Thomas Killigrew

(before 1505 - )
     Thomas Killigrew was born before 1505. He was the second son.. He was the son of Robert Killigrew and Elizabeth Morys (of Wolstane).

Thomas Killigrew

(before 1475 - 20 September 1513)
     Thomas Killigrew was born before 1475 in 'Arwenack', Budock, Cornwall. He was the third son and heir. He was the son of John Killigrew (Thomas?) and Mary Boleigh.
Thomas Killigrew married Jane Darrell.
(12 Hen VII); at Trelees, Defeazance of gift (of mortgage bond).
Thomas Kylligrewe de Penrynburgh, esquire = (1); William Skeberyowe and John Skeberyowe his son and heir = (2)-(3); Recites: (a) gift of same date by (2)-(3) to (1) and his heirs for ever, of all their messuages, lands, tenements, rents, services and reversions in Trelees iuxta Trevehan;
(b) release and quitclaim, of same date at Trelees, by (2)-(3) to (1) and his heirs, of all right in the property.
Nevertheless, if (2)-(3) pay 1500 lb of white tin uncoined (quindecimcentenas libr' albi stanni non coinati), of good, pure and marketable metal, at Truruburgh, at the coinage of white tin to be held there at the Nativity of St John Baptist 1501 [?] (millesimo CCCCmo LXXXXXImo), then the charter of feoffment shall be null and void; otherwise, it stands in its strength.
John Trevenor, Richard Boneython, James Trefusys.
Seal.
Trelees iuxta Trevehan [= Trelease in Kea].
Tied to AR/1/28 by a thong of parchment; a small sheet of paper (19th-century) lists 3 places called Trelease (but 'Trelease', supposedly in Merther, is an error for Treleage in Merther; the error comes from Symons's Gazetteer). For the correct identification, compare AR/4/30; and the Skeberyowe family is attested nearby in Kenwyn parish at about the same date. Date: 26th Jun 1497.
Manor of Tregarn (Tregarne in St Keverne) Free tenants: Monglegh (Mongleath in Budock). Thomas Kelygrew de Arwennak, common suit of court; 2 shillings.
     Thomas Killigrew and Jane Darrell were mentioned in a civil court action in Cornwall. Kyllygrewe v Harryes. Plaintiffs: Thomas Kyllygrewe, of Arwynnek, and Jane, his wife. Defendants: John Harryes and Richard Candyche. Subject: Detention of deeds relating to messuages and land in Dunmow and Olyff. Essex. 2 documents. Date: 1486-1493, or 1504-1515.
He may be the Thomas Kylligrewe of Arwenack bequeathed one silver cup in the will of Thomas Kylligrewe of Penryn dated 22 March 1500/01. Thomas Killigrew was the subject of an Inquisition 5 Henry VIII (1513). He was named in will of his cousin Thomas Killigrew of Penryn 1500 ( of Arwennack).
     Thomas died on 20 September 1513 in Biscay, Aragon, Spain.

Child of Thomas Killigrew and Jane Darrell

Thomas Killigrew

(21 July 1663 - )
     Thomas Killigrew was christened on 21 July 1663 in St Martin in the Fields, Westminster. He was the son of Sir Robert Killigrew and Barbara Unknown (Killigrew).

Thomas Killigrew

(23 February 1694 - 1719)
     Thomas Killigrew was born on 23 February 1694. He was the son of Charles Killigrew and Jemima Bockenham.
Killigrew, Thomas (bap. 1694, d. 1719), playwright, was baptized on 23 February 1694, the second son of Charles Killigrew (1655-1724/5), theatre manager, and Jemima, niece of Richard Bokenham, mercer, of London, and the grandson of Thomas Killigrew the elder (1612-1683), with whose son Thomas (1657–1674) he has sometimes been confused. He was probably the author of Chit-Chat, a comedy, first performed at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, on 14 February 1719, and published in two separate editions in the same year. Its strong cast included Barton Booth as Worthy, Robert Wilks as Bellamar, Colley Cibber as Alamode, and Anne Oldfield as Florinda. Described in the prologue as the author's ‘first Coup d'Essay’, Chit-Chat proved one of the most popular plays of the 1718–19 season. It was given eleven performances at Drury Lane between its première and 19 March, and another two at Richmond on 6 and 20 June, the former, ‘by his Royal Highness's Command’ (Avery, 542), celebrating the opening of William Pinkethman's new theatre. Chit-Chat was also a financial success: in addition to two author benefits and a sum of 150 guineas presented him by the prince and the princess of Wales, Killigrew secured the patronage of John Campbell, second duke of Argyll, ‘whose interest was so powerfully supported, that it was said the profits of his play amounted to above a thousand pounds’, according to Thomas Whincop (Nicoll, 18). In letters addressed to Booth and Steele, the critic John Dennis expressed his indignation at the success of such trivia as Chit-Chat and other comedies, when his own tragedy The Invader of his Country had never even reached the stage. Killigrew contributed ‘The Fable of Aumilius and the Statue of Venus’ to Miscellanea aurea, or, The Golden Medley, a collection of ‘epistolary essays in prose and verse’ (1720). He was buried at Kensington on 21 July 1719.

