Donald Alexander MacKenzie

(24 July 1873 - 2 March 1936)
     Donald Alexander MacKenzie was born on 24 July 1873 in Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was the son of Alexander Holm MacKenzie and Isabella MacKay.
David Alston in My little town of Cromarty reports that D A Mackenzie, son of the Cromarty Sheriff Clerk wrote "in my boyhood [the fisher children] sat in their own corner of the church, the boys sat on their own forms in each class of school, and were not allowed to leave thier corner of the playground". This is interesting as he was the gt-grandson of a Kilmuir Easter fisher.. Robert, Janet, Donald, William, John and James were listed as the children of Alexander Holm MacKenzie in the 1881 census in 4 Barclay St, Cromarty.
     Donald Alexander MacKenzie and George Mackenzie were recorded on the 1901 census in 32 Bank St, Partick, Govan, Lanarkshire. Donald Alexander McKenzie, 27, journalist (sub-editor), was a boarder with his brother George aged 19, journalist, with the Birnie family.
Donald Alexander MacKenzie married Elizabeth Fraser on 26 September 1901 in Free Church, 2 Sauchiehall St, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
Between 1903 and 1910 he owned and edited The North Star in Dingwall, and then moved to the People's Journal in Dundee. From 1916 he represented the Glasgow paper, The Bulletin, in Edinburgh. As well as writing books, articles and poems, he often gave lectures, and also broadcast talks on Celtic mythology. He was the friend of many specialist authorities in his areas of interest.
     Donald resided at Harpers Court, Dingwall, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland, 6 November 1904.
     Donald resided at 19 Merchiston Crescent, Edinburgh, 1935.
     Donald died on 2 March 1936 in the Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland, aged 62. He was buried in the Gaelic churchyard (new section), Cromarty. In loving memory of DONALD ALEXANDER MACKENZIE author and poet died 2nd March 1936 aged 63 years also of ELZABETH FRASER his wife died 12th August 196 aged 65 years. See for photograph.
     His will was proved on 28 November 1936 at Edinburgh, Midlothian. Donald Alexander Mackenzie, journalist, sometime of 60 Leamington Terrace, Edinburgh, latterly of 19 Merchiston Crescent there, died 2 March 1936 at Edinburgh, testate. Confirmation Edinburgh 20 August to Elizabeth Fraser or Mackenzie, 19 Merchiston Crescent aforesadi, the relict. Will dated 31 July recorded Edinburgh 19 August 1936, Value of estate £995: 5: 1.
In one of his books Great Britain by Blackie & Son. Ltd., Glasgow, there was a DEDICATION TO MY WIFE
Let sages ponder, "What is life?",
And o'er their books despair;-
I gaze in thy deep eyes and read
Its meaning there.
For then I know why I am here
To wage this strife with death;-
It is that I may love but thee,

Foreward by Professor W J Watson,
LL.D., D.Litt.Celt.
Donald Alexander Mackenzie 24th July I873 -2nd March, 1936. Born in the ancient burgh of Cromarty, Donald A. Mackenzie was the son of Alexander H. Mackenzie, Sheriff-Clerk Depute, and Isobel Mackay, a descendant of the famous Sutherland Gaelic poet, Rob Donn. In a most interesting article contributed to "The Scottish Educational Journal "(18 Nov1932) he tells of his early years in Cromarty, then visited by ships of many nations - Flemings, Dutchmen, Danes, French and Russians. With the three first named, the boys could converse by using Braid Scots. They greatly feared the wild Russians, with knives dangling from their belts; traditions of the Peninsular War made them hate the French. Cromarty itself, though in the main Braid Scots or English, still held a remnant of a Gaelic-speaking population, and was in contact with Gaelic-speakers of Nigg, across the mile wide ferry. All this helped to widen the minds of the boys, and besides, there was the tradition of famous local men - Sir Thomas Urquhart, Professor James Robertson (Oriental languages) admired by Dr Samuel Johnson, and Hugh Miller. "These," says Mr Mackenzie, "were held up to us as 'shining examples', who, in their boyhood, had been 'earnest readers'."
His school life began when, about four years old, he entered the school of Cromarty with an old Bible tucked under his right arm, and was detained as a pupil. Before leaving, about the age of fourteen, though handicapped by severe headaches (the result of imperfect sight), he had a fair knowledge of Latin, could repeat by heart portions of Virgil and Caesar, and had latterly been a monitor. After leaving school he set himself, prompted by his grandmother, to learn by heart the first book of Paradise Lost and remembered much of it at the time of writing. He served as interim teacher for some time in one of the neighbouring schools, and was well appreciated.
His next appointment was as clerk in the service of the Callander and Oban Railway, stationed at Callander, Crianlarich, Connel and Oban for about ten years - he told me incidentally of three years at Connel. These years gave him first-hand experience of the Central and Western Highlands, which he turned to good account. His taste for literature, however, was such that, leaving his post in the railway service, he returned to Cromarty to take up free-lance journalism. This brought him in touch with the Glasgow Evening News, which again led to his joining the staff and gaining his training in newspaper work. In Glasgow he made the friendship of Neil Munro.
His marriage in 1901 to Miss Elizabeth Fraser, Inverness, was followed by settlement in Dingwall, as proprietor and editor of the North Star newspaper. Here, in addition to his editorial work, he took up serious study of Egyptology. I should add that for several years of this period he lived in Inverness, where we became firm friends.
In 1909 he disposed of the North Star, joined the People's Journal, and removed to Dundee, where he remained till 1912. It was now that he settled down to write that series of books which established his reputation as research student and historian. The number and variety of his works, extending to about forty volumes, forms some indication of his remarkable industry and no less remarkable versatility. They include studies of mythology all over the world, ancient civilization in Britain and elsewhere, stories for children, Scottish history and folklore, and that delightful book of poems entitled Elves and Heroes. Four of these volumes were written in connexion with the Great War. He also contributed articles to the Celtic Review, Celtic Monthly, and other magazines. Two valuable papers were read to the Gaelic Society of Inverness (Vols. XXXI, XXXIII).
On the formation of the Bulletin he was made its Edinburgh representative, and made his home in Edinburgh where our friendship was renewed and continued till his much lamented death. His last work, published in 1935, was Scottish Folk-Lore and Folk Life, a book of the greatest value and interest - none but he could have written it. Besides a prodigious memory - inherited from his father - Donald A Mackenzie possessed remarkable clarity of insight and soundness of judgment, together with a style simple and unaffected. From his mother's side he inherited the gifts of a poet, with a true poet's vision. In a Foreword to 'Ancient Man in Britain' (1922) Professor G. Elliot Smith writes inter alia: " There is nothing of technical pedantry about Mr Mackenzie's writing. He has made himself familiar with the customs and beliefs of the whole world, as his remarkable series of books on mythology has revealed, and in the process of acquiring this mass of information he has not sacrificed his common sense and powers of judgment."
Only those who were fortunate enough to be his intimates could appreciate Mr Mackenzie's unfailing store of wit and humour, as well as of information. He loved Cromarty and he loved Scotland. His death is a great loss. He is survived by his widow, three sons and two daugters
List of works by D. A. Mackenzie
From all the fronts: stories of the great war.
Ancient England.
The Gods of the classics.
The story of ancient Babylonia and Assyria.
The story of ancient Crete.
The story of ancient Egypt.
The story of the great war.
Our glorious empire.
Tales from northern sagas.
Egyptian myth and legend.
Myths of Babylonia and Assyria.
Myths of Crete and pre-Hellenic Europe.
Teutonic myth and legend.
Indian myth and legend.
Myths of China and Japan.
Myths of pre-Columbian America.
Ancient man in Britain, with migration op symbols.
Elves and heroes (poems).
Ancient civilizations.
Footprints of early man.
Buddhism in pre-Christian Britain.
Rome through five centuries.
Myths and traditions of the south sea islands.
Myths of Indonesia and Melanesia.
Scotland: the ancient kingdom.
Tales from the moors and the mountains.
Scottish folklore and folk life.
Burmese wonder tales.
Wonder tales from Scottish myth and legend.
Wonder tales of the East.
Finn and his warrior band.
The world's heritage of legend and romance.
Indian fairy stories.
Stories of Russian folk life.
Heroes and heroic deeds of the great war.
Lord Kitchener: the story of his life and work.

Children of Donald Alexander MacKenzie and Elizabeth Fraser

Donald Alexander MacKenzie

(3 February 1913 - 16 March 2001)
     Donald Alexander MacKenzie was born on 3 February 1913 in New Zealand. He was the son of John MacKenzie and Helen Livngstone Johnston.
     Donald died on 16 March 2001 aged 88.

Donald Sydney MacKenzie

     Donald Sydney MacKenzie was the son of Donald MacKenzie.

Donald Thompson MacKenzie

(1901 - July 1951)
     Donald Thompson MacKenzie was born in 1901 in Alberton, Victoria. He was the son of Thomas MacKenzie and Elizabeth Ann Thomas.
Donald Thompson MacKenzie married Edith Violet Langley in 1927 in Victoria.
     Donald died in July 1951 in Elwood, Victoria. He was cremated on 18 July 1951 in The Necropolis, Springvale.

