Elizabeth Gascoigne

     Elizabeth Gascoigne was the daughter of William Gascoigne.
Elizabeth Gascoigne married John Aske. In the Visitation under Aske she is described as daughter of the Chief Justice, but under Gascoigne/Gaskon she is probably the sister of the Chief Justice. The History and Antiquities of Harewood by John Jones (1859) pp 54 - 55 gives Elizabeth, wife of John Aske as the sister rather than the daughter of Chief Judge William Gascoigne. It further says his second wife Joan was the daughter of Sir William Pickering and relict of Sir Ralph Greystoke, Baron of the Exchequer.

Child of Elizabeth Gascoigne and John Aske

Elizabeth Gascoigne

(before 1396 - 21 December 1434)
     Elizabeth Gascoigne was born before 1396. She was the daughter of Chief Justice William Gascoigne and Elizabeth Mowbray.
     Elizabeth Gascoigne married Richard Redman as his second wife, say 1420.
     Elizabeth died on 21 December 1434.

Francis Gascoigne

(before 1550? - )
      He inherited the entailed lands of his brother William. He married twice and his son by the latter died about 3 years of age so these lands returned to his niece Margaret Gascoigne. Francis Gascoigne was born before 1550?. He was the son of William Gascoigne and Margaret Fitzwilliam.
Francis Gascoigne married Ann Vavasour, daughter of Sir William Vavasour and Elizabeth Calverley, in 1557 in Hazlewood or Hazelwood, Yorkshire.

George Gascoigne

     George Gascoigne was the son of William Gascoigne and Jane Wyman.

Henry Gascoigne

     Henry Gascoigne was the son of William Gascoigne and Jane Wyman.
He is the ancestor of the Gascoignes of Mykelfeld and he married Margaret Bolton, daughter of John Bolton.

Sir Henry Gascoigne

     Sir Henry Gascoigne was the son of Sir William Gascoigne and Alice Frognall.

James Gascoigne

(circa 1404 - )
     James died. The Gascoignes/gaskons of Cardington, Bedfordshire descend from him. He married 29 Mar 1413. He was born circa 1404 in Yorkshire. He was the son of Chief Justice William Gascoigne and Joan Pickering (Greystock).
     James resided at Cardington, Bedfordshire.

Joan Gascoigne

     Joan Gascoigne was also known as Johanna in records. She was the daughter of William Gascoigne and Margaret Clarell.
Joan Gascoigne married Sir Henry Vavasour, son of Henry Vavasour (of Haselwood) and Elizabeth Langton, before 1460.

Children of Joan Gascoigne and Sir Henry Vavasour

John Gascoigne

     John resided at Wheldale, Yorkshire. He was born in England. He was the son of Sir William Gascoigne and Margaret Nevill.
     John Gascoigne and Marmaduke Gascoigne were named in the 1539 muster roll for Gawthorp, Yorkshire. George, Marmaduck & John, esquires, were in the household of Sir William Gascoigne of Gawthorep th'elder, knight, along with 14 archers and 14 billmen.

Margaret Gascoigne

(circa 1531 - 1592)
     Margaret Gascoigne was born circa 1531. She was eventually the sole heir to her father of the lands not entailed to heirs male. These lands went to Francis Gascoigne her uncle. She was the daughter of William Gascoigne and Beatrix Tempest.
Margaret Gascoigne married Thomas Wentworth Esq, son of William Wentworth and Catherine Beeston, circa 1557. He acquired Gawthorpe and a claim to two baronetcies via his wife.
She may have married secondly Sir James Harrington.
     Margaret Gascoigne and Thomas Wentworth Esq were mentioned in a deed dated _Hilary term_ ___ 1568/69. 1. Thomas Gargrave, kt, Peter Fretchwell, esq and John Jackson, gent - 2. Francis Gascoigne, esq., and Ann his wife and Thomas Went worthe de Wentworthe, esq., and Margaret his wife; re: Manor of Thorpearche, and 40 messuages, 3 watermills, and a fulling mill with lands in Thorpearche, Halle Parke, Halle Feildes, and Walton, and free fishing in the Wharff. Copied From: 'Yorkshire Fines: 1569', Feet of Fines of the Tudor period (Yorks): part 1: 1486-1571 (1887), pp. 364-368. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=49644 Date accessed: 26 July 2009. Margaret Gascoigne was buried in 1592 in Wentworth.
     Margaret died in 1592.
     Margaret Gascoigne made a will dated 14 December 1592. This may be the date of probate.

