Mary Reddish

(December 1777 - 1823)
     Mary Reddish was born in December 1777 in Dublin. She was born during a second spell in Dublin at the end of 1777. She used the name Hunn in her later life. Although no record survives for a baptism in Dublin, Maria Reddish and Jeanne Costello were sponsors for Ambrosius, son of Patriciii Costello & Annae Barret. The priest was Ricarco Sheridan and the date 12 Jan 1778 at St Nicholas RC.
In 2010 Julian Crowe wrote, quoting from Mary Qnn's letters: "in December 1777 Mary was born — and surely she was a blessing sent by gracious Heaven to soften and to soothe a Multitude of Sorrows!— and when I think of her pious duties, her affectionate childhood, and her respectable Character at this moment as wife & Mother — yet persevering in every filial regard to a Mother, whom She cannot fail to see dishonor’d by the darling Child who was always avowedly preferred to her — surely I cannot help seeing the mixture of good and Evil in this most fatal Event of my Eventfull life".. She was the daughter of Samuel Reddish and Mary Ann Costello.
She was to become an apprentice teacher under Mrs Moore for a premium of £100 provided by her half brother George but it took some time arrive..
Mary Reddish married Richard Thompson on 19 November 1801 in St Andrew, Plymouth, Devon. Richard Thompson of New Inn, London Esqr, a bachelor & Mary Redish usually known by the name of Mary Hunn of this parish, spinster married in this church by licence 19 Nov 1801. Both signed in the presence of Mary Anne Hunn. Maria? Hunn, Emily Mayne & James Gatkins.
     Mary and Richard resided at Kennington Common, Surrey.
     Mary died in 1823 in 35 Henrietta Street, Bath, Somerset. Her half brother Geo Canning "was very fond of her" & he secured Thompson her husband a job at H.M. Customs House, Thames Street. She died at her mother's home in Henrietta St, Bath leaving 5 children. her 2 sons were also recommended by Geo Canning for the Indian Civil Service..

Children of Mary Reddish and Richard Thompson

Mary Anne Reddish

(circa 1810 - )
     Mary Anne Reddish was born circa 1810 in India. Julian Crowe wrote: When Charles Reddish died leaving an orphan daughter George arranged for her
upkeep and set up a fund to provide a dowry – on condition that she stayed in India
. She was the daughter of Charles Reddish and Caroline Beatrice Manning.
Mary Anne Reddish married J B Richards on 15 June 1841 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India. She married a wealthy indigo planter: At Calcutta, on the 15th of June, at the principal Roman Catholic church, by the Right Rev. Dr. Carew, J B Richards, Esq, of Culna, to Miss Mary Anne Reddish, only daughter of the late Captain & Mrs Charles Reddish.

Samuel Reddish

(1735 - 31 December 1785)
      The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography states: Reddish, Samuel (1735-1785), actor and theatre manager, was born in Frome, Somerset, the son of a tradesman. He was educated at Frome grammar school and apprenticed, at the age of fifteen, to a surgeon in Plymouth. For facts about his early life we have generally to rely on his own account, rewritten and glossed as ‘Memoirs of Mr Reddish’ in the Covent Garden Magazine of 1773. It recounts that he ran away to join a Norwich company, playing small roles for a salary of 15s. per week. After two years he was employed by Henry Woodward for the Crow Street Theatre, Dublin, and appeared as Lord Townley in Sir John Vanbrugh's The Provoked Husband, a part he made his own, in October 1759. He took the part of Pierre in Thomas Otway's Venice Preserv'd at Edinburgh the following year. By November 1761 he was at the Smock Alley Theatre, Dublin. For the next five years he circulated between Norwich, Cork, and the Theatre Royal, Edinburgh, where he played Captain Macheath in John Gay's The Beggar's Opera in July 1764. The following season he returned to Smock Alley with a Mrs Reddish, possibly Polly Hart (d. 1799), an actress who had played briefly at Drury Lane. The Covent Garden account drily notes that Polly had ‘an annuity of 200 l. settled on her for former services, which gave every spur to his assiduity’. Undoubtedly Reddish's financial affairs were in a state of some disarray by 1766. The Covent Garden Magazine enjoys the story of his bid to stave off his Irish creditors with promises of income from his benefit night. He even persuaded some to purchase tickets for his Richard III, but their tickets were refused at the door, and by the morning Reddish was on his way to England with the receipts.
Samuel and Polly next appear at the Orchard Theatre, Bath, for the 1766–7 season and at the new theatre in Bristol. Reddish was to take on the running of the Bristol theatre in 1770 with Clarke, Dodd, and William Parsons, and he managed it single-handedly from 1774 to 1776. However, Bristol was not the focus of his performance activity. He had finally won himself a place in Garrick's Drury Lane company, and he made his début, as Lord Townley, on 18 September 1767. Hopkins, the prompter, thought him ‘but an indifferent figure—will be useful’. Indeed, Reddish was useful that season tackling a series of young sentimental heroes and noblemen, including Lord Falbridge in George Colman's The English Merchant, Posthumus in Cymbeline, George Barnwell in George Lillo's The London Merchant, Moneses in Nicholas Rowe's Tamerlane, Fainall in William Congreve's The Way of the World, Macduff to Garrick's Macbeth, and Edgar in King Lear. He was offered the title role in Nathaniel Lee's Theodosius, and he originated the role of Frederick Melmoth in William Kenrick's The Widowed Wife and Lord Winworth in Hugh Kelly's False Delicacy. Throughout his career at Drury Lane, Reddish was entrusted with leading roles in new comedies, such as Frampton in Elizabeth Griffith's The School for Rakes, Belville in Kelly's The School for Wives, and Sir John Dormer in his A Word to the Wise, as well as in roles in Alexander Dow's tragedies: Zemouca in Zingis and Menes in Sethona. He even turned his hand to producing, and adapted a musical spectacle, The Heroine of the Cave, with Henry Jones and Paul Hiffernan. In all, Reddish played winter seasons at Drury Lane for ten years, where his weekly earnings increased year on year from £8 in the 1773 season to £12 per week during his final season, 1776–7, under Sheridan. Reddish also had income from his summers as actor–manager at Bristol.
Polly Hart Reddish performed at Drury Lane during the 1771–2 season, but by the end of that year she had been replaced as Mrs Reddish by Mary Ann Canning (c.1747–1827), although the couple did not marry. Mary Ann's aspirations to act were unhindered by talent. Undeterred by regular hissings, Samuel championed her and insisted on lead roles for her at Bristol. She was the unhappy butt of Hannah More's quip in a letter to Garrick on 28 July 1777: ‘This is the second or third wife he has produced at Bristol: in a short time we have had a whole bunch of Reddishes, and all remarkably unpungent’ (Highfill, Burnim & Langhans, BDA).