Donald Thomson MacKenzie

(26 August 1837 - 30 June 1923)
     Donald Thomson MacKenzie was also known as Donald Thompson MacKenzie in records. He was born on 26 August 1837 in Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was the son of William MacKenzie and Isabella Tindal. Donald Thomson MacKenzie was christened on 3 September 1837 in Cromarty.
     Donald Thomson MacKenzie appeared on the 1841 census in the household of Isabella Tindal in Berkley's Lane, Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. John, Donald, William, Catherine, Thomas, Isabella and James were listed as the children of William MacKenzie in the 1851 census in Calrossie Street, Cromarty.
     Donald Thomson MacKenzie arrived per "Shakespeare (spelled Shakspeare on header of original list). It departed c. 21 Sep 1857. D T McKenzie aged 22, carpr [carpenter?], English, was on board." on 21 December 1857 at Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Donald Thomson MacKenzie moved to Port Albert, Victoria, in 1859. In 1860 he went to Russell's Creek looking for gold.
On 16 Dec 1858 the Gippsland Gazette mentioed Mr McKenzie was appointed bookkeeper of R Adams, "Ship Inn".
In 1861 he was a subscriber to Port Albert church harmonium [fund].
? In June 1861 Mr & Mrs McKenzie, family & servant arrived Port Albert from Melbourne on the "Keera".
Donald Thomson MacKenzie married Mary Ann Hodgson, daughter of George Hodgson and Mary Sadler Howells, on 4 October 1861 in Christ Church, Tarraville, Victoria. The John o' Groat Journal, Thursday 23 January 1862 reported: Tarraville, Australia, the 4th October last, Donald Thomson Mackenzie, the second son of Mr William Mackenzie, builder, Cromarty, Scotland, Mary Ann, eldest daughter of Mr George Hodgson. Tarraville, Gipps Land. Also reported in the Inverness Courier Highland, 16/01/1862.
In Oct 1861 Mr & Mrs McKenzie left Port Albert for Melbourne on the "Keera".
The Gippsland guardian reported: Mr Robinson applied for a transfer of the Ship Inn license to Mr D McKenzie, as the deputed agent of the Official As- signee in the estate of the late licensed occupant. The Magistrate, after some little discussion, decided that as they had already granted the previous application of Mr W P Skillet, as the agent of the Official Assignee, they must decline acting further in the matter, but would allow Mr. McKenzie to act in the absence of Mr Skillett..
Licensing Meeting of the Bench of Magistrates held at Palmerston on Monday last although there were three applications for transfers, not one could be entertained. Mr. McKenzie had not obtained from the Official Assignee, the original license to the Ship Inn, and his application was adjourned to enable him to do so.
SHIP INN. DONALD McKENZIE BEGS to inform his friends and the public that he has taken that commodious Establishment known as the Ship Inn, at Port Albert.
Visitors from the country will find first class accommodation and reasonable charges.
Stables are conducted by a competent Groom
Donald Thomson MacKenzie moved to Woodend, Victoria, circa 1862. At Woodend he became associated with the firm of Wm McCulloch and Co., the well-known carrying agents.
In June 1864 he was a licenced victualler of Port Albert; applied for publican's licence for house, rented from David Turnbull, containing 8 sitting rooms and 20 bedrooms excluding those used by family.
He advertised: DONALD McKENZIE Has much pleasure in informing his Friends and the Public that he has taken the above well-known and capacious premises, which he intends to conduct on the very best principles. Boarders and Travellers will find com- fort combined with economy, and the Table d'hote replete with thorough good English Fare. The "Wines and Spirits are of the very best brands that can be procured in the market, and civility and atten- tion will be accorded to all. Billiard and Bagatelle Rooms.. They was mentioned on 15 September 1864 in Port Albert, Victoria, Australia, in the Port Albert Licencing books re immigration deposits.
     He was one of the first to sign up under the Duffy Land Act acquiring a large area known as Browns Morass which he then proceeded to drain over 10 years and his farm "Calrossie" was one of the most productive in the area. He built a creamery on his farm and later supplied the butter factory in Yarram. He purchased the first reaper and binder in the district and also led the way in many other areas of farming. He served twice as shire president - in 1873 and 1894, his son Thomas also served a term in office. He was one of the first JPs appointed and was a member of the Agricultural Society, the Dairymans Union, the Presbyterian church and the Masonic Lodge. He erected a memorial at Alberton cemetery to his parents and his wife's along with his five deceased children.
Donald Thomson MacKenzie was listed in a directory dated between 1866 and 1867 as D T McKenzie at 'Ship In', Tarraville Rd, Port Albert, Victoria.
In January 1868, Donald & Willliam McKenzie, Won Wron made payments re 274 acres £13/15/- and Wm 67 - 0-20 £8/8/-. This needs checking again.
Donald Thomson MacKenzie was listed in a directory dated 1868 as Donald McKenzie, Innkeeper at Port Albert, Victoria.
Donald Thomson MacKenzie was listed in a directory dated 1876 at of Fernbank, Yarram, Victoria.
Donald Thomson MacKenzie was listed in a directory dated 1877 at Port Albert, Victoria.
     In Donald Thomson MacKenzie's will dated 6 October 1877 in Won Wron, Victoria, Donald Thomson MacKenzie was named as executor of the estate. Donald was a beneficiary in William MacKenzie's will proved 1877 in Victoria.
     Donald and John were registered as voters at Won Wron, Victoria, on the 1883 electoral roll. East Riding of the Shire of Alberton: Donald Thompson McKenzie, house and land, 2 votes, George, Draper, ditto, 2 votes, John, farmer, ditto, 1 vote, William, farmer, ditto, 1 vote. Also Janet McKenzie, farmer, house & land, 2 votes.
     Donald and James were registered at Port Albert, Victoria, on the 1883 electoral roll. South Riding of the Shire of Alberton: Donald T, publican house, James, draper, George, draper, John, carter.
     Donald resided at Won Wron, 1887. He had an 8 roomed wooden house on 514 acres. The Gippsland times on 2 February 1887, mentioned him living at 'Fernbank' Won Wron. He was a Freemason in October 1888. and officer of the Alberton Lodge.
On Sunday night the Calrossie flax mill, owned by Mr D T M'Kenzie, was destroyed by fire, with its contents. which included the season's produce of 50 acres of flax, and 20 acres hemp, and of S acres of flax and 1 of hemp belong ing to a neighbor. There was also destroyed a breaker and a scotcher, patents and of the latest design, each the only one of its kind in the colony. The fire originated amongst some tow stored at a distance from the engine, which had not been in use since Satur day afternoon. The place was ap parently safe an hour or two before the fir- broke out, and no cause can be assigr4ed for the outbreak, which it is feared most be due to an incendiary. The glare was seen 5 or 6 miles away. The machinery, which was worth £200, was covered by insurance, but every thing else was uninsured, and the loss is estimated at £500. Great things had been hoped from the introduction of the flax treating machinery, which it was thought might solve the labor problem of the flax industry. Calrossie was visited a few weeks ago by the Minister of Agriculture.
A DISASTROUS FIRE. THE CALROSSIE FLAX MILL BURNT. YARRAM, Monday. The flax mill at Calrossie, which was visited a few weeks ago by Mr. Taverner and a Parliamentary party, was burned to the ground on Sunday night. At about midnight an employee was awakened by the noise and glare of a fire, and found the place in flames. The fire of the engine which drives the machinery had not been alight since early on Saturday afternoon, and the mill was to all appearances safe at half-past 10 on Sunday evening. The machinery which was destroyed included a new breaker and scutcher imported by Messers. Miller and Son, of Melbourne. These machines were the only ones of their sort in the colony. They were insured, but there was no insurance on either the building or the flax stored therein. Mr. McKenzie's loss is estimated at £500. Incendiarism is suspected
The Governmet Gaxette reported on 19 Nov 1901, that Donald Thompson McKenzie Esq, JP, wa appointed as returning offficer for the electoral division of Alberton licencing district re the number of grocers licences to be increased..
     Donald was registered at Won Wron on the 1903 electoral roll.
     Donald Thomson MacKenzie travelled to Scotland in March 1907. On their return they settled at "Calrossie" now 15 Mercer Rd, Malvern. Mr D T McKenzie,ed 65. Mrs McKenzie aged 60 & W H McKenzie aged 30, departed in March 1907 on the Persic.
     In the Chronicles of early Gippsland by R T Easterby, articles from Gippsland Mercury 1910-12 p.4, it stated that he went to Russell's Creek with Charley Gadd. Russells Creek co. Dalhousie, was a quartz digging lying near Malmsbury.
In October 1911, the family gathered for their golden wedding celebration and a photograph was taken in the garden of 'Calrossie', 15 Mercer Rd, Malvern. However the Govt Gazxette on 31 Oct 1911 listed him as returning officer for Gippsland South and his address as Yarram..
     Donald and Mary were registered at 15 Mercer Rd, Malvern, Victoria, on the 1912 electoral roll. Donald Thomson was of 'independent means' with his wife Mary Ann, home duties, and Mary Isabel Brown, home duties.
Donald Thomson MacKenzie was listed in a directory dated from 1913 to 1924 as Donald T McKenzie at Malvern, Victoria.
     Donald Thomson MacKenzie made a will dated 20 March 1920 in Malvern, Victoria. He was a gentleman of "Calrossie", Mercer Rd, Malvern, and he appointed his son Thomas George and his son in law Ben Percival Johnson his executors.
     Donald died of senile debility on 30 June 1923 in 'Calrossie', Mercer Rd, Malvern, Victoria, aged 85. The Yarram newspaper reported that Mr Donald T McKenzie, who was well known throughout Gippsland, died early yesterday morning, in his 86th year, at his residence in Malvern, after a short illness. Mr McKenzie landed at Melbourne in 1856 from Cromarty, Scotland. He became a prosperous hotel proprietor in Port Albert, and was included in the first ballot arranged under the now defunct Duffy Act for the selection of land. He selected a vast territory near Yarram, now known as Calrossie, and established a satisfactory drainage system, which reclaimed all the land there. He utilized the ample water supply for one of the first American turbine power engines brought to Australia. He did much for the establishment of the butter industry. In addition to holding many public offices, he was returning officer for the electorate of South Gippsland for many years, and was a justice of the peace. He had been a freemason for nearly 40 years, and was a past-master.
Another unidentified report stated: Died on 1st instant at age 86 years after a short illness of a few days duration at his residence in Mercer Road, Malvern. Born in 1837 he retained fine mental vigor in peaceful retirement. While yet in his teens (at age 19 years) he made the great adventure to Australia in the sailing vessel Shakespeare. His chief assets on landing were youth, good health and plenty of grit. His capital could be counted on two fingers.
He accepted a position in the management of the Albion Hotel in Bourke Street, Melbourne, then conducted by a syndicate, and in 1859 (3 years after arriving) he was sent to Port Albert to straighten up the affairs of the Ship Inn. The Port at that time was quite an important shipping centre.
Whilst in charge of the Hotel, he ran the mail coach between the Port and Sale.
In 1861 he met a helpmeet in Miss Hodgson, of the nearby district of Tarraville, and was married in 1861. Just what a helpmeet the late Mrs. McKenzie was is well known to hundreds of South Gippslanders. Bright, industrious and lovable, she became at once a good wife and mother, whilst the open house characteristics of Calrossie, as their future home was called, was known far and wide.
After a short term the family moved to Woodend where Mr McKenzie became associated with the firm of Wm. McCulloch & Co., the well-known carrying agents. But he returned to Port Albert, taking over the Ship Inn which he conducted with profit for some time.
Mr McKenzie was one of the first applicants for land under the Duffy Act, and to the accompaniment of many Jeremiahs from friends - he selected a large morass territory in the district which was known as Calrossie and subsequently became one of the most valuable properties in the district.
1887 - Power generation to the Creamery; Flax growing for a while; 1st reaper and binder into the district; Shire President 1873 and 1894; Member of Agricultural Society; Dairymans Union; Presbyterian Church; Masonic Lodge; One of the first J. P.s to be appointed.
Shortly after his return from a visit to his native land, some 15 years ago, (about 1907/8 - age 71 years), Mr. McKenzie returned to Victoria and settled in Mercer Road, Malvern where he remained until his demise.
His wife predeceased him some five years ago. The family consists of five sons and four daughters.
The interment took place at Alberton Cemetery on Monday July 2nd., the Rev F. A. Hagenauer officiating at the graveside.
The deceased was the brother of James McKenzie JP, Chairman of Directors of the Gippsland & Northern Co-op. Coy. Ltd., and who was for many years a leading businessman, as well as farmer, in the Yarram district.
THANKS : The family of the late Donald T. McKenzie return thanks for letters of condolence, telegrams, etc., in connection with their recent bereavement
. He was buried on 2 July 1923 in the Presbyterian section, Alberton.
A Yarram newspaper in July 1923 reported: Two Fine Gippslanders - The Late Mr and Mrs D T McKenzie. Death has removed one of South Gippsland's earliest and staunchest pioneers in the person of Mr Donald T McKenzie who passed away at his late residence in Mercer-road, Malvern, on 1st inst., at the age of 86 years, after a short illness of a few days' duration. The late Mr McKenzie was a pioneer, not only in his settlement in the Port Albert district in 1859, but in many phases of social and productive progress, and the co-operative movement has lost one of its strongest advocates and supporters. Mr McKenzie's life story is the story of South Gippsland development, and though he spent the last few years of his life in peaceful retirement in one of Melbourne's most beautiful suburbs, he retained fine mental vigor, and was to the last keenly interested in all matters associated with the producing interests of the State. As the name implies, he was one of the great company of "fighting Macs," who have done so many of the big things in the outer parts of the British Empire, which have made her the world's greatest colonising force. Born in the "Land of brown heath and shaggy wood" in the year 1837, while yet in his teens (at the age of 19) he made the great adventure to Australia in the sailing vessel "Shakespeare", when journeys to the Antipodes were both tedious and fraught with danger. His chief assets on landing were youth, good health, and plenty of grit. His capital in pounds could be counted on two fingers. He accepted a position in the management of the Albion Hotel in Bourke-street, then conducted a syndicate, and in 1859 (three years after arrival) he was sent to Port Albert to straighten up the affairs of the Ship Inn. The port at that time was quite an important shipping centre, and was the point from which goods were transported long distances-even to Walhalla, after gold was discovered - throughout the then sparsely-settled parts of North Gippsland. Whilst in charge of the hotel, he ran the mail coach between the Port and Sale-and coaching was hazardous in those days. In 1861 he found a helpmeet in Miss Hodgson, of the nearby district of Tarraville, and was married in 1861. Just what a helpmeet the late Mrs. McKenzie was is well known to hundreds of South Gippslanders. Bright, industrious and lovable, she became at once a good wife and mother, whilst the "open house" characteristics of "Calrossie," as their future home called, was known far and wide. Whilst we give all credit to the prowess of its men pioneers, Gippsland's progress is just as much the result of the almost sublime faith and unselfish labors of the women, who lived, loved, labored, and literally gave their lives to carve homes for their husbands and families. After a short time the family moved to Woodend, where Mr. McKenzie became associated with the firm of Wm. McCulloch and Co., the well-known carrying agents. But the "call of the wild" came to him again, and he returned to Port Albert, taking over the Ship Inn, which he conducted with profit for some time. Mr McKenzie was one of the first applicants for land under the Duffy Act and-to the accompaniment of many Jeremiads from friends - he selected a large morass territory in the district, which was known as "Calrossie," and subsequently became one of the most valuable properties in the district. A turbine engine was installed, when draining had been in hand for some time, and this engine, though the first imported into Victoria, is still in active use on the property. In 1887 a separator was purchased at the International Exhibition, in Melbourne. It was intended to start a butter factory on the property, but Mr. McKenzie decided to join the movement for the establishment of a butter factory at Yarram. Various creameries were established throughout the district and the cream was despatched to Yarram factory, of which Mr. McKenzie was managing director for some time. He carried on flax growing for a while, and introduced the first reaper and binder into the district. Notwithstanding his many activities, Mr McKenzie found time to do the onerous work of a councillor for the Alberton Shire for a period of twenty-one years, filling the presidential chair in 1873 and 1894. He was a leading figure for many years on the Agricultural Society, Dairyman's Union, Presbyterian Church, and Masonic Lodge. He was also one of the first Justices of the Peace to be appointed, and-for some years was returning officer for the electorate of South Gippsland, when the late Speaker (Mr. F C Mason) was a leading figure in Victorian politics. Mr. McKenzie took a keen interest in the co-operative movement, and was a leading shareholder in many institutions of this nature. He was one of the early directors of the Gippsland Co-operative Bacon Curing Company, and was a real cooperator, in that he not only backed the company with his capital, but with the whole of his business. Shortly after his return from a visit to his native land, some 15 years ago, Mr. McKenzie returned to Victoria, and settled in Mercer-road, Malvern, where he remained till his demise. His wife predeceased him some five years ago. The family consists of five [four] sons and four [five] daughters. The interment took place at the Alberton Cemetery on Monday, July 2nd, the Rev. F. A. Hagenauer officiating at the graveside. The deceased was brother to Mr. James McKenzie, J.P., chairman of directors of the Gippsland Northern Co-operative Coy. Ltd., and who was for many years a leading business man, as well as farmer, in the Yarram district..
     His will was proved on 15 September 1923.