J. P. Vander Motten
Sources
Highfill, Burnim & Langhans, BDA, vols. 9, 11 · E. L. Avery, ed., The London stage, 1660–1800, pt 2: 1700–1729 (1960) · A. Harbage, Thomas Killigrew, cavalier dramatist, 1612–1683 (1930) · A. Nicoll, A history of early eighteenth-century drama, 1700–1750, 2nd edn (1929) · The critical works of John Dennis, ed. E. N. Hooker, 2 (1943) · DNB
© Oxford University Press 2004–5
J. P. Vander Motten, ‘Killigrew, Thomas (bap. 1694, d. 1719)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/15539, accessed 24 Sept 2005]
Thomas Killigrew (bap. 1694, d. 1719): doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/15539
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     Thomas died in 1719.

Thomas Killigrew

(26 November 1650 - 28 March 1661)
     Thomas Killigrew was christened on 26 November 1650 in St Gluvias, Cornwall. He was the son of Simon Killigrew and Elizabeth Orell (Ross or Roose).
     Thomas was buried on 28 March 1661 in St Gluvias, Cornwall. Thomas Killegrew, son of Simon.

Thomas Killigrew

(10 December 1823 - )
     Thomas Killigrew was christened on 10 December 1823 in Chatham, Kent. He was the son of William Killigrew and Elizabeth Unknown.

Thomas Killigrew

(3 January 1716/17 - )
     Thomas Killigrew was christened on 3 January 1716/17 in St Luke, Chelsea, London. He was the son of Capt Thomas Killigrew and Olive Unknown.

Thomas Killigrew

(29 February 1743/44 - )
     Thomas Killigrew was christened on 29 February 1743/44 in St Michael, Cornhill, London. He was the son of Thomas Guilford Killigrew and Catherine Chubb.

Capt Thomas Killigrew

     Capt Thomas Killigrew married Olive Unknown.

Child of Capt Thomas Killigrew and Olive Unknown

Thomas Guilford Killigrew

(4 February 1719/20 - 1782)
     Thomas Guilford Killigrew was also known as Thomas Guildford in records.
Tregellas states: Thomas Guildford Killigrew, I find from Notes and Queries, 1873, p. 224, and also from other sources, including information[69] with which I have been favoured by Mrs. Boddam Castle, that he married Miss Catharine Chubb, a distant relative, after having much impoverished himself in the Stuart cause in 1745, and that he settled in Bristol for the sake of economy. He died in 1782 without issue. At his death Mrs. Killigrew adopted her great niece, Mary Iago, afterwards married to Daniel Wait, Mayor of Bristol, in 1805. On the death of Mrs. Killigrew, in 1810, the family plate and portraits (one of the latter, Sir Peter Killigrew, by Sir Godfrey Kneller, and another, of Thomas Guildford Killigrew himself) passed to Mrs. Wait by will, and from her to Mrs. Boddam Castle, wife of Mr. Boddam Castle, barrister-at-law, now residing at Clifton. Some of the plate is more than 150 years old; the crest a demi-griffin, with 'T.C.K.' over it.. He was born on 30 January 1719/20 in Westminster, London. He was christened on 4 February 1719/20 in St Anne, Soho, Westminster. He was the son of Charles Killigrew.
Thomas Guilford Killigrew married Catherine Chubb on 1 March 1740 in London. Thomas Killigrew of St Martin's in the Fields, Gent and Catherine Chubb of the same, spinster.
She was distant relation. Mrs Killigrew adopted her great niece Mary Iago who married Daniel Wait, Mayor of Bristol, in 1805, - their descendant Mrs Boddam Castle had portraits. His presumed wife is Katherine Killigrew, widow of Bristol, Gloucestershire whose will was proved 24 Nov 1809 PROB 11/1505
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     Thomas died in 1782.
     His will was proved on 31 December 1782 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Will of Thomas Guildford Killigrew, otherwise Thomas Killigrew, gentleman of Bristol, Gloucestershire.

Children of Thomas Guilford Killigrew and Catherine Chubb

Unknown Killigrew

(21 December 1583 - )
     Unknown Killigrew was stillborn on 21 December 1583 in England; Stillborn child of Mr Killigrewe, buried in the New Churcyard, St Thomas the Apostle. He was the son of Sir Henry Killigrew and Katherine Cooke.