Child of Margaret Gascoigne and Thomas Wentworth Esq

Margaret Gascoigne (Hansard)

     Margaret Gascoigne (Hansard) was the daughter of Chief Justice William Gascoigne and Elizabeth Mowbray.

Margaret Gascoigne (Middleton)

     Margaret Gascoigne (Middleton) was the daughter of William Gascoigne and Jane Wyman.

Marmaduke Gascoigne

(circa 1495 - after 1553)
     Marmaduke Gascoigne was born circa 1495. He was the brother of Sir William Gascoigne, the younger. He was the son of Sir William Gascoigne and Alice Frognall.
Marmaduke Gascoigne and Jane, his wife, daughter and heir of Richard Redman. v. John and Thomas Thomson.: Detention of deeds relating to the manor of Lupton.: Westmorland.. Court of Chancery: Six Clerks Office: Early Proceedings, Richard II to ....
Richard, son of Edward Redman, deceased. v. Marmaduke Gascoigne, son-in-law of Henry Redman, deceased.: ... Harewood and other lands, whereof one-half was to be conveyed to complainant.: York. Court of Chancery: Six Clerks Office: Early Proceedings, Richard II to Philip and Mary ....
Marmaduke Gascoigne married Johanna Redman, daughter of Henry Redman and Alice Pilkington.
     Marmaduke Gascoigne and John Gascoigne were named in the 1539 muster roll for Gawthorp, Yorkshire. George, Marmaduck & John, esquires, were in the household of Sir William Gascoigne of Gawthorep th'elder, knight, along with 14 archers and 14 billmen.
     Marmaduke resided at Caley Hall, Otley, Yorkshire.
Yorkshire Fines: William Gascoigne, kt & Marmaduke Gascoigne, esq. Re: Manors of Stobhouse and Tobous and 20 messuages with lands there..
     Marmaduke died after 1553.
The History of Wharfdale by Thomas Shaw p. 148, states "In the township of Pool there is an old mansion called Caley-Hall, cover with several acres of fine large wood...In or about 1500, it belonged to the Gascoignes, as the old oak pew in Otley church testifies, having the arms of that family, with two initials and '1582' beautifully cut in the door. William Gascoigne married Joan, daughter of Thomas Thwaits, Esq. He died in 1560. His son William married Dorothy, the daughter of Thoams Stillington, Esq. He died in 1578. It next came to the Daltons....

Marmaduke Gascoigne

     Marmaduke Gascoigne was the son of William Gascoigne and Jane Wyman.

Richard Gascoigne

(circa 1413 - )
     Richard Gascoigne was born circa 1413. He was the son of Chief Justice William Gascoigne and Joan Pickering (Greystock).

Robert Gascoigne

(circa 1410 - )
     Robert Gascoigne was born circa 1410. He was the son of Chief Justice William Gascoigne and Joan Pickering (Greystock).

Thomas Gascoigne

( - 1554)
     Thomas resided at Burghwallis, Yorkshire, England. He was the son of William Gascoigne and Margaret Fitzwilliam.
     Thomas died in 1554.

Sir Thomas Gascoigne

     Sir Thomas Gascoigne married Mary Vavasour, daughter of Sir Henry Vavasour and Joan Gascoigne, circa 1475.

William Gascoigne

(circa 1405 - before 1454)
     William Gascoigne was born circa 1405 in Gawthorpe, Yorkshire. Son of the William who was Knight of the Shire in May 1421 and was born about 1405 , being aged 18 and more at his father's inq. p.m. in 1423.
Knt., of Gawthorpe, Thorp Arch, etc., Yorkshire, Knight of the Shire of Yorkshire, Sheriff of Yorkshire, son and heir of William Gascoigne, of Gawthorpe, Thorp Arch, Shipley, etc., Yorkshire, Knight of the Shire for Yorkshire, by Joan, said to be a daughter and heiress of Henry Wyman. He was the son of William Gascoigne and Jane Wyman.
     Margaret Clarell married thirdly William Gascoigne before 7 February 1425/26 in Sheffield district, Yorkshire. He married clandestinely, before 7 Feb 1425/6, Margaret Clarel. She married as her third husband Sir William Gascoigne of Gawthorpe. Monument at Harewood Church.      
William Gascoigne was a Member of Parliament from 1430 to 1435 for Yorkshire. He succeeded his father in 1422 and was knighted by 1429. He was High Sheriff in 1441-2. His administrative careeer was barely affected by his part in the murder of Thomas Dawson, a Tadcaster collier, for which he was pardoned in 1445. He was MP for Yorkshire on at least two occasions, in 1431 and 1435, and he or his son sat in 1453. Since the sons were invariably called William, identification is difficult, but Sir Wiliam was pardoned in 1461 and died before 1466.
     William died before 1454 in Gawthorpe, Yorkshire. He was alive in Feb 1448/9, but Margaret was a widow not later than March 1453/4.. He was buried in Harewood.