Children of Donald Thomson MacKenzie and Mary Ann Hodgson

Donald Thomson MacKenzie

(15 August 1870 - 1943)
     Donald Thomson MacKenzie was commonly known as Thomson. He was born on 15 August 1870 at 11 p.m in Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was the son of John MacKenzie and Catherine Ferguson.
     Donald immigrated with the family to Victoria, Australia, in December 1870 per "Great Britain".
Donald Thomson MacKenzie married Lily Hannah Attenborough on 2 November 1902 in Won Wron, Victoria. After their marriage they moved to the Foster area until about 1908. They eventually moved to Bacchus Marsh.
     Donald was registered at Won Wron on the 1903 electoral roll. He and William MacKenzie, Francis Conway Mason MacKenzie, Thomas MacKenzie and Gilbert Edward MacKenzie were beneficiaries in John MacKenzie's will proved 8 September 1915 in Victoria.
They adopted a son: Ronald McKenzie, who married Fay Williams and lives at 117 Waverley St, Moonee Ponds..
     Donald died in 1943 in Yarraville, Victoria.

Children of Donald Thomson MacKenzie and Lily Hannah Attenborough

Donald William George MacKenzie

(27 September 1916 - 21 December 1977)
     Donald William George MacKenzie was born on 27 September 1916 in Yarram, Victoria. He was the son of David Turnbull MacKenzie and Catherine Snadden MacKenzie.
Donald William George MacKenzie married Olive Elizabeth Morris after June 1935 in Victoria. Engagements: MORRIS--McKENZIE. - Olive Elizabeth, only daughter of Mr and Mrs H E Morris Higher Rlementary School Yarram and Donald William George eldest son of Mr and Mrs David T McKenzie, Braeside, Calrossie Yarram. Donald was a farmer in Devon North.
     Donald was registered as a farmer of Calrossie for land at Won Wron at Alberton, Victoria, on the 1960 electoral roll.
     Donald was registered as Donald William George, farmer at 'Calrossie', Yarram, on the from 1966 to 1972 electoral roll.
     Donald died of a heart attack on 21 December 1977 in Devon North, Victoria, aged 61. He was buried on 23 December 1977 in Alberton.
     The administration of his estate was granted on 14 April 1978 at Victoria.

Child of Donald William George MacKenzie and Olive Elizabeth Morris

Donald William George MacKenzie

(30 April 1940 - 20 November 2005)
     Donald William George MacKenzie was commonly known as Don. He was born on 30 April 1940 in Yarram, Victoria. He was christened in Devon North, Victoria. At home. He was the son of Donald William George MacKenzie and Olive Elizabeth Morris.
     Donald was registered as Donald William George, jr, farmer at Devon North on the 1966 electoral roll.
     Donald was registered as Donald William G jr. farmer at Devon North on the 1972 electoral roll.
     Donald resided at 4 Growse Street, Yarram, 1979. Donald retired from Murray Goulburn in Yarram in December 2001. An article in the Yarram Standard news dated Dec 19 2001 on his retirement mentioned his 10 month old grand daughter.
     Donald died on 20 November 2005 in Yarram, Victoria, aged 65. He was buried on 23 November 2005 in Yarram.

Donald William Marsden MacKenzie

(23 August 1899 - circa 1990)
     Donald William Marsden MacKenzie was commonly known as Donald Martin. He was born on 23 August 1899 in Yarram, Victoria. He was the son of James MacKenzie and Emily Alice Bodman.
Donald William Marsden MacKenzie married Constance Beryl Mary Cook in 1923 in Victoria.
Donald William Marsden MacKenzie married Lois Letty Epsley after 1944.
     Donald William Marsden MacKenzie and Constance Beryl Mary Cook were mentioned in a civil court action on 3 August 1944 in Victoria. In the Court of Petty Sessions at St. Kilda, Central Bailiwick.-To DONALD WILLIAM MARSDEN MCKENZIE.-Take notice, that your wife, Constance Beryl Mary McKenzie, has sworn an Information and Issued a summons against you claiming payment of £132 arrears of maintenance from the 26th day of April, 1943, until the 24th day of July, 1944, both inclusive, under an order of the said Court made on 9th March. 1936. Unless you APPEAR at the said Court on the 14th day of August, 1944. at 10 o'clock In the forenoon, an ORDER may be MADE for payment by you of the said amount and costs of the summons. H. E. Elliott, Dowing & Oldham, 31 Queen St Melbourne, complainant's solicitors.
     Donald William Marsden MacKenzie and Constance Beryl Mary Cook were mentioned in a civil court action in February 1948 in Victoria. Maintenance act 1928.— Information for an offence punishable summarily and summons thereon in the Court of Petty Sessions, at St. Kilda. In the Central Bailiwick, Between CONSTANCE BERYL MARY McKENZIE, informant, and DONALD WILLIAM MARSDEN McKENZIE. Defendant.— The Information of the said Constance Beryl Mary McKenzie, of 11 Motherwell-street, Hawksburn, in the State of Victoria. Married Woman, who saith that the said defendant, on the ninth day of March, 1930, at St. Kllda, in the said Bailiwick and State, an ORDER was made against the said Donald William Marsden McKenzie directing him to pay the sum of Two pounds per week to the Clerk of Petty Sessions, at St. Kllda aforesald, for the maintenance of his wife, the said Constance Beryl Mary McKenzie, the first of such payments to be made on Monday, the 9th day of March, 1936, and thereafter on each succeeding Monday, and the said Constance Beryl Mary McKenzie further saith that the said Donald William Marsden McKenzde has disobeyed the said Order, Inasmuch as he has neglected to pay certain of the said weekly payments as aforesaid, amounting in all to the sum ol £136, in respect of the period from the 18th day of October, 1940. to the 6th day of February. 1948. both Inclusive. C. B. M. McKenzie, Informant. To Donald William Marsden McKenzie, of parts unknown. — Whereas the above Information has this day been laid and sworn by the abovenamed Informant before me, one of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace, in and for the said Bailiwick of the said State; These are therefore, to command you, in His Majesty's name, to be and appear on Thursday, the twenty-sixth day of February, 1948, at the hour of ten o'clock in the forenoon at the said Court of Petty Sessions, at St. Kilda, to answer to the said information, and to be further dealt with according to law. Dated at Melbourne the tenth day of February. 1948. F. S. CLEARY, Stamp J.P.
     Donald died circa 1990 in Cairns, Queensland.

Donald/Daniel Mackenzie

(circa 1806 - 15 April 1853)
     Donald/Daniel Mackenzie was born circa 1806 in Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. The Gaelic name Domhnul is trancribed as both Donald & Daniel.
Donald/Daniel Mackenzie married Anna Isabella Douglas on 18 November 1837 in Cromarty House, Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty.
     Donald/Daniel died on 15 April 1853 in Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty. Danl McKenzie,wright.

Children of Donald/Daniel Mackenzie and Anna Isabella Douglas

Donella MacKenzie

(15 August 1871 - 14 June 1968)
     Donella MacKenzie was commonly known as Ella. She was born on 15 August 1871 in Port Albert, Victoria. She was the daughter of Donald Thomson MacKenzie and Mary Ann Hodgson.
Ella McKenzie won a prize in the Upper Sixth Class at the Devon North Satate School which was reorted in teh Gippsland Guardian 21 Jan 1888.
Donella MacKenzie married John Henry Refshauge, son of Peter Peterson Refshauge and Eliza Thornhill Dudley, in 1889 in Prahran, Victoria.
     Donella died on 14 June 1968 in Hamilton, Victoria, aged 96.

Children of Donella MacKenzie and John Henry Refshauge

Doris Alma MacKenzie

(1908 - )
     Doris Alma MacKenzie was born in 1908 in Yarram, Victoria. She was the daughter of Thomas MacKenzie and Elizabeth Ann Thomas.
Doris Alma MacKenzie married John Smithies in 1925 in Victoria.

Child of Doris Alma MacKenzie and John Smithies

Duncan MacKenzie

     Duncan MacKenzie was the son of Alexander MacKenzie and Anna MacDougall.
I. DUNCAN MACKENZIE, designated of Hilton, a barony situated in Strathbraan, bounded on the north by Loch Fannich, on the south by the ridge of the hills on the north side of Strathconan, on the east by Achnault, and on the west by Ledgowan. Duncan married a daughter of Ewen Cameron, XIII. of Lochiel, with issue - an only son, his heir and successor.

Child of Duncan MacKenzie

Edward Compton MacKenzie

( - 16 July 1918)
     Edward Compton MacKenzie was the son of Charles MacKenzie.
     Edward died on 16 July 1918. Edward Compton Mackenzie of 1 Nevern Square, South Kensington, Mdx, died 16 July 1918, Porobate London 30 August to Virginia Frances Mackenzie, widow. Effects £57813.s.4d.

Child of Edward Compton MacKenzie

Edward Montague Compton MacKenzie

(17 January 1883 - 30 November 1972)
     Edward Montague Compton MacKenzie was born on 17 January 1883 in West Hartlepool, Durham, England. He was the grandson of Henry Compton (actor) satge name of Charles Mackenzie. He was the son of Edward Compton MacKenzie.
     Edward died on 30 November 1972 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland, aged 89. Scottish croquet player, actor, broadcaster, writer and political activist. Remains at Barra, Scotland.

Ellen Mary MacKenzie

(18 November 1924 - 2013)
     Ellen Mary MacKenzie was born on 18 November 1924 in New Zealand. She was the daughter of John MacKenzie and Helen Livngstone Johnston.
     Ellen died in 2013 in New Zealand.

Elsie Muriel MacKenzie

(8 December 1901 - 26 June 1915)
     Elsie Muriel MacKenzie was born on 8 December 1901 in Yarram, Victoria. She was the daughter of William MacKenzie and Lily Weston.
     Elsie died on 26 June 1915 in 'Heathville', Macks Creek, Victoria, aged 13. Obituary: Deep sympathy is expressed for Mr and Mrs William McKenzie of Macks Creek, in the loss of their youngest daughter Elsie Muriel. Elsie, a strong girl of 13 years, was at school on Monday 21st inst., and on that day, a week later, relatives and friends followed her remains to the Cemetery.
On Tues. 22nd, she took ill, and as serious symptoms developed, the patient was removed to Nurse Bennets Private Hospital - suffering pneumonia. Dr. Crooks attended, but the case was beyond medical aid, and death took place on Saturday. Of the large family of six sons and six daughters this is the first death that has occurred.
The funeral on Monday was largely attended, amongst the mourners being a large number of Miss Elsie's school mates from the Lower Bulga School. Both from the State and Sunday Schools, the scholars sent a number of wreaths.
The remains were interred in the Presbyterian section of the Yarram Cemetery, the service being impressively read by the Rev. P. Tomagno. Mr James S Graham attended to the funeral arrangements
. She was buried on 28 June 1915 in Yarram. The Gippsland Standard 30 Jun 1915 had a notice: Mr and Mrs KmcKenzie and family, 'Heathville', Max Creek, desire to express their sincerest thanks to the many kind friends and relations for cards, etc for their dearly beloved daughter Elsie Muriel.

Emily Frances MacKenzie

(4 January 1895 - 4 July 1966)
     Emily Frances MacKenzie was commonly known as Frances. She was born on 4 January 1895 in 540 Station Street, Carlton North, Victoria. She was the daughter of William MacKenzie and Mary Appleyard.
     Emily was registered as Emily Frances McKenzie, home duties at Yarram, Victoria, on the 1919 electoral roll.
Emily Frances MacKenzie married Charles William Brown in 1924 in Yarram, Victoria.
     Emily died from being gassed at home on 4 July 1966 in Traralgon, Victoria, aged 71.

