John Bernake

(circa 1320 - )
     The record below concerns a Lincolnshire Feet of Fines dated 1263, which involves Hugh de Bernake and his wife, Maud. Hugh de Bernake and his wife Maud are the patrilineal great-grandparents of Maud de Bernake, wife of Sir Ralph de Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell. The locality named in the fine, Woodthorpe, Lincolnshire, lies two miles west of Markby, Lincolnshire. The manor of Woodthorpe eventually fell by inheritance to Maud de Bernake, Lady Cromwell. It was mentioned as one of Lady Cromwell's possessions in her will dated 1416 [see Report on the Manuscripts of Lord de L'Isle & Dudley Preserved at Penshurst Place, 1 (Hist. MSS. Comm. 77) (1925): 204-206]. It subsequently passed to her grandson and heir, Ralph Cromwell, 3rd Lord Cromwell, Lord Treasurer of England [Reference: Ibid., 207-208]
Source: C.W. Foster, ed., Final Concords of the County of Lincoln from the Feet of Fines preserved in the Public Record Office, A.D. 1244-1272 (Lincoln Rec. Soc. 17) (1921): 204-205:

"No. 73. At Lincoln; from Trinity in fifteen days, 47 Henry III, [10 June, 1263].

Between Hugh de Bernack and Maud his wife, Peter de Kyrketon and Elizabeth his wife and Richard de Marisco [Marsh] and Alina his wife, plaintiffs, and Roger prior of Markby, tenant, of 8 acres of land in Wudethorp [Woodthorpe].

Assize of mort d'ancestor. The plaintiffs have quitclaimed from themselves and the heirs of Maud, Elizabeth and Alina to the prior, his successors and his church all the right and claim which they had in the land, for ever. And the prior has received the plaintiffs into all the benefits and prayers which shall henceforth be made in his church for ever."

Gauging from the wording in the fine, it appears likely that the three women were sisters and co-heiresses, just as you have guessed. Maud, wife of Hugh de Bernake, is alleged to be a daughter of William de Woodthorpe. I have not confirmed that allegation. If so, I assume that all three women named in the 1263 fine were daughters of William de Woodthorpe.

The following website gives an overview of the Woodthorpe family. It indicates that the Woodthorpe family were descended from baronial family of Craon. I believe the Craon family has Carolingian ancestry.

Interestingly enough, the above website in turn cites as its source an old post from the SGM newsgroup archives submitted by Blair Southerden, part of which reads as follows:
< Page 41 C6 William of Woodthorpe, the successor and probably the son of < Thomas of Woodthorpe (C5) held half a knight's fee in Thoresthorpe, < Woodthorpe, Withern, Strubby, Maltby [le Marsh] and Sloothby of Petronilla < de Craon (Croun) who held of the king in chief (fn6 Book of Fees ii, 1059, < 1090) ... He was dead in 1262 for an inquisition post mortem of that year < states that William de Herdredeshull died seised of one knight's fee in < Saleby, whereof five-sixths were of the fee of the heirs of Petronilla de < Vaux (nee Petronilla de Croun) and one sixth of the fees of the heirs of < William de Wodetorp (fn5 Calendar of Inq I, no 526. Mister Dudding, < History of Saleby p25, is right in making this William the last male of his line, < see also Ibid p100). He left three daughters and coheirs:
< 1. Alice ... who married Richard Marke....
< 2. Maud.....married Sir Hugh Bernake.......
< 3. Elizabeth C7 (see below)

< Page 43 The Families of Bozon or Kirton and sawley < C7 Elizabeth of Woodthorpe, the third daughter and coheir of William of < Woodthorpe (C6) inherited the manor of Aisthorpe. In 1303 she is described < as Elizabeth, lady of Aisthorpe. .... Elizabeth married Peter Bozon or < Boson, of Kirton or Kirketon not later than 1272... She was presumably dead < in 1333, since her heir paid the subsidy for that year."

I imagine the information supplied by Mr. Southerden is accurate. However, the fine I cited in my own post earlier today indicates that William de Woodthorpe's third daughter and co-heiress was named Aline, not Alice, and that she married Richard de Marsh, not Richard Marke.
     John Bernake married Joan Marmion, daughter of Lord John Marmion. John Bernake was born circa 1320. He was the son of Unknown (grandfather of Maud) Bernake.

Children of John Bernake and Joan Marmion

Maud Bernake

(circa 1345 - 10 April 1419)
     Maud Bernake was born circa 1345 in Tattershall, Lincolnshire. She was the daughter of John Bernake and Joan Marmion.
     Complete Peerage says the following: "He married before 20 June 1366, Maud, sister and heir of William (who died 18 Dec. 1360), and daughter of John Bernake, of Tattershall aforesaid, by Joan, daughter and coheiress of John Marmion [Lord Marmion] ... He acquired with his wife the estate of Tattershall, co. Lincoln, livery being granted to them 18 March 1366/7, it having been in the king's hands owing to the death of Sir John de Kirketon ...
[She] died 10 April 1419." [Note: Addition made from C.P. 14 (1998):224].

Lady Maud de Cromwell was in fact the daughter of John de Bernake, Knt. (died 1346), of Buckenham, Besthorpe, Denton, Hethersett, and Wymondham, Norfolk (not Tattershall, Lincolnshire), by Joan, daughter (but not coheiress) of John Marmion, Knt., 2nd Lord Marmion. Complete Peerage gives no indication of Maud Bernake's birthdate, but various family inquisitions indicate that she was born about 1335-8, being aged 23 in 1360, and 24 or 26 in 1361, and aged 36 in 1382. I show that Ralph Cromwell and Maud Bernake were married before 20 January 1360/1, which date is a good deal earlier than the date employed by Complete Peerage.