Children of William Gascoigne and Margaret Clarell

William Gascoigne

(before 1396 - 1423 or 1429)
     William Gascoigne was born before 1396. He was the son of Chief Justice William Gascoigne and Elizabeth Mowbray.
William Gascoigne married Jane Wyman before 1405.      
William Gascoigne was Constituency: YORKSHIRE May 1421
Family and Education: s. and h. of Sir William Gascoigne (d. 6 Dec. 1419), c.j. KB, of Gawthorpe by his 1st w. Elizabeth, da. of Alexander Mowbray of Stokton-on-the-Moor. m. by c.1405, Joan, da. of Sir Henry Wyman, 2s. inc. William, 3da. Kntd. by Oct. 1419.1
Offices Held: Steward, constable and master forester of Knaresborough in the duchy of Lancaster, Yorks. 17 Feb. 1422-d.2
Biography: William Gascoigne was born into a family noted for its attachment to the house of Lancaster. His father and namesake, one of the leading lawyers of the early 15th century, had served Henry of Bolingbroke as an attorney and trustee, so when his patron became King of England, in 1399, rapid promotion was assured. From 1400 until Henry’s death, 13 years later, Gascoigne held office as c.j.KB, the premier judge of the realm; and although the accession of Henry V brought his career to an end, he enjoyed a peaceful retirement, living in some state on his manor of Gawthorpe. The judge’s brother, Richard (d.1423), had also sat on Bolingbroke’s council; and he, too, received his due reward, becoming chief steward of the north parts of the duchy of Lancaster. The subject of this biography is first mentioned in 1417, when he obtained from his neighbour, Sir Richard Redmayne*, a grant of half the manor of Kelfield, which belonged to Redmayne’s wife, Elizabeth, a sister and coheir of William, 2nd Lord Aldeburgh. Relations between the Gascoignes and the Redmaynes remained cordial, and were later strengthened by the marriage of Sir Richard’s grandson to one of William Gascoigne’s daughters, who may actually have been betrothed at this time. Significantly enough, her sister, Anne, became the wife of William Ryther, the grandson of Lord Aldeburgh’s other sister, thus consolidating the connexion even further. Meanwhile, in keeping with family tradition, William gave his loyal support to Henry V, whom he accompanied to Normandy in, or shortly after, the summer of 1417, receiving a knighthood for his services in the field. By October 1419 he had taken at least one prisoner, an Italian fighting on the side of the French; and he was still abroad two months later when his father drew up his will. Such was Justice Gascoigne’s wealth that he was able to make generous provision not only for his wife (who received 500 marks cash and a large quantity of plate), but also for his three grand daughters, each of whom was promised £100. To their father, Sir William, went all the valuable livestock and agricultural equipment on the manor of Gawthorpe, as well as a large quantity of family plate, including two solid gold cups. He was also named first among the judge’s three executors, although since he may not have returned home until some time after the will was proved, on 23 Dec. 1419, most of the administration was probably undertaken by his uncle, Nicholas Gascoigne. His stepmother, Joan (who outlived him by several years), was assigned the manor of Wheldale, with its extensive appurtenances in the West Riding as her dower, but this still left him with an impressive and rich patrimony, which he entered at once. As well as the above-mentioned property at Gawthorpe, he took possession of the five other Yorkshire manors of Thorp Arch, Shipley, Cottingley, Burghwallis and Burton Leonard, as well as land in Narburn and houses in the city of York.3
Not surprisingly, in view of his wealth and the local influence enjoyed by his family, Sir William was returned by the electors of Yorkshire to the first Parliament of 1421. The session, which was attended by Henry V, began on 2 May and proved of short duration. While in London Sir William seized the opportunity to sue out a fine in the court of common pleas confirming him and his uncles in an estate near Leeds. The prospect of another expedition to France made him anxious to organize his affairs carefully. At the very end of May he drew up a brief will, naming his wife, Joan, and his two principal feoffees as executors. Since his elder son, William, was still a minor, his overriding concern was to place his estates in trust so that the Crown could not gain control of the property if he died during the campaign. Over the next three months his Yorkshire manors were settled as a jointure upon his wife; and some arrangement was evidently made for the support of their younger children until they came of age. Royal letters of protection were issued to Sir William at the beginning of June, and he probably crossed to Calais with the English army a few days later. It seems likely that he fell outside the walls of Meaux, for his death, on 28 Mar. 1422, occurred while the town was under siege.4
Notwithstanding the efforts made by Sir William to arrange matters so that the disputes and problems so common during minorities might be avoided, difficulties immediately began to arise. His widow, Joan, seems to have faced serious obstacles in recovering her jointure, and it was not until 1426 that the escheator of Yorkshire was ordered to observe Sir William’s original intentions and surrender the property to her. Even worse, his younger daughter, Joan (who married into the Louth family), and her brother, Henry, claimed that the trustees of the Gascoigne estates had knowingly deprived them of at least £500 in revenues which Sir William had set aside for their use. In 1437 they actually took the case to the court of Chancery, although the outcome is not recorded. William Gascoigne, the elder son and heir, came of age in 1426, not long after his clandestine marriage to Margaret Clarel of Aldwark. He represented Yorkshire in at least two Parliaments, and served on various commissions in the north.5
Ref Volumes: 1386-1421
Author: C.R.
1. DNB, vii. 294-6; Test. Ebor. i. 390-5, 402-3, 410; Yorks. Arch. Soc. Rec. Ser. xci. 186-8; VCH Yorks. (N. Riding), ii. 191; DKR, xliv. 612.
2. Somerville, Duchy, i. 523.
3. DNB, vii. 924-6; Somerville, i. 418; Test. Ebor. i. 390-5; DKR, xliv. 612; VCH Yorks. (E. Riding), iii. 105; W. Greenwood, Redmans of Levens and Harewood, 250.
4. C139/7/56; CP25(1)280/154/39, 41; Test. Ebor. i. 402-3; DKR, xliv. 627.
5. C1/9/256; CCR, 1422-9, p. 245; Yorks. Arch. Soc. Rec. Ser. xci. 186-8 in 1421.
     William died in 1423 or 1429.