Walter Killigrew

(circa 1593 - circa 1598)
     Walter Killigrew was born circa 1593 in Cornwall. He was the son of John Killigrew and Dorothy Monk.
     Walter died circa 1598 in Cornwall.

William Killigrew

(before 1695 - )
     William Killigrew was born before 1695. He was the son of Capt William Killigrew.

William Killigrew

(14 June 1657 - )
     William Killigrew was christened on 14 June 1657 in St Gluvias, Cornwall. He was the son of Simon Killigrew and Elizabeth Orell (Ross or Roose).

William Killigrew

(before 1726 - )
     William Killigrew was born before 1726.
William Killigrew married Susanna Egborough on 2 June 1747 in Glatton, Huntingdonshire. William Killigrew was buried on 29 June 1759 in Glatton. This may be a son.

William Killigrew

(before 1780? - )
     William Killigrew was born before 1780?.
William Killigrew married Elizabeth Unknown before 1801.

Children of William Killigrew and Elizabeth Unknown

William Killigrew

(6 August 1809 - before 15 September 1809)
     William Killigrew was christened on 6 August 1809 in Chatham, Kent. He was the son of William Killigrew and Elizabeth Unknown.
     William died before 15 September 1809 in Chatham, Kent. He was buried on 15 September 1809 in Chatham.

William Killigrew

(18 January 1746/47 - )
     William Killigrew was christened on 18 January 1746/47 in St Mary Magdalene, Bermondsey, Surrey. He was the son of Henry Killigrew and Mary Unknown.

William Killigrew

(2 November 1746 - )
     William Killigrew was christened on 2 November 1746 in St Leonard, Shoreditch, London. He was the son of Edward Killigrew and Hannah Unknown.

William Killigrew

(21 June 1662 - )
     William Killigrew was christened on 21 June 1662 in St Mary, Hampton, Surrey. He was the son of Thomas Killigrew and Charlotte de Hesse.

William Killigrew

(2 November 1746 - )
     William Killigrew was christened on 2 November 1746 in St Leonard Shoreditch, Hackney, Middlesex. He was the son of Edward Killigrew and Hannah Unknown.

Capt William Killigrew

( - after 1694)
     Capt William Killigrew was the son of Sir William Killigrew and Mary Hill.
He was possibly the Wm Killigrew who was commissioned a Captain of a company to be raided for the Holland Reg. in Col. Robert Sydney's Regiment, 3 July 1666. [Ref Cal.S.P.D.] He was out of the regiment 24 March 1670. Charles Killigrew was Ensign of the same. [Dalton, v.1 p.68].
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     William died after 1694.

Child of Capt William Killigrew

General William Killigrew

(say 1627 - 1678)
     General William Killigrew was born say 1627. He was the son of Sir Peter Killigrew and Mary Lucas.
General William Killigrew served in the military as a soldie. He fought overseas for King of Denmark and Princess of Orange. See Killigrew ms pp 2767-7.
Soldier of fortune and ultimately a general officer; and he was commander-in-chief of some Danish forces, sent by the Spaniards against the Swedes. After one of his successful engagements, he sold certain captured horses (his share of the spoil) to His Majesty of Denmark for some £3000. But failing to get his money from his royal employer, the general executed the military movement known as 'right about face', and transferred his sword to the Dutch, by whom his valour was more honorable rewarded. He seems to have been recalled to England at the Restoration, and had a regiment of foot.
     William died in 1678. He died unmarried. His nephew succeeded to the estate, which Martin Lister says was 'composed more of honour than of substance'.