Critical response to Reddish himself was equivocal. The Dramatic Censor (1770) thought that as Macduff he demonstrated ‘superior strength and beauty: his feelings are manly, yet tender; spirited without excess’ (Gentleman, 1.111). However, his playing of more passionate characters was hampered by his weak voice. The same critic thought him ‘deficient in powers for the most impassioned speeches’ of Alonzo in Aphra Behn's The Revenge, and with ‘nothing of the requisite volubility’ required to play Young Belmont in Moore's The Foundling (Gentleman, 2.332, 220). An even-handed assessment of his ability perhaps comes in Frederick Pilon's The Drama: a Poem (1775):
Reddish wants pow'r, th'emotions strong to raise,
But his attention gains, and merits praise;
Tho' voice and feeling small assistance lend,
He oft has pleas'd, and seldom does offend.
By 1774 Reddish was beginning to show signs of the mental disorder which was to dog the rest of his life. In April 1775 Hopkins noted that: ‘Matilda was advertis'd for this Night, but Mr Reddish came Yesterday as Mad as a March Hare … & behav'd like a Man in Despair’ (Highfill, Burnim & Langhans, BDA). During the summer at Bristol, William Parsons wrote to Garrick that Reddish had been unable to perform at all: ‘His countenance undergoes the most sudden alterations. His memory fails him’ (ibid.) These temporary lapses of memory and alterations became apparent to audiences by November 1776, and he was booed off as Vainlove in Congreve's The Old Batchelor. Sheridan did not renew his contract to play at Drury Lane the following year, and 1777 was also his last season at Bristol.

After a disastrous benefit night, he sold his share and played a final season at the Crow Street Theatre, Dublin. He appeared twice more in London, as Hamlet in a one-off performance at Covent Garden in October 1778, and then when he elected to reprise Posthumus in a benefit at Covent Garden on 5 May 1779. John Ireland recounts that Reddish arrived at the theatre under the impression he was to play Romeo. ‘The instant he came in sight of the audience his recollection seemed to return … it was only the stage that had the power to unsettle this delusion’ (Highfill, Burnim & Langhans, BDA).

