William Dunbar

(say 1600 - after 1680)
     William Dunbar was also known as William Dunbar (of Beagh) in records. He was born say 1600. He was the son of Sir John Dunbar and Katherine Graham.      
William Dunbar was assessed for the poll tax in 1659 in Beagh, Magherycross/Inishmacsaint, Fermanagh, Ireland. William Dunbar, gent. Parish Ennis McSaint, Beagh (place), (16 persons & English 9 Irish).
     A William Dunbar was godfather to Frances Corrsbie, daughter of William Corssbie by his wife Isabell, bap 12 July 1660 at Inishmacsaint.
A William Dunbar had a seat on the south side of the church of Carlo (sic) and paid £1 for the same (no.8) in 1694. .
In 1671 he was described as of Braugh and of Kilcow, co. Fermanagh..
     William died after 1680. He was mentioned in the 1680 chancery bill..

Col Owen Wynne (I)

(before 1630 - after 3 June 1670)
     Col Owen Wynne (I) was born before 1630 in Plas-yn-dre, Bala, Merioneth, Wales. He was the eldest son of Lewis Gwynne ap Cadwallader ap Rydderca ap David ap Maredydd (pedigree recorded by Lewys Dunn, 1594), of Bala, Merioneth, & Sydney, daughter of Robert Wynne, of Maesmochant, Denbighs (of the Gwydir family). He was the son of Lewis Gwynne ap Cadwallader and Sidney Wynne.
     Inrolments of the abjudication (the arrears of the commissioned officers who served Charles II (or Chas I) in the Wars of Ireland before 6 June 1649: Wynn, Edward, Cornet Edward, Ens. Hugh. [SOG - Irish & Anglo Irish landed gentry when Cromwell came to Ireland / O'Hart, 1884].
     He was appointed Colonel in the army of Charles II after the restoration.
     Winston Guthrie Jones writes on: Owen Wynne I, of Lurganboy, Co. Leitrim Died 1670 - It is important to notice that Owen Wynne I, who was the first of the family to settle in Ireland, was not a younger son who, having no property in England or Wales, set out to make his fortune abroad. He was the eldest child of Lewis Gwynne. In addition to such land as he acquired in Ireland, he was after his father's death the owner of the estate at Bala. He continued to own the Bala property until the time of his own death and it was not until his son James had succeeded him that the property was sold. The question arises why a Welsh landowner should choose to leave Wales for a new life in Ireland. The answer lies in the fact that Owen's influential friends amongst the Cromwellians offered him Irish lands even more extensive than those which he already owned in Wales.
     The principle behind the Cromwellian settlement of Irish land was quite different from that of James I's plantations. Where a plantation was effected it was the duty of the new landowner to settle Protestant tenants on the land. Hence comes the Protestant population of Ulster, for the most part lowland Scots in origin. Under Cromwell a Catholic peasantry was to be left as it was; dispossession was of the Catholic landowners. Those Catholic landowners who had taken part in the rising between 1641 and the arrival of Cromwell in 1649 forfeited their lands, those who had taken no part in the rising were to be removed to Connaught and Clare where they could hold land in compensation for their land elsewhere which was expropriated. Thus large areas of land became available for the 'adventurers' who had invested in the Cromwellian conquest and for soldiers who had fought in the Commonwealth army. Although the policy was not fully achieved, it succeeded in creating, not a Protestant community, but a Protestant land-owning class. As to land owned by the church, this was declared to be the property of Parliament. It was let to supporters of the parliamentary cause in the form of large areas of church land which these head lessees sub-let for their own benefit. Although such land reverted to the Church of Ireland at the Restoration, it continued to be subject to the head tenancies which Parliament had granted.
     Lewis Gwynne of Bala and his family were supporters of the parliamentary side in the English Civil War. One of the parliamentary leaders was Col. John Jones, Cromwell's brother-in-law. Jones had been born at Maes-y-Garnedd, a farm in the hills between Barmouth and Harlech in the same county as Bala. There is no doubt that Col. Jones and Lewis Gwynne knew each other. In 1648 Sir Owen Wynn, of Gwydir wrote to the colonel asking him to do any good office which he was able to do on behalf of Lewis Gwynne of Bala. The colonel replied that he would do so. Sir Owen Wynn, who had succeeded to his father's baronetcy, was a first cousin of Lewis Gwynne's wife.
     Col. Jones became prominent in the Cromwellian administration of Ireland. Between 1650 and 1654 he was one of the six parliamentary commissioners who ruled the country, and at the end of the Commonwealth he was the head of the parliamentary army in Ireland. It was at that latter stage that he bestowed a considerable benefit on the Bala family by prompting Richard Cromwell, who succeeded his father as Lord Protector, to grant in 1658 to Owen Wynne I two leases of church land in County Leitrim, one of land belonging to the See of Kilmore and the other of land belonging to the See of Ardagh. Such grants were called bishops' leases. Ten years later in 1668 Owen Wynne II bought for £750 from John Abercromby of Ballinaleck, County Fermanagh, a further 1000 acres in County Leitrim. But the bulk of the Wynne property in the latter county remained the land which was comprised in the bishops' leases. Thus in the 19th century, to anticipate what is said in chapter twelve, the capital value to the Wynnes of the bishops' leases was assessed at £43,000, while the remainder of the Leitrim estate, which consisted of 800 leases at low rents, was estimated to be worth £20,750. The acreage of the bishops' leases was far greater than that of other Wynne property in the county. The total acreage of the Wynne estate in the 19th century in Leitrim was 15,500, of which the only land which we can be sure was bought by the Wynnes was the 1000 acres referred to above. Again, the income derived from the bishops' leases was substantial.