Maud (de Bernake) de Cromwell was not the direct heiress of Tattershall, Lincolnshire as suggested by Complete Peerage, nor did her father, Sir John de Bernake, ever hold this property. Research indicates that Maud's great-grandmother, Joan (de Tattershall) de Driby, held the castle and manor of Tattershall as part of her inheritance, and was granted a fair there in 1315. In 17 Edward II [1323-4] Joan de Driby made a settlement of the castle and manor of Tattershall, Lincolnshire on her younger son, Robert de Driby, for life, with reversion to Maud's paternal grandparents, William and Alice de Bernake [see Document #1 below]. It appears that this settlement did not take effect, as the castle and manor of Tattershall were afterwards held by Joan de Driby's eldest son and heir, John de Driby.
Sometime before his death in 1334, John de Driby gave Tattershall to John de Kirketon, Knt., afterwards Lord Kirketon. Sir John de Kirketon subsequently made settlements of this property in 1343 and 1352-3 [see Documents #2-3 below]. Curiously, these settlements likewise did not take effect. On Lord Kirketon's death in 1367, the castle and manor of Tattershall were granted by the king to John de Driby's great-niece and heiress, Maud de Bernake and her husband, Sir Ralph de Cromwell [see Complete Peerage, 7 (1929): 338-340 (sub Kirketon); citing Cal. Close Rolls, 1364-1369, pp. 322-323]. The bizarre descent of Tattershall, Lincolnshire and the failure of three successive settlements give ample testimony of the complexity of medieval land tenure. The source for Documents #1-3 below is the online National Archives catalog at

Document #1:C 143/168/1: Joan late the wife of Robert de Driby to settle the castle and manor of Tattershall, and messuages and rent in Boston, the manor of Bredon (Leic.), messuages, land, and rent in New Buckenham, Old Buckenham, Attleborough, and Ellingham, the third part of the manor of Wymondham, and the eighth part of the manor of Buckenham, with the advowsons of the church of Tattershall and Kirkstead abbey, on herself for life, with remainder as to the messuages, land, and rent in New Buckenham, Old Buckenham, Attleborough, and Ellingham, the third part of the manor of Wymondham and the eighth part of the manor of Buckenham to William de Bernak, Alice his wife, and the heirs of their bodies; and as to the castle and manor of Tattershall, tenements in Boston and the advowsons, to Robert son of the said Joan for life, remainder to the said William and Alice and the heirs of their bodies; and as to the manor of Bredon to John son of the said Joan for life, remainder to the said William and Alice and the heirs of their bodies, remainder to the right heirs of Joan, retaining the manors of Holwell and Kettleby (Leic.), Tumby and Kirkby-upon-Bain (Lincoln), the manor of Babbingley, and a part of the Tolbooth of Lynn (Norfolk). Lincoln. Leic. Norfolk.
Date: 17 Edward II [1323-4].

Document #2:
C 143/260/4: John de Kirketon to settle the castle of Tattershall and the manors of Tattershall and Tumby, with the knights' fees and advowsons thereto pertaining, on himself and Isabel his wife and the heirs of his body, with remainder to Robert de Litlebury and Florence his wife and the heirs male of the body of the said Robert, remainder to John de Loudham and the heirs male of his body, remainder to John son of John le Bret and the heirs male of his body, remainder to John son of Nicholas le Grey and the heirs male of his body, remainder to the grantor's right heirs. Lincoln. Date: 16 Edward III [1343].

Document #3:
C 143/307/2: John de Kyrketon to settle the castle and manor of Tattershall, with the advowsons of Kirkstead abbey, Markby priory, Tattershall church, and the chapel of the said castle, on himself and the heirs of his body, with remainder to John de Loudham and the heirs male of his body, remainder to Alice daughter of John de Loudham and the heirs male of her body, remainder to Isabel her sister and the heirs male of her body, remainder to the right heir of John de Loudham and the heirs of his body, remainder to the right heir of John de Loudham the father and Alice his wife, and the heirs of his body, remainder to the right heirs of the grantor, who retains the manors of Tumby and Kirton in Holland. Lincoln. Date: 26 Edward III [1352-3].

Complete Peerage states correctly that Maud (de Bernake) de Cromwell was sole heiress in 1360 to her brother, William de Bernake. However, research indicates that she was also heiress in 1386 to her uncle, Robert de Bernake, of Markby, Lincolnshire, and co-heiress in 1394 to her cousin, Mary de Percy, wife of John de Roos, 5th Lord Roos of Helmsley.

Robert de Bernake's place in the Bernake family is proven by several charters abstracted below [see Documents #1-12], the first being a charter of Lady Maud de Cromwell's paternal grandparents, William and Alice (de Driby) de Bernake, in which they granted property at Baston for life to their younger son, Robert. The seal on this charter displays the Bernake family arms: ermine, a fess. The source of the documents below is Report on the Manuscripts of Lord de L'Isle & Dudley Preserved at Penshurst Place, 1 (Hist. MSS. Comm. 77) (1925): 16.

Document #4:
1334, November 10. - Charter of William de Bernake and Alice his wife confirming to Robert their son for life all their lands in Baston which came to them by the death of John de Dryby. Witnesses: Sir Nicholas de Cauntelow, Sir William de Grey and others. Dated at Kynthorp [Kingthorpe, Lincolnshire]. French. Seal: round, 1/2 inch; shield, ermine, a fess. S. WILLELMI DE BERNAK."

Document #5:
1334, November 11. Assignment by Robert de Bernake to William de Claydon, chaplain, to receive seisin of these lands in his place. Seal: broken.

Document #6:
1339, June 13. - Charter of Alice, widow of Sir William de Bernake, confirming to her son Robert the lands in Baston. Seal: round, 3/4 inch; three small shields; the seal is somewhat defaced, but one shield in Bernak, and one of the others apparently Driby.

Document #7:
1355, Sept. 30. - Demise by Robert de Bernak to Hugh de Obthorp of his lands in Baston for a term of six years. Seal: round, 1 inch; armorial, defaced, but apparently a bend; SIGILLVM ROBERTI DE BERNAK.

Document #8:
1369, September 2. - Demise by Robert de Bernak to Hugh de Obthorp and others of all his lands at Baston, except the windmill, for the term of their lives at a rent of 10 marks. Three small sheilds.