Sir William Killigrew

(before 1550 - 23 November 1622)
     Sir William Killigrew was born before 1550 in 'Arwenack', Budock, Cornwall. He was the fifth son. He w sent to France in Nov 1562 in an attempt to obtain the release of his brother Henry. He was a Member of Parliament for Grantham in 1571. He was the son of Capt John Killigrew and Elizabeth Trewinnard.
     More information about Sir William Killigrew may be found at http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/killigrew-william-1622.      
Sir William Killigrew was the Member of Parliament in 1572 for Helston, Cornwall.
Letter from William Kylligrewe; from the court to Thomas Randall. When last in Cornwall I forgot to discuss with you the controversy between your court and Sir John Arundell in Penwith and Kir'. I delivered to Lord Bedford the answer to Sir John Arundell's articles which you sent me last year; but he has not been able to consider them. Until he can direct me (and because of his office I must follow his direction in such a case pertaining to Her Majesty's right), I ask and earnestly advise you to let Sir John and his officer continue his office, as they have previously done. For I would not, for twice the gain that I could get by troubling him (especially now that he is unable to follow his business as he has in the past) be the occasion of troubling him, or give him just cause to think any unkindness in me, or be the instrument of taking from him any right due to him. As I am bound to maintain the Queen's right, please see that no occasion of just offence is taken against you or me by Sir John or his friends; and I am sure that his officers will have similar respect to us. Please act so that there shall be no more strife. [Added later] I send you enclosed Sir John Arundell's letter, so that you can see how much he finds himself aggrieved. Please remedy it as you can without wrong to yourself. Doubtless his officer aggravates matters to him, more than there is cause. [3rd Oct 1584; from the court] I wrote asking you not to proceed against Sir John Arundell concerning his liberties in Penwith. Now he informs me that you caused £5 to be levied of a suitor to his court. Please deal with him as with any good friend, and quickly tell me why you have proceeded against the suitor. Endorsed [16th-17th century]: 'Killigrew's lettre to Thomas Randall not to grieve Sir John Arundell in relation to Penwith.'.
Copy of letters patent granting Manor of Crediton, with tolls of market and fair to William Killigrew.
Agreement to convey; £50 1 Thos. Payne of Glasney esq. 2 Wm. Killigrew esq. P.C. Messuages within the late college of Glasney at Penryn.
Letters of attorney 1 Wm. Killigrew esq. P.C. 2 Peter Killigrew esq. his brother To take livery of seisin of property within the late college of Glasney at Penryn. William was a courtier, in London. His brother Henry asked Lord Burghley to persuade the Queen to appoint him Groom of the Privy Chamber which continued under James I. His portrait by Van Dyke is in HM Queen Victoria's collection. Chamberlain of Exchequer 28 Nov 1605 etc.
He was named in the will of his brother Sir Henry in 1602 and also in the will of his brother Sir John..
Sir William Killigrew married Margaret or Margery Saunders (Leigh) after 1611. Margaret or Margery, daugher of Thomas Saunders of Uxbridge, Mdx., widow of Robert Wolman or Woolman and of John Leigh.
Deed of discharge, manors of Landrake and Botelet. 1) Sir William Killigrew of Hanwoorth in Middlesex 2) Richard Carew, esquire of Antony and Richard Gedie, gentleman of South Petherwin. Recites: indenture of 3 Feb 1598 quoted in EL/21/1 and deed of 10 Apr 1611 between: 1) Richard Carew and Richard Gedie 2) William Killigrew Quitclaim of rights as trustees to the manors of Landrake and Botelet, alias Bottleyett. Sir William Killigrew now covenants to well and sufficiently save, defend and keep the said Richard Carew and Richard Gedie from all manner of damages, troubles, charges, costs, losses and other hindrances whatsoever that shall or may grow or be unto them..
     William was a plaintiff in a civil court case on 28 February 1614/15 in Hanworth, Middlesex. Middlesex Session Rolls - True bill that, at Hanworthe co. Mdx on the said day , William Maddocke and Nicholas Poole, both late of Hanworthe afsd yomen, broke into a certain close and pasture called Hanworthe Parke, being the free warren of Sir William Killigrew kt. and with ferrets and nets hunted and killed seven rabbits in the said park. Confessing the indictment, William Maddocke "h'et iudiciu ..." = has judgement, to be taken back for three months without bail, and then by sureties for his good behaviour, and to pay triple damange. Nicholas Poole was at large. G.D.R. 15 March 13 James I.
     Sir William Killigrew made a will dated 18 March 1618 in Hanworth, Middlesex.
     William died on 23 November 1622 in Lothbury, London. He was buried in St Margaret, Lothbury, London.
     His will was proved on 30 November 1622 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.

Children of Sir William Killigrew and Margaret or Margery Saunders (Leigh)