Child of William Gascoigne

William Gascoigne

(circa 1427? - before 1463)
     William Gascoigne was born circa 1427?. He was the son of William Gascoigne and Margaret Clarell.
William Gascoigne married Jane Nevil circa 1458. Their children were: Sir William Gascoigne of Gawthorpe; Rev. Humphrey, John, Elizabeth, Joan, Agnes & Margaret.
     William died before 1463. He predeased his father c. 1461-3.

Children of William Gascoigne and Jane Nevil

William Gascoigne

     William resided at Gawthorpe, Yorkshire. He was the son of Sir William Gascoigne and Alice Frognall.
William Gascoigne married Margaret Fitzwilliam.
William Gascoigne married Margaret Wright.

William Gascoigne

     William resided at Gawthorpe, Yorkshire. He was the son of William Gascoigne and Margaret Fitzwilliam.
William Gascoigne married Beatrix Tempest.

Child of William Gascoigne and Beatrix Tempest

William Gascoigne

( - 1513)

William Gascoigne

(circa 1309 - )
     William Gascoigne was born circa 1309. On Friday, 11 July 2014 10:44:18 UTC+1, Matt Tompkins wrote:
> Yesterday at the International Medieval Congress in Leeds I heard a paper entitled 'The Foundation of the Gascoigne Dynasty in 14th-Century England'. It was given by a PhD student at York whose thesis 'examines the genealogy of the Gascoigne family and its rise from obscurity in the Fourteenth Century to the loss of its principle landholding; Gawthorpe, in 1567'.
He said the family's ancestry cannot be reliably traced back before William Gascoigne of Gawthorpe (husband of Agnes Frank and father of William Gascoigne, the chief justice of the King's Bench), who he thought was born about 1309 and died, IIRC, in the 1380s. The earlier generations found in visitation pedigrees and other early modern sources derive ultimately (he said) from the genealogical claims of a 17th-century Gascoigne and cannot be substantiated from contemporary records.
> In fact he said he could discover no contemporary reference to any generation of the family before the lord chief justice's father. This surprised me a little - could a family of mid-14C Yorkshire gentry really have no traceable antecedents.
>John Watson [WatsonJohnM@gmail.com] replied 11 July 2014: I cannot find a single reference to any Gascoignes in Yorkshire before the mid-fourteenth century, and believe me I have looked long and hard. Wiliam Gascoigne who married Agnes Franke and was father of the celebrated Chief Justice is the first of the name to occur in contemporary documents. He had several grants of land in the 1350's and 60's from John de Lisle of Rougemont and Robert de Lisle his son. John de Lisle spent the greater part of his life (1318-55) fighting in the French wars, particularly in Gascony. Some time ago I thought it possible that the first William Gascoigne was a Gascon retainer of John de Lisle, or even possibly an illegitimate son, who he rewarded with grants of land in Yorkshire. This is just a theory with no proof. A man who in England was called William the Gascon, was no doubt called something completely different in Gascony.
Matt Tompkins replied: Very interesting that William Gascoigne pere received these grants from the Lisles, and that the Lisles had been active in Gascony. I wonder if the people at the Gascon Rolls Project would be able to cast any light on this.