Document #9:
1385, Sept. 11 - Demise by Robert de Bernak to William atte Yate of all his lands in Baston, for life, at a rent of 10 marks. Small seal.

Document #10:
1397, October 1. - Demise by Sir Ralph de Cromwell, lord of Tateshale, to Richard Ussher and John Cranmere of Baston, of the lands in Baston lately belonging to Robert de Bernak, for a term of 12 years at a rent of 10 marks. Two small seals.

Document #11:
1400, August 20. - Charter of Maud, widow of Ralph de Cromwell, granting to Hugh de Goudeby all her lands in Baston in life. Dated at Tateshale. Seal: round, 1 inch; a chevron between three mens heads; S.

Document #12:
1410, April 21. - Charter of Maud de Cromwell, lady of Tateshale, granting t Sir William de Cromwell her son, her manor of Driby, with the advowsons of Driby and of the chantry there founded by Robert de Bernack her uncle. Also the reversion of the lands which Hugh de Goudeby holds for life in Baston. Witnesses: include Robert parson of Driby, and John Skales chaplain in the chantry at Driby. Dated at Tateshale. Seal: of Maud de Cromwell as described in Brit. Mus. Cat.
Seals ii, 9097; poor condition.

In the next message in this thread, I plan to post an abstract of the
1386 will of Robert de Bernake, of Markby, Lincolnshire, which names his niece, Maud (de Bernake) de Cromwell, as a legatee and as his executrix.
Douglas Richardson.
     Maud Bernake married Lord Ralph Cromwell (2nd Baron), son of Ralph de Cromwell and Anice de Bellers, before 20 June 1366 in Lincolnshire. He married before 20 June 1366, Maud, sister & heir of William, and daughter of John Bernake of Tattershall afsd, by Joan, daughter & co-heir of John Marmion (Lord Marmion). By his wife's right he became lord of the manor of Tatshall, co. Lincoln, by lineal succession from the heirs female of Rpbert de Tatshall, sometime owner thereof, whereupon he fixed his chief residence there.
     Ralph de Cromwell acquired with his wife the estate of Tattershall, Lincoln, livery being granted to them 18 Mar 1366/7, it having been in the King's hands owing to the death of Sir John de Kirketon.
     As a followup to my original post regarding the 1370 seal of Maud de Bernake, wife of Sir Ralph de Cromwell, it appears that Maud was using the same or similar seal as late as 1396. This seal displays the arms of Bernake impaling Cromwell, rather than in reverse order was normally done.
I haven't yet seen the depiction of Maud's seal which is displayed in the Archaeologia article mentioned below. If the Archaeologia article is correct, the fourth arms on Maud de Bernake's seal were correctly ermine, a fess for Bernake, NOT vairé, a fess for Marmion as stated by Birch's Catalogue of Seals.
     Douglas Richardson wrote: In an earlier post in this thread, I stated that Maud de Bernake, wife of Sir Ralph de Cromwell, Lord Cromwell, was co-heiress in 1394 to her cousin, Mary de Percy, wife of John de Roos, 5th Lord Roos of Helmsley. This connection was overlooked by Complete Peerage in its account of the Cromwell family.

Maud de Bernake's heirship is discussed in a good article entitled "Candlesby Manor and Advowson" by W.O. Massingberd which appears in Lincolnshire Notes and Queries, 6 (1901): 71-76. The author shows that Candlesby manor passed by inheritance from the Tattershall family to the Orreby family, and thence onto Mary de Percy, wife of Sir John de Roos. Following Mary de Percy's death in 1394, the advowson and evidently the manor passed to her distant Tattershall cousin, Maud de Bernake, wife of Sir Ralph de Cromwell. Maud de Bernake presented to the church of Candlesby in 1409. Her descendant, Maud, Lady Willoughby, was holding the manor in 1466 and 1477.

Maud de Bernake's heirship to Mary (de Percy) de Roos is likewise discussed in the history of the manor of Wardley, Rutland found in VCH Rutland, 2 (1935): 53-54. The writer assumes that Maud de Bernake was co-heir to that manor on Mary (de Percy) de Roos' death in 1394.
However, he notes that the Tattershall overlordship of this manor is last mentioned in 1362.

My file notes indicate that George, son and heir of Nicholas Monboucher, was styled "nephew' [nepos] in the 1380's by Ralph de Crumwell [Reference: Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1381-1385 (1897): 487]. The Ralph de Crumwell named in this record is almost certainly Sir Ralph de Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell, of Tattershall, Lincolnshire, who married Maud de Bernake. To date, however, I haven't found any database which gives any connection between the Cromwell and Monboucher families, nor is it mentioned by Complete Peerage.

This past week I encountered a helpful article by W.O. Massingberd on the Monboucher family of Swinhope, Lincolnshire and Houghton, Nottinghamshire in Lincolnshire Notes and Queries, 10 (1909): 66-73.
The article shows that Nicholas Monboucher, Knt., died in 1384. By a wife, evidently his surviving widow, Margaret (living 1409), he had five children, Bertram (died young before his father), George (d.s.p.
1409), Ralph (b. ca. 1383, d.s.p. 1416), Isabel (d.s.p. 1451, wife of John Burgh), and Maud (b. ca. 1378, living 1451, wife of John Kevermond, Gent., died 1435, of the City of Lincoln).

Mr. Massingberd fails to comment on any kinship between the Monboucher and Cromwell families. I assume, however, that Margaret, surviving wife of Sir Nicholas Monboucher, was the sister of Ralph de Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell (husband of Maud de Bernake). Evidence in support of a near kinship between the Monboucher and Cromwell families may be seen in the fact that Sir Ralph de Cromwell, 3rd Lord Cromwell, was serving as the chief trustee in 1451 for the estates of Isabel Monboucher, wife of John Burgh.

