second Civil Wars and Lord-General of the New Model Army. He refused to fight against Chares II in the Third Civil War and supported the Restoration. Thomas succeeded his father as 3rd Lord Fairfax and General of Horse for the Parliament 28 Jan 1642, Commander in Chief, MP for Yorkshire 1660.
Fairfax continued as Lord-General of the Army throughout the political crisis of 1647-8, supporting the Independents against the Presbyterians and the Grandees against the Levellers, though his actions were largely prompted by Cromwell and Ireton.
During the Second Civil War, Fairfax crushed the Royalist uprising in Kent, then drove the Essex Royalists into Colchester, where he became bogged down in a long and increasingly bitter siege. He ordered the execution of the Royalist commanders Sir Charles Lucas and Sir George Lisle after Colchester's surrender asserting that they had broken their parole and committed treason by taking up arms against Parliament.
Fairfax became increasingly worried at events leading up to the King's trial because, as Lord-General, all the Army's actions were carried out in his name. Although he was appointed one of the commissioners of the High Court of Justice, Fairfax did not attend the King's trial. When his name was called, his wife Anne famously cried out, "He hath more wit than to be here," before being forcibly removed from the courtroom. During the execution of the King, Fairfax is said to have been detained at a prayer meeting by Cromwell and Colonel Harrison.
He succeeded as the 3rd Lord Fairfax on the death of his father, Ferdinando, in March 1648


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Fairfax remained in England during Cromwell's Irish campaign of 1649. He resigned as Lord General of the Army in 1650, declining to invade Scotland against Charles II and the Covenanters during the Third Civil War. Fairfax stated that although he would fight to the death to resist any invasion of England, he was reluctant to invade a country with which there still existed a Solemn League and Covenant. In any case he believed that strategically it made more sense to await a Scottish invasion and defeat it in England. Command of the New Model Army passed to Oliver Cromwell and Fairfax played no part in the great victories of Dunbar and Worcester.

Fairfax lived quietly in retirement during the Commonwealth and Protectorate. His daughter Mary married the Duke of Buckingham in 1657. Buckingham was in secret communication with Charles II and when Buckingham was arrested and sent to the Tower in 1658, Fairfax came to London to intercede for him, quarrelling bitterly with Cromwell a few days before the Protector's death.

When General Monck marched against Lambert, Fairfax raised the gentry of Yorkshire in support of Monck and seized York from Colonel Robert Lilburne on 1st January 1660, the day Monck set out from Coldstream. Fairfax handed York over to Monck and urged him to restore the Monarchy. The influence of Buckingham probably saved him from being condemned as a regicide after the Restoration. See also http://www.the-fairfax-society.org/.
     In 1642 while most of the Yorkshire gentry sided with the King, Sir Thomas and his father Ferdinando, Lord Fairfax, declared for Parliament and fought many engagements in the north of England. Known as "Black Tom" for his dark complexion, Sir Thomas gained a reputation as a gallant and courageous commander, though his fortunes were mixed. The Fairfaxes were defeated by the Marquis of Newcastle at Adwalton Moor in June 1643, which temporarily left the Royalists in control of Yorkshire. Fortifying themselves in Hull and mounting lightning raids on Royalist positions, the Fairfaxes kept Newcastle's army occupied in the north and prevented a Royalist advance into East Anglia. Fairfax left his father to command Hull and crossed the Humber into East Anglia with a body of cavalry in September 1643. He collaborated for the first time with Oliver Cromwell, who was a colonel in the Eastern Association army, at the battle of Winceby in October 1643. Fairfax's victory over Lord Byron at Nantwich in January 1644 opened North Wales to the Parliamentarians. He shared in the decisive victory at Marston Moor, July 1644.
     Thomas Fairfax 3rd Baron was mentioned between July 1643 and August 1646. He defeated Sir John Arundell of Trerice at Pendennis Castle.
     Thomas Fairfax 3rd Baron served in the military 1645, Fairfax was appointed Lord General of the New Model Army because he was one of the few senior Parliamentarian commanders not affected by the Self-Denying Ordinance. Fairfax was a strict disciplinarian and did much to establish the high code of personal conduct for which the New Model became famous. He commanded at Naseby, June 1645, the deciding battle of the First Civil War, then marched into the Royalist-held west country. He defeated Lord Goring at Langport in July and took Bristol from Prince Rupert in September 1645. Fairfax's clemency towards the local population in the west and the New Model Army's discipline stood in marked contrast to the plundering and lawlessness of Royalist commanders such as Goring and Sir Richard Grenville. After storming and capturing Dartmouth in January 1646, Fairfax sent his Cornish prisoners home with two shillings each to spread the word that the Parliamentarian army had not come to rob them. In February 1646, Fairfax defeated Lord Hopton and the remnants of the Royalist western army at Torrington, accepting Hopton's surrender at Truro on 13 March 1646. Finally in June 1646, the Royalist headquarters of Oxford surrendered to Fairfax in 1645.
     Thomas matriculated at Oxford University, on 17 May 1649. Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Baron Fairfax, of Cameron, etc. created DCL 17 May 1649 (son & Heir of Ferdinando, Lord Fairfax); MA from St John's College, Cambridge 1646-7). Comander in chief of the Parliament army 1645-50, gaind the celebrated victory at Naseby June 1645, constable of the Tower 1647, Lord of the Isle of Man 1650, MP Cirencester (LP) Dec 1646 Yorkshire (West Riding) 1654-5, 1659, Yorkshire 1660, a member of the Council of State.
     Thomas died in "the Royal Favour" on 12 November 1671 in Nun Appleton, Yorkshire, aged 59. He was buried in Bilbrough, Yorkshire.
     He was succeeded by his cousin Henry, 4th Lord Fairfax of Cameron.