Reddish's delicate financial affairs were in ruins by the end of his life, and he applied for assistance to the Drury Lane Actors' Fund in 1778 for the support of his three surviving children by Mary Ann Canning. He disappeared from view over the next few years, but he was confined at some point to York Asylum, where he died on 13 December 1785.
J. Milling
Sources
Highfill, Burnim & Langhans, BDA · ‘Memoirs of Mr Reddish’, Covent Garden Magazine (1773) · F. Gentleman, The dramatic censor, or, Critical companion, 2 vols. (1770) · F. Pilon, The drama: a poem (1775) · J. Boaden, Memoirs of the life of John Philip Kemble, 2 vols. (1825)
Likenesses
V. Green, engraving, 1771 (after R. E. Pine) · G. Grignion, engraving, 1775 (after T. Parkinson), repro. in J. Bell, ed., Bell's edition of Shakespeare's plays, 9 vols. (1773–4) · J. M. Delatre, engraving, 1776 (after J. J. Barralet), repro. in The New English theatre, 12 vols. (1776–7) · J. Thornthwaite, engraving, 1776 (after J. Roberts), repro. in J. Bell, Bell's British theatre · T. Parkinson, oils, 1778?, Garr. Club · J. J. Barralet, pen-and-ink drawing, Folger · T. Parkinson, ink and watercolour drawing, BM · T. Parkinson, watercolour, BM · J. Roberts, watercolour, BM · theatrical prints, BM, NPG
Wealth at death
nil (supported by Drury Lane Actors' Fund): Folger, 1778 entry, James Winston's transcriptions; Highfill, Burnim & Langhans, BDA
© Oxford University Press 2004–5
J. Milling, ‘Reddish, Samuel (1735-1785)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/23244, accessed 24 Sept 2005]
Samuel Reddish (1735-1785): doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/23244
. Samuel Reddish was born in 1735 in Frome, Sussex? or Somerset. According to his own account published in "Miller's London Mercury no. X and "Memoirs of Mr Reddish" published in the "Covent Garden Magazine" in 1773, he was born in "Froome", the son of a tradesman and was apprentice to a surgeon at Plymouth at the age of 15, after attending the Frome Grammar School, His mother and his half siblings settled in the Frome, Rode, Bath area of Somerset.
However Farington states on p. 26: Samuel Reddish (1735- 1785), son of a tradesman of Frome, was educated at Frome Grammar School, and while an apprentice to a surgeon he joined the Norwich Company of Players at fifteen shillings a week, after having applied unsuccessfully for an engagement at the Plymouth Theatre. He was not a great actor, nor, according to the author of Theatrical Biography, 1772, was he a particularly honourable man. His acting was characterized by great violence ; indeed he, as Castalio stabbed William Smith, who impersonated Polydore. Reddish, who died in York Lunatic Asylum, was married to Miss Hart, a stage beauty of her day, immortalized by Churchill, and it seems he did actually marry George Canning's mother as his second wife.
Also p. 148: Mrs. Canning, mother of the Right Honble. George Canning, appeared upon the London Stage abt. 30 years ago. Her Mother was Midwife to the Queen. She lived with Reddish, the Player, & was sd. to be married to Him. After His death she appeared at Plymouth with a company of Strolling Players, & there she married a man of the name of H--- Son of a person who had a small office under government.
Mrs. Canning was married to Redditch, an actor, afterwards to Hunn, a Plymouth linen-draper. She outlived him for many years.. Samuel was an actor/manager from 1759. The Biographical dictionary of Actors calls him an actor, singer, manager and quotes that he fled his surgeon master and joined the Norwich company of players at a salary of 15 shillings per week. At Norwich his roles were insignificant. Resenting his lowly status, he left that company after about two years and found a place in the company at Richmond Surrey, for one summer. Emboldened by some success there, he applied to Rich at Covent Garden and then to Garrick at Drury Lane but was spurned by both. At that time, Henry Woodward was in London, recruiting for the Crow Street Theatre in Dublin, and offered Reddish an engagement.
That last statement is borne out by other records. Faulkner's Dublin journal for 9 October 1759 heralded the Irish debut on 12 October at the Crow Street Theatre of "A Young gentleman" in the role of Lord Townley in The Provok'd husband; the same publication identified him as Reddish on 27 November. He was on the playbill of the Cecilia Hall in Edinburgh on 12 March 1760 as Pierre in Venice preserv'd. He returned to Dublin on 12 November 1761, for a debut at Smock Alley Theatre, playing Etan in The Orphan of China (again as "A Young gentleman"; he was identified in the newspapers on 8 December).
A checklist of the Norwich Theatre's roster for 1761, furnished us by Alick Williams, yields Reddish's name. W S Clark found it on the bills of the Cork Theatre on 24 September and 15 October 1762 and 12 September 1763. Reddish was again at Crow Street in 1763-4, according to company lists made by W J Lawrence and now in the University of Cincinatti Library. In July 1764 Reddish played Captain Macheath in The Beggar's opera and Lord Townley in the The Provok'd husband at the Theatre Royal, Shakespeare Square, Edinburgh.
When he returned to Smock Alley in 1765-66, Reddish was accompanied by a Mrs Reddish, who also acted there that season. Her identity cannot now be certainly determined; Reddish acquired and abandoned several consorts. But she was probably Polly Hart, who had acted for a few nights as Miss Hart at Drury lane in the 1760-61 season; for when Reddish turned up at the Orchard Street Theatre in Bath in 1766-67 he was accompanied by "Mrs Polly Reddish," according to Arnold Hare in Theatre Royal, Bath.
The chronology of Reddish's life in the Convent Garden magazine is, therefore, somewhat awry, for that account states Soon after his arrival in London he paid his addresses to Miss H---t of Drury-lane theatre ..., this lady had an annuity of £200, settled on her for [it: former services, which give every spur to his assiduity, and which terminated, after a short acquaintance, In an honourable surrender." Whatever it was that gulled the hapless Miss Hart, Reddish's prodigality had evidently made him desperate. For the same narrative asserts that his Irish creditors had become so clamourous that he called them together and persuaded them to accept tickets to his benefit in partial payment of his debts, the remainder to be "paid in cash from the receipts... the morning after his benefit by the treasurer..." The creditors agreed, tickets were delivered, elaborate puffs were placed in the newspapers, and Richard III was advertised 'in every corner of the metropolis, in bills not an inch less than eight feet long." But of course, the tickets were not accepted at the door, and the promised receipts were not distributed to the creditors next morning. The money had disappeared, along with Sam Reddish, who was by then on his way to England. The experience did not chasten him. Evidently one of his extravagances was horse racing, and he persisted in it. A clipping dated 1 November 1769, in the Burney collection in the British Library states that "on Wednesday a match was run over Epsom course by two colts belonging to Mr Vernon and Mr Reddish, both of Drury Lane Theatre, which was won with ease by the former."
In the same season - 1766-67 - that the had appeared at Bath, Reddish had begun an association with the new theatre in Bristol. First he only acted; then in 1770 he became part proprietor with Clarke, Dodd, and Parsons. From 1774 through 1775 he was the sole manager. But his principal activity was to be in London.
Reddish made his Drury lane debut on 18 September 1767, as Lord Townley, and was well received. The prompter Hopkins noted that, though he had "but an indifferent figure, - [he] will be useful." Polly, his wife, was also engaged by Garrick and played at Drury Lane through he 1771-72 season, when she disappeared from the London bills, having been succeeded in her husband's affections by Mary Anne Canning, whose ambitions it now became Reddish's concern to advance.
     Mrs Canning played at Drury Lane from November 1773 through May 1774. She evidently had a bad voice and little acting ability, and her engagement was not renewed. In the summers of 1774 and 1775 Reddish exercised his power as manager at Bristol to push her on in principal roles, now billing her as "Mrs Reddish." He wheedled Garrick into allowing her to fill in for the recalcitrant Mrs Yates as Andromache in The Distrest mother in March 1775, producing the critical comment in Hopkins' diary, "Such a performance I think was never seen in Drury Lane Theatre very bad indeed many hisses." In her first appearance in the summer of 1776 at Bristol, when Reddish cast her as Elizabeth in Richard III, she was hissed off. Yet, stubbornly, Reddish persisted. When Sheridan took over from Garrick at Drury Lane in 1776 he was persuaded to give Mary Ann another try, in the role of Azema in Semiramis. She was so very inadequate, reported Hopkins, that "she was hissed all through, and must never perform again." She never did, in London.
Samuel Reddish continued to play at Drury Lane for a few winter seasons, 1767-68 through 1776-77, before returning to Dublin in 1777-78. His roles were numerous and of a fairly wide range - from Iago in Othello to Alexander in The Rival Queens. But he was principally successful in young, sentimental heroes, beaus, and noblemen - Romeo in Romeo & Juliet, Raymond in The Countess of Salisbury, Lord Aimworth in The Maid of the Mill, Lothario in The Fair penitent, Richmond in Richard III, Jaffeir in Venice preserv'd, Falkland in The Rivals, Young Fashion in A Trip to Scarborough, and the like. He "originated" a number of roles: Fred Melmoth in William Kenrick's comedy The Widow'd wife, Zemouca in Alexander Dow's tragedy Zingis, Frampton in Elizabeth Griffith's comedy The School for Rakes...
Reddish was valuable as an actor - his roles show that, as well as his salary. (He was well paid: in 1773, £8 for a week; in 1775, £10; in 1776-77 £11, and in 1777-78 £12.) But it is difficult to assess his abilities fairly. His erratic conduct in the theatre and his poor treatment of his women probably skewed some contemporary judgements. he was a quick study, always willing - at least at first - to assume a role if a fellow actor was ill; and he was persuasive speaker of prologues and a passable singer.
But most critics seemed grudging in their assessments. The Theatrical review came down heavily on him when The Orphan was presented in October 1771: "Mr Reddish's Abilities are by no means suited to the Character of Castolio, waning every necessary requisit to support the Poet's Intention... His Love wants delicate Sensibility; His Grief, Tenderness and heartfelt Distress; and Rage forcibillity [sic] of Importance and Power."
In November 1771, Barry being ill, Reddish stepped in as Bajazet in Tamerlane. His performance was judged "not the thing" by the prompter, Hopkins, a comment he levelled that same month at Reddish's Belcour in The West Indian. The Theatrical review in April 1772 found his Macbeth "a character not suited to Mr Reddish's powers and feelings..." Thomas Davies, in Memoirs of the life of David Garrick, Esq. (1780), remembered that Reddish had given commendable performances in such roles as the Duke of Braganza, without being either elegant or striking in figure or very handsome, because he spoke with "taste." Davies found that his great fault was a habitual smile, which was there through joy, grief, love, or jealousy. ...
Reddish it seems, was guilty of shameless self-promotion. "... it was proved that the late Mr Reddish had paid in one season upwards of thirty pounds to Paragraph writer’s for occasional praises on his acting - ."
In his later years at Drury Lane, Reddish's personality, perhaps never very attractive, began to disintegrate. He was a party to a cabal that hissed the aging Charles Macklin, leading to a riot; he incurred Garrick's wrath by asserting that he, Reddish, was too important to walk in theatrical processions; he forgot which nights he was to play. By 1774, his eccentricity began to give way to spells of insanity. Hopkins noted in his prompter's diary of 6 March 1775, "Mr Reddish being a little out of his senses he could not Play." and a substitution had to be made. On 1 April following, Hopkins wrote: "Matilda was advertis'd for this night, but Mr Reddish came Yesterday as Mad as a March Hare, Said he had all the Terrors of the Damn'd upon him, & that he had not had a Wink of Sleep all Night. Call'd the Great Gods & the dear Woman (Mrs Canning) that lay by his side to Witness the Truth of this Assertion & behav'd like a Man in Despair."
On 6 April, Hopkins noted "Mr Reddish still continuing a little Mad or So - Mr Cautherly plaid the Duke" in Braganza. In June 1775 William Parson wrote to Garrick from Bristol that Reddish was followed everywhere by his debtors. He had fallen down "and continued long in a fit eight days ago, and has not been able to perform since his arrival here. His countenance undergoes the most sudden alterations. His memory fails him." Yet a letter from Reddish to Garrick (now in the Garrick Club) from Bristol on 20 September following found Reddish hopeful. He boasted of his summer success, sent Garrick £50 to apply to an old debt, and asserted that "my health, thank God [is] quite restor'd, and my mind at present happy and at peace, & should both continue undisturb'd, I hope to compensate this season, for the disappointments of the last."
Thus it went, with Reddish rational and acting his usual line of parts most of the time, but with more frequent apses into vagueness and spells of complete vacuity. ... Reddish final summer at Bristol was pitiful. Garrick receiving a running commentary of it from Hannah More. Reddish gave offense to the audience by insisting on casting Mrs Canning in principal parts (and as "Mrs Reddish'). He was greatly hissed as Richard III. There were poor houses. An actor named Robinson challenged Reddish to a duel because of some breach of articles. Reddish, alarmed produced a flash of wit, requesting postponement of the duel until after 132 August, his benefit date, because he was so in debt he could not afford to die. When his benefit night arrived , he had a huge house - but the audience had come to abuse him. They pelted him for a quarter of an hour before he was allowed to speak. Reddish sold his share and left Bristol's creditors and critics forever. In 1777-78 he found employment at the Crow Street Theatre in Dublin.
Reddish never acted at Drury Lane after the season of 1776-77. On 12 October 1778 he made his first appearance at Covent Garden, playing Hamlet, but he was not engaged for the season. He went on to Edinburgh and Dublin. On 5 May 1779 he was offered a compassionate benefit performance by the Covent Garden management. Tickets could be had of him at his lodgings, "No.14, near the Turnpike, Tottenham Court Road." James Boaden, in his Memoirs of the life of John Philip Kemble, preserved John Ireland's account of the occasion. Reddish "was now infirm; in common occurrences imbecile, but it was resolved to try whether he could not go through the character of Posthumus." [Ireland] met his friend an hour before the performance began. Reddish entered the room with the step of an idiot, his eye wandering, and his whole countenance vacant. ..." That was his last performance.
Reddish had already, in 1778, applied for assistance to the Drury Lane actors' fund, according to james Winston's transcriptions in the Folger Library. The Fund supplied him for a while and made some provision for his children.
Polly Hart and Mary Anne Costello Canning seem to have been only the last two of a succession of women whom Reddish introduced to the provincial stage as "Mrs Reddish". (Hannah More had written to Garrick on 28 July 1777 about Mrs Canning: "This is the second or third wife has produced at Bristol: in a short time we have had a whole bundle of Reddishes, and all remarkably unpungent.") Mrs Canning had borne Reddish five children - twins who died young, a son Samuel, a son Charles, and Charles' twin, a girl who grew up to act at least once. Mrs Canning had also brought Reddish two children by her former husband George Canning, a daughter and the boy George Canning who later became Prime Minister of England.
12 portraits of Samuel Reddish are listed.
     Doran comments: The Players of the Garrick period ... Of these, Samuel Reddish was a player of that great epoch, who, for some especial parts, stood in the foremost rank. We first hear of him in the season of 1761-2, strengthening Mossop's company in Smock Alley Dublin, by his performance of Etan, in the "Orphan of China". Of his origin, no one knows more than what he published of himself in the Irish papers, - that he was "a gentleman of easy fortune". This description was turned against him by his old enemy Macklin, on one occasion, when Reddish, in a part he was acting, threw away an elegantly bound book, which he was supposed to have been reading. Macklin's comment was that, however unnatural in the character he was representing, it was quite consistent in Mr Reddish himself, who "you know, has advertised himself as a gentleman of easy fortune". In September 1767, Reddish first appeared in London, at Drury Lane, as Lord Townly, to Mrs Abington's "My Lady". A few nights after, he played Posthumus to the Imogen of Mrs Baddeley. It was in this last character that he took his melancholy leave of the stage at Covent Garden, shaken in mind and memory, - on the 3rd of May 1779; Mrs Bulkley was then the Imogen. His career in London was but of twelve years, and it might have been longer and more brilliant but for that "fast" life which consumed him, - and for one illustration of which, when he was rendered incapable of acting, he made humble apology on the succeeding evening. Within those dozen years Sam Reddish played an infinite variety of characters, from tragedy to farce. Among those he originated were Darnley ("Hypocrite"), Young fashion ("Trip to Scarborough"), and Philotas ("Grecian daughter"). As an actor his voice and figure were highly esteemed in Dublin, but the latter was not considered striking in London. ... When Churchill said, "With transient gleam of grace Hart sweeps along" he was praising the lady whom Reddish married soon after he came to London, and who lost the "transient gleam" in ungracefully growing fat. ... As early as the year 1773, Reddish exhibited one symptom of the malady which compelled him, ultimately to retire, namely the want of memory, which indicates weakness of the brain... During the season of 1777-8, he was incapable of acting, and was supported by the fund. In the following season, he essayed Hamlet, but it was almost as painful as the Ophelia of poor mad Susan Mountfort. Later in the season, in May 1779, the managers gave him a benefit, when "Cymbeline" was acted, and Reddish was announced for Posthumus. An hour or two before the play began, he called at a friend's house, vacant, restless and wandering... He soon became diseased again, and, shut up in a mad-house, poor Reddish might be seen on visitor's days at St Luke's, a sad and humiliating spectacle, herding among the lunatics in that once popular place of cruel exhibition. Two old feelings survived the otherwise complete wreck - his love of good living and his dislike of inferior company. He drank greedily from his draught of milk, out of a wooden bowl, but the "gentleman of easy fortune" complained bitterly of his forced association with the low people who thronged the gallery. He was moved to better air, improved diet, and less plebeian society - in the Asylum at York.
Tragic actor-manager. Married Miss Hart "who enjoyed an income derived from a degrading source". After spending her money he left her. Had an unhappy affair with Mary Ann Costello, treating her very badly. In September 1775 Reddish failed to repay Garrick as he was buying a share in the Bristol theatre. He appeared for the last time in "Posthumous" & was thrown upon the Fund for support. He embezzled the funds of a Theatrical Society of which he was treasurer - sent to York jail. In the 1770s debt, drunkenness & madness finally closed his career. He was sent to York Asylum.
Reddish was principal tragedian to Mrs George Ann Bellamy's Glasgow season.
See Oxford Dictionary of National Biography for further information: www.oxforddnb.com/. See also: http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Reddish,_Samuel_(DNB00).
Reddish Performed as Lovermore in Merope at Smock Alley Theatre.
Reddish to perform as Myrtle in the Conscious lovers at the Theatre Royal, 18th Apr 1763.
In 1765, Samuel Reddish, gentleman subscribed to 2 copies of The Antique description and account of the city of Exeter....
Reddish was accompanied by Mrs Polly Reddish according to Arnold Hare in Theatre Royal, Bath.
     Samuel Reddish had a long term relationship with Grace (Polly) Hart from 1767. When Reddish made his debut at Drury Lane, there was a Miss Hart in the theatre, who enjoyed an income derived from a degrading source, and Reddish, tempted by her money, and utterly indifferent as to how it was acquired, wooed and married her in less than ten weeks. Afterwards, prevailling upon her to sell her annuity, he dissipated the proceeds and then abandoned her.
In the 1766-67 season he began an association with a new theatre in Bristol. First he only acted, then in 1770 he became part proprietor with Clarke, Dodd and Parson. From 1774 through 1776 he was the sole manager.
     Samuel Reddish had a long term relationship with Mary Ann Costello, daughter of Jordan Costello and Mary Guy Dickens, from circa 1774.
On 30 Jun 1777 Saunder's newsletter carried an article stating: Mr Reddish returns his sincere thanks to the public of Dublin for the very warm .... sorry his engagement to perform with Mr Heaphy at Cork renders it impractical for him to appear here after Thursday next the 3rd July... Another page advertised a performance on July 3 of the comedy of 'The West India' by Mr & Mrs Reddish.