Mr. Massingberd shows that Nicholas Monboucher's sole surviving child, Maud (Monboucher) Kevermond, left a daughter and sole heiress, Agnes Kevermond, wife of Thomas Billesby. This is confirmed by a document dated 1444 found in the A2A Catalogue, in which Agnes, widow of Thomas Billesby, is specifically called daughter and heir of John Kevermond.
An abstract of this record is copied below, along with another record dated 1445, in which Agnes (Kevermond) Billesby names her son and heir, Richard Billesby.

Agnes (Kevermond) Billesby certainly has living descendants. Agnes'
descendants down to the American colonist, William Asfordby, can be found on the following website:
     Maud Bernake made a will dated 1416. The 1416 will of Maud (de Bernake) de Crommwell, lady of Tattershall, a transcript of which is published in Report on the Manuscripts of Lord de L'Isle & Dudley Preserved at Penshurst Place, 1 (Hist. MSS. Comm. 77) (1925): 204-206.
Maud de Bernake's will specifically mentions her manor of Candlesby, Lincolnshire. This evidence confirms that Maud inherited both the advowson and manor of Candlesby, Lincolnshire from her cousin, Mary de Percy.
     Maud died on 10 April 1419.

Children of Maud Bernake and Lord Ralph Cromwell (2nd Baron)

Unknown (grandfather of Maud) Bernake

     Unknown (grandfather of Maud) Bernake was the son of Hugh de Bernake and Maud Woodthorpe?

Child of Unknown (grandfather of Maud) Bernake

William Bernake

(circa 1350 - )
     William Bernake was born circa 1350 in Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England. He was the son of John Bernake and Joan Marmion.

George Bernard

(before 1660 - )
     George Bernard was born before 1660 in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire.
     George Bernard married Prudence Popplewell, daughter of George Popplewell and Prudence Unknown, on 1 June 1682 in St Paul's, Lincoln, Lincolnshire. The marriage bond described them as George Bernard of Gainsborough and Prudence Popplewell of Gainsborough, spinster. The other bondsman was George Popplewell.

Henry Bernard

     Henry Bernard married Elizabeth Dunbar, daughter of Major John Dunbar and Catherine Wynne, before 1742 in Ireland. They were mentioned in a deed dated 14 Dec 1743 as Henry & Elizabeth Bernard (Dunbarr) of Rathrush along with Geroge Dunbarr, esq of Garrison, Fermanagh, along with Minchins & others.

Charlotte de Bernier

     Among the correspondents is Charlotte De Berniere Hooper (1775-1853), mother of George Hooper and daughter of John Antony De Berniere and Anne Jones De Berniere. The papers include references to her sisters, Margaret De Berniere, Louisa (Mrs. Robert) Lane, and Mary (Mrs. John) Johnson, all of Charleston,South Carolina.
     Charlotte was the daughter of Lieut. Col. John A. DeBerniere, of the 60th Regiment of the British Army. Lieut.-Col. John A. DeBerniere, emigrated to America In 1799, grandson and namesake of the Huguenot refugee, Jean Antoine DeBerniere, who fled from France about the time of the Revocation, and settled in Ireland..
     Charlotte de Bernier married Archibald Maclaine Hooper, son of George Hooper and Catherine Maclaine, on 8 June 1806.

Children of Charlotte de Bernier and Archibald Maclaine Hooper

Alfred Raymond Berry

(1894 - 1976)
     Alfred Raymond Berry was born in 1894 in Fitzroy North, Victoria.
     Alfred Raymond Berry married Alma Lilian Hannah Cocksedge, daughter of William Charles Cocksedge and Grace Levina Parrott, in 1935 in Victoria.
     Alfred died in 1976 in Yarram, Victoria.

Alicia Berry

( - 17 May 1883)
     Alicia Berry was born in Ireland. She was the only surviving daughter of Francis Berry, of English Castle, Kings Co..
     Alicia Berry married William Fetherstonhaugh, son of William Fetherstonhaugh and Elizabeth Orme, on 28 February 1834. She was the daughter of Francis Octavius Berry by his first wife Alicia Adams, William was the brother of her step-mother Susanna.
     Alicia died on 17 May 1883.
     The administration of her estate was granted to Susanna Fetherstonhaugh on 4 July 1883 Admon was granted to Susanna Harris of 38 Marlborough Rd, Dublin, the daughter and next of kin. Ther only likely marriage of a Susanna, daughter of William is to George Roe Boyce on 24 October 1863 at Mullingar. George Roe Boyce died 1871 aged 43.

Francis Berry

     Francis Berry married Susanna FetherstonHaugh, daughter of William Fetherstonhaugh and Elizabeth Orme, on 22 September 1836 in Moylisker, Meath, Ireland.

Richard Berry

(11 June 1750 - )
     Richard Berry was christened on 11 June 1750 in Chagford, Devon. A Richard Berry was baptised in 1750.
     Richard Berry married Elizabeth Leach, daughter of Edward Leach and Dinah Murch, on 6 August 1782 in Chagford, Devon. Was a sergemaker.

Susan Berry

(4 February 1810 - 28 July 1885)
     Susan Berry was born on 4 February 1810 in Tiverton, Devon. She was the daughter of John Berry & Sarah ..., aged 36 at marriage - therefore born c. 1817. Susan was a housekeeper.
     Susan Berry married Edmond Colbert, son of Patrick Colbert and Bridget A'Hearn, on 6 August 1855 in St James Church of England, Melbourne, Victoria. They were aged 29 & 36, both of North Melbourne.
     Susan died on 28 July 1885 in Tiverton Cottage, 14 Rowena Pde, Richmond, Victoria, aged 75. She was buried in Kew, Victoria.