Sir William Killigrew

(28 May 1606 - October 1695)
Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641) Portrait of Sir William Killigrew 1638
     Sir William Killigrew was christened on 28 May 1606 in Hanworth, Middlesex. He was the son of Sir Robert Killigrew and Mary Woodhouse.
     William matriculated at St John's College, Oxford University, on 4 July 1623.
Sir William Killigrew married Mary Hill.
     More information about Sir William Killigrew may be found at http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1604-1629/member/killigrew-sir-william-ii-1606-1695.
Notice of grant. £20.
(i) Sir Wm. Killigrew of Kempton Park, Mddsx., Kt., s. and hr. of Sir Robt. Killigrew, Kt. decd. Sir Chas. Berkeley of Bruton, Somerset, Kt. Rich. Ligon of London, gent. Josias Tully of London, gent. (All excrs. of will of Sir Robt. Killigrew and devisees of manor of Crediton.)
(ii) Hen. Killigrew of Landrake, esq.
Wardship and marriage of Eliz. Mills, dtr. and hr. of Jn. Mills of Credition, clothier and land in the manor of Credition.
Witd. Thos. Killigrew, Harry Killigrew, Thos. Date, Robt. Johnsorn Jn. Sharpess.
Conveyance Sir William Killigrew of London, knight and others, executors of Sir Robert Killigrew, knight to John Pope of Westwood, Crediton, weaver Three messuages near St. Lawrence Chapel Consideration £70.
The Killigrews’ portraits make up a true pair, he to our left, she to our right, with the outward arm of each curving gracefully inwards and low, in near mirror-images of one another. Behind each, in the distance, are beautifully depicted complementary landscapes...
William Killigrew was descended from an old Cornish family, whose heraldic arms included a double-headed eagle on a white background (officially described as ‘within a field Argent, an imperial eagle with two necks, within a bordure Bezante Sable'). William was baptised on 28 May 1606 in the parish church of Hanworth, Middlesex, where his parents had a country residence. He was the eldest of the twelve children of Sir Robert Killigrew and his wife Mary Woodhouse, nine of whom were to live to adulthood. Hanworth was conveniently placed for the royal palace of Hampton Court, and Sir Robert was an ambitious and energetic courtier on the rise, having been knighted by James I in 1603. He saw to it that all his children received a good education, and most of his daughters were to hold significant court positions. Anne (1607-41), for instance, was to become dresser to Charles I's French queen, Henrietta-Maria. Her marriage in 1627 to George Kirke, one of Charles’s gentlemen of the robes, was attended by the monarch himself. Elizabeth Killigrew (1622-81) on the other hand, a maid-of-honour to Henrietta-Maria, was to marry the future 1st Viscount Shannon, and in 1652 became the mistress of Charles II, bearing him a daughter called Charlotte-Jemima-Henrietta-Maria (a good string of Stuart family names, emphasising the infant's parentage!).
William's younger brother Thomas (1612-83), to whom we shall return later, was to become the best known of all the siblings, as a minor courtier and dramatist and, principally, as a theatrical manager after 1660. Another brother, Henry (1613-1700), entered the Church and became chaplain to the Duke of York - the future king James II - and Master of the Savoy Hospital in London.
William himself may have been educated at Thomas Farnaby's pioneering school in the City of London, near his parents’ London residence in Lothbury. Certainly, in July 1623 he entered St John's College, Oxford as a gentleman-commoner, but did not stay long, for in April 1624 he was given a pass to travel abroad, with his cousin Maurice Berkeley and three servants. William thus set off on the Jacobean version of a ‘Grand Tour', although his precise itinerary is not known. It is however, probable that he visited the Netherlands, where his younger brother Charles had a position as a page to the Prince of Orange and where the Killigrews had a well-placed friend, the diplomat and scholar, Constantijn Huyghens.
By May 1626, William was back in England, where he was knighted by Charles I. And it is likely that at about this time, or shortly before, he was married - to Mary Hill, daughter of John Hill of Honiley in Warwickshire. Thus William would have been aged around twenty at the time of his marriage; Mary's age at this time is unknown, as her date of birth is not recorded.
Mary and William were to have seven children. Their eldest son, Robert, was to be knighted at Breda in 1650 by the exiled Charles II; he spent many years as a soldier in the Netherlands. Another son, William, also had a military career; Henry died before his father. The couple's eldest daughter, Mary, was to marry a Dutch aristocrat, Frederick Nassau de Zuylestein, and to attend Charles I's daughter Mary, Princess of Orange at the Hague in the Netherlands. Elizabeth (died 1677) was to marry the future 6th Earl of Lincoln, and subsequently became a dresser to Charles II's queen, Catherine of Braganza. The third daughter, Susan (born 1629) married the 2nd Earl of Barrymore, and was to attend queen Henrietta-Maria in her Civil War exile. A fourth daughter, Cecilia, was born in 1635, but lived only two months. So, it is clear that the children of Sir William and Lady Killigrew continued the family tradition of court service.
At around the time of his marriage, William was appointed a Gentleman-Usher of the Privy Chamber to Charles I. At court, he moved in the circles of those who participated in the lavish entertainments - called 'masques’ - that mingled drama, music, dance and rich costumes and elaborate settings within the ideals of platonic love imported by the French-born Henrietta-Maria. Although William's own plays were not performed or published until after the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660, their format and sentiments echo those of the court dramas created for Henrietta-Maria in the late 1620s and 1630s.
In 1628, Sir William was elected Member of Parliament for both Newport and Penryn in Cornwall - although he subsequently waived his adoption for the former borough. From 1633 to 1635, he was Governor of Pendennis Castle, a post previously held by his father, who had died in 1633. He also involved himself in his father's project of draining fen lands - the Lindsey level - in Lincolnshire. This project was ultimately to exhaust his economic resources, and meant that he was to be financially hard-pressed for much of the rest of his life.