Newspaper:Saunders's News-LetterMonday 30 June 1777Theatre Royal Romeo & Juliet Mr Reddish – Romeo – the last night but one of Mr and Mrs Reddish’s performing.
.
Mr Reddish's night. On Tuesday, March 10th, will be presented the Historical Marque of Alfred the Great, the Father of his People. Never yet performed in this city. Alfred by Mr Reddish (who performed it during the run, at the Theatre Royal, in Drury-lane) ... the part of the Quee Eltruda by Mrs reddish (being her first appearance this season) .... Samuel Reddish was admitted to Bethlem, London, on 10 February 1781 Saml Reddish of St George, Bloomsbury, Middlesex. He was admitted to Bootham Hospital, York, on 17 May 1783 Mr Reddish, a comedian whose address and surety was given as The Company of Comedians in Drury Lane, London (amended as an error to Covent Garden). He was admitted suffering loss of memory and died in the asylum 2 1/2 years later.
     Samuel died on 31 December 1785 in York Asylum, York. He was buried on 1 January 1786 in St Olave, York.
The Times reported: Drury Lane Theatrical Fund: Yesterday, at the City of London Tavern, a dinner was given to the friends and supporters of this institution... The Master Mr Kean .... thought it rather an extraordinary circumstance... some members of his own profession not subscribed to this institution... One of the most affecting and encouraging examples was the case of that once well-known favourite of the public, Mr Reddish, who in the delineation of the mimic madness of Edgar was second only to the inimitable Garrick. This gentleman had been a subscriber to this Institution, and thus had given to himself and his family that protection which could not otherwise be obtained. From this fund was the son now supported, and had been educated, and introduced into a most respectable rank in life. [Note that a Mr Canning gave £5 to the fund].
Extracts of the reminiscenses of the late Mr Taylor were published in the Morning chronicle, London, 22 Oct 1832 and state that at p. 45, we learn that Reddish the actor, went mad, because Whitfield struck off his bag-wig when playing Hamlet, and exposed his bald pate to the laughter of the audience. This Reddish 'was the second husband of Mrs Canning, the mother of our late eminent statesman'.