Ruth Bertrand

(circa 1717 - 1757)
     Ruth Bertrand was also known as Merfield in records. She was born circa 1717 in Dublin, Ireland. She was the daughter of Pierce [Peter] de Bertrand, a Huguenot refugee, said to be kindred of the Bourbons. Samuel Handy fell in love with her as a schoolgirl of 14, but her father disallowed the marriage. Both married and had two children, who all four died. She married a Mr Merfield & at 18 she came to Bracca, a bride, She and Sam were Godly people. He invited John Wesley to Ireland. J Wesley stood on foundation of the new house and dedicated it to the glory of God - a crowd being assembled. When she died their son (Wesley Bawn?) was about 10 years old.
Her sister was probably, Mrs Meecham who was widowed before 1767 and introduced the Handy family to Methodism.
     Ruth Bertrand married Thomas Merfield on 21 October 1732 in St James, Dublin.
     A marriage settlement between Ruth Mirifield and Samuel Handy was made on 31 August 1742 in Ireland. Deed between Samuel Handy of Coolelaugh co Westmeath, esq & Ruth Mirifield alias Bertrand of Dublin city, widow, daughter of Peter Bertrand of Dublin city, merchant who is a party to the settlement of which the trustees are John Bertrand & J... Bred? both of Dublin city, merchants, the bride is entitled to £200 under will of her uncle J John Bertrand of Dublin city merchant deceased & now gets £300 from her father in addition to what she owns in her own right. Handy owes £1400 to Brabazon Newcombe as mortgage of his 1/2 of Coolelough in Moycashel barony, co. Westmeath bought by his father Samuel Handy senior from Jas Clerk which he settles, also his 1/2 of Aughrim ... in Kilconnel barony co Galway held on lease of lives for ever from Richard Warburton dew by Sam Handy senior. Aghrim, Brackareah Asers...lane and Collelaugh have been divided between the bridegroom Handy Handy junior and his brother John Handy. Coolelough being 1/2 of the whole lands of Brackareah, Coolelaugh & A..ras..lane. Memorial gives a very full description of the boundaries of Coolelaugh & Aghrim. Witnesses William Wade of Killervally co. Westmeath, gent, Chas Heatley gent & Gilbert Allason notary public, both of Dublin city, memorial signed by Sam Handy.
     Samuel Handy married secondly Ruth Merfield on 7 September 1742 in St James, Dublin, Ireland. It is said that he fell in love with her as a schoolgirl of 14, but her father disallowed the marriage. Both married and had two children - who all died. She married a Mr Merrifield/Merfield & at 18 she came to Bracca Castle a bride. Her travelling dress being a green cloth habit with cloth cap to match with gold band. She and Sam were Godly people.
     The wife of Samuel Handy, a resident of Coolalough, County Westmeath, and a member of the Methodist society there. In early May 1748, from her sick bed, Mrs Handy requested a visit from John Wesley, having "an earnest desire to see me once more before I left the kingdom. She could not avoid praying for it [John Wesley's visit], though her sister checked her again, telling her it could not be. Before the debate was concluded, I came in [on 10 May 1748]. So they wondered, and praised God." See Journal, ed. Ward and Heitzenrater, 3:225-226..
     Ruth died in 1757. The wife of Samuel Handy, a resident of Coolalough, County Westmeath, Ireland, and a member of the Methodist society there. In early May 1748, from her sick bed, Mrs Handy requested a visit from John Wesley, having "an earnest desire to see me once more before I left the kingdom. She could not avoid praying for it [John Wesley's visit], though her sister checked her again, telling her it could not be. Before the debate was concluded, I came in [on 10 May 1748]. So they wondered, and praised God."
See Journal, ed. Ward and Heitzenrater, 3:225-226. Samuel J Rogal's Biographical Dictionary of 18th Century Methodism.

Children of Ruth Bertrand and Samuel Handy

Thomas Besby

(circa 1782 - )
     Thomas Besby was born circa 1782.
     Thomas Besby married Elizabeth Popplewell, daughter of John Popplewell and Ellen Madan, in 1809 in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire.

Ellen Besnard

(17 October 1839 - 13 May 1917)
     Ellen Besnard was born on 17 October 1839 in Kangiaroo, Yass, New South Wales. She was the daughter and second of 10 children of Nicholas Richard Besnard (1801-1882) & Frances (Fanny) Burdell? Keefe (1818-1880)..
     Her family were well known in the Yass/Young/Burrowa region as Nicholas was appointed magistrate there in 1837, a position he held for over 25 years. His family property was situated between Burrowa & Yass was called "Kangiaroo" which is where most of his family including Ellen were born.
Further Besnard family information may be found at Lorraine Egan's website: She was christened on 11 August 1842.
     Ellen Besnard married Edward Augustus Phillips, son of James Phillips and Lydia Ballard, on 14 June 1860 in Kangiaroo, Yass, NSW. Or 7th!.
     Ellen died on 13 May 1917 in Young, New South Wales, aged 77. DEATH OF MRS E PHILLIPS. Mrs Ellen Phillips, aged 77, an old identity of Young, succumbed to an attack of double pneumonia early yesterday morning. The deceased lady, who was born at Kangiara Station, Yass (which estate had been in the possession of the Besnard family for many years), was a popular figurehead in the town. Her late husband predeceased her by some years. A family of three sons and three daughters survive, namely, Messrs. N R, J H, and J B Phillips (Young), Mrs Roberts (Sydney), Mrs G Regan (Young) and Mrs K L Barnett (Ipswich, Queensland). Mrs Poplin, Mrs. Beaumont, and Mrs James Hayes are sisters of the deceased. The funeral took place on Monday afternoon. The remains were first conveyed to St John's Church and later laid to rest in the Church of England portion of the Young cemetery, the Rev. S A T Champion officiating at the graveside.

Children of Ellen Besnard and Edward Augustus Phillips

Elizabeth Best

( - before 16 April 1728)
     Elizabeth Best was born. She was the daughter of Sir Elias Best, Knt who was Lord Mayor of Dublin 1683-4.
     Elizabeth Best married Rev Matthew Handcock, son of William Handcock and Abigail Stanley, in Ireland.
     Elizabeth died before 16 April 1728 in Dublin. She was buried on 16 April 1728 in St Patrick's, Dublin. Late wife of the Revd Dr Mathew Handcock, interrd in the Cathedral Churchyard.