Emily Kate MacKenzie

(16 January 1869 - 1943)
     Emily Kate MacKenzie was born on 16 January 1869 in Port Albert, Victoria. She was the daughter of Donald Thomson MacKenzie and Mary Ann Hodgson.
Emily Kate MacKenzie married Benjamin Percival Johnson, son of Benjamin Johnson and Emily Hodgson, on 22 December 1892 in 'Calrossie', Yarram, Victoria. The local newspaper reported: ORANGE BLOSSOM - The marriage of Miss Emily Kate McKenzie and Mr Benjamin Percival Johnson was celebrated at "Calrossie", the residence of the brides parents, on Thursday last at 9 a.m., the Rev. James Groundwater being the officiating clergyman. Mr. Arthur Johnson, brother of the bridegroom, filled the important position of groomsman, while the bridesmaids were found in Misses Bertie and Georgie McKenzie and Miss Ella Johnson, sister of the bridegroom. Mr. D.T. McKenzie gave the bride away. A pleasant repast was served after the ceremony, which was partaken of by a good number of intimate friends of the happy couple and parents of the bride. The newly married couple left by train the same afternoon, the young people being simply deluged with rice as they left the station for Melbourne, where a short sojourn will be made for the honeymoon, after which they will return to take up their residence at Yarram where Mr. Johnson has been in practice as a solicitor for about 2 years past. In the language of old Rip Van Winkle, may the young people whose entrance to the united states has just been recorded "live long and prosper".
[TAB:]MARRIAGE: JOHNSON - McKENZIE - On 22nd December, at the residence of the brides parents, by the Rev. James Groundwater, Benjamin Percival Johnson, eldest son of Benjamin Johnson of "Dulce Donum", Punt Rd, Prahran, to Emily Kate, second daughter of Donald Thomson McKenzie of "Calrossie", Yarram Yarram
     Emily was registered as as Emily K Johnson, for a garage in Yarram £118 while residing at Hawthorn on the between 1935 and 1936 electoral roll.
     Emily died in 1943 in Kew, Victoria.

Children of Emily Kate MacKenzie and Benjamin Percival Johnson

Emma Catherine MacKenzie

(1892 - 1957)
     Emma Catherine MacKenzie was born in 1892 in Tarraville, Victoria. She was the daughter of Thomas MacKenzie and Elizabeth Ann Thomas.
Emma Catherine MacKenzie married William Jeffrey Wight, son of William Jeffrey Wight and Elizabeth Kay, in 1913 in Victoria.
     Emma died in 1957 in Caulfield, Victoria.

Child of Emma Catherine MacKenzie and William Jeffrey Wight

Finguala (Florence) MacKenzie

     Finguala (Florence) MacKenzie was born. Se was the seventh child. She married Roderick Mackenzie I, of Applecross and had issue.. She was the daughter of Murdoch MacKenzie and Margaret Rose.

Florence MacKenzie

     Florence MacKenzie married James Dunbar, son of Sir Robert Dunbar and Grisel Brodie, in August 1693.

Francis Conway Mason MacKenzie

(1897 - before 22 July 1927)
     Francis Conway Mason MacKenzie was born in 1897 in Tarraville, Victoria. He was named in honour of the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly. He was the son of Thomas MacKenzie and Elizabeth Ann Thomas. Francis Conway Mason MacKenzie and William MacKenzie, Donald Thomson MacKenzie, Thomas MacKenzie and Gilbert Edward MacKenzie were beneficiaries in John MacKenzie's will proved 8 September 1915 in Victoria.
     Francis resided at Jack River, Victoria, 1922.
     Francis died before 22 July 1927 in Jack River, Victoria. He was buried on 22 July 1927 in the Presbyterian section, Yarram.

Gael Mavis MacKenzie

(August 1953 - 28 March 2014)
     Gael Mavis MacKenzie was born in August 1953 in Victoria. She was the daughter of Donald MacKenzie and Clarice Jewell Wheelhouse.
     Gael resided at 'Edgarley', Willaura, Victoria, circa 1990.
     Gael resided at 1 Mountain View Court, Ararat, 1996.
     Gael resided at Dunkeld Rd, Moyston, 1998.
     Gael resided at RMB 2275, Moyston, (Dunkeld Rd), Victoria, 1999.
     Gael died on 28 March 2014 in Ararat, Victoria, aged 60. She was buried on 2 April 2014 in the Lawn Cemetery, Ararat.

George MacKenzie

(31 October 1856 - 12 September 1882)
     George MacKenzie was born on 31 October 1856 at 1 a.m in Barkly Lane, Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was the son of William MacKenzie and Isabella Tindal. Catherine, Thomas, Isabella, James, Robert and George were listed as the children of William MacKenzie in the 1861 census in 5 Barclay Lane, Cromarty.
     George immigrated with the family to Victoria, Australia, in December 1870 per "Great Britain".
He worked first at the Post & Telegraph Office, then joining J & G McKenzie.
George MacKenzie was granted land from 1879 in Won Wron, Victoria. In 1879 he received a licence/lease for 295 acres at Won Wron. In 1885 the lease was transferred to James who finalized the purchase in 1899. In 1879 he was also licenced for 26 acres at Won Wron which was also transferred to James.
     George MacKenzie made a will dated 6 February 1882 in Port Albert, Victoria.
     George died on 12 September 1882 in Port Albert or Alberton, Victoria, aged 25. In Memorium: It is our painful duty to report the death of Mr George McKenzie, who after an illness extending over 2 years and a half, passed away on Tuesday morning last at the early age of 25 years, that fell disease consumption being the cause of death. Deceased was widely known and respected he being almost native to the Port, and about seven years ago, when he was engaged in the local post and telegraph office, he was to all appearances a strong and healthy young man, and likely to live to a good old age. But some time after leaving the civil service in order to join the local merchant firm of J & G McKenzie, he caught a severe cold which at length turned to consumption and baffled all attempts on the part of the faculty to arrest its progress. In this case nothing was left undone which money, or the thoughtful solicitude of relatives could procure, but although life was no doubt prolonged, there was no cure for the wasting disease, and after 2 years or more of suffering in a greater or less degree, the end came shortly after 2 a.m. on the 12th instant as already stated.
The funeral cortege will move from his late residence at Port Albert at one o'clock today, and arrive at the Alberton General Cemetery at 2 p.m. He was buried on 14 September 1882 in Alberton. He has an urn type monument surrounded by wrought iron - the inscription reads: Erected by James McKenzie in affectionate memory of his brother George who died 12th Sept 1882 aged 25 years.
     His will was proved on 19 October 1882 in Victoria. The will of George Mckenzie late of Port Albert , storekeeper: administration granted to James McKenzie. Poprerty sworn at £900 and that deceased died 12 Sep 1882.
No real estate. Pesonal estate: a piece of land held under licence from the Crown dated 1 Jun 1879 containing 290 acres… ; a pice of land under license from the Crown dated 1 Sep 1879 containing about 26 acres …. The land ajoins the 295 acres. Life assurance ..Colonial Mutual Assurance Society £250. Half share on the stock in trade… storekeepers.
     George was registered as George McKenzie, draper at Won Wron, Victoria, on the 1883 electoral roll. East Riding of the Shire of Alberton, house & land, 2 votes.

George MacKenzie

(9 March 1886 - 17 October 1968)
Robert (6' 1") & George McKenzie (5" 9") with brother ?
     George MacKenzie was born on 9 March 1886 in 'Heathville', Macks Creek, Won Wron, Victoria. He was the son of William MacKenzie and Lily Weston.
     George was registered as George McKenzie, farmer at Won Wron on the from 1908 to 1912 electoral roll. George was a farmer in Won Wron.
     George served in the 21st Battalion from 30 January 1916 to 1918. He enlisted on 31 January 1916 stating that he was of Yarram, a natural born British subject, aged 29 years and 10 months, an unmarried farmer. His next of kin was his mother Mrs Lillian McKenzie of Max Creek, Lower Bulga. He was described as 5 feet 9 3/4 inches, 161 lbs, his chest measured 36/39 inches and he had a fresh complexion, grey eyes, brown hair and was a Presbyterian. He had 2 vaccination scars on his left arm and a scar on his left leg. He trained at Seymour. He was shipped to Portsmouth, England departing 3 July and arriving 2 September 1916 and proceeded to France per "SS Victoria" 12 November 1916 and was taken on strength 27 November 1916. He was wounded in February 1917, then returned to duty, but was wounded again on 20 March 1917. He embarked from Rouen to England per "West Australia" 15 April 1917 and recuperated at the London General Hospital. His mother was advised of his injuries along with his brothers on 12 April 1917. He returned to Australia on 10 September 1917. He was discharged 28 March 1918.
This left him crippled in both thighs from gunshot wounds and he lived with his brother in law JJ.
He was awarded the 1914/15 Star, the British War Medal and the Victory medal..
On 17 April 1917 the War Office wrote to Mrs L McKenzie of Macks' Creek, Lower Bulga, South Gippslad to advise that No. 5055 Private G McKenzi and no. 50562 Private H McKenzie, both of the 21st Battalio, have been reported wounded. Henry was late of the 24th Battalion..
     George was registered as George McKenzie, a farmer, 2 entries at Max Creek or Won Wron, Victoria, on the 1919 electoral roll.
     George was registered as George McKenzie, farmer at Macks Creek, Won Wron, on the 1931 electoral roll.
He resided with his sister Lily and his cousin JJ and their family.
     George was registered as George McKenzie, farmer at Won Wron on the 1966 electoral roll.
     George died on 17 October 1968 in Devon North, Victoria, aged 82. He was buried on 21 October 1968 in Yarram.

George MacKenzie

(4 March 1799 - )
     George MacKenzie was born on 4 March 1799 in Portleich, Kilmuir Easter, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was christened on 5 March 1799 in Kilmuir Easter. He was the son of Alexander MacKenzie and Margaret Forbes.

George Mackenzie

(25 November 1881 - 19 January 1950)
     George Mackenzie was born on 25 November 1881 in Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was the son of Alexander Holm MacKenzie and Isabella MacKay. William, Robert, John, Janet, James and George were listed as the children of Alexander Holm MacKenzie in the 1891 census in 4 Barkly St, Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty.
     George Mackenzie and Donald Alexander MacKenzie were recorded on the 1901 census in 32 Bank St, Partick, Govan, Lanarkshire. Donald Alexander McKenzie, 27, journalist (sub-editor), was a boarder with his brother George aged 19, journalist, with the Birnie family.
George Mackenzie married Florence Bell on 25 February 1915 in Inverness, Inverness-shire, Scotland. George was on the staff of the Dundee advertiser. Susan has added his photograph with wife and text at the Scottish Highlander photo archive: Mackenzie, Broadstone Park, Inverness. William Mackay Mackenzie (1871?1952) was a Scottish historian, archaeologist and writer, who was Secretary of the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland between 1913 and 1935, and also an expert on folk-lore. He was born in Cromarty, graduated MA at Edinburgh University and taught at Glasgow Academy between 1896 and 1912. During the Second World War acted as head of the department of Ancient Scottish History. In 1942 he was appointed to be a member of the Commission where he had formerly been Secretary. He was a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London (FSA) and was made an honorary Doctor of Laws in 1949 at Edinburgh. As well as writing on medieval history, he published a major edition of Dunbar's poems. One brother, Donald Mackenzie, was a prolific writer on religion, mythology and anthropology, and another brother, George Mackenzie, who lived at 28 Broadstone Park, was the editor of the Northern Chronicle. Identification and information sourced by Ken MacTaggart and Susan Malarky. in 1915. George was editor of the Northern Chronicle. He had previously worked as a journalist in Dingwall, British Guiana and Dundee in 1920, in Inverness.
     George died on 19 January 1950 in The Sutors, Broadstone Park, Inverness, Scotland, aged 68. It is with deep regret that we have to announce the death of Mr George Mackenzie, F.R.G.S., editor of the "Northern Chronicle" since 1920, which occurred at his home, The Sutors, Broadstone Park, Inverness, on Friday.
Although his health had been impaired through several years' residence in a tropical climate in the early part of his career, and he never quite regained the robust vigour of his youth, he never allowed misfortune to master him, and he was unfailing in his attendance to duty in the editorial chair until a year ago, when, he became seriously ill. Since then he had been confined to the sick room, and it is characteristic of his courage and determination that during the long months of illness 'he conscientiously carried out his work as editor up to the very last issue of the paper before his death.
Readers of the "Chronicle" will not require to be told of Mr Mackenzie's standing as a journalist. Over a period of thirty years these pages bear ample evidence of the range and quality of his writ- which. had a character born of a mind enriched by wide reading, sensitive to literary form, and governed by unfailing integrity of put-pose. His book reviews on specialised subjects revealed his erudition and a critical faculty. at once. kindly, analytic and logical. In lighter mood his pen had an easy and engaging flow, spiced with a lively wit. Journalism in the north has lost an outstanding figure by his death.
Mr Mackenzie, born in Cromarty in 1881, youngest son of the late Mr A H Mackenzie, registrar, Cromarty, was a member of a distinguished literary family. His eldest brother, Dr William Mackay Mackenzie, has received many academic honours for his research work and publications on Scottish history and archaeology. Another, the late Mr D. A. Mackenzie, at one time editor and proprietor of " The North Star," was a recognised authority on folk lore and comparative mythology, and has many volumes to his credit on these subjects.
Mr Mackenzie, the youngest of the brothers, received his initiation in the technique of journalism under fraternal guidance on " The North Star," and after a period of intensive reading and study in history, archaeology and economics accepted a post on the staff of "The Daily Chronicle", British Guiana. Invalided home after a service of three years, he engaged for a time on journalistic work in Glasgow, and later transferred to "The Dundee Advertiser". As stated above, he came to the "Northern Chronicle" as editor in 1920, where for the past thirty years he worthily upheld the high traditions of the paper.
Mr Mackenzie led a full life, and had many interests outside journalism. While in Guiana, as might be expected of a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, he explored with zest into the life, dress and customs of the natives, and probed among the archaeological traces of the earlier races of that colourful country. He became literary editor of a magazine devoted to discovery, research and sociology, and was lion. secretary of the British Guiana Museum, whose fine collection of native exhibits he arranged, classified and enlarged, and brought thoroughly up to date.
Back in his native Highlands, 'he found other outlets for his interests and energy. He was a valued member of the Field Club and other local societies The drama, also attracted him, and he was a leading spirit in the organisation of the popular company      that, over a period of years, gave a series of fine productions of " Rob Roy". The Young Stagers was another amateur company to which he gave valuable advice and assistance.
He was ever interested in sport, and in his earlier days was a keen cricketer and an excellent tennis player. Later he took up, with his customary enthusiasm, fishing and photography.
With his wife and daughter he made a happy home at The Sutors. Both Mr and Mrs Mackenzie delighted in good company, and there the many friends who joyed to visit them ever found a cordial and hospitable welcome. And there he died, after a long and trying illness, during which Mrs Mackenzie devoted herself to his care and comfort.
To his widow and Mrs Hamilton, his daughter, and to his two surviving brothers, Dr Mackay Mackenzie and Mr Robert Mackenzie, South Africa, his sister and other relatives, will he extended the deep sympathy of the many friends of the deceased, who mourn with them his loss.
The funeral, which took place to Tomnahurich Cemetery on Monday, was private, and was attended by a representative gathering of Mr Mackenzie's friends and colleagues. The Rev. A. A. Hamilton, B.A., St Stephen's Church, Inverness, conducted a brief service at the house, and at the grave spoke the words of committal and offered prayer. The chief mourners were Dr Wm Mackay Mackenxie, Cromarty (brother), Mr Alastair Mackenzie, Inverness (nephew), Mr Peter F Hamilton, Glasgow (son-in-law); Provost James Grigor, Inverness; Mr Edward J. Taylor, Inverness; Mr W. J. Cameron, Flichity; Mr Alexr. Mackenzie, manager Northern Chronicle, and Mr James Munro, solicitor, Inverness.
Other mourners included Captain Wm. Mackay managing director, Northern Chronicle; Mr Reginald Mackay, subeditor, Mr Charles H. Attwater, reporter; Mr Robert Jeans, overseer; Mr David Anderson, retired overseer; Mr John C. Mackay, Inverness Courier; Mr A. C. Allan, Aberdeen Press and Journal; Mr Alex. Mackenzie, People's Journal; ex-Provost Hugh Ross, Inverness; Mr Thomas Gaskell, Cromarty; Bailie W A. Hardie, solicitor; Mr John Macbean, solicitor; Mr John Mitchell, solicitor; Hon. Sheriff-Substitute Gilbert Ross; Mr Warden Macintyre; Mr Robert Neish; Mr Hector Paterson and Mr Thomas Mackay
. He was buried in Tomnahurich cemetery, Inverness.

