Queen Joan or Jane Beaufort

( - 14 July 1495)
     Queen Joan or Jane Beaufort was born in England. She was the daughter of John Beaufort 1st Earl of Somerset and Margaret Holland.
     Queen Joan or Jane Beaufort married James, I Stewart, King of Scotland, son of Robert, III Stewart, King of Scotland and Annabella Drummond, on 12 February 1423 in England.
     Queen Joan or Jane Beaufort married James Stewart Black Kt of Lorn, son of Sir John Stewart, in 1438.
     Joan died on 14 July 1495 in Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland. She was buried in Charterhouse, Perth, Scotland.

Children of Queen Joan or Jane Beaufort and James, I Stewart, King of Scotland

Children of Queen Joan or Jane Beaufort and James Stewart Black Kt of Lorn

Margaret Stewart Dauphine of France

     Margaret Stewart Dauphine of France was born in Scotland. She was the daughter of James, I Stewart, King of Scotland and Queen Joan or Jane Beaufort.

Robert, the Bruce, King of Scotland

(11 July 1274 - 7 June 1329)
Robert the Bruce, King of Scots (1274-1329)
     Robert Bruce had a large family in addition to his wife Elizabeth and his children. There were his brothers, Edward, Alexander, Thomas and Niall, his sisters Christian, Isabel (Queen of Norway), Margaret, Matilda and Mary, and his nephews Donald, Earl of Mar and Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray. Alexander, Thomas and Niall were all executed by the English following capture, and Edward Bruce was killed in battle in Ireland.
In addition to his legitimate offspring, Robert Bruce had several illegitimate children by unknown mothers. His sons were Sir Robert (died 12 August 1332 at the Battle of Dupplin Moor), Walter, of Odistoun on the Clyde, predeceased his father, and Niall, of Carrick, (died 17 October 1346 at the Battle of Neville's Cross). His daughters were Elizabeth (married Walter Oliphant of Gask), Margaret (married Robert Glen), alive as of 29 February 1364, and Christian, of Carrick, who died after 1329, when she was in receipt of a pension. Robert, the Bruce, King of Scotland was born on 11 July 1274 in Turnberry, Kirkoswald, Ayrshire, Scotland. He was the eldest of three brothers and seven sisters. Born at Turnberry Castle according to Scott. His earliest years were spent at the Castle at Turnbery, where his mother resided.
Burke gives the Feast of the Translation of St Benedict, being the 21 March 1274.
Lauder-frost gives Writtle, Essex as the birthplace. He was the son of Robert de Bruce Earl of Carrick, 6th Lord of Annandale and Marjorie Carrick Countess of Carrick. Robert held the title of Earl of Carrick between 1292 and 1314.
     Earl of Carrick by the resignation of his father on 27 Oct 1292 [1294?] [when he refused to pay homage to Balliol] and Lord of Annandale. By the death of his father he may be held to have become Lord Bruce. He had livery of his father's lands 14 June 1304, having done homage to the English king. [Cokayne]. He had several illegitimate children.
     Robert (the) Bruce, king of Scotland. He submitted for a time to Edward I, but joined the patriots after the victory at Stirling. In 1299 a regency was appointed, Bruce and his rival Comyn being at the head of it. For several years Bruce kept up the appearance of loyalty to Edward; but in 1306 he murdered Comyn, and soon after was crowned king at Scone. He was defeated by an English army and fled to the isles, his queen and family being captured and imprisoned. The war was renewed in the following year, but Edward's death delayed the decision of the struggle. Bruce twice invaded England, took almost all the fortresses in Scotland, except Stirling, and in 1314 totally defeated Edward II. at Bannock-burn. Peace was made with England in 1328, and a few months later Bruce died.
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     Robert, the Bruce, King of Scotland married Lady Isabella Mar, daughter of Donald, 6/10th Earl of Mar, and Ellen of Wales ferch Llywelyn the Great, in 1295 in Scotland.
     Douglas Richardson wrote: In earlier posts on the soc.genealogy.medieval newsgroup, I presented evidence which proved conclusively that Robert de Brus, Earl of Carrick, lord of Annandale (afterwards King Robert [I] de Brus of Scotland) had a previously unknown second marriage by license dated 19 Sept. 1295 to Maud Fitz Alan, widow of Philip Burnell, Knt., of Holgate, Shropshire, and daughter of John Fitz Alan, of Clun and Oswestry, Shropshire. In 1296 Robert de Brus and Maud sued in a plea of dower regarding Maud's English lands. After this date, Maud disappears from Scottish records. I presume therefore that this marriage was terminated by divorce sometime before 1302 (date of Robert's next marriage) on grounds of consanguinity. The two parties were in fact near related to each other in the 4th degree of kindred, by virtue of their common descent from Sir William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke (died 1219). Maud Fitz Alan returned to England, where she and her son, Edward Burnell, were sued in Michaelmas term, 6 Edward II (1312-3) by Henry de Erdington regarding the manor of Wellington, Shropshire. She presented to the church of Great Cheverell, Wiltshire in 1314 and in 1315. Maud married (3rd) sometime before 19 June 1316 Simon de Criketot, who was living 7 March 1320.
In more recent times, I've learned that Maud petitioned the king and council in England in 1302 styled as "Maud, widow of Philip Burnell."
The petition involves certain socages and burgages held in various counties by her late husband, Philip Burnell [Reference: PRO Document, SC 8/313/E63]. Maud was living 19 June 1316, but evidently died sometime shortly before 17 Nov 1326 (death date of her nephew, Edmund de Arundel), as indicated by another petition dated c.1330 submitted
to the king and council by her daughter and son-in-law, Maud and John de Haudlo [Reference: PRO Document, SC 8/52/2570].
As for Maud Fitz Alan's third husband, Simon de Criketot, I find that in 1296, while with the king's army in Scotland, he was attached to answer Robert de Escores on a plea of trespass, regarding which plea he had licence to make an agreement, saving to the marshal his right; they submitted themselves to the arbitration of William Talemasch and
Thomas de Hauville [Reference: Neville "A Plea Roll of Edward I's Army in Scotland, 1296" in Miscellany of the Scottish Hist. Soc. 11 (1990)]. It is tempting to think that Simon de Criketot met Maud Fitz Alan in 1296, when he was in Scotland. If so, perhaps the grounds for Robert de Brus' divorce from Maud Fitz Alan was her abandonment and adultery, not consanguinity at all. Unfortunately for us, the records
of Scottish divorces in this time period have not survived.
For interest's sake, I've copied below an abstract of the petition dated c.1330, which concerns property Maud Fitz Alan received in
marriage from her brother, Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel. It should be noted that following the death of Maud's brother, Earl Richard Fitz Alan, the Fitz Alan family dropped the surname of Fitz Alan and subsequently went exclusively by the surname (de) Arundel. This explains why Maud's brother is called Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of
Arundel, in the petition below, whereas his son, Edmund, who was known as Edmund de Arundel, is merely called Edmund, Earl of Arundel.