Children of Samuel Reddish and Mary Ann Costello

Samuel Reddish

(8 April 1775 - 13 August 1812)
     Samuel served in the New South Wales Corps as a Sergeant in Australia. Army records show: Muster roll of detachment: Received from Capt Mason's Company 10th Aug (1793?) Saml Reddish appointed Sergeant 10th Aug. The June-Dec 1794 Muster rolls show: Intermediate list - Samuel Reddish embarked 10 September. Appointed Corporal 30 Oct 1794, Sergeant 8th Dec 1794. He disappears from army records between Dec 24 1796 & June 1797. There is no muster roll for 1797. He was christened on 8 April 1775 in St Giles in the Fileds, Holborn, Middlesex. Samuel Reddish, son of Samuel & Mary. He was the son of Samuel Reddish and Mary Ann Costello.
In an article about the Drury Lane Theatrical Fund celebrations dated 25 March 1830 it was stated: An interesting subject-viz; "A provision for the Orphan Children of Decayed Actors: - was discussed; and Mr Thompson with the view of illustrating what great advantages had accrued from the exertions of the Drury-Lane Fund, in the year 1789, and who had searched and collated the Records handed down form the highly gifted founder of the Society, David Garrick, read an ancient Letter, "dated September 1789," which he had selected from many others, which proved that the son of an actress of Drury-Lane Theatre had, by his talents, become Prime Minister of England (Canning); and the next brother Samuel Reddish, an orphan was reared, well read, indifferently clothed, but certainly classically educated, by the Drury-Lane Benevolent Fund! Young Samuel (as appears from after correspondence) became an accomplished scholar and gentleman; but his talents (backed by the interest of Sheridan and his brother George) no sooner raised him to a high civil situation abroad, than he died!
We give a copy verbatim of the boy's whimsical letter, as a proof of an ardent mind, whose young ambition was properly directed: -
"To the directors of the Drury- Lane Theatrical Fund, "Scorton, September 20, 1789.
"Gentlemen - Having now attained an age when I must shortly expect your kind guardianship to cease, permit the feeling heart of a grateful but inexperienced boy to thank you for your more than paternal kindness. The sound and liberal education which your bounty has bestowed on me will, I hope, enable me to struggle courageously with the great world into which I am so shortly to be thrown: and in whatever situation chance may place me, I shall acquit myself with that unsullied reputation which it will be the anxiety and ambition of my life to attain and preserve. I now venture on a last intrusion on your liberality; I learn, from my reading, that in the world, a light accomplishment frequently prove a recommendation, when sound erudition passes unnoticed. In your attention to my head, my dear and kind guardians, my heels have been totally neglected! I have never learned to dance, though I am graced as the best classic scholar at Scorton. I am very graceless at entering a room; if you will allow my last six months tuition to include dancing, your now grateful boy may, perhaps, when a man, be spar'd many a blush for his heels, in that society where his head may chance to place him! I hope you will pardon the vanity of an ambitious boy, and grant his request - and if would add to that kindness, by allowing a new pair of leather breeches for present use - five and nine pence arrears for cricket bats and fruit, and only three months Italian - I think I shall then be 'arm'd at all points" and ready to encounter those worldly difficulties which to the buoyancy of youth are always light".
The following was the laconic answer from the Fund Committee:
"Cricket bats, Italian literature and new leather breeches - allow'd
"Dancing - Oppos'd! - as unnecessary to a Classical Scholar; but it will be taken into consideration next month."
The reading of the Epistle and its eccentric answer excited much admiration and laughter; and after the transaction of some routine business, the Committee adjourned
.
     Samuel Reddish travelled to New South Wales on 25 October 1794 per the "Surprize". He embarked for NSW 13th Feb 1794 on the "Surprize" (refer HO11/1 reels 87-88). Index to Home Office records at PRO - lists of transports sailing from London 1787-1836. The "Surprize" was on her second voyage to Australia, she carried 23 men & 60 women when she left England on 2 May 1794. Arrived 25 Oct 1794, 400 ton ship, master Patrick Campbell, surgeon James Thomson. She touched only at Rio, making the passage in 176 days and landed her prisoners without loss. Her convicts included 4 of the Scottish martyrs.
     The transport "Surprize" arrived from England carrying John Boston (with wife & 3 children), Matthew Pearce (& wife) and a young man named Ellis who who were free migrants, also William Baker, formerly a sergeant in the Marine Corps came as superintendent of convicts. By this ship Grose received several letters describing the cargo and the passengers. A letter from Dundas of Feb 15 formally notified him of Capt Hunter's appointment as Governor. Collins was incensed by the type of people sent out by Government. "A guard of an ensign and 21 privates of the NSW Corps were on board the transport. Six of these people were deserters from other regiments brought from the Savoy ...
Samuel Reddish was granted land on 19 November 1794 in Lane Cove, New South Wales, Australia. He was granted 25 acres at Lane Cove, Hunters Hill by Francis Grose on 19 Nov 1794 for an annual quit rent of one shilling payable from 19 Nov 1799.
     Samuel resided at Norfolk Island, from 1 July 1795. On 1 July 1795 he arrived at the Norfolk Island Garrison, and was victualled for 182 days. He is mentioned in the Philip Gidley King papers as having supplied 290 lbs of salt beef in 1795-1796. Oct 3 1795 State of the settlement Norfolk Island - 2 sergeants.
     He is listed as arriving at Norfolk Island on the "Fancy" in the 1792-95 muster rolls indexed in theTasmanian colonial index.
     Samuel Reddish received a letter dated 30 January 1800. We hold a letter cover addressed to Samuel Reddish Esq. Post Office, Portsmouth, from London January thirtieth 1800, Geo Canning (freepost).. He received a prayer book from Mary Ann Costello on 12 February 1800 in Portsmouth, Hampshire. This was in the possession of John Ashby Hooper and is signed "the last gift of an affectionate mother, to S Reddish, may he be virtuous and happy, M A Hunn, Portsmouth 12 Feb 1800" presumably given on his departure for Barbados to be Comptroller of Customs at Bridgetown.
     Samuel Reddish arrived in February 1800 at West Indies. Samuel was Comptroller of Customs in Falmouth, Trelawney parish, Jamaica, from 1800. At his marriage on 31 Aug 1800 aged 25, he was Comptroller of Customs, Bridgetown, Barbados then became Collector of H M Customs at Falmouth, Jamaica.
Samuel Reddish married Dorothy Ashby, daughter of John Lewis Ashby and Margaret Rebecca Vodry, on 31 August 1800 in St Michael, Bridgetown, Barbados. Married August 31 1800 Dorothy Ashby, daughter of John Lewis Ashby and Margaret Rebecca his wife to Samuel Reddish Esq. Comptroller of His Majesties Customs, Bridge Town, Barbados.
Samuel was in London for part of 1803 and offered to take his half-brother Frederick under his wing in the West Indies..
He produced a book "A digest of the laws of the Customs, as they relate to the plantations, carefully compiled from the statutes at large, 1805" No copy survives. Canning descrbed him as "bold, wild fellow".
On the 5th February, a meeting took place near Kingston, in Jamaica, between the Hon H J Hinchecliffe, Judge of the Court of Vice Admiralty there, and Samuel Reddish, Esq.
Collector of the Customs at Falmouth and Montego Bay, and brother in law to Mr Canning ; who was appointed, to the situation when Mr C. was in power. The parties having exchanged three ineffectual shots, the seconds interfered, and adjusted the affair'. The meeting was in consequence of a report that the latter gentleman sent home to the Commissioners of the Customs, insinuating, that Mr Hinchcliffe leaned to the mercantile interest.
.
Royal Gazette on 27 July 1811 reported from the Cornwall Assizes sentences passed: Among the civil causes were Roper vs Reddish, for defamation, in which the Jury gave 300l damages, and Blake vs Reddish, on a similar ground - the Jury gave damages 2000l.
Royal Gazette 21 Sep 1811 reported: Mr Reddish, master of the hotel, and Sayers, the Bow-street Officer, also spoke to the outrages committed by the mob.
Caveats entered in this Office [Secretary's].
On whose Estate. Samuel Reddish. By whom entered. Dorothy Reddish.
     Samuel died on 13 August 1812 in Martha Brae, Trelawney parish, Jamaica, aged 37. August 13th 1812. This morning at 1/2 past ten o'clock died Samuel Reddish, father of above at his house at Martha Brae on the island of Jamaica where he resided as Collector of His Majesty's customs at the Port of Falmouth.
He may be the father of William Reddish, mulatto born c. 1811, living at Kingston in 1817, and possibliity grandfather of Diana Reddish, born 1817, a creole of Trelawney.
. He was buried on 14 August 1812 in Trelawney paish.