George MacKenzie

     George MacKenzie married Margaret Dunbar, daughter of George Dunbar and Janet Thomson, in Scotland. He was of Newtoun of Knockmuir, son of John McKenzie, archdeacon of Ross.

George MacKenzie

     George MacKenzie was the son of Kenneth MacKenzie and Isabella Ogilvie.
George MacKenzie married Barbara Forbes. Earl George married early in life, Barbara, daughter of Arthur Lord Forbes (sasine to her in 1637) with issue.
George was the eldest son of Kenneth, the first Lord, by his second marriage. During the life of his father and brother he was known as George Mackenzie of Kildun. In 1633 he was "served heir male to his brother Colin, Earl of Seaforth, Lord Mackenzie of Kintail, in the lands and barony of Ellandonnan,
including the barony of Lochalsh, in which was included the barony of the lands and towns of Lochcarron, namely, the towns and lands of Auchnaschelloch, Coullin, Edderacharron, Attadill, Ruychichan, Brecklach, Achachoull, Delmartyne, with fishings in salt water and fresh, Dalcharlarie, Arrinachteg, Achintie, Slumba, Doune, Stromcarronach, in the Earldom of Ross, of the old extent of L13 6s 8d, and also the towns of Kisserin, and lands of Strome, with fishings in salt and fresh water, and the towns and lands of Torridan with the pertinents of the Castle of Strome; Lochalsh, Lochcarron, and Kisserin, including the davach of Achvanie, the davach of Achnatrait, the davach of Stromcastell, Ardnagald, Ardneskan, and Blaad, and the half davach of Sannachan, Rassoll, Meikle Strome,
and Rerag, in the Earldom of Ross, together of the old extent of L8 13s 4d." ["Origines Parochiales Scotiae", p. 401.] He was served heir male to his father Kenneth, Lord Mackenzie of Kintail, in the lands and barony of Pluscardine, on the 14th of January, 1620; and had charters of Balmungie and Avoch, on the 18th of July, 1635; of Raasay, on the 18th of February, 1637 and of Lochalsh, on
the 4th of July, 1642. His high position in the North, and his intimate friendship at this period with the powerful House of Sutherland, is proved by the fact that he and Sir John Mackenzie of Tarbat, on the 2d of November, 1633, stood godfathers to George Gordon, second son of John, Earl of Sutherland; and there cannot be any doubt that to the influence of the latter must mainly be attributed Seaforth's vacillating conduct during the earlier years of the great civil wars which became the curse of Scotland for so many years after.
In 1635 the Privy Council, with the view of putting down the irregularities then prevalent in the Highlands, demanded securities from the chiefs of clans, heads of families, and governors of counties, in conformity with a general bond, previously agreed to, that they should be responsible for their clans and surnames, men-tenants, and servants. The first called upon to give this security was the Earl of Huntly; then followed the Earls of Sutherland and Seaforth, and afterwards Lord Lorn and all the chiefs in the western and northern parts of the Kingdom.
In the following year the slumbering embers of religious differences broke out into a general blaze all over the country. Then began those contentions about ecclesiastical questions, church discipline and liturgies, at all times fraught with the seeds of discontent and danger to the common weal, and which in this case ultimately led to such sad and momentous consequences as only religious feuds can. Charles I. was playing the despot with his subjects, not only in Scotland, but in England. He was governing without a Parliament, defying and trying to crush the desires and aspirations of a people born to govern themselves and to be free. His infatuated attempt to introduce the Liturgy of the Church of England into the Calvinistic and Presbyterian pulpits of Scotland was as insane as it was unavailing. But his English as well as Scottish subjects were at the same time almost in open rebellion for their liberties. He tried to put down the rising in Scotland by the sword, but his means and military skill were unequal to the task. He failed to impose the English Liturgy on his Scottish subjects, but his attempt to do so proved the deliverance of his English subjects from high-handed tyranny. It is only natural that in these circumstances Seaforth, though personally attached to the King, should be found on the side of the Covenant, and that he should have joined the Assembly, the clergy, and the nobles in the Protest, and in favour of the renewal of the Confession of Faith previously accepted and confirmed by James VI. in 1580, 1581, and 1590, at the same time that these several bodies entered into a covenant or bond of mutual defence among themselves against all opposition from whatever source.
The principal among the Northern nobles who entered into this engagement were the Earls of Seaforth and Sutherland, Lord Lovat, the Rosses, Munroes, Grant of Grant, Mackintosh of Mackintosh, Innes, the Sheriff of Moray, Kilravock, Cumming of Altyre, and the Tutor of Duffus. These, with their followers under command of the Earl of Seaforth, who was appointed General of the Covenanters
north of the Spey, marched to Morayshire, where they met the Royalists on the northern banks of the river ready to oppose their advance. [On May 14, 1639, 4000 men met at Elgin under the command of the Earl of Seaforth, and the gentlemen following, viz.: The Master of Lovat, the Master of Ray, George, brother to the Earl of Sutherland, Sir James Sinclare of Murkle, Laird of Grant, Young Kilravock, Sheriff of Murray, Laird of Innes, Tutor of Duffus, Hugh Rose of Achnacloich, John Munro of Lemlare, etc. They encamped at Speyside, to keep the Gordons and their friends from entering Murray; and they remained encamped till the pacification, which was signed June 18, was proclaimed, and intimated to them about June 22. - "Shaw's MS. History of Kilravock."] An arrangement was here come to between Thomas Mackenzie of Pluscardine, Seaforth's brother, on behalf of the Covenanters, and a representative from the Gordons for their opponents, that the latter should recross to the south side of the Spey, and that the Highlanders should return home. About the same time Seaforth received a despatch from Montrose, then at Aberdeen and fighting for the Covenant, intimating the pacification entered into on the 20th of June between the King and his subjects at Berwick, and requesting Seaforth to disband his army - an order which was at once obeyed. Shortly after, however, Montrose dissociated himself from the Covenanters, joined the King's side and raised the Royal standard. The Earl of Seaforth soon after this was suspected of lukewarmness for the Covenant. In 1640 the King arrived at York on his way north to reduce the Covenanting Scots, after they had resolved to invade England, and, as a precautionary measure, to imprison or expel all suspected Royalists from the army. Among the suspects are found the Earl of Seaforth, Lord Reay, and several others, who were taken before the Assembly, kept in ward at Edinburgh for two months; and in 1641, on the King's arrival in Scotland, the Earl of Traquair, who had been summoned before Parliament as an opponent to the Lords of the Covenant succeeded in persuading the Earls of Montrose, Wigton, Athole, Hume, and Seaforth (who had meanwhile escaped), and several other influential chiefs, to join in a bond against the Covenanters.
Soon after this Montrose leaves Elgin with the main body of his army, and marches towards the Bog of Gight, accompanied by the Earl of Seaforth, Sir Robert Gordon, Grant of Grant, Mackenzie of Pluscardine, and several other gentlemen who came to him at Elgin, to support the King. After this, however, fearing that depredations might be committed upon his followers by a garrison of two regiments then stationed at Inverness, and the other Covenanters of that district, he permitted Seaforth, Grant of Grant, and other Morayshire gentlemen, to return home in order to defend their estates, but before permitting them to depart he made them swear allegiance to the King and promise that they should never again under any circumstances take up arms against his Majesty or any of his loyal subjects, and to rejoin him with all their available forces as soon as they were able to do so. Seaforth, however, with unaccountable want of decision, disregarded his oath, again joined the Covenanters, and excused himself in a letter to the Committee of Estates, saying that he had joined the Royalists through fear of Montrose, at the same time avowing that he would abide by "the good cause to his death" - a promise not much to be trusted.
He is soon again in the field, this time against Montrose. Wishart says that "the Earl of Seaforth, a very powerful man in those parts (and one of whom he entertained a better opinion) with the garrison of Inver-ness, which were old soldiers, and the whole strength of Moray, Ross, Sutherland, and Caithness, and the sept of the Frasers, were ready to meet him with a desperate army of 5000 horse and foot." Montrose had only 1500 - the Macdonalds of Glengarry and the Highlanders of Athol having previously gone home, against the earnest solicitude of Montrose that they should complete the campaign, according to their usual custom, to deposit the booty obtained in their repeated victories under their great chief, but on the plea of repairing their houses and other property which had been so much injured by their enemies in their absence. The great commander, however, although he knew many of the garrison to be old soldiers, decided to attack the superior numbers against him, correctly surmising that a great many of his opponents were newly raised recruits "from among husband-men, cowherds, tavern-boys and kitchen-boys," and would be raw and unserviceable. Fortunately for Seaforth and his forces, matters turned out otherwise. The gallant Marquis, on his way to Inverness, was informed of Argyll's descent on Lochaber, and, instantly changing his route, he fell down upon him at Inverlochy so unexpectedly, that when Argyll, by
an ignominious flight in one of his boats, made himself secure, he had the well-merited reward of personal cowardice and pusillanimity of witnessing fifteen hundred of his devoted adherents cut down, among whom were a great number of the leading gentlemen of the clan, who deserved to fight under a better and less cowardly commander. Among those who fell were Campbell of Auchinbreck, Campbell of Lochnell, his eldest son, and his brother Colin; Macdougall of Rara, and his eldest son, Major Menzies, brother to the Chief of Achattens Parbreck, and the Provost of the Church of Kilmuir.
The power of the Campbells was thus broken, and so probably would that of Seaforth had Montrose attacked him first.
After this brilliant victory at Inverlochy, on the 2d February, 1645, Montrose returned to Moray, by Badenoch, where on his march to Elgin, he was met by Thomas Mackenzie of Piuscardine and others, sent by Seaforth and the Covenanters as commissioners to treat with him. They received an indignant answer. The Marquis declined any negotiation, but offered to accept the services of such as would join and obey him as the King's Lieutenant-General. The Earl of Seaforth was then sent by the Committee of Ross and
Sutherland, in person, and meeting the Marquis between Elgin and Forres, he was arrested and for several days detained prisoner. He was subsequently released, but all the authorities plead ignorance of the terms.