PRO Document, SC 8/52/2570 (abstract of document available online at
http://www.catalogue.nationalarchives.gov.uk)
Petition dated c.1330 by John de Haudlo and Maud his wife to the king and council who state that Philip Burnell and Maud his wife were seised of certain tenements which were given in free marriage by Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel, Maud's brother; which tenements Maud leased to Edmund Earl of Arundel after Philip's death. Because they ought to descend to Maud de Haudlo, daughter of Maud and Philip, John and Maud brought a writ of formedon against Edmund after Maud's death, but Edmund died while it was being pleaded. The tenements came into the king's hand, and he gave them to Roger de Mortemer, formerly Earl of March. They are now again in the king's hand through his forfeiture, and John and Maud ask him to consider their right, and do justice to them.
Endorsement: The heir of the Earl of Arundel is restored to his lands, because of which they are to be at common law
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     Robert, the Bruce, King of Scotland married secondly Elizabeth de Burgh in 1302 in Writtle, Essex, England. Robert, the Bruce, King of Scotland was widowed in December 1302 on the death of his wife Lady Isabella Mar.
     He seized the crown from John Balliol after a 9 year interregnum and was crowned King of Scotland (as Robert I) on 27 Mar 1306 when his Scottish dignitaries merged in that crown.
     Robert died of leprosy on 7 June 1329 in Cardross, Dunbartonshire, Scotland, aged 54. He was succeeded by David II, his son by his second marriage. He was buried in the Abbey church, Dunfermline. His body was buried in the centre of the choir in front of the High Altar of Dunfermline Abbey. His heart, in a lead csket, was taken to Melrose Abbey in 1331.

Child of Robert, the Bruce, King of Scotland and Lady Isabella Mar

Children of Robert, the Bruce, King of Scotland and Elizabeth de Burgh

Children of Robert, the Bruce, King of Scotland