Children of Thomas Fairfax 3rd Baron and Ann Vere

Thomas Fairfax 5th Baron Fairfax

(16 April 1657 - 6 January 1709/10)
     Thomas Fairfax 5th Baron Fairfax was born on 16 April 1657. He was the son of Henry Fairfax 4th Baron Fairfax and Frances Barwick.
     Thomas Fairfax 5th Baron Fairfax married Catherine Culpepper circa 1685.
     Thomas died on 6 January 1709/10 aged 52.

Child of Thomas Fairfax 5th Baron Fairfax

Thomas Fairfax 6th Baron Fairfax

(1692 - 12 December 1782)
     Thomas Fairfax 6th Baron Fairfax was born in 1692 in Leeds Castle, Kent, England. He was the son of Thomas Fairfax 5th Baron Fairfax.
     Thomas died on 12 December 1782 in Greenway Court, White Post, Clarke County, Virginia, USA.

Ursula Fairfax

(before February 1647/48 - 25 July 1702)
     Ursula Fairfax was born before February 1647/48. She was the daughter of Ferdinando Fairfax 2nd Baron and Rhoda Chapman.
     Ursula died on 25 July 1702.

Ursula Fairfax

(29 September 1609 - 6 July 1628)
     Ursula Fairfax was born on 29 September 1609. She was the daughter of Ferdinando Fairfax 2nd Baron and Mary Sheffield.
     Ursula died on 6 July 1628 aged 18.

Ursula Fairfax (Bellasyse)

(circa 1570 - )
     She married Sir Henry Bellasyse, of Newborough.. Ursula Fairfax (Bellasyse) was born circa 1570. She was the daughter of Sir Thomas Fairfax (of Denton) and Dorothy Gale (Rokeby).

Ursula Fairfax (Vavasour)

(say 1530 - )
     Ursula Fairfax (Vavasour) was born say 1530. She was the daughter of Sir William Fairfax and Isabel Thwaites.

William Fairfax

(before 1465 - 1514)
     Of Steeton & Bolton Percy, Serjeant at Law, Recorder of York 1489, Judge of the Common Pleas 1509. William Fairfax, Sir, b. 1480, Steeton Castle, England, d. 1514. William was appointed Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, 21 May 1510, in the reign of Henry VIII, and was succeeded by his son, William. William Fairfax was born before 1465. He was the son of Sir Guy Fairfax and Isabella Ryther.
     William Fairfax married Elisabeth Manners, daughter of Sir Robert Manners and Eleanor de Ros, in 1496 in Ethale, Northumberland. She was sister to Sir George Manners, Lord Rosse/Roose and sister to Cecily. William was appointed Judge of the Common Pleas. he probably attended his father's school 0 Grays Inn. He was elected Recorder of York in 14889 and was engaged as counsel for Sir Robert Plumtpn in 1490... on 21 May 1510.
     William died in 1514.

Children of William Fairfax and Elisabeth Manners

William Fairfax

(1609 - )
     William Fairfax was born in 1609. He was the son of Edward Fairfax and Dorothy Laycock.

William Fairfax

( - April 1621)
     William Fairfax was the son of Sir Thomas Fairfax (1st Baron) and Ellen Aske.
     William died at the siege in April 1621 in Frankenthal, Germany.

William Fairfax

(1504 - )
     William was buried in Walsingham, Norfolk. He was born in 1504. He was the fourth son (twin of Nicholas) and settled at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. He was the son of Sir Thomas Fairfax and Anne Gascoigne.

William Fairfax

(circa 1405 - 1453)
     William Fairfax was born circa 1405. He was the son of Richard Fairfax and Eustachia Carthorpe.
     William Fairfax married Catherine Neville.
     William died in 1453 in Walton, Yorkshire.

Child of William Fairfax and Catherine Neville

William Fairfax

     William Fairfax was the son of Thomas Fairfax and Elizabeth or Margaret de Etton.      
William Fairfax Elena que fuit uxor Willelmi ffayrfax Esquier paid xl.d in the poll tax in 1379 in Walton, Yorkshire.
     William Fairfax married Constance de Mauley in 1392.