Child of Samuel Reddish and Dorothy Ashby

Children of Samuel Reddish

Child of Samuel Reddish and J Cranston

Samuel Reddish

(circa 1795 - )
     Samuel Reddish was born circa 1795.
     Samuel resided at 78 Lt Britain, London. He was buried on 18 July 1840 in St Botolph without Aldergate, London, England.

twin Reddish

(circa 1779 - before 31 December 1785)
     Twin Reddish was born circa 1779 in England. He was the son of Samuel Reddish and Mary Ann Costello.
     Twin died before 31 December 1785. Samuel their father had only 3 three children at his death. Highfill states that they died young.

twin Reddish

(before 3 January 1779 - between 1783 and 1785)
     Twin Reddish was christened before 3 January 1779. She was the daughter of Samuel Reddish and Mary Ann Costello.
     Twin died between 1783 and 1785. She acted at Exeter aged 5 in 1783, but their father had only three children mentioned at his death. Highfill states that she was the twin of Samuel but the age suggests that she was the twin of Charles.

Una Maud Mary Reddish

(1885 - )
     Una Maud Mary Reddish was born in 1885 in St Catherine, Jamaica.

William Reddish

(circa 1780 - 1794)
     William Reddish was born circa 1780 in England. His half brother George Canning was frequently asked to pay the fees for his school in Yorkshire. Canning also met his medical expenses but his illness was fatal at a comparatively young age. He was the last Reddish child.. He was the son of Samuel Reddish and Mary Ann Costello.
     William and Charles Reddish were educated from 1789. The boys were transferred from schools in the west country to Scorton near Catterick in Yorkshire, kept by Rev James Milner.
     William died in 1794 in Yorkshire. He & his siblings were boarded with Rev Millar (Milner?)..

Ann Redfern

(circa 1620 - before 4 April 1651)
     Ann Redfern was born circa 1620.
Ann Redfern married John Steer, son of Robert Steer and Elizabeth Senior?, on 31 October 1643 in Darley, Derbyshire. John Steer of Bridgetown & Anne Redferne of Tissington (or 1644?).
     Ann died before 4 April 1651 in Darley, Derbyshire. Mrs Anne Steer of Stancliffe. She was buried on 4 April 1651 in Darley, Derbyshire.

Children of Ann Redfern and John Steer

John Redfern

(circa 1620? - )
     John Redfern was born circa 1620? In Tissington.
John Redfern married Catherine Steer, daughter of Robert Steer and Elizabeth Senior?, on 31 October 1643 in Darley, Derbyshire, England. She was still living in 1661.

Agnes Marie Redgrave

(circa 1856 - )
     Agnes Marie Redgrave was born circa 1856 in Birmingham, Warwickshire. She was the daughter of Elisha Redgrave and Mary Williams. Alfred, George, Agnes, Arthur and Ann were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1861 census in 26 Exeter Row, Birmingham, Warwickshire. Alfred, George, Agnes, Arthur, Ann, Fanny, Florence, Frederick and Mary were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1871 census in Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire. Agnes, Ann, Fanny, Florence, Frederick, Gertrude and Alfred were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1881 census in 100 Balsall Heath Rd, Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire. Agnes, Gertrude and Arthur were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1891 census in 10 Hales St, Coventry, Warwickshire.