As I recall from the paper yesterday, the 17th-century Gascoigne who wrote up the family legends believed it was the chief justice's grandfather who acquired Gawthorpe, by marriage to an heiress, Matilda Gawthorpe (whose hand was apparently bestowed on him by her grateful father after Gascoigne saved her from drowning by dragging her out of a fishpond by her hair). Whether the story is true, I wouldn't like to say, but it does show that in the 17th century the family believed that they had been local landowners in Yorkshire for at least a couple of generations before the chief justice.

This was followed up by Matt Tompkins with: It does sound as though the William Gascoigne who fathered the chief justice cannot have been a native of Yorkshire - either that or he had risen from the very lowest, unrecorded levels of Yorkshire society, which seems a little unlikely. It might be worth looking for his origins elsewhere in England - he might have been an immigrant from Gascony, but it is equally likely that his ancestors had been in England for several generations (I'll comment in a moment on the possibility that he was a Gascon retainer of John Lisle of Rougemont). There seems to have been a minor gentry or franklin family of Gascoignes holding of the Beauchamps in Compton Dundon in Somerset in the 1340s, for example (CIPM viii, 1336-47, pp. 322, 325). It might also be productive to look in the areas where the Lisles had estates - Cambs, Herts and Beds principally - or the Vavasours (see below for why).

I've found a couple of references to a William Gascoigne in mid-14C Yorkshire IPMs who is probably our man, and which cast some interesting light on his status and origins.

CIPM x (1352-61), p. 290, the assignment of dower in the manor of Harewode (which contained Gawthorpe) to Maud, widow of John de Lisle of Rougemont, on 6 April 1356, was made in the presence of William Fraunk of Alwoodley, Nicholas de Harewod, William Gascoigne and Robert de Ecclesley. These four would have been present as representatives of John's son and heir Robert de Lisle or of Maud herself, suggesting that William Gascoigne was a fairly senior Lisle adviser or retainer.

CIPM x (1352-61), p. 120, the proof of age of Mauger Vavasour, held just after Midsummer 1353, which reported that he had been born at Denton, near Harewood in Yorkshire, in June 1332; two of the witnesses were William Fraunk, aged 48 and more, who in 1332 had been a servant of Mauger's father, Thomas Vavasour of Denton, and William Gascoigne, aged 44 and more, who in 1332 was dwelling at Denton and had lands etc there. This is surely our man, the husband of Agnes Frank, and places him in Denton, not Gawthorpe (though not far from there), in 1332, aged 23 (and so born c. 1309). John de Lisle's career in Gascony did not begin until later in the 1330s, so it must be very unlikely that William Gascoigne was a Gascon retainer of his.
Anyway, Chris Bovis at York will be working on this problem full-time for the next couple of years, so hopefully everything will be revealed one day soon.. He was the son of William Gascoigne (of Gawthorpe) and Elizabeth Bolton.
William Gascoigne married Margaret Franke.

Child of William Gascoigne and Margaret Franke

William Gascoigne

     William Gascoigne was also known as Gaskon in records.
William Gascoigne married Jane Gawthorp.