When the Royalists marched south, the Laird of Lawers, who was then Governor of the Castle of Inverness, cited all those who had communications with Montrose in Moray, and compelled them to give bonds for their appearance, to answer for their conduct, before Parliament, if required to do so. Among them were Thomas Mackenzie of Pluscardine; and, after the affair at Fettercairn, and the retreat of Montrose from Dundee, the Earls of Seaforth and Sutherland,
with the whole of the Clan Fraser, and most of the men of Caithness and Moray, are found assembled at Inverness, where General Hurry,
who had retreated before Montrose, joined them with a force of Gordons - 1000 foot and 200 horse - the whole amounting to about 3500 of the former and 400 of the latter, which included Sutherlands, Mackenzies, Frasers, Roses, and Brodies, while the followers of Montrose consisted of Gordons, Macdonalds, Macphersons, Mackintoshes, and Irish, to the number of about 3000 foot and 300 horse. [Shaw's MS. History.] Montrose halted at the village of Auldearn, and General Hurry finding such a large force waiting for him at Inverness, decided to retrace his steps the next morning, and give battle to the Marquis at that village.

The author of the Ardintoul MS. tells how Seaforth came to take part in the battle of Auldearn, and gives the following interesting account of his reasons and of the engagement: "General Hurry sent for Seaforth to Inverness, and during a long conference informed him that although he was serving the States himself he privately favoured the King's cause. He advised Seaforth to dismiss his men and make a pretence that he had only sent for them to give them new leases of their lands, and in case it was necessary to make an appearance to fight Montrose, he could bring, when commanded to do so, two or three companies from Chanonry and Ardmeanach, which the Marquis would accept. It was, however, late before they parted, and Lady Seaforth, who was waiting for her lord at Kessock, prepared a sumptuous supper for her husband and his friends. The Earl and his guests kept up the festivities so long and so well that he 'forgot or delayed to advertise his men to dismiss till to-morrow,' and going to bed very late, before he could stir in the morning all the lairds and gentlemen of Moray came to him, most earnestly entreating him by all the laws of friendship and good neighbourhood, and for the kindness they had for him while he lived among them, and which
they manifested to his brother yet living amongst them, that his lordship would not see them ruined and destroyed by Montrose and the Irish, when he might easily prevent it without the least loss to himself or his men, assuring him that if he should join General Hurry with what forces he had then under his command, Montrose would go away with his Irish and decline to fight them. Seaforth, believing his visitors, and thinking, as they said, that Montrose with so small a number would not venture to fight, his opponents being twice the number, and many of them trained soldiers. Hurry told him that he was to march immediately against Montrose and being of an easy and compassionate nature, Seaforth yielded to their request, and sent immediately in all haste for his Highlanders, crossed the ferry of Kessock, and marched straight with the rest of his forces to Auldearn, where Montrose had his camp; but the Moray
men found themselves mistaken in thinking the Marquis would make off, for he was not only resolved but glad of the opportunity to fight them before Baillie, whom he knew was on his march north with considerable forces, could join General Hurry, and so drawing up his men with great advantage of ground he placed Alexander Macdonald, with the Irish, on the right wing beneath the village of Auldearn, and Lord Gordon with the horse on the left. On the south side of Auldearn, he himself (Montrose) biding in town, and making a show of a main battle with a few men, which Hurry understanding and making
it his business that Montrose should carry the victory, and that Seaforth would come off without great loss, he set his men, who were
more than double the number of their adversaries, to Montrose's advantage, for he placed Sutherland, Lovat's men, and some others, with the horse under Drummond's command, on the right wing, opposite
to my Lord Gordon, and Loudon and Laurie's Regiments, with some others on the left wing, opposite Alexander Macdonald and the Irish, and placed Seaforth's men for the most in the midst, opposite Montrose, where he knew they could not get hurt till the wings were engaged. Seaforth's men were commanded to retire and make off before
they had occasion or command to fight; but the men hovering, and not understanding the mystery, were commanded again to make off and follow Drummond with the horse, who gave only one charge to the enemy and then fled, which they did by leaving both the wings
and some of their own men to the brunt of the enemy, because they stood at a distance from them, the right wing being sore put to
by my Lord Gordon, and seeing Drummond with the horse and their neighbours fly, they began to follow. Sutherland and Lovat suffered great loss, while on the left wing, Loudon's Regiment and Lawrie with
his Regiment were both totally cut off betwixt the Irish and the Gordons, who came to assist them after Sutherland's and Lovat's men
were defeated. Seaforth's men got no hurt in the pursuit, nor did they lose many men in the fight, the most considerable being John
Mackenzie of Kernsary, cousin-german to the Earl, and Donald Bain, brother to Tulloch and Chamberlain to Seaforth in the Lewis, both
being heavy and corpulent men not fit to fly, and being partly deceived by Seaforth's principal ensign or standard-bearer in the
field, who stood to it with some others of the Lochbroom and Lewis men, till they were killed, and likewise Captain Bernard Mackenzie,
with the rest of his company, which consisted of Chanonry men and some others thereabout, being somewhat of a distance from the rest of Seaforth's men, were killed on the spot. There were only four Kintail men who might make their escape with the rest if they had looked rightly to themselves, namely, the Bannerman of Kintail, called Rory Mac Ian Dhomh'uill Bhain, alias Maclennan, who, out of
foolhardiness and indignation, to see that banner, which was wont to be victorious, fly in his hands, fastens the staff of it in the
ground, and stands to it with his two-handed sword drawn, and would not accept of quarter, though tendered to him by my Lord Gordon in person; nor would he suffer any to approach him to take him alive, as the gentlemen beholders wished, so that they were forced to shoot him. The other three were Donald the bannerman's brother, Malcolm
Macrae, and Duncan Mac Ian Oig. Seaforth and his men, with Colonel Hurry and the rest, came back that night to Inverness, all the men
laying the blame of the loss of the day upon Drummond, who commanded the horse, and fled away with them, for which, by a Council of
War, he was sentenced to die; but Hurry assured him that he would get him absolved, though at the very time of his execution he made him keep silence, but when Drummond was about to speak, he caused him to be shot suddenly, fearing, as was thought, that he would reveal that what was acted was by Hurry's own directions. This account of the Battle of Auldearn I had from an honourable gentleman and experienced soldier, as we were riding by Auldearn, who was present from first to last at this action, and who asked Hurry, 'Who set the battle with such advantage to Montrose and to the inevitable loss and overthrow of his own side?' to whom Hurry, being confident of the gentlemen, said, 'I know what I am doing, we shall have by-and-bye excellent sport between the Irish and
the States Regiments, and I shall carry off Seaforth's men without loss;' and that Hurry was more for Montrose than for the States
that day is very probable, because, shortly thereafter when he found opportunity, he quitted the States service, and is reckoned
as first of Montrose's friends, who, in August next year, embarked with Montrose to get off the nation, and returned with him again
in his second expedition to Scotland, and was taken prisoner at Craigchonachan, and sent south and publicly executed with Montrose
as guilty of the same fault."

Montrose gained another engagement at Alford on the 2nd of July, after which he was joined by a powerful levy of West Highlanders
under Colla Ciotach Macdonald, Clanranald, and Glengarry, the Macnabs, Macgregors, and the Stewarts of Appin. In addition to these some of the Farquharsons of Braemar and small parties of lesser septs from Badenoch rallied round the standard of Montrose.
Thus, as a contemporary writer says, "he went like a current speat (spate) through this kingdom." Seeing all this - the great successes
of Montrose and so many Highlanders joining - Seaforth, who had never been a hearty Covenanter, began to waver. The Estates sent a commission to the Earl of Sutherland appointing him as their Lieutenant north of the Spey, but he refused to accept it. It was
then offered to Seaforth, who likewise declined it, but instead "contrived and framed ane band, under the name of an humble
remonstrance, which he perswaded manie and threatened others to subscryve. This remonstrance gave so great a distast to both
the Church and State, that the Earl of Seaforth was therefore excommunicate by the General Assemblie; and all such as did not
disclaim the raid remonstrance within some days thereafter, were, by the Committee of Estates, declared inimies to the publick.
Hereupon the Earl of Seaforth joined publicly with Montrose in April, 1646, at the siege of Inverness, though before that time be
had only joined in private councils with him."
[Gordon's "Earldom of Sutherland," p. 529.]

At Inverness, through the action of the Marquis of Huntly and the treachery of his son, Lord Lewis Gordon, Montrose was surprised by
General Middleton, but he promptly crossed the river Ness in face of a regiment of cavalry, under Major Bromley, who crossed the river by a ford above the town, while another detachment crossed lower down towards the sea with a view to cut off his retreat. These
he succeeded in beating back with a trifling loss on either side, whereupon he marched unmolested to Kinmylies, and the following
morning he went round by Beauly and halted at Fairley, where slight marks of field works are still to be seen; and now, for the first
time, he found himself in the territories of the Mackenzies, accompanied by Seaforth in person. Montrose, here finding himself
in a level country, with an army mainly composed of raw levies newly raised by Seaforth among his own people, and taught by their chief's vacillating conduct and example to have little interest or enthusiasm in either cause, did not consider it prudent to engage
Middleton, who pursued him with a disciplined force, including a considerable following of cavalry, ready to fight with every advantage on his side in a level country. He therefore moved rapidly up through the valley of Strathglass, crossed to Loch-Ness, and
passed through Stratherrick in the direction of the river Spey. Meanwhile Middleton advanced to Fortrose and laid siege to the castle, which was at the time under the charge of Lady Seaforth. She surrendered after a siege of four days; and having removed a considerable quantity of stores and ammunition, sent by Queen Henrietta for the use of Montrose on his arrival there, Middleton gave the Countess, whom he treated with the greatest civility and
respect, possession of the stronghold.
The Committee on Public Affairs, which, throughout the contest, acted in opposition to the Royal authority, and held sederunts
at Aberdeen and Dundee as well as at Edinburgh, gratified their malignity, after Montrose gave up the fight in 1646, by fining
the loyalists in enormous amounts of money, and decerning them to "lend" to the committee such sums - in many cases exorbitant - as they thought proper. Sir Robert Farquhar, formerly a Bailie of
Aberdeen, was treasurer, and in the sederunt held in that city, the committee threw a comprehensive net over the clan Mackenzie.
Sixteen of the name were decerned to lend the large sum of L28,666 13s 4d Scots; but from the other side of the balance sheet it is
found that they declined to lend a penny; and Sir Robert credits himself as treasurer thus: "Item of the loan moneys above set down there is yet resting unpaid, and wherefore no payment can be gotten, as follows - viz. - Be the name of Mackenzie, sixteen persons, the sum of L28,666 13s 4d Scots." The following are the names and sums decerned against each of them: Thomas Mackenzie
of Pluscardine, L2000; Alexander Mackenzie of Kilcoy, L2000; Roderick Mackenzie of Redcastle, L2000; Alexander Mackenzie of
Coul, L6000; Kenneth Mackenzie of Gairloch, L3333 6s 8d; Hector Mackenzie of Scotsburn, L2000; Roderick Mackenzie of Davochmaluag,
L1333 6s 8d; John Mackenzie of Dawach-Cairn, L1333 6s 8d; William Mackenzie of Multavie, L1000; Kenneth Mackenzie of Scatwell, L2000;
Thomas Mackenzie of Inverlael, L1333 6s 8d; Colin Mackenzie of Mullochie, L666 13s 4d; Donald Mackenzie of Logie, L666 13s 4d;
Kenneth Mackenzie of Assint, L1000; Colin Mackenzie of Kincraig, L1000; Alexander Mackenzie of Suddie, L1000. Among the other
sums decerned is one of L6666 13s 4d against "William Robertson in Kindeace, and his son Gilbert Robertson," and in Inverness and
Ross the loan amounted to the respectable sum of L44,783 6s 8d, of which the treasurer was allowed to retain L15,000 in his own hands. The sum, with large amounts of disbursements by the committee, show that they were more fortunate with others than with the Clan Mackenzie.
["Antiquarian Notes," pp. 307-308-309.]

The Earl of Seaforth taking advantage of being on opposite sides to the Earl of Sutherland, now asserted some old claims against Donald Ban Mor Macleod, IX. of Assynt, a follower of the house of Sutherland, who afterwards became notorious as the captor of the great Montrose himself. In May, 1646, Mackenzie laid siege to his castle, on the Isle of Assynt.