We know nothing of the circumstances in which the portraits of Sir William and his wife were commissioned or executed. What we do know is that the two works bear inscriptions - thought to be contemporary, or nearly contemporary - identifying the sitters, stating that they were painted by van Dyck and with the date 1638. Similar inscriptions and the same date are also found on pictures of other members of the Killigrew family.
These are a half-length portrait of Thomas Killigrew with a large dog, which survives in various versions - the prime one now at Weston Park in Shropshire - and a sombre double portrait of Thomas Killigrew and a gentleman 'not known certainly' (according to the eighteenth-century observer George Vertue), surrounded by symbols of mourning (The Royal Collection). Undated, but clearly from the same period is the beautiful full-length portrait of the Killigrews’ sister, Anne Kirke in a gold dress (Huntington Art Gallery, San Marino, California), thought to mark her appointment in 1637 as dresser to Henrietta Maria. Anne Kirke appears again in a double portrait, with an unknown slightly older lady, also by van Dyck and dated 1638 (Hermitage, St Petersburg).
The year 1638 was a significant one for the family, for on 1st January they suffered the loss of Cecelia Crofts, the wife of Thomas Killigrew. Only a month later Cecelia's sister Anne Crofts also died. It seems certain that the elegiac quality of the male double portrait in the Royal Collection directly relates to this tragic event. It may also explain the pensive presentation of William in his own portrait. The viewer's attention is drawn to a ring, tied by a ribbon to the centre of his costly black satin jacket. Such rings are often seen in earlier portraits, and are thought to be in allusion to - or in memory of - a loved one.
Meanwhile, the political situation in England was deteriorating. With the outbreak of Civil War, the royalist William became captain of one of the two troops of horse guarding the person of Charles I, whom he accompanied to Oxford, after London was claimed by the Parliamentarians. Indeed, William seems to have treasured a letter written to him by the king in Oxford in January 1643, signed 'Your assured frend / Charles R.' After a riot in Lincolnshire in 1641, William was never able to regain his property in that county.
Having paid the fines levied on royalists by the winning Parliamentarians, he and his family found themselves in even worse financial straits. As he wrote in 1655, 'my wants do drive me live wherever I am welcome' and the republican general John Lambert gave him shelter from his creditors on the former crown property at Nonsuch, in Surrey. Poverty, it seems, necessitated Sir William and his wife living apart. In another letter, he wrote that the loss of his estate '... doth force me from the comforts of livinge with my Wife and Children, we being compelled to begge our bread in severall Countryes ... and this lookes as if my Wife and I were parted through discontent, though all our frends doe knowe that in thirty yeares beinge Maried we have never had one discontent or anger between us... I ... doe desire nothinge in this world more then to have my Wife live [with] me' (British Library, Add. MSS. 21,423, fol. 193). This may indicate that Lady Mary was, like many royalists – and not least, the surviving members of the Royal Family itself - in exile on the Continent. It is possible that the fine van Dyck portraits of Sir William and his wife could have been distrained or sold at this difficult time.
With the Restoration of the Stuart monarchy in Britain in 1660, Sir William's situation - although not his finances - improved considerably. He was re-appointed to his court post as Gentleman-Usher of the Privy Chamber and took up lodging in the palace at Whitehall. A plan of the palace from 1668 shows that he had an apartment near the river front close to those of the queen, Catherine of Braganza, whose Vice-Chamberlain he became. His wife, meanwhile, became dresser to their old patroness, the Queen-Dowager, Henrietta-Maria. He continued to pursue his interest in fenland drainage, but between 1662 and 1666 also concentrated on writing a number of tragi-comedies, in a by-now rather old-fashioned idiom, resonant of the themes and preoccupations of Charles I's court. No doubt they would have appealed particularly to Henrietta-Maria. These plays are: Selindra, a chivalric adventure, staged by William's brother Thomas at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane in March 1662; Pandora or the Converts, a drama of matrimonial debate that was originally designed as a tragedy but reworked as a comedy and staged in around 1662; Ormasdes or Love and Friendship, written almost entirely in couplets, and printed in 1664; The Siege of Urbin, often considered his best work and written in circa 1665; and his least satisfactory play - actually a translation of a twenty-year-old Latin text - The Imperial Tragedy, published in 1669. Not all of them appear to have been performed on stage.
In 1660-1, as a mark of favour, Henrietta-Maria had granted William's wife Mary a lease on an extensive marsh in Lincolnshire. We do not know, however, how long the elderly re-united couple had together before Lady Mary died. It is certain that during the 1680s William continued to have money problems. By July 1693 he was reduced to lodging with his brother Henry, in his residence attached to Westminster Abbey. Towards the end of his life William published collections of his own writings on religious and moral themes. The 1694 dedication at the front of his Mid-night and Daily Thoughts. In Prose and Verse begins, ' I Live so much alone, that I have not found a Friend to whom I could communicate this new Bundle of my ... Thoughts’ which suggests that he was now a widower. Certainly Lady Mary is not mentioned in William's will, which is dated 3 October 1695 (Public Record Office, PROB 11/427 s. 152). His principal bequest - 2,000 acres of fen-land - went to his sons Robert and William. Very soon after - the precise date is not known - he died. On 17 October 1695 he was buried at the Savoy Chapel in London.. A picture of Sir William Killigrew and Mary Hill by the Flemish master, Anthony Van Dyck. The portraits were reunited when purchased by the Tate about 2000.
Sir Anthony van Dyck's Portraits of Sir William and Lady Killigrew, 1638