Child of William Gascoigne and Jane Gawthorp

Chief Justice William Gascoigne

(circa 1350 - 6 December 1419)
     Chief Justice William Gascoigne was born circa 1350 in Gawthorpe, Yorkshire. Chris Bovis who is working on a PH.D on this family, states, after much discussion on the Gen-Medieval mailing list:
The Vavasour reference gives the most information. His age (as well as they can) is given, which allows for an approximate birth date, and residence in the early 1330s. However, there is a reference in October 1345 which I believe is William Gascoigne senior engaging in mercantile violence. (CPR 1343-45, p. 496). That's the earliest reference I have, prior to the CIPM in the 1350s. I've never come across any evidence for a daughter called Margaret. Though that is interesting, thank you. I shall keep an eye out for evidence in the future. The Manston link, as far as I can tell, doesn't come from the Gascoigne side, but rather through Richard Gascoigne's wife, Beatrice Ellis. He was clearly considered a close member of the inner familial or friendship circle however. Richard mentions him, William I (c.1350-1419) bequeaths £40 in his will. I think some confusion has arisen in the antiquarian sources between Alice (?) and Robert Manston (Alfred's parents), and Robert Gascoigne and Ellen Manston (in the mid-late fifteenth century) as Ellen is often referred to as Alice (especially in Feet of Fines), and thus it seems likely that Foster's recording of the name may be mistaken. However, without any direct evidence on the surname of Alfred's mother, its speculation at best. Can I ask how you know Christopher, Robert and Richard were children of the first marriage? I've never heard of that, and it would explain why I've not found any references to them as Gascoignes, except from the will, which is sketchy. That would mean the only child Joan had with William was James Gascoigne I (of Cardington, Bedfordshire). From what I can tell Agnes was a daughter from the first marriage, to Elizabeth Mowbray.
Interestingly, and this is something I discussed in my paper, John appears to be the eldest son, who was sent to Oxford for a clerical career. William I was his second son, and eventually his heir. Richard and Nicholas were only gentry lawyers, it seems, rather than fully trained lawyers. Both served on the West Riding bench and from what I can tell it was in a 'local with a comprehension of law' capacity, given both of their careers in service. I think that, as well as Richard and Nicholas' disposable income following their father's death (the purchasing of Lasingcroft as a example) reinforces the idea that William Gascoigne Senior (d.1383) was a merchant who 'made it.' Thomas appears to have died young. He was the son of William Gascoigne and Margaret Franke.
Chief Justice William Gascoigne married Elizabeth Mowbray in 1369. She was the daughter and sole heiress of Sir Alexander Mowbray, of Kirtlington, in the county of York. William was Chief Justice being appointed by Henry IV in 1400.. He was deprived of his office by King Henry V in 1413. He remained a JP for the West Riding until his death.
Chief Justice William Gascoigne married secondly Joan Pickering (Greystock). She was the widow of Sir Ralph Greystoke, one of the Barons of the Exchequer. Other sources from Gen-Medieval mailng list state:
The second wife of Sir William Gascoigne, the Chief Justice, is named in the pedigrees as Joan, daughter of Sir William Pickering. Some time ago I pointed out here that there was no such person as Sir William Pickering alive at that time. Joan was actually the daughter of Sir James Pickering (ca. 1332-1398), and widow of Sir Christopher Moresby of Moresby, Cumberland who died before November 1391. By her first husband, she had three sons, Sir Christopher, Robert and Richard who are named as executors of her will in May 1426.
Agnes the wife of Robert Constable of Flamborough (ca. 1390-1441) was a daughter of Joan Pickering and she mentions "Robert Constable and my daughter his wife", in her will. Presumably she was a daughter of the judge and not of Christopher Moresby. By William Gascoigne she had a son James, ancestor of the Gascoignes of Cardington, Bedfordshire.
     Chief Justice William Gascoigne made a will dated 1401.
Wikipedia states: After the suppression of the rising in the north in 1405, Henry eagerly pressed the chief justice to pronounce sentence upon Lord Scrope, the Archbishop of York, and the Earl Marshal Thomas Mowbray, who had been implicated in the revolt. This he absolutely refused to do, asserting the right of the prisoners to be tried by their peers. Although both were later executed, the chief justice had no part in this. It has been doubted whether Gascoigne could have displayed such independence of action without prompt punishment or removal from office.
     Chief Justice William Gascoigne married thirdly Ann Lysley before 1419. She was the daughter of William Lysley.
     William died on 6 December 1419 in Harewood, Yorkshire. He was buried on 17 December 1419 in All Saints, Harewood, Yorkshire.
     His will was proved in 1419.

