Maurice Hume Black

(16 December 1835 - 16 August 1899)
Hon. Maurice Hume Black
     Maurice Hume Black was born on 16 December 1835 in London, England. He was the son of Alexander & Marianne Jane Hume who married 19 August 1833 at St Pancras; Alex was a bookseller at the time of his son Burnley's baptism 9 Feb 1851 at St Pancras. Marianne died on the 29th January, at Hastings, England, Marianne, relict of the late Alexander Black, and niece of Joseph Hume, also mother of M. Hume Black, Coolgardle, West Australia. Her death was reported in The Queenslander 20 February, p. 393. He was christened on 16 March 1836 in St Paul Covent Garden, London.
     THere was an unclaimed letter to M Hume Black advertised 16 Dec 1853 in The South Australian register and again in May 1854.
     Maurice Hume Black married Maria Frederica Hunn Davies, daughter of Rev Thomas Davies and Mary Reddish, on 4 September 1861 in St Paul's Cathedral, Melbourne, Victoria. BLACK—DAVIES.—On the 4th inst., at St Paul's Church, Melbourne, by the Rev. S. L. Chase, M. Hume Black, to Maria Frederica Hume, youngest daughter of the late Rev. Thomas Davies, M.A., of Montego Bay, Jamaica.
     Maurice Hume Black lived at Eaglefield, Nebo, Queensland, 1868.
     Encouraged by McIlwraith's attitude to planters, Hume Black formed a syndicate in the belief ... investment for sugar lands.... strong protagonist for separation and the continuance of Kanaka labour ... [re mills at South Johnsotne, etc.
In April 1885, Hume Black MLA, the staunchest of sparationists, had addressed a meeting ...at Geraldton
.
     Maurice was Secretary of Public Lands in Queensland, in 1888.
     Maurice Hume Black lived at 'The Cedars' Plantation, Mackay, Queensland. His horses were branded with an eagle on the shoulder, the cattle had an O with ---C through the centre.      
Maurice Hume Black was was a politician for Queensland. The Austrlaian Dictionary of Biography online states: Black, Maurice Hume (1835-1899), sugar-planter and politician, was born on 15 December 1835 in London, son of Alexander Black, bookseller, and his wife Marianne, née Hume. Although said to have been educated at St Paul's, he is not mentioned in the school roll which includes his brother. He emigrated to Australia in 1853 and followed pastoral pursuits in South Australia and the Riverina, where he is reputed to have invented a steam-driven machine for washing sheep. Certainly on 4 September 1861 in Melbourne he married Maria Frederica Hunn, youngest daughter of Rev. Thomas Davies of Montego Bay, Jamaica; they had two sons and five daughters.
In 1864 Black was attracted to Queensland, and three years later settled in the newly-opened Mackay district to try his hand at growing sugar. He founded a plantation known as the Cedars, and was soon a leading grower in Mackay, hospitable to his neighbours and generous even towards his Pacific Islanders. Early in 1881 he was elected to represent Mackay in the Queensland Legislative Assembly. From his family background he inherited an unusual variety of political traditions: his father was related to Adam Black, the Edinburgh publisher who was one of Gladstone's mainstays in Scotland; his mother was a niece of Joseph 'Orator' Hume, the radical reformer; and his wife's mother was a half-sister of George Canning. These were not his only claims to political notice. Mackay was prospering under a boom in sugar lands, and Black, like most of his constituents supported Sir Thomas McIlwraith's Conservative administration, with its toleration of non-European labour and its lavish public works policy. He soon established himself as a trenchant advocate of his district's needs and was re-elected in 1883 and 1888.
Black was a firm believer in the necessity for indentured Pacific Island labour in the sugar plantations, and one of his earliest tasks in parliament was the preparation of a statistical table arguing that the industry created jobs for white men as well as brown. When S. W. Griffith's ministry came to power in 1883 on a platform hostile to coloured labour, Black denounced them violently and became a leader of the movement for separating north Queensland into an autonomous colony. He spoke at length in support of J. M. Macrossan's motion for separation in 1886 and with another northern member, Isidor Lissner, went to England to lobby for separation in 1887. This did not prevent him from supporting, against most of his party, Griffith's proposals to establish government-financed central sugar-mills in the Mackay district, or from accepting office in McIlwraith's ministry in 1888. As minister for lands and agriculture he remained in office under McIlwraith's successor, B. D. Morehead. He authorized the important 1889 royal commission on the sugar industry, and sought to promote the diversification of tropical agriculture by founding government nurseries at Mackay and Kamerunga, near Cairns. He also successfully sponsored the establishment of travelling model dairies through which Queensland's numerous small farmers might be taught better husbandry. But his useful term of office ended when McIlwraith changed sides in 1890 and coalesced with Griffith, so bringing down the ministry of his former supporters. From that time Black was an embittered cross-bencher.
'Though he knew the alpha and omega of sugar-planting', wrote C. A. Bernays, 'he had not made a success of it, and this accounted largely for the bitterness, irony and sarcasm which dominated most of his speeches'. Because of his political activities, Black could not give his property the attention it demanded especially when prices were low, and by 1892, despite a fortunate speculation in Mount Morgan mining shares, his difficulties were pressing. The coalition government looked after him by creating a special post in the agent-general's office in London, with a salary of £1000 equal to a cabinet minister's. The duties were those of an immigration agent, concentrating especially on attracting farmers and small capitalists to Queensland. He held this post in 1893-94 before it was abolished. Accompanied by some of his family, the old politician then decided to try his fortunes on the Coolgardie goldfields, where he arrived in 1896 and set up as an attorney for mining companies. There he died on 16 August 1899 of cirrhosis of the liver and cardiac failure. Their symptoms might sufficiently explain the reduced circumstances of his later years; but even as a newcomer to Coolgardie Black apparently made himself well liked in the community, and was considered fit to be a justice of the peace. Inventive, enterprising, often disappointed but always buoyant, he was characteristic of many among his generation of colonial politicians who throve on prosperity but had little foresight for harder times.