Children of Elizabeth Best and Rev Matthew Handcock

Elizabeth Odell Best

(9 July 1828 - December 1896)
     Elizabeth Odell Best was also known as Betha in records. She was christened on 9 July 1828 in St Mary, Hampton, Middlesex. She was the daughter of Rev George Best and Elizabeth Stanser.
     Elizabeth Odell Best married Major Walter Lawrence Ingles on 11 October 1855 in St Nicholas, Rochester, Kent. Oct 11, at Rochester, Walter Lawrence Ingles of the 74th highlanders, fourth son of Rev C Ingles, of Sydney, Cape Breton, to Elizabeth Odell, only daughter of the Rev G Best, late Archdeaocn of New Brunswick, North America.
     Elizabeth Odell Best and Elizabeth Stanser appeared on the 1861 census in 23? Clarence St, Portsea, Hampshire. Elizabeth Best, widow, 63, annuitant, born Nova Scotia; Elizabeth O Inglis, daughter, married, 33?, wife of Captain in the Army, born Hampton, Mdx; Henry S L?, grandson aged 1, born Ceylon, with a nurse. Elizabeth Odell Best was mentioned in a letter from Elizabeth Stanser Robinson dated 23 July 1864. The letter mentions Mrs Best (who is spitting blood and very weak) and Mrs Giles, Captain & Mrs Ingles who are to join the depot of the Regiment in Ireland in the Autumn, Isabel & Charley Bowker, both their mothers, Mr, Mrs & Miss Bingle.
Mrs Best & Mrs Giles send their love
Fir Grove,
West Town nr Bristol
July 23, 1864
My dear cousin,
I intended writing by the Southern post? Mail but waited for the last day as I thought it possible the mail might be in that day, but on the 18th I was so poorly I could not write. We have not received any letters this time, we hope nothing serious has occurred to prevent your writing. I daresay you were occupied with your mother if the floods have permitted her to pay her long promised visit. How glad you would be to see her.
We trust all the children are well. Has Isabel seen her little brother Charley yet? I suppose she has returned home long ago.
I have not any news to send you, so I am afraid you will find this a very stupid epistle. We have had an extraordinarily fine warm summer, the heat has been very great and fears were entertained that there would be a serious want of water; especially in Bristol but we have had rain two days which has done good. More is wished for but it is very fine again today. My dear Mother felt the heat rather weakening but she is pretty well considering all things, and a day or two ago she was induced to go and drink tea with a kind friend of ours, a lady of 84 years of age who lives at the other end of the village, and who is very brisk and lively. My mother had not done such a thing for several years. Our roses have been beautiful this year, but the hot weather scortched (sic) many of the flowers. Her last months accounts from Mrs. Best were not very good; she spits blood so frequently and--she is very weak: she has some hopes that Captain and Mrs. Ingles may join the depot of the Regt. in the Autumn; it is in Ireland. George McNair took cold as soon as he returned to Scotland; we have not heard very lately how he is. And I can only give the same account of Mrs. Giles & Eleanor.
We hope your mother has derived benefit from her visit to you, if she has been able to make it. I suppose baby has been christened; admitted into the Good Shepherd's visible fold; may He guide & guard him and all your little ones, and bring them to His heavenly fold at last[?]. How is Richard now? Not overworking himself I hope. The winter is generally the busiest time for his profession. Your little ones must now be very amusing and must occupy a great deal of your time. Remember us very kindly to Miss Bingle and hope she is well, and Mr. & Mrs. Bingle also. Have you read The Graver Thoughts of a Country Parson? It was sent to me a short time ago & we like it very much. In another style I like "The Chronicles of the Schornberg Cotta Family: we are acquainted with the Mother and some other relations of the Authoress. I suppose all our best books find their way to Australia.
The long talked of suspension bridge from St Vincents Rocks across the Avon, is nearly completed, I will send you a photograph of it if I can get one by the time the next mail leaves. It is a very pretty object. In construction it is very like our old neighbour the Menai Bridge but the scenery around it is very different. I hope you received my letter by the last mail; I was obliged to trust it to a gentleman to post it for me at Bristol as I could not get the paper stamps at our village Post Office. I am glad the intention of doubling the postage between England and Australia was abandoned, so many poor people have friends there that it would have been cruelly felt by many. We hope we shall hear from you next month and receive a good account of all. My dear mother joins me in best love to Richard, yourself and your dear children & with every good wish, believe me my dear cousin,
Ever your affectionate, Elizabeth S Robinson
     Elizabeth Odell Best lived at Radcliffe on Trent, Nottinghamshire.
     Elizabeth Odell Best and Major Walter Lawrence Ingles appeared on the 1871 census in Vingtaine Petite Longueville, Channel Islands, UK. Walter L Ingles 42, Major Half-pay, born Nova Scotia, wife Elizabeth O Ingles 43, born England, Henry L S Ingles 11, born Ceylon, George F S Ingles 9, born England, Robert S Ingles 7, born Nova Scotia, Ethel St C Ingles 4, born Nova Scotia, Walter C S Ingles 2, born England, Bridget Cass 26, domestic servant, born Ireland.
     Elizabeth Odell Best appeared on the 1881 census in 49 Warwick Gardens, Kensington, Middlesex. Elizabeth O Ingles, married aged 51, born Hampton, Middlesex was living with her children Edith St Cyr Ingles, aged 14, born Nova Scotia and Walter C S Ingles, aged 12, born Colchester, Essex.
     Elizabeth's death was registered in the quarter ending in December 1896 in Brentford, Middlesex.