     The prospect of acquiring the bishops' leases was, then, the reason why the Welsh-speaking Owen left his own country and sailed to Ireland. He established himself there in a remarkably short time. He was High Sheriff, under the Commonwealth, of Leitrim and Roscommon in 1659 and again of Leitrim in 1663. The Wynne house in Lurganboy, named Lurganboy Lodge, which still stands in that small town, was probably built by him. He married Catherine, daughter of Lord Strabane, son of the Earl of Abercorn and Lady Sarah Gordon, daughter of the Marquess of Huntly. Through Lady Sarah there is a relationship with the House of Stuart. O'Rorke says of Lady Sarah Gordon that she got into great trouble by her previous marriage to the ill-fated Sir Phelim O'Neill, who had been an instigator of the rising of 1641 and who was executed by Cromwell. The Earl of Abercorn had been one of the Scottish undertakers of the Ulster plantation. He was a pioneer in agriculture and had built the first village at Belfast.
     After the Restoration Owen Wynne held the rank of colonel in the army of Charles II. When he succeeded his Welsh father in 1663 he was the owner of the family estate in Wales together with the bishops' leases of the church lands in County Leitrim. At his death his personal property in Ireland, including livestock, was valued at £532, a figure which excludes the value of the land. He left four sons and three daughters, of whom the eldest son James and the third son Owen, the first Wynne of Hazelwood, are the subject of the two following chapters. His benefactor, Col. John Jones, through whose influence Owen Wynne had obtained the bishops' leases, expected little mercy at Charles II's restoration, for he had been one of the parliamentarians who had signed the death warrant of Charles 1, and for that he was tried and executed in September, 1660. He faced his trial and sentence with dignity and fortitude.
     WAR 1688 - 1713: With hardly a break the states of Europe were at war during the closing years of the 17th century and the opening years of the 18th century in an attempt to curb the military aggression of Louis XIV of France. Members of the Wynne family who fought in these wars were Owen Wynne I's three sons, namely James, Lewis and Owen II, and his three grandsons, namely James' son, also called James, and Lewis' two sons, Owen Wynne III and John.
     In the history of England and Ireland the year 1688 when William and Mary were offered and accepted the crown is, of course, of crucial importance. Already William, as the stadtholder of the Dutch Republic, had been at war with Louis for some years, for Louis' purpose was to destroy the republic and ruin its trade. The motives which lay behind the 'Glorious Revolution' of 1688 were mixed. The Whig grandees who expelled James II and replaced him on the throne by William and Mary were determined to thwart James' policy of reverting to Stuart absolutism and, if possible, restoring Catholicism as the state religion. In no way would the oligarchy which ruled England permit the restoration of Catholicism, partly because the title to their land depended on the reformation settlement, but also because Catholicism was associated with political absolutism. Nor could they shut their eyes to Louis' revocation of the Edict of Nantes in the very year in which James had ascended the throne, with the subsequent persecution and cruelties to which the Protestants of France had been subjected. To William, on the other hand, his possession of the English crown represented a considerable accession of strength in the war against Louis. In addition William feared that, judging by their recent history, the English were quite capable of deposing James and replacing him with a commonwealth, thus repeating the history of Charles 1. William could not forget that during the Commonwealth England had been an ally of Louis in his war with the Dutch, for at that time the English, too, had seen how advantageous to them it would be if Dutch trade could be destroyed
     The 'War of the Two Kings' in Ireland, following James' disembarkation at Kinsale in March, 1689, was but one aspect of the European struggle. James' army consisted in part of French troops, while William's army had many contingents of Protestant French, Dutch, Germans and Danes. From James' point of view, if he won the war in Ireland he could take his army over to Scotland, join up with his supporters there under the Earl of Dundee and thence invade England and try to regain his throne. Louis' purpose was expressed in the following words addressed by his ambassador to James:
Ireland was to be severed from the English crown, purged of English colonists, re-united to the Church of Rome, placed under the protection of the House of Bourbon and made in everything but name a French province'.