Alfred Redgrave

(circa 1874 - )
     Alfred Redgrave was born circa 1874 in Birmingham, Warwickshire. He was the son of Elisha Redgrave and Mary Williams. Agnes, Ann, Fanny, Florence, Frederick, Gertrude and Alfred were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1881 census in 100 Balsall Heath Rd, Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire.

Alfred E Redgrave

(circa 1852 - )
     Alfred E Redgrave was born circa 1852 in Birmingham, Warwickshire. He was the son of Elisha Redgrave and Mary Williams. Alfred, George, Agnes, Arthur and Ann were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1861 census in 26 Exeter Row, Birmingham, Warwickshire. Alfred, George, Agnes, Arthur, Ann, Fanny, Florence, Frederick and Mary were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1871 census in Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire.

Angelina Marg... Redgrave

(before 30 September 1859 - )
     Angelina Marg... Redgrave was born before 30 September 1859 in Highgate, London. She was the daughter of Elijah Redgrave and Caroline Wafford. Caroline, Elijah, George, Rebecca and Angelina were listed as the children of Elijah Redgrave in the 1861 census in 15? York Street?, St Pancras, London. Catherine, Maria, George, Rebecca, Angelina, Ezra, William and Ernest were listed as the children of Elijah Redgrave in the 1871 census in 15? York Place, St Pancras, London. Maria, Rebecca, William, Ernest, Angelina and Arthur were listed as the children of Elijah Redgrave in the 1881 census in 15 High St, St Pancras, London.

Ann Maria Redgrave

(circa March 1861 - )
     Ann Maria Redgrave was born circa March 1861 in Birmingham, Warwickshire. She was the daughter of Elisha Redgrave and Mary Williams. Alfred, George, Agnes, Arthur and Ann were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1861 census in 26 Exeter Row, Birmingham, Warwickshire. Alfred, George, Agnes, Arthur, Ann, Fanny, Florence, Frederick and Mary were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1871 census in Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire. Agnes, Ann, Fanny, Florence, Frederick, Gertrude and Alfred were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1881 census in 100 Balsall Heath Rd, Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire.

Arthur Redgrave

(between 1879 and 1880 - )
     Arthur Redgrave was born between 1879 and 1880. An Arthur Elisha Redgrave was registered in the March quarter of 1880 in the Aston district (Birmingham) and an Arthur John in the Sep quarter of 1879 in the Birmingham RD. He was the son of Elijah Redgrave and Caroline Wafford. Arthur Redgrave may have also been born September 1879 Birmingham, Warwickshire. Maria, Rebecca, William, Ernest, Angelina and Arthur were listed as the children of Elijah Redgrave in the 1881 census in 15 High St, St Pancras, London.

Arthur John Redgrave

(June 1857 - )
     Arthur John Redgrave's birth was registered in the quarter ending in June 1857 in Birmingham, Warwickshire. He was the son of Elisha Redgrave and Mary Williams. Alfred, George, Agnes, Arthur and Ann were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1861 census in 26 Exeter Row, Birmingham, Warwickshire. Alfred, George, Agnes, Arthur, Ann, Fanny, Florence, Frederick and Mary were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1871 census in Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire. Agnes, Gertrude and Arthur were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1891 census in 10 Hales St, Coventry, Warwickshire.

Caroline Ann Redgrave

(13 September 1847 - 10 March 1942)
     Caroline Ann Redgrave was also known as Caroline Amelia in records. She was born on 13 September 1847 in Crick, Rugby RD, Northamptonshire, England. She was the daughter of Elijah Redgrave and Caroline Wafford. Caroline and Elijah were listed as the children of Elijah Redgrave in the 1851 census in 6 Buckingham Place, Islington. Caroline, Elijah, George, Rebecca and Angelina were listed as the children of Elijah Redgrave in the 1861 census in 15? York Street?, St Pancras, London.
Caroline Ann Redgrave married Charles Porter on 15 June 1870 in the Registry Office, Brisbane, Queensland. She was a teacher aged 22 and he was a salesman aged 30, she was the daughter of Elijah Redgrave, fruiterer and his wife Caroline Wafford.
     Caroline died on 10 March 1942 in 121 Dudley St, Punchbowl, New South Wales, aged 94.

Children of Caroline Ann Redgrave and Charles Porter

Catherine Amelia Redgrave

(7 July 1851 - )
     Catherine Amelia Redgrave was also known as Amelia in records. She was born on 7 July 1851 in 6 Buckingham Place, Kings Cross, London. She was the daughter of Elijah Redgrave and Caroline Wafford. Catherine Amelia Redgrave was christened on 7 September 1851 in St Pancras Old Church, London. She was a visitor in the household of George Bills in the 1861 census in 30 Portsmouth Place, Lambeth, Surrey. George Bills, 39, proprietor of houses, born Mdx Somerstown?; his wife Catherine aged 26, born Seven Dials, their children George aged 4 & Catherine 6 months, both born Lambeth, Surrey and a visitor Catherine Redgrave aged 9, scholar, born Kings Cross, Mdx. Catherine, Maria, George, Rebecca, Angelina, Ezra, William and Ernest were listed as the children of Elijah Redgrave in the 1871 census in 15? York Place, St Pancras, London.

Cornelius Redgrave

(1824 - 1922)
     Cornelius Redgrave was born in 1824. He was the son of Thomas Redgrave and Mary Whitnell.
     Cornelius died in 1922.