KAREN HEARN
     ‘I ... doe desire nothinge in this world more then to have my Wife live [with] me'
Sir William Killigrew 1655

Van Dyck (1599-1641) was one of the most significant painters to work within the British Isles. In the centuries following his death he had a far greater influence on portraiture there than any other artist. The forms of portrait that he introduced during the years that he worked for the Stuart king Charles I and members of his Court were to be an inspiration to numerous later artists, including Sir Peter Lely, Thomas Gainsborough, Sir Joshua Reynolds, Richard Parkes Bonington and John Singer Sargent. Yet until 2002 Tate possessed only a single work by this most influential of masters, the full-length portrait of an unknown lady thought to be a member of the Spencer Family, which had been acquired in 1977. Although delightful, this work was not in tip-top condition.
Tate's acquisition of the portrait of Sir William Killigrew came in part through the 'acceptance in lieu' scheme, under which pre-eminent works of art and important heritage objects can be transferred into public ownership in payment of inheritance tax. The story might have ended there, but for the sudden unexpected appearance in an auction in January 2003 in New York of the companion piece to this picture, van Dyck's portrait of Sir William's wife, Lady Mary Killigrew. This picture had been known to be in a private collection somewhere in the USA, but exactly where had been unclear. Through an exceptional combination of circumstances, it became possible for Tate to bid for it, and thus to acquire it, too.
Thus the two portraits by van Dyck, both dated 1638, closely related in size and clearly conceived as a pair, are re-united at last within the Tate collection. We do not know how long they have been apart, but at the very least it has been a century and a half. Certainly by the early nineteenth century, Sir William's portrait was owned by the Carpenter family, who sold it at auction in 1853. At the same date, Lady Mary's portrait was almost definitely with the Grey family, who were Earls of Stamford. During the nineteenth century, the 7th Earl kept it at the family's house at Enville in Staffordshire, but research is currently under way to establish whether it was previously at the family's original residence, Dunham Massey (now a National Trust property).
Like many other artists, van Dyck painted a number of matching husband-and-wife portraits, particularly when he was living and working in Antwerp. One English pair are his early full-lengths of Sir Robert and Lady Shirley of 1622, thought to have been painted in Rome (Petworth House). It is thought, however, that the Killigrews, now at Tate, may be the only example from van Dyck's English period of a (non-royal) pendant pair in a British public museum.
Over the previous century, it had not been unusual for artists in Britain to receive commissions to produce such paired portraits. Hans Holbein II, who worked for Henry VIII and his court during the years 1527-9 and 1534-43, painted a number, including those of Sir Henry and Lady Guildford, 1527 (The Royal Collection and the Saint Louis Art Museum, Missouri), and Dr William and Margaret, Lady Butts (Isabella Stewart Gardener Museum, Boston).
Portrait of Sir William Killigrew 1638
Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641)
Portrait of Sir William Killigrew 1638
Tate: Accepted by HM Government in lieu of tax with additional payment (General Funds) made with assistance from the Patrons of British Art, Christopher Ondaatje and the National Art Collections Fund 2002
+View in Tate Collection      Portrait of Mary Hill, Lady Killigrew 1638
Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641)
Portrait of Mary Hill, Lady Killigrew 1638 in 1638.
In 1655 they were so poor they were forced to live apart. He wrote"... allour fiends doe knowe that in thirty years beinge maried we have never had one discontent or anger between us... (I) doe desire nothinge in this world more than to have my wife live with me.".
Gent usher of the Privy Chamber, Vice chamberlain to Queen Katherine. 1661 Baronetage (see Cornish Worthies, p.157) Governor Pendennis. Inherited a great estate from his father. Had 2 wives, yet died a beggar and chiefly supported by Dr Killigrew, his brother. He had a son Robert who had 3 sons all dead in my time [Killigrew mss p.194].
     He was involved in the draining of the fens in Lincolnshire [Dictionary of National Biography, p.116]..
Brief concerning the dispute between Sir Robert and Sir William Killigrew Comptrs. of Pendennis Castle and Sir Francis Vyvian and Hannibal Bonython, Esq., deputie of St. Mawes Castle, which 'anseth from letters... inhibiting the Capt. or his deputie of St. Mawes to call the masters or Capts of any ship or ships coming into that harbour to make their appearance to the said Castle but to forebeare all such undue courses, nor to stop any ship or vessels but when they shal receive warrant for the same ..." The brief lists several points concerning the suitability of St. Mawes to take precedence over Pendennis and also criticisms of "the civil consequences" of Pendennis being the more important.
Petition of Sir William Killigrew, complaining of the behaviour of his sister-in-law, Charlotte Killigrew, when his wife died while in attendance on the Queen at Somerset House (1681!).
     Sir William Killigrew made a will dated 3 October 1695 in St Margaret, Westminster.
     William died in October 1695 in Westminster aged 89. He was buried on 17 October 1695 in Savoy, London.
     His will was proved on 25 October 1695 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.