Child of William Fairfax and Constance de Mauley

Sir William Fairfax

(circa 1505 - 31 October 1558)
     Sir William Fairfax was born circa 1505. He was the son of William Fairfax and Elisabeth Manners.
     Sir William Fairfax married Isabel Thwaites circa 1518 in Bolton Percy. Isabel's elopement from Nun Appleton Priory was the subject of a poem by Andrew Marvell. The couple later acqured the Priory, turing it into the family home (which it remained until the late twentieth century) as well as BoltonPercy and Bilborugh.
Isabel was of Denton, Askwith, and Bishop Hill and Davy Hill, York. She was made an heiress by her brother, John Thwaits. Her mother was daughter and heir of Nicholas Middleton. Isabel was the ward of the abbess of Nun Appleton. The story of the romance of Sir William and Isabel Thwaits was printed in the Baltimore Sun on 15 Jan 1903 and reads as follows:
“A romance equal to the Scottish ballad of Young Lochinvar twines about his marriage. The young Sir William Fairfax loved and was loved in return by Isabel Thwaits, a beautiful Yorkshire heiress, who was guarded like a rare flower within the walls of a Cisterclan nunnery, on the River Wharge. She was under the care of the Abbess, Anna Langton. The abbess was not slow to perceive the blossoming of love’s springtime between her ward and the gallant young knight. Hence she prohibited all meetings between the pair, and the young suiter, finding supplication, diplomacy and even commands from those in high authority unavailing, stormed the nunnery in warlike fashion, captured the willing lady of his heart, carried her off in triumph to Bolton Percy Church, and without loss of time or speech with her abbess guardian made her his wife. Since all the world loves a lover the Ainsty region rang with rejoicings over the match, and Isabel Fairfax and her gallant knight lived happily ever after. Through his wife, William acquired Denton Castle and through her descendants the nunnery where she was confined was wrestled from the abbess, and Nun-Appleton, built upon its sight was afterward the home of Thomas Fairfax, 3rd baron, whose daughter’s wooing was less tempestuous, but whose married life as Duchess of Buckingham was full of sorrow. The hothead himself, Sir William Fairfax was less patient with others of a like nature. Upon his death, he was succeeded by his second son, the eldest having died. Sir Thomas Fairfax of Denton who received that estate from his mother, but who lost Steeton Castle to his youngest son, Gabriel. The unruly son Thomas had offended his father by aiding the Duke of Bourbon at the sacking of Rome, hence his name is not even mentioned in the will. This will, copies of which still exist, is a curious document, in which the son fallen under the father’s displeasure is never mentioned”
. Sir William Fairfax was High Sheriff of Yorkshire 1534-5 and 1539-40. He was knighted during the late 1530s.
     He joined the Pilgrimage of Grace, 1536, but appears to have been pardoned for his share in that outbreak. He acquired the Manors of Bolton Percy and Nun Appleton in 1542 and Bilbrough in 1546..
     Sir William Fairfax made a will dated between 3 March 1557 and 1558.
     William died on 31 October 1558 in Steeton, Yorkshire. He was buried in Bolton Percy, Yorkshire.
     His will was proved on 3 December 1558 at the Prerogative Court of York.

Children of Sir William Fairfax and Isabel Thwaites

John Fairholme

     John Fairholme married Ann Stancer, daughter of Benjamin Stancer and Sarah Clarke, on 14 March 1869 in Bassingham, Lincolnshire. She was the daughter of Benjamin and he was the son of Joseph.

John Faith

     John Faith married Jane Geere, daughter of John Geere, on 15 July 1624 in Chichester, Sussex.

Emma, Daughter of William de Falaise

     Emma, Daughter of William de Falaise married William de Curcy, son of Richard de Curcy Baron and Wandelmode,.

Child of Emma, Daughter of William de Falaise and William de Curcy

Christian Falconer

     Christian Falconer married Patrick Dunbar, son of Alexander Dunbar and Hon Elizabeth Forbes.
     As spouse of the deceased Patrick Dunbar the lands of East Grange passed to Christian Falconer on 2 June 1592.

Isabel Falconer

     Isabel Falconer married Mark Dunbar, son of David Dunbar and Janet Rose.

Child of Isabel Falconer and Mark Dunbar

Magdalen Falconer

     Magdalen Falconer married Archibald Dunbar on 6 September 1635 in Dyke & Moy, Moray, Scotland.

Margaret Falconer

     Margaret Falconer married Sir Alexander Dunbar, son of Sir James Dunbar and Elizabeth Ogilvie. Forres Burgh Court record.

Children of Margaret Falconer and Sir Alexander Dunbar

Christian Falconer/Falkiner

(before 1560 - )
     Christian Falconer/Falkiner was born before 1560.

Archibald Falcouner

     Archibald Falcouner married daughter Dunbar, daughter of George Dunbar.
     Archibald Falcouner and Colin Dunbar were mentioned in 1602.

Nancie Falcro

     Nancie Falcro married Timothy Ronald Lockwood, son of Ronald Lockwood and Kathleen Halahan, on 1 June. Nancie Falcro and Timothy Ronald Lockwood were divorced in 1995.