Children of Elizabeth Odell Best and Major Walter Lawrence Ingles

George Best

(circa 1847 - before 5 October 1849)
     He is not likely to be ours.. George Best was born circa 1847 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. He was the son of Rev George Best.
     George died before 5 October 1849 in Halifax, NS, Canada. He was buried on 5 October 1849 in St Paul's, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Rev George Best

(1793 or 1794 - 2 May 1829)
     Rev George Best was born in 1793 or 1794 in England.
     He was an Anglican clergyman educated at Westminster School, London, and he also studied architecture, although he may not have received any formal training in the field. In June 1817, as a catechist or perhaps a deacon of the Church of England, he applied to work overseas as a missionary with the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel and by 30 Oct. 1818 had arrived in the parish of Granville in the Annapolis valley of Nova Scotia, where he served until 1823. He loved Granville and took a particular interest in the schools for black children.
In April 1823, on the death of the Reverend James Milne, the Anglican congregation of Fredericton recommended Best’s appointment as rector there. He began his duties in July, and also acted as his father-in-law’s ecclesiastical commissary in New Brunswick. In September he was ordained priest in the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity at Quebec by Bishop Jacob Mountain. His positions in Fredericton were not confirmed until after the arrival of Sir Howard Douglas* as lieutenant governor of the province in 1824.
Early in 1825 the diocese of Nova Scotia was divided into four archdeaconries and George Best was appointed the first archdeacon of New Brunswick. Thus he became responsible for the province’s ecclesiastical affairs under the direction of John Inglis*, who had replaced Robert Stanser as bishop of Nova Scotia. Best’s energy and enthusiasm in the performance of his duties are illustrated by a long report on the state of religion in the province which he prepared for Sir Howard Douglas in 1825. This study gives figures on population generally and on the number of souls and church buildings in each county. Using late returns which came in after the 1824 census had been published, Best estimated the population of New Brunswick at 79,176. There were 16 resident Anglican clergymen serving 26 churches. Only two of the clergymen, however, served in the eastern half of the province. Best was enthusiastic about the potential for “the Established Church,” and his report points out areas where the condition of religion demanded improvements. More missionaries were required, and they should be “men of mild and humble dispositions, who will assimilate themselves with the people, amongst whom they may be sent and endeavour to unite themselves with their interests, and their hopes.” Best’s study shows a tolerant attitude towards most of the ministers of other denominations, with the exception of the Baptists. It also displays a marked respect for the people among whom he ministered. “The people of this Country who gain a livelihood by their manual labour, for of the lower order there are none,” he wrote, “are in intellect and sagacity superior far to those of the same stamp in the Mother Country – they are, for the most part, shrewd and intelligent, and, generally speaking, well versed in the Scriptures.”
As archdeacon, Best travelled through the province supervising the clergy and schoolmasters. His “active and valuable superintendence” was appreciated by a great many people. Bishop Inglis, who in 1826 made the first Anglican episcopal visitation to New Brunswick in decades, was impressed by the schools for which Best was responsible and found them to be “generally well attended and well appointed.” In describing the need for additional clergymen as “even greater than I had supposed,” Inglis underlined one of his archdeacon’s constant concerns. In February 1827 Best hired the Reverend George McCawley* as his curate and encouraged him to undertake missionary journeys to isolated areas of the province. He also promoted the building of “small temporary churches in remote districts.”
George Best played a significant part in the construction of a new building to house the College of New Brunswick. In 1825 he was one of three people to submit architectural designs to the college council, which decided in October that John Elliott Woolford*’s plan was the most appealing. That December Sir Howard Douglas chose as the site of the new structure a lot owned by Best, who insisted on being paid £500 for his property. Best became a member of the board of the college in January 1826, and the following month he was appointed to determine “what ornamental parts” of Woolford’s plan might “be dispensed without injury to the convenience and comfort of the interior.” In March he formed a committee with William Franklin Odell* to choose “Stone or Brick as they may judge best,” yet not to spend more than £12,000. The committee chose stone but cut costs by replacing the planned dome with a pediment.
In 1828 the College of New Brunswick was reconstituted as King’s College, Fredericton. The royal charter issued at that time designated the archdeacon of the province as titular president of the institution. Best was not happy with the new honour. He protested that he was not a university man and was disturbed that he was being assigned significant responsibilities without being provided with an additional income; Fredericton, he complained, was an expensive place in which to live. Nevertheless, he prepared to assume his new duties, and asked the SPG to make some provision for scholarships.
George Best’s dedication to his ministry made him an able leader of the Church of England in New Brunswick in the 1820s. Described by a contemporary as “full of genuine gentleness and unaffected piety,” he seems to have had the ability to avoid confrontation, and his broadmindedness helped to ease tensions both within his own communion and between denominations. The Reverend Benjamin Gerrish Gray*, for example – a restless, temperamental exponent of broad-church principles – looked upon Best as a fellow spirit who also desired to bring evangelical Christians into the Anglican communion. Best’s bishop was impressed by his activities. “The Archdeacon,” Inglis wrote, “is sometimes a little hurried by his zeal, but he is notwithstanding a very worthy officer, and I have a very warm regard for him.” Best was also on good terms with the administration and was friendly with Sir Howard and Lady Douglas from the time of their arrival in New Brunswick. Although it had already been arranged at the Colonial Office in England that the Reverend Frederick Coster should be transferred from Saint John to Fredericton, the lieutenant governor soon found Best to be “in every way so fit for the situation” that he insisted that he continue as rector of Fredericton. The clergyman was a great favourite with Lady Douglas and her younger children and may have shared their enthusiasm for drawing and gardening.
In April 1828 Best’s request for a leave of absence to visit England was granted. He died at Bath in May 1829 and was buried in Claverton Down churchyard. The Reverend George Coster* succeeded him as archdeacon of New Brunswick.
Carolyn A. Young
PAC, MG 24, A3, 3; C43 (mfm.) PANB, MC 211, MS4/5/1; RG 7, RS75, A, 1828, George Best. PRO, CO 188/32, 188/39 (mfm. at PANB). UNBL, Dennis Harvey to [John Anderson], president of the Univ. of N.B., 11 Dec. 1976; C. McN. Steeves to secretary, SPG, 15 May 1945; UA, “Minute-book of the governors and trustees of the College of New Brunswick,” 1800–28. USPG, C/CAN/NB, 4, folder 181; C/CAN/NS., 3, folder 16 (mfm. at PAC). New-Brunswick Royal Gazette, 21 Oct. 1823. G. H. Lee, An historical sketch of the first fifty years of the Church of England in the province of New Brunswick (1783–1833) (Saint John, N.B., 1880). J. D. Purdy, “The Church of England in New Brunswick during the colonial era, 1783–1860” (MA thesis, Univ. of N.B., Fredericton, 1954).
     Rev George Best married Elizabeth Stanser, daughter of Bishop Robert Stanser and Mary Aust, on 21 August 1820 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. She was described as the second daughter in the newspaper account of her marriage.
     Rev George Best lived at Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. He was described as the late Archdeacon in Fredericton, New Brunswick at his son Robert's death in Jan 1848.
     George died on 2 May 1829 in Bath, Somerset.