     Maurice died on 16 August 1899 in Coolgardie, Western Australia, aged 63. On the 16th August, at his late residence, Lindsay-street, the Hon. M. Hume Black, late of Queensland, in his 64th year. The Catholic Press reported:
Hume Black. Another of the old school of Queensland politicians has passed away in Hume Black. Mr. Black got into financial difficulties a few years before the downfall of the M'll wraith gang, and he was sent off to England as an immigration lecturer at £1000 a year
and expenses. Whenever a politician gets into trouble in Queensland he is appointed an immigration lecturer. How long Mr. Black held that appointment no one knows or cares. He was forgotten, except at the Treasury, from whioh he drew the salary for a long time. Last week we were sur prised to see a telegram announcing his death at Coolgardie from dropsy, at the age of 64. Mr. Black belonged to a well-known Edinburgh family. His father was a mem ber of the publishing firm of that name, and his mother was a niece of Mr. Joseph Hume, for many years member for Montrose. Mr. Black was married to a niece of the great statesman, George Canning. For the greater part of his life he was engaged in pastoral enterprises throughout Australia. In Queensland he was managing partner of large properties in the South Kennedy and Peak Down districts Ho was ono of M*I1 wraith's strongest captains, and was a reserved, shrewd, and able politician. In two Ministeries he was Minister for Lands. That he passed his last days in Coolgardie is strong, evidonoe of the fact that the old squatting regime in Queensland is utterly broken up. Mr. Hodgkinson, another of M'Ilwraitn's ex-Ministers, is also in the West. Had Hume Black kept out of politics it is probable that he would have died a wealthy man
.

Children of Maurice Hume Black and Maria Frederica Hunn Davies

Richard Farrell

(July 1729 - )
     A child called Cave Farrell aged 2 years was buried in St Phillip's parish on September 6, 1773. A 12 day old Richard Farrell was also buried there on May 16 1774.
Cave was the son of Nathaniel & Elizabeth Brewster.
     Richard died in Barbados. He was christened in July 1729 in Christ Church, Barbados. He was the son of William Farrell and Susanna Cave.

Child of Richard Farrell and Dorothy Vodry

Dorothy Vodry

(11 August 1727 - 9 August 1792)
     Caribbeana v.2 lists George Vodry in 1746 as a testator in Jamaica. V.5 lists George Vodry in 1667 Barbados wills - no details given in either list. [LDS Library].There were no Vodry wills at the Barbados Archives for the later period.. Dorothy Vodry was christened on 11 August 1727 in St Joseph, Barbados. There is no evidence of her parentage. She was the daughter of John Vodry and Mary Clark.
     Dorothy was buried on 9 August 1792 in St Michael, Bridgetown, Barbados.

Child of Dorothy Vodry and Richard Farrell