A document written by a friend of the family of Assynt, in 1738, for Norman Macleod, XIX. of Macleod, who, in that year, in virtue
of a disposition of all his estates made by Neil Macleod of Assynt to John Breac Macleod, XVI. of Macleod, dated the 24th of November,
1681, commenced a process against Mackenzie, gives a most interesting account of the proceedings, from the Macleod point of view, by which Seaforth obtained possession of the lands of Assynt. This document or "Information" came into the possession of Simon Lord Lovat, with whose papers it found its way to the Rev. Donald Fraser, minister of Killearnan, and is now the property of that
gentleman's grandson, the Rev. Hector Fraser, Halkirk. It was read by Mr William Mackay, solicitor, Inverness, before the Gaelic Society there on the 19th of March, 1890, and is published at length in their Transactions for that year, vol. XVI. pp. 197-207.
According to the writer of this paper, Neil Macleod was in possession of Assynt from 1650 to 1672, when in the latter year
"he was violently dispossessed by Seaforth," and was from 1672 to 1692, when be obtained a "Decree of Spulzie" against Seaforth, endeavouring to recover his right, but without avail. He says that from the time Seaforth got a right, "such as it was," to the Island of Lewis for a payment of ten thousand merks, "and afterwards, in lieu of that, for a mile of the wood of Letterew," he and his
family had it in view to make themselves masters of the estate of Macleod of Assynt, who, he erroneously states, "was lineal heir to
the estates of Lewis." In order to give effect to this intention Seaforth purchased several old claims, "some of them very unjust," against Assynt, which were made over to Thomas Mackenzie of Plus-cardine, Seaforth's brother. In 1637 the two Mackenzies, in virtue of these claims and the titles founded upon them, gave a wadset of the lands of Assynt to Kenneth Mackenzie of Scatwell in security for forty thousand merks. In 1640 "the Legal of those claims and apprisings being expired, Seaforth did, with his friends and clan, to the number of 1000 men, invade Assynt, and did there commit great outrages. He being for this pursued at law, was decerned in 40,000 pounds Scots of damages," which paid a great
part of his claim upon the estate, and it is maintained that the remainder was afterwards paid by the means, which are set forth
in the same document, along with somewhat intricate statements, which would occupy too much space here. The "Information" proceeds
with the following interesting details, which we give, with very slight alteration, in his own words.
He says that in 1646 Seaforth having joined Montrose at Inverness, where were likewise 100 men of Assynt under his Superior's (Seaforth) command, and Neil of Assynt himself, then a minor, being a friend, in Seaforth's house at Brahan, Seaforth ordered his men in the Highlands to fall upon Assynt's estate, where they made fearful havoc, carried away, as Neil represents, 3000 cows, 2000 horses, 7000 sheep and goats, and burnt the habitations of 180 families. When complaint was made of this in the South, Seaforth was bought off by the interest of General Middleton, and by virtue of a
capitulation which he had with Seaforth when in the North.
In the year 1654 Seaforth led a body of his own men, with a part of the broken army under the command of Middleton, to Assynt and made great depredations, destroyed a very great quantity of wine and brandy, which the Laird of Assynt had bought, besides other
commodities, in all to the value of 50,000 merks, out of a ship then on that coast, carrying off 2400 cows, 1500 horses, about 6000 sheep and goats, besides burning and destroying many families. Assynt was not liable in law to any such usage from them, having
receipts from Seaforth and Lord Reay for his proportion of the levy appointed at that time for the King's service. When Middleton
came to that country he declared that he had given no warrant for what Seaforth had done, and that in presence of Lord Macdonald and
Sir George Munro, etc. When Assynt pursued Seaforth before the English judges of the time, Seaforth defeated his process by proving
that Neil had been in arms against the English, and did then allege no cause for the injuries done by him to Assynt, except a private
quarrel. But when Macleod afterwards, at the Restoration, pursued Seaforth, he alleged in defence that he had acted by a warrant from
Middleton, who was then commissioner for the Parliament. But Neil says, if there was any such warrant it was certainly given after the
injuries had been done to him. However, things stood then in such a way that Neil was not likely to procure any justice.
There was another claim which seems to have brought matters to a crisis. Macleod had become a party to a bond of caution granted
by Ross of Little Tarrel in the sum of L150 sterling, for which, in 1656, an apprising was laid upon the estate of Assynt, at the
instance of Sinclair of Mey, in Caithness, who subsequently assigned his claim to Sir George Mackenzie of Tarbat and John Mackenzie,
second son of Kenneth Mor, third Earl of Seaforth, afterwards known as the Hon. John Mackenzie of Assynt. The matter was contested for a time, but "in the year 1668 or 1669 or 1670, the legal apprising being expired, decree of mails and duties was obtained upon the claim against the estate of Assynt and ejection against himself. Upon pursuing this ejection in 1671, several illegal
steps were alleged against Assynt, particularly holding out the Castle of Ard-Bhreac against the King, and his otherwise violently
opposing the ejection; whereupon Neil of Assynt, who it seems had been negligent in defending himself against the foresaid
accusations, was denounced rebel, and a commission of fire and sword was obtained in July, 1672, against him and his people," granted to Lord Strathnaver, Lord Lovat, Munro of Fowlis, and others, who at once invaded his territories with a force of 2300
men "and committed the most horrid barbarities," until all the country of Assynt was destroyed.
After this raid Neil, "under the benefit of a protection," went to consult Seaforth, who gave him a certificate of having obeyed the
King's laws, and fifteen days to consider a proposition which his lordship made to him to dispose of his estates to himself on certain
conditions, and so settle the dispute between them for ever. But Macleod, considering that it was not safe for him to return to his own country, resolved to proceed to Edinburgh by sea, and to carry his charter chest along with him. "Seaforth being apprehensive, it seems, of the con-sequences of Assynt's going to Edinburgh, immediately entered into correspondence and concert about the matter
with the Laird of Mey, in Caithness. The consequence was: Assynt being driven by unfavourable winds to the Orkneys the Laird of Mey, with a body of men, seized him there, to be sure under the notion of an outlaw, and, by commission from Seaforth, stripped him to his shirt, robbed him of everything, particularly of his charter chest, and of all
the writs and evidents belonging to his family and estates, carried them to the castle of Mey; where he was kept prisoner in a vault. From thence he was carried prisoner, under a strong guard, to Tam, and at last to Brahan, Seaforth's house. In Brahan (to which place the charter chest was brought, as was afterwards proved in the Process of Spoilzie) Neil was many months detained prisoner in a vault, in most miserable circumstances, still threatened with worse usage if he would not agree to subscribe a blank paper, probably designed for a disposition of his estates, which was, it seems, the great thing designed to be procured from him by all this bad usage. At
last Neil was brought south to Edinburgh, where he arrived after being in thirteen or fourteen prisons, and in the end he obtained
the remission formerly mentioned," for the offence of defending the Castle of Assynt, and all the other crimes that were alleged
against him.

His apologist makes out a strong case for him, if half his allegations are true. In any case it is but fair to state them. Neil was in prison, according to the "Information," when the ejection proceedings were carried out against him. He was ignorant of the legal steps
taken against him until it was too late, and, in consequence of his great distance from Edinburgh, he was unable to correspond with
his legal advisers there in time for his defence. His messengers, carrying his correspondence, were more than once seized, on their way south, and imprisoned at Chanonry. When in the south, the contributions of his friends towards his support and the expenses
of his defence were intercepted, and his people at home were put to great hardships by their new master, the Hon. John Mackenzie,
"for any inclination to succour him in his distress." "By all these means, the unfortunate gentleman was reduced to great poverty and misery, and was disabled from procuring the interest or affording the expense needful in order to obtain justice against such potent adversaries." And "it was easy for them (the Mackenzies), being now possessed of his estate, to get in old unjust
patched claims from such as had them, and being possessed of his charter chest and the retired vouchers of debts therein contained, by
all these means, to make additional titles to the estate of Assynt, while he, poor gentleman, besides his other misfortunes, was deprived of his writs and of all his evidences needful to be produced in his defence against the claims of his adversaries." If a tithe of all
this is true poor Neil deserves to be pitied indeed. But after giving such a long catalogue of charges, involving the most cruel and
deceitful acts against the Mackenzies, the author of them is himself doubtful about their accuracy, for he says that, although the
Mackenzies, after possessing the estates, had all the advantages and means for doing the unjust things which he alleges against them of
inventing new claims and additional titles, "it is not pretended to be now told what additional titles they made" - an admission which
largely discounts and disposes of the other charges made by Macleod's apologist. And, notwithstanding all his disadvantages and
difficulties, Neil made another effort "towards obtaining justice to himself and his family"; and to that end, in 1679 and 1680, he commenced a new process against Seaforth and all others "whom he knew to have or pretended to have" claims against him or his
estate. It was, however, objected (1) that he had no title in his own person to the lands of Assynt, and (2) that he was at the
horn and had no personam standi in judices. Neil made "very pertinent" answers to these objections in 1682, but he was wisely
advised to stop the proceedings of reduction, and to commence a Process of Spulzie against the Earl Sinclair, of Mey, the Laird of
Dunbeath, and others. Seaforth having died while these proceedings were pending, there appears in process an Oath by his successor,
"who swears that he not then nor formerly had the charter chest, nor knew what was become of it; and as he was not charged with having a hand in the Spulzie he was freed thereof and of the consequences of
it, by their Lordships. Neil having given in an inventory of the writs contained in his chest, his oath in litem was taken thereanent,
and he referred his expenses and damages to the judgment of the Lords," with the result that, in 1692, they decerned in his favour
for the sum of two thousand pounds Scots, in name of damages and expenses, to be paid to him by the defenders, and at the same time
superseding his further claim until he should give in more particulars regarding it. He assigned this decree to his nephew, Captain Donald Macleod of Geanies, and it remained as the basis of the process which was raised by Norman Macleod, XIX. of Macleod, in 1738, already referred to "for what thereof is unpaid." But Neil,"being unable by unparalleled bad usage, trouble, and poverty, and at length by old age, it does not appear that lie went any further towards obtaining of justice for himself than what is above narrated
in relation to the process of reduction and Spulzie"; and that his friends failed in their subsequent efforts to punish Mackenzie
or re-possess themselves of the Assynt estates is sufficiently well-known. [For Neil's connection with the Betrayal of Montrose see Mackenzie's "History of the Macleods," pp. 410-419.]

In 1648 Seaforth again raised a body of 4000 men in the Western Islands and Ross-shire, whom he led south, to aid the King's cause,
but after joining in a few skirmishes under Lanark, they returned home to "cut their corn which was now ready for their sickles."
During the whole of this period Seaforth's fidelity to the Royal cause was open to considerable suspicion, and when Charles I.
threw himself into the hands of the Scots at Newark, and ordered Montrose to disband his forces, Earl George, always trying to be
on the winning side, came in to Middleton, and made terms with the Committee of Estates; but the Church, by whom he had previously been excommunicated, continued implacable, and would only agree to
be satisfied by a public penance in sackcloth within the High Church of Edinburgh. The proud Earl consented, underwent this ignominious and degrading ceremonial, and his sentence of excommunication was then removed. Notwithstanding this public humiliation, after the death of the ill-fated and despotic Charles I., Seaforth, in 1649, went over to Holland, and joined Charles II., by whom he was made Principal Secretary of State for Scotland, the duties of
which, however, he never had the opportunity of performing.
Charles was proclaimed King on the 5th of February, 1649, in Edinburgh, and it was decided by him and his friends in exile that
Montrose should make a second attempt to recover Scotland; for, on the advice of his friends, Charles declined the humiliating terms
offered him by the Scottish faction, and, in connection with the plans of Montrose, a rising took place in the North, under Thomas
Mackenzie of Pluscardine, brother to the Earl of Seaforth, Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty, Colonel John Munro of Lemlair, and Colonel Hugh Fraser. On the 22d February they entered Inverness, expelled the troops from the garrison, and afterwards demolished
the walls and fortifications. On the 26th of February a Council of War was held, present - Thomas Mackenzie of Pluscardine, Preses, Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty, H. Fraser of Belladrum, Jo. Cuthbert of Castlehill, R. Mackenzie, of Davochmaluak; Kenneth
Mackenzie of Gairloch, R. Mackenzie of Redcastle, John Munro of Lumlair, Simon Fraser of Craighouse, and Alex. Mackenzie of Suddie.
This Committee made certain enactments, by which they took the customs and excise of the six northern counties entirely into their
own hands. The Provost of Inverness was made accountable "for all the money which, under the name of excise, has been taken up in any of the foresaid shires since his intromissions with the office of excise taking." Another item is that Duncan Forbes be pleased to advance money "upon the security which the Committee will grant to him," to be repaid out of the readiest of the "maintaince and excise." Cromarty House was ordered to be put in a position of defence, for which it was "requisite that some faill be cast and
led," and all Sir James Fraser's tenants within the parishes of Cromarty and Cullicudden, together with those of the laird of Findrassie, within the parish of Rosemarkie, were ordered "to afford from six hours in the morning to six hours at night, and one horse out of every oxengait daily for the space of four days, to lead the same faill to the House of Cromarty." By the tenth enactment the Committee find it expedient for their safety that the works and
forts of Inverness be demolished and levelled to the ground, and they ordain that each person appointed to this work shall complete his proportion thereof before the 4th day of March following "under pain of being quartered upon, and until the said task be performed." They further enact that a garrison be placed in Culloden House, "which the Committee is not desirous of for any intention of harm towards the disturbance of the owner, but merely because of the security of the garrison of Calder, which, if not kept in good order, is like to infest all the well-affected of the country circumjacent." [For these minutes see "Antiquarian Notes," pp. 157-8.] General Leslie having been sent against them, they retired to the mountains of Ross, when Leslie advanced to Fortrose and placed a garrison in the castle. He made terms with all the other leaders except Pluscardine, who would not listen to any accommodation, and who, immediately on Leslie's return south, descended from his mountain fastnesses, attacked and re-took the Castle of Chanonry.
Pluscardine was then joined by his nephew, Lord Reay, at the head of three hundred men, which increased his force to eight or nine
hundred. General Middleton and Lord Ogilvie, having brought up their forces, Mackenzie advanced into Badenoch, with the view of
raising the people in that and the neighbouring districts, where he was joined by the Marquis of Huntly, formerly Lord Lewis Gordon, and they at once attacked and took the Castle of Ruthven. After this they were pressed closely by Leslie, and fell down from
Badenoch to Balvenny Castle, whence they sent General Middleton and Mackenzie to treat with Leslie, but before they reached their
destination, Carr, Halket, and Strachan, who had been in the North, made a rapid march from Fortrose, and on the 8th of May surprised
Lord Reay with his nine hundred followers at Balvenny, with considerable loss on both sides. Eighty Royalists fell in the defence of the castle. Carr at once dismissed the Highlanders
to their homes on giving their oath never again to take up arms against the Parliament, but he detained Lord Reay and some of his
kinsmen, Mackenzie of Redcastle, and a few leaders of that name, and sent them prisoners to Edinburgh. Having there given security
to keep the peace in future, Lord Reay, Ogilvy, Huntly, and Middleton were forgiven, and allowed to return home, Roderick Mackenzie of Redcastle, being the only one kept in prison, until he was some time after released, through the influence of Argyll, on payment of a fine of seven thousand merks Scots.
Carr now returned to Ross and laid siege to Redcastle, the only stronghold in the North which still held out for the Royal cause.
The officer in charge recklessly exposed himself on the ramparts, and was pulled down by a well-directed shot from the enemy. The
castle was set on fire by the exasperated soldiers. Leslie then placed a garrison in Brahan and Chanonry Castles, and returned south. The garrisons were then expelled, some of the men hanged, the walls demolished, and the fortifications razed to the ground. Thus
ended an insurrection which probably would have had a very different result had it been delayed until the arrival of Montrose. The
same year General Leslie himself came to Fortrose with nine troops of horse, and forwarded detachments to Cromarty and "Seaforth's strongest hold" of Ellandonnan Castle.