     Except for making Ireland a French province, these words embody the aims of the Irish who fought in James's army. Above all the Irish war offered the opportunity to recover lost land. A Jacobite victory would reverse the Elizabethan conquests, the plantations and the Cromwellian land settlement. Conversely the English, Scottish and Welsh landowners had every reason to fight to retain what they held. The family of Wynne is but one example of those affected. It had established itself in Ireland barely thirty years before the start of the Williamite war. From May to July 1689, at a time when, apart from Derry and Enniskillen, all Ireland was in Jacobite hands, James held a parliament in Dublin. This parliament enacted that Catholic landowners or their heirs should recover the land they had held in 1641. In addition an Act of Attainder was directed at those in Ireland who had joined the Williamite cause. The list of those attained contained 1,340 names headed by the Duke of Ormond and the Archbishop of Dublin. It contained the names of James Wynne of Lurganboy and his brothers, Lewis and Owen. Those whose names were on the list were declared traitors and liable to the usual punishments of death and confiscation. Thus the stakes were high. The fate of Irish Catholics in the event of a Williamite victory is expressed by Macaulay in his History in the following words:
     'The priest who had just taken possession of the glebe and the chancel, the Catholic squire who had just been carried back on the shoulders of his shouting tenantry into the hall of his fathers, would be driven forth to live on such alms as peasants, themselves depressed and miserable, could spare. These apprehensions provided such an outbreak of patriotic and religious enthusiasm as deferred for a time the inevitable day'.
     After the inevitable day and the defeat of the Jacobite forces in Ireland, William pursued the conflict with Louis in the Netherlands. There the war dragged on for nine years during which James Wynne died of wounds received in battle. After William's death in 1702 war against France was resumed on a wider scale, extending beyond the Netherlands to Spain, Italy, North America and the West Indies. In the next three chapters we shall see something of the service of the Wynne family in the army of William in Ireland and on the continent, and later during the war of the Spanish Succession in the army of the Duke of Marlborough.
     Colles, Ramsay. History of Ulster, v.4 ch.3: describes the military campaigns in Ireland..
     Catherine Hamilton married secondly Col Owen Wynne (I) circa 1651 in Ireland. She was the widow of James Hamilton, of Manor Hamilton, co. Leitrim, and daughter of the 2nd Baron Strabane by his wife Lady Jane Gordon, 4th daughter of the 1st Marquess of Huntly. They were first cousins once removed.
     Owen Wynn took depositions 1 June 1653 re the Irish massacres of 1641.
     An order made 3 Dec 1656 for removing Irish Papists out of wall'd towns, garrisons, etc & sent to the following towns & prisons? ... Sligo - Col. Richard Coote, Francis Gore and Owen Wynne , Esq.
     Col Owen Wynne (I) was granted land in 1658 in Leitrim, Ireland. In 1658 the Lord Protector, Richard Cromwell, granted Owen Wynne two leases of church land in county Leitrim, one belonging to the See of Kilmore, the other to the See of Ardagh. He was High Sheriff in co. Leitrim and Roscommon in 1659. He was High Sheriff of Leitrim, in 1663.
     Lloyd of Rhiwaedog, who claimed (probably correctly) that his family was descended from Rhirid Flaidd, pointed out the connection between Lewis Gwynne of Bala and the Wynns of Maesmochnant. He told Richard that he (Lloyd) had found in the British Museum a manuscript of about 1680 which set out correctly the ancestry of the Wynnes of Lurganboy back to Howell, fifth in descent from Rhirid Flaidd. Through Lloyd's help Richard himself discovered the will, dated 1527, of David ap Meredith. On the back of it were the following words written by Owen Wynne I. "This is the last will and testament of David ap Meredith ap Howell, my great-grandfather, whose heir I am, Owen Wynne, Bala, 5th June, 1665.".
     [c.1775]. Piece of paper on which a subsequent Wynne has made an abstract of two documents, the first a very brief one: '2 May 1668. John Abercromby of Ballinleck, in the county of Fermanagh sells to Owen Wynne [I] of Manor Hamilton the Lurganboy estate containing by estimation 1,000 acres for [£]750.' The second and more detailed extract is of the will of this Owen Wynne of Lurganboy, dated 3 June 1670 [see also MIC666/A/5/2]..
     Col Owen Wynne (I) made a will dated 3 June 1670 in Lurganboy, Leitrim. Owen Wynne of Lurganboy co. Leitrim (shield) 3 June 1670: mentions his wife Catherine (with child), younger children Lewis, Owen, Catherine, Lucy & John. Son & heir James. Bro-in-law Edw Wynne, brother Cadwallader Wynne, niece Dorothy Cocksedge, alias Roberts.
     Owen died after 3 June 1670 in Lurganboy, Leitrim, Ireland.
     His will was proved in 1671 at the Prerogative Court of Armagh, Ireland. An inventory of his estate was dated in 1676 The item is the original of a probate inventory of the goods and chattels of Owen Wynne I, late of Lurganboy, 1676, including specific mention of a number of fabrics, 'A press of books', valued at only £5, money owing, including 'Desperate debts', etc, etc..