Children of Sir William Killigrew and Mary Hill

Sir William Killigrew Baronet

(1600 - July 1665)
     Sir William Killigrew Baronet was born in 1600 in 'Arwenack', Budock, Cornwall. He was aged 22 at the Visitation of Cornwall in 1622.
He was the 6th son of John Killigrew, of Arwynike, Cornwall (d 12 Aug 1605) by Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Monk, of Potheridge, Devon, was aged 22 in the Visitation of Cornwall 1622; was a distinguished soldier, and Colonel of a Regiment in Holland; served sometime under the King of Denmark, and was created a Baronet 22 Dec 1660 with a special remainder, failing heirs male of his body "to Peter Killegrew, of Arwunike, afsd, Esq, son of Sir Peter Killigrew, Knight" and the heirs male of his body. He died unmarried. In his will he names his niece Elizabeth Countess of Kinsky, however the College of arms pedigree states that Elizabeth married Edmond Yeo. [Complete baronetage. G E Cokayne, 1660].
     Sixth son of John Killigrew, Lord of Arwnick. co. Cornwall, by Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Moncke of Potheridge, co. Devon and born in 1600. He appears to have been knighted, probably abroad, and created a Bart. as of Arwenick, 22 December 1660, with remainder to his nephew Peter, son of his brother Sir Peter Killigrew, Kt. He was a great soldier, Colonel of a Regiment in Holland, and served the King of Denmark
. He was the son of John Killigrew and Dorothy Monk. Sir William Killigrew Baronet was knighted He wasted his paternal estate and alienated the barton & manor of Arwenick to his brother Peter. Knighted at Whitehall 8 Nov 1617 on 8 November 1617?.
Letter from King Charles I to Sir William Killigrew, agreement to confer the governorship of Pendennis Castle on Mr Arundell, as required by Killigrew.. He became a baronet on 22 December 1660 with remainder to Peter, son of his brother Sir Peter..
Sir William Killigrew Baronet served in the military in the Army in 1662. Sir William Killigrew's Regt of Foot raised Oct 1662; the Lord High Admiral's regt (Nov 16 1664, his Colonel's commission dated 5 Nov). A soldier of fortune and friend of Charles II in his exile. Created a Bart in 1660, knighted previously.
     Sir William Killigrew Baronet made a will dated 15 to 24 June1665. His will, dated the 15th, with a codicil 24 June 1665. He names his niece Elizabeth, Countess of Kinsky.
     William died in July 1665 in Pall Mall, London, Westminster. He was buried on 17 July 1665 in the north aisle of the monuments, Westminster Abbey.
     His will was proved on 4 September 1668 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.

William Richard Killigrew

(24 February 1811 - before 4 July 1811)
     William Richard Killigrew was christened on 24 February 1811 in Chatham, Kent. He was the son of William Killigrew and Elizabeth Unknown.
     William died before 4 July 1811 in Chatham, Kent. This may be an older brother or even his father; another William was buried there 3 Jun 1810. He was buried on 4 July 1811 in Chatham.

Elizabeth Killingworth

(5 September 1567 - before 1568)
     Elizabeth Killingworth was christened on 5 September 1567 in St Leonard, Eastcheap, London. She was the daughter of John Killingworth and Margaret Hayes.
     Elizabeth died before 1568.

Elizabeth Killingworth

(10 October 1568 - before 1583)
     Elizabeth Killingworth was christened on 10 October 1568 in St Leonard, Eastcheap, London. She was the daughter of John Killingworth and Margaret Hayes.
     Elizabeth died before 1583.

Elizabeth Killingworth

(23 June 1583 - 8 January 1589/90)
     Elizabeth Killingworth was christened on 23 June 1583 in St Leonard, Eastcheap, London, England. She was the daughter of John Killingworth and Margaret Hayes.
     Elizabeth was buried on 8 January 1589/90 in St Leonard Eastcheap, London. Elizabeth, dauagter of John Killingworth.