The following account of this period by a contemporary writer is very interesting: "Immediately after the battle of Auldearn
Seaforth met and communed with Montrose, the result of which was that Seaforth should join Montrose, for the King against the
Parliament and States, whom they now discovered not to be for the King as they professed; but in the meantime that Seaforth should not appear, till he had called upon and prevailed with his neighbours about him, namely, My Lord Reay, Balnagown, Lovat, Sir James Macdonald of Sleat, Macleod of Dunvegan, and others, to join him and follow him as their leader. Accordingly, Seaforth having called them together, pointed out to them the condition the King was in, and how it was their interest to rise and join together
immediately for his Majesty's service and relief. All of them consented and approved of the motion, only some of them desired that
the Parliament who professed to be for the King as well as they, and desired to be rid of Montrose and his bloody Irish, should
first be made acquainted with their resolution. Seaforth, being unwilling to lose any of them, condescended, and drew up a declaration,
which was known as Seaforth's Remonstrance, as separate from Montrose, whereof a double was sent them; but the Parliament was so far from being pleased therewith that they threatened to proclaim
Seaforth and all who should join him as rebels. Now, after the battle of Alford and Kilsyth, wherein Montrose was victorious, and all in the south professing to submit to him as the King's
Lieutenant, he was by the treachery of Traquair and others of the Covenanters, surprised and defeated at Philiphaugh. In the
beginning of the next year, 1646, he came north to recruit his army.
Seaforth raised his men and advertised his foresaid neighbours to come, but none came except Sir James Macdonald, who, with Seaforth, joined Montrose at Inverness, which they besieged, but Middleton, who then served in the Scots armies in England, being sent with nearly 1000 horse and 800 foot, coming suddenly the length of Inverness, stopped Montrose's progress. Montrose was forced to raise the siege and quit the campaign, and retired with Seaforth and Sir James Macdonald to the hills of Strathglass, to await the arrival of the rest of their confederates, Lord Reay, Glengarry, Maclean, and several others, who, with such as were ready to join him south, were likely to make a formidable army for the King but, in the meantime, the King having come to the Scots army, the first thing they extorted from him was to send a herald to Montrose, commanding him to disband his forces, and to pass over to France till his Majesty's further pleasure. The herald came to him in the last of May, 1646, while he was at Strathglass waiting the rest of the King's faithful friends who were to join him. For this Montrose was vexed, not only for the King's condition, but for those of his faithful subjects who declared themselves for him and before he would disband he wrote several times to the King,
but received no answer, except some articles from the Parliament and Covenanters, which after much reluctance, he was forced to accept, by which he was to depart the Kingdom against the first of September following, and the Covenanters were obliged to provide a ship for his transportation, but finding that they neglected to do so, meeting with a Murray ship in the harbour of Montrose, he went aboard of her with several of his friends, namely, Sir John Hurry, who served the States the year before, John Drummond, Henry Brechin, George Wishart, and several others, leaving Seaforth and the rest of his friends to the mercy of these implacable enemies; for the States and Parliament threatened to forfeit him for acting contrary to their orders, and the Kirk excommunicated him for joining with the excommunicated traitor, as they called him, James Graham; for now the Kirk began to rule with a high hand, becoming more guilty than the bishops, of that of which they charged him with as great a fault for meddling with civil and secular affairs;
for they not only looked upon them to form the army and to purge it of such as whom, in their idiom, they called Malignants, but
really such as were loyal to the King; and also would have no Acts of Parliament to pass without their consent and approbation.
Their proselytes in the laity were also heavy upon and uneasy to such as they found or conceived to have found with a tincture of
Malignancy, whereof many instances might be given." But to return to Seaforth. "After he was excommunicated by the Kirk he was
obliged to go to Edinburgh, where he was made prisoner and detained two years, till in the end he was, with much ado, released from
the sentence of excommunication, and the process of forfeiture against him discharged; for that time he returned home in the end of the year, 1648, but King Charles I. being before that time murdered, and King Charles II. being in France, finding that he
would not be for any time on fair terms with the States and Kirk, he proposed to remove his family to the Island of Lewis, and dwell
there remote from public affairs, and to allocate his rents on the mainland to pay his most pressing debts, in order to which, having sent his lady in December to Lochcarron, where boats were attending to transport himself and children to the Lewis by way of
Lochbroom, wherein his affairs called him, he, without acquainting his kinsmen and friends, went aboard a ship which he had provided
for that purpose, and sailed to France, where the King was, who received him most graciously and made him one of his secretaries.
This did incense the States against him, so that they placed a garrison in his principal house at Brahan, under the command of Captain Scott, who (afterwards) broke his neck from a fall from his horse in the Craigwood of Chanonry, as also another garrison in the Castle of Ellandonnan, under the command of one William Johnston, which remained to the great hurt and oppression
of the people till, in the year 1650, some of the Kintail men, not bearing the insolence of the garrison soldiers, discorded with them, and in harvest that year killed John Campbell, a leading person among them, with others, for having wounded several at little Inverinate, without one drop of blood drawn out of the
Kintail men, who were only 10 in number, while the soldiers numbered 30. After this the garrison was very uneasy and greatly afraid of the Kintail men, who threatened them so, that shortly thereafter they removed to Ross, being commanded then by one James Chambers; but Argyll, to keep up the face of a garrison there, sent ten men under the command of John Muir, who lived there civilly without molesting the people, the States were so incensed against the Kintail men for this brush and their usage of the garrison, that
they resolved to send a strong party next spring to destroy Kintail and the inhabitants thereof. But King Charles II., after the defeat
of Dunbar, being at Stirling recruiting his army against Cromwell, to which Seaforth's men were called, it proved an act of oblivion and
indemnity to them, so that the Kintail men were never challenged for their usage of the garrison soldiers. Though the Earl of Seaforth
was out of the kingdom, he gave orders to his brother Pluscardine to raise men for the King's service whenever he saw the King's affairs required it; and so, in the year 1649, Pluscardine did raise Seaforth's men and my Lord Reay joining him with his men, marched
through Inverness, went through Moray, and crossed the Spey, being resolved to join the Gordons, Atholes, and several others who were ready to rise, and appeared for the King. Lesley, who was sent from the Parliament to stop their progress, called Pluscardine to treat with him, while Seaforth's and my Lord Reay's men encamped at Balveny, promising a cessation of hostilities. For some days Colonel
Carr and Strachan, with a strong body of horse, surprised them in their camp, when they lay secure, and taking my Lord Reay, Rory
Mackenzie of Redcastle, Rory Mackenzie of Fairburn, John Mackenzie of Ord, and others, prisoners, threatening to kill them unless the men surrendered and disbanded; and the under officers fearing they would kill them whom they had taken prisoners, did their utmost to hinder the Highlanders from fighting, cutting their bowstrings, etc., so they were forced to disband and dissipate. Pluscardine, in the meantime, being absent from them, and fearing to fall into their hands, turned back to Spey with Kenneth of Coul, William Mackenzie of Multavie, and Captain Alexander Bain, and swam the river, being then high by reason of the rainy weather, and so escaped from their implacable enemies. My Lord Reay, Red-castle, and others were sent to Edinburgh as prisoners, as it were to make
a triumph, where a solemn day of thanksgiving was kept for that glorious victory. My Lord Reay and the rest were set at liberty, but Redcastle was still kept prisoner, because when he came from home he garrisoned his house of Redcastle, giving strict commands
to those he placed in his house not to render or give it until they had seen an order under his hand, whereupon Colonel Carr and
Strachan coming to Ross, after the defeat of Balvenny, summoned the garrison to come forth, but all in vain; for they obstinately
defended the house against the besiegers until, on a certain day, a cousin of Carr's advancing in the ruff of his pride, with his
cocked carbine in his hand, to the very gates of the castle, bantering and threatening those within to give up the castle under all highest pain and danger, he was shot from within and killed outright. This did so grieve and incense Colonel Carr, that he began fairly to capitulate with them within, and made use of Redcastle's own friends to mediate and persuade them, till in the end, upon promise and assurance of fair terms, and an indemnity of what passed, they came out, and then Carr and his party kept not touches with them, but, apprehending several of them, and finding
who it was that killed his cousin, caused him to be killed, and thereafter, contrary to the promise and articles of capitulation, rifled the house, taking away what he found useful, and then burnt the house and all that was within it. In the meantime Redcastle was kept prisoner at Edinburgh, none of his friends being in a condition to plead for him, till Ross of Bridly, his uncle by his mother, went south, and being in great favour with Argyll, obtained
Redcastle's liberation upon payment of 7000 merks fine."
[Ardintoul MS.]

While these proceedings were taking place in the Highlands, Seaforth was in Holland at the exiled Court of Charles II., and when Montrose
arrived there Seaforth earnestly supported him in urging on the King the bold and desperate policy of throwing himself on the loyalty of his Scottish subjects, and in strongly protesting against the acceptance by his Majesty and his friends of the arrogant and humiliating demand made by the commissioners sent over to treat with him by the Scottish faction. It is difficult to say whether Seaforth's zeal for his Royal master or the safety of his own person influenced him most during the remainder of his life, but whatever the cause, he adhered steadfastly to the exiled monarch to the end of a life which, in whatever light it may be viewed, cannot be commended as a good example to others. Such vacillating and time-serving conduct ended in the only manner which it deserved.
He might have been admired for taking a consistent part on either side, but with Earl George self-preservation and interest appear to have been the only governing principles throughout the whole of this trying period of his country's history. The Earl of Cromarty
thought differently, and says that "this George, being a nobleman of excellent qualifications, shared the fortune of his Prince, King Charles I., for whom he suffered all the calamities in his estate that envious or malicious enemies could inflict. He was made secretary to King Charles II. in Holland, but died in that banishment before he saw an end of his King and his country's calamities or of his own injuries." We have seen that his conduct was by no means steadfast in support of Charles, and it may now be safely asserted that his calamities were due more to his own indecision and accommodating character than to any other cause.
George succeeded his brother Colin, as second Earl of Seaforth, and whose line terminated in Lady Caroline Mackenzie, who died without issue in 1847, her father Kenneth, Baron Ardelve and Earl of Seaforth in the peerage of Ireland, the last male of his line, having died at the Cape of Good Hope in 1781