Children of Chief Justice William Gascoigne and Elizabeth Mowbray

Children of Chief Justice William Gascoigne and Joan Pickering (Greystock)

Sir William Gascoigne

(between 1437 and 1451 - 4 March 1486/87)
     Sir William Gascoigne was born between 1437 and 1451. He was the son of William Gascoigne and Jane Nevil.
Sir William Gascoigne married Lady Margaret Percy. Sir William Gascoigne was mentioned in a letter before 19 June 1479. To my right trusty and hartily beloved brother, William Gascoygne. Right trusty and right hartily beloved brother, I greet you well. And forasmuch as I understand that ye have put under arrest in the Castell of Knarsbrough one Thomas Ward, for suerty of peace ; he finding sufficient suertie to answere to the King our soveraigne Lord, I will that ye suffer him to be at his larg without longer enpresonment. Not failling hereof, as my trust is in you, and our Lord have you in his kepping. Written in my mannor of Lekinfeild, the xix day of June." Your Broder, Hen. Northumberland. (Dated Ante 19 June 1479.)
The date of this letter is prior to 20 Edw. IV. 1480 ; at which time William Gascoygne of Gawkthorpe, com. Ebor. esq. the brother-in-law of the writer, Henry fourth Earl of Northumberland, was already a knight. Sir William Gascoigne died 4 Mar. 2 Hen. VII. 1486 (Ing. virtut. officii, 11 /on. 4Hen. VII. Ebor.), leaving his son William under age. To Dame Joan Grutock, the executrix of his will, William Ryther acknowledges to have received (8 April, 9 Hen. VII.) ten marks, six from Sir William Ryther his father, and four from herself. Sir William Gascoigne, the son, was in his twentieth year, 4 Hen. VII. 1489, and then a knight. (Chartnl. No. 750.) One of the daughters is named in the will of her maternal uncle, the Earl of Northumberland, dated 17 July, 1485 : " Also I will that my neice Elizabeth Gascoigne have to her marriage c markes." (See abstract of the u.ii!, Cott. T"/). tt Gen. vol. ii. p. 65.) She married (in 1494) George Talboys, son and heir of Sir Robert Talboys, Lord of Kyme and Redisdale; the same who is spoken of as Mr Talbose in a subsequent letter. John Gascoigne and Ralph Gascoigne, esqn. were brothers to the Sir William Gascoigne who died in 1486 ; Dame Agnes Plump ton, and Dame Margaret Ward, his sisters. Of these we find mention in the present correspondence ; a pedigree (MS. Add. 5530, /. n .) adds Elizabeth and Joan, said to have died unmarried, and Humphrey who died young.

     William died See: https://thehistorydatabase.blog/author/thehistorydatabase/page/2/ for their tombs & notes on 4 March 1486/87 in Harewood, Yorkshire.

Children of Sir William Gascoigne and Lady Margaret Percy

Sir William Gascoigne

(circa 1469 - 20 October 1551)
     William resided at Gawthorpe, Yorkshire.      
Sir William Gascoigne was a Member of Parliament.
Sir William Gascoigne married secondly Margaret Nevill.
Sir William Gascoigne married Alice Frognall.
Sir William Gascoigne married Maud Lynley. Sir William Gascoigne was born circa 1469. He was aged 18 or more in Nov 1487. He was the son of Sir William Gascoigne and Lady Margaret Percy.
     Sir William Gascoigne made a will dated 14 October 1528. He mentions his sons Marmaduke & John.
Sir William Gascoigne married secondly Bridget Unknown (Stokes) before 1546.
     Sir William Gascoigne made a will dated 28 January 1546. This will was proved 23 March 1552 - which? It mentions his wife Bridget but no children.
William Atherton &      William Gascoign de Cusworthe, kt. Re Messuage and cottage with lands in Harwood, Angrome, and Wardley..
     William died on 20 October 1551 in Frystone/Wheldale, Yorkshire. He was buried in Harewood.

Child of Sir William Gascoigne and Margaret Nevill

Children of Sir William Gascoigne and Alice Frognall

William Gascoigne (of Gawthorpe)

     William Gascoigne (of Gawthorpe) was the son of William Gascoigne and Jane Gawthorp.
William Gascoigne (of Gawthorpe) married Elizabeth Bolton.

Child of William Gascoigne (of Gawthorpe) and Elizabeth Bolton