Children of Col Owen Wynne (I) and Catherine Hamilton

Catherine Hamilton

(circa 1623 - )
     Catherine Hamilton was born circa 1623. She was the daughter of Claud Hamilton 2nd Lord Hamilton, Baron Strabane and Lady Jane Gordon.
     Catherine Hamilton married James Hamilton, son of Sir Frederick Hamilton and Sidney Vaughan, circa 1647.
     Catherine Hamilton married Col Owen Wynne (I) as her second husband, circa 1651 in Ireland. She was the widow of James Hamilton, of Manor Hamilton, co. Leitrim, and daughter of the 2nd Baron Strabane by his wife Lady Jane Gordon, 4th daughter of the 1st Marquess of Huntly. They were first cousins once removed. Catherine Hamilton was widowed on 27 December 1652 on the death of her husband James Hamilton.
     Com.. Gust? Hamilton ... de Lagharrin co. Tyrone a.. ar ad comparend ... ... Jacobi Hamilton de Manorhamilton co. Leitrim ar: def: Kath Wynne als Hamilton relict def: 28 Dec 1661.
     1670-c.1741. Lease from the Bishop of Kilmore to Katherine Wynne [widow of Owen Wynne I of Lurganboy, and afterwards wife of John Bingham of Castlebar, Co. Mayo] of the lands of Ballaghemihne, barony of Rosclogher, Co. Leitrim, 1670; together with notes on successive bishops of Kilmore and Ardagh, 1603-1741..
     Catherine Hamilton was mentioned in the will of Col Owen Wynne (I) dated 3 June 1670.
     Catherine Hamilton married John Bingham as her third husband, after 1670.

Children of Catherine Hamilton and James Hamilton

Children of Catherine Hamilton and Col Owen Wynne (I)