Children of Rev George Best and Elizabeth Stanser

Child of Rev George Best

Rev Robert Stanser Best

(6 February 1823 - 12 January 1848)
     Rev Robert Stanser Best was born on 6 February 1823 in Granville, Nova Scotia, Canada. He was the son of Rev George Best and Elizabeth Stanser.
     Robert matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge University, in 1842. Robert was a clergyman at Henley, Suffolk. Stipendiary Curates licences - Rev. Robert Stanser Best, curate at £50 p.a. dated 24 Aug. 1846.
     Robert died on 12 January 1848 in Malta aged 24. Died 12th January 1848, the Reverend Robert Stanser Best, B.A., aged 25 years, of CaiuisCollege Cambridge. Born at Granville, Nova Scotia, the son of Archdeacon Best of New Brunswick. Grandson of the Bishop of Nova Scotia. Born 6th February 1823.

     On the 12 inst., at Malta, aged 25, the Rev Robert Stanser Best, BA, of Queen's College, Cambridge, eldest son of the late Archdeacon Best, of Fredericton, New Brunswick, and grandson of the late Right Rev. Robert Stanser, DD, formerly Bishop of Nova Scotia.

Maria Bestwick

(circa 1775? - 17 July 1854)
     Maria Bestwick was born circa 1775?.
     Maria Bestwick married William Wafford, son of William Patriarch? Wafford and Ann Nicol, on 16 May 1796 in St Anne, Soho, Westminster. By banns.
     Maria Bestwick and Maria Aberey appeared on the 1841 census in John St, Hackney South, London. John Brown, carpenter aged 40, Mary Brown 40, Maria Wafford aged 70, Independent, Y, Catharine Wafford 8 (in male column), all born in the county/ Which Maria? Is the Brown significant - but they were Scottish.
     Maria died on 17 July 1854 in Hackney, London. Which Maria Abery or Bestwick?.

Children of Maria Bestwick and William Wafford

Ann Elizabeth Bettison

     Ann Elizabeth Bettison married Robert Sigsworth Martin, son of Robert Duncan Martin and Eliza Frances Ball, in March 1865 in Charlton RD. Ann Elizabeth Bettison and an unknown person were divorced between 1873 and 1874. She and Robert Sigsworth Martin were divorced on 26 May 1874. Martin v Martin and Beaver. Petition 6/5/1873; R S Martin Fitter and Brass Finisher; Married 1/2/1865, lived various addresses in Plumstead, no issue.
On or about 1/4/1873 at 9 North Street Portsea A E Martin committed adultery with one Dennington Beaver. D B, in default of appearance as co-respondent for citation issued against him, ordered to pay costs.
AEM appeared in person, her address 17 Hardings Manor Way Charlton. Oral evidence has been given before court today. Decree Nisi 11/11/1873; Final Decree 26/5/1874.

Frances Betts

(before 1615 - )
     Frances Betts was born before 1615 in Suffolk.
     Frances Betts married Edward Bland, son of Edward or Edmund Bland and Barbara Hynard, on 29 December 1631 in Fornham St Martin, Suffolk.

Child of Frances Betts and Edward Bland

Martin Alfred William Betts

(1881 - )
     Martin Alfred William Betts was also known as Martin Alfred Willis in records. He was born in 1881 in Hadleigh, Suffolk.
     The marriage of Martin Alfred William Betts and Mary Maud Bullett, daughter of James Bullett and Susannah Osborne (Firman), was registered in Cosford RD, Suffolk, in the December 1906 quarter.

Rebecca Betts

(circa 1766 - before 22 October 1826)
     Rebecca Betts was born circa 1766 in Brentwood, Essex.
     Rebecca Betts married Francis Cocksedge, son of Richard Cocksedge and Elizabeth Baxter, on 28 January 1796 in Gt Ashfield, Suffolk.
     Rebecca died before 22 October 1826 in Woolpit, Suffolk. She was buried on 22 October 1826 in Woolpit.

Children of Rebecca Betts and Francis Cocksedge

Baldwin de Betune

( - 1212)
     Baldwin was Earl of the Isle in Flanders. Earl of Albemarle jure uxoris.
     Hawise le Gros married thirdly Baldwin de Betune in 1195. He was buried in 1212 in Meaux Abbey, Yorkshire.
     Baldwin died in 1212 in Yorkshire. 13 John.

Child of Baldwin de Betune and Hawise le Gros

Alice Betune

     Alice Betune was the daughter of Baldwin de Betune and Hawise le Gros.
     Alice Betune married William Marshall Earl of Pembroke in 1203. According to The Honour of Skipton by Farrer, she married in 1203 William, son of William Marshal, earl of Pembroke, she died before 1221.

Ruth Bevan

(1879 - 15 November 1940)
     Ruth Bevan was born in 1879 in Tool..., Victoria. Daughter of Henry Bevan and Elizabeth Flack.
     Ruth Bevan married Christopher William Colbert, son of Edmond Colbert and Catherine MacRae, in 1904 in Victoria.
     Ruth died on 15 November 1940 in Middle Brighton, Victoria. She was buried in Burwood.

Children of Ruth Bevan and Christopher William Colbert

William Bevan

     William Bevan married Elizabeth Horn in March 1897 in Okehampton RD.