Elijah Redgrave

(before March 1827 - before 30 September 1896)
     Elijah Redgrave was born before March 1827 in Crick, Northamptonshire. He was the son of Thomas Redgrave and Mary Whitnell. Elijah Redgrave was christened on 15 April 1827 in Crick.
     Elijah Redgrave appeared on the 1841 census in the household of Thomas Redgrave in Lambeth, Surrey.
Elijah Redgrave married Caroline Wafford, daughter of Thomas Wafford, on 19 October 1846 in St Pancras Church, London. Married in the parish church by licence on Oct 19 1846, Elijah Redgrave , full age, bachelor, farmer, of St Pancras, son of Thomas Redgrave, farmer, & Caroline Wafford, minor, spinster, of St Pancras, daughter of Thomas Wafford, dead. Both signed and the witnesses were Henry Pearce & Eliza Gardiner.
     Elijah Redgrave and Caroline Wafford were recorded on the 1851 census in 6 Buckingham Place, Islington. Elijah Redgrave aged 24, greeengrocer born Crick, Northamptonshire, with his wife Caroline aged 22, born London, and children Caroline 3, born Crick, Elijah 1, born Henkfield?, Bershire and a visitor Ann Bills and an errand boy.
     Elijah Redgrave and Caroline Wafford were recorded on the 1861 census in 15? York Street?, St Pancras, London. Elijah Redgrave, 32, fruiterer, born Crick, Northamptonshire, with his wife Caroline 30, born Lambeth Surrey, and children Caroline Ann 14, born Crick, Elijah 12, born Winchfield, Hants?, George 6, born Highgate, Mdx, Rebecca 4, ditto, Angelina M 1, ditto.
     Elijah Redgrave and Caroline Wafford were recorded on the 1871 census in 15? York Place, St Pancras, London. Elijah Redgrave, 44, greengrocer, born Northamptonshire, with his wife Caroline 30, born Lambeth Surrey, and children Catherine 20, Wool depository, born St Pancras, Maria 18, born Highgate, George, 16, born Highgate, Rebecca 14, ditto, Angelina 12, ditto, Ezra? 10, ditto, William 8 ditto, Ernest 2, ditto. Elijah Redgrave was widowed before 30 June 1880 on the death of his wife Caroline Wafford.
     Elijah Redgrave were recorded on the 1881 census in 15 High St, St Pancras, London. Elijah Redgrave, head, widower, 50, fruiterer, born Highgate, Mdx; Maria Redgrave, illegible, unmarried, 28, Rebecca Redgrave, unmarried 24, - Redgrave, son 19, Wm Redgrave, son 15, Ernest Redgrave, son 11, Angelina Redgrave,daughter 22, Aurther Redgrave, son, 1, all born at Highgate.
Elijah Redgrave married secondly Emma Thornton in 1882 or 1883 in London. The marriage seems to be registered twice, Sep 1882 Strand RD and Mar 1883 in Pancras RD.
     Elijah Redgrave and Emma Thornton were recorded on the 1891 census in 33 Grovedale Rd, Islington, Middlesex. Elijah Redgrave, aged 64, married with no occupation, born Crick residing as father with his daughter Maria married to John Stanbridge and their 6 children. There was also an Emma Redgrave, married aged 50 born St Albans, Herts, listed next to him.
     Elijah's death was registered in the quarter ending before 30 September 1896 in Islington, London.

Children of Elijah Redgrave and Caroline Wafford

Elijah Redgrave

(28 May 1849 - )
     Elijah Redgrave was born on 28 May 1849 in Henkfield? or Winchfield, Easthampstead, Berkshire. He was the son of Elijah Redgrave and Caroline Wafford. Caroline and Elijah were listed as the children of Elijah Redgrave in the 1851 census in 6 Buckingham Place, Islington. Elijah Redgrave was christened on 7 September 1851 in St Pancras Old Church, London. Caroline, Elijah, George, Rebecca and Angelina were listed as the children of Elijah Redgrave in the 1861 census in 15? York Street?, St Pancras, London.
     Elijah Redgrave was recorded on the 1871 census in 9 Rochester Tce, Edmonton, London. Elijah Redgrave, son, unmarried 21, fruiterer, born Windsor, Berks (in separate household) but the next building contained Euphemia Redgrave, married, aged 50, no occupation, born Kent.
Elijah Redgrave married Mary Pledger between July 1875 and September 1875 in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey.
     Elijah Redgrave were recorded on the 1881 census in Market Place, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey. Elijah Redgrave, head, 31, born Berkshire, fruiterer & florist & his wife Lydia Redgrave aged 29 born St Albans, Berkshire.

Elisha Redgrave

(21 June 1829 - September 1901)
     Elisha Redgrave was christened on 21 June 1829 in Crick, Northamptonshire. He was the son of Thomas Redgrave and Mary Whitnell.
     Elisha Redgrave appeared on the 1841 census in the household of Thomas Redgrave in Lambeth, Surrey.
Elisha Redgrave married Mary Williams on 22 December 1850 in St Mark, Birmingham, Warwickshire.
     Elisha Redgrave was recorded on the 1861 census in 26 Exeter Row, Birmingham, Warwickshire. Elisha Redgrave, head, m, 32, auctioneer & appraiser, born Crick, Northamptonshire; his wife Mary, 29, born Birmingham; sons Alfred E 9, George E 7, Agnes Marie, 5, Arthur John 4, Ann Maria 1 month, all born Birmingham, with Emily Walters, servant.
     Elisha Redgrave and Mary Williams were recorded on the 1871 census in Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire. Elisha Redgrave, head, 40?, auctioneers accountant ... agent, born Crick, Northamptonshire, his wife Mary 39, born Berkhampstead??, children Alfred E, 19 auctioneer's clerk, George E 14, estate agency clerk, Agnes M, 15, Arthur J 14, Ann M 10, Fanny 8, Florence 6, Frederick 4, Mary A 2, all born Birmingham, with a servant Mary A Read.
     Elisha Redgrave and Mary Williams were recorded on the 1881 census in 100 Balsall Heath Rd, Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire. Elisha Redgrave, 52, auctioneer & estate agent, born Crick, with his wife Mary aged 49, born Birmingham, children Agnes M 25, Ann M 20, Fanny 18, Florence 16, Frederick 15, apprentice, Gertrude 9, Alfred 7 scholar, all born at Birmingham.
     Elisha Redgrave and Mary Williams were recorded on the 1891 census in 10 Hales St, Coventry, Warwickshire. Elisha Redgrave, head, married, 62, publican, born Crick, Northamptonshire; Mary his wife aged 59, Agnes Clarke, daughter, married, 35, Arthur J Redgrave, son 33, storekeeper? ..., Gertrude Redgrave, daughter, single, 19, all born in Birmingham, Agnes B Clark, grand daughter 7, born Philadelphia USA, Arthur T? Clarke, grand son, 1, born Poleworth, Warwickshire.
     Elisha's death was registered in the quarter ending in September 1901 in Aston RD, Warwickshire.

Children of Elisha Redgrave and Mary Williams

Ernest Redgrave

(before April 1869 - )
     Ernest Redgrave was born before April 1869 in Highgate, London. He was the son of Elijah Redgrave and Caroline Wafford. Catherine, Maria, George, Rebecca, Angelina, Ezra, William and Ernest were listed as the children of Elijah Redgrave in the 1871 census in 15? York Place, St Pancras, London. Maria, Rebecca, William, Ernest, Angelina and Arthur were listed as the children of Elijah Redgrave in the 1881 census in 15 High St, St Pancras, London.

Ezra Redgrave

(before April 1861 - )
     Ezra Redgrave was born before April 1861 in Highgate, London. He was the son of Elijah Redgrave and Caroline Wafford. Catherine, Maria, George, Rebecca, Angelina, Ezra, William and Ernest were listed as the children of Elijah Redgrave in the 1871 census in 15? York Place, St Pancras, London.

Ezra Redgrave

(13 August 1837 - )
     Ezra Redgrave was christened on 13 August 1837 in Crick, Northamptonshire. He was the son of Thomas Redgrave and Mary Whitnell.

Fanny Redgrave

(circa 1863 - )
     Fanny Redgrave was born circa 1863 in Birmingham, Warwickshire. She was the daughter of Elisha Redgrave and Mary Williams. Alfred, George, Agnes, Arthur, Ann, Fanny, Florence, Frederick and Mary were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1871 census in Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire. Agnes, Ann, Fanny, Florence, Frederick, Gertrude and Alfred were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1881 census in 100 Balsall Heath Rd, Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire.

Florence Redgrave

(circa 1865 - )
     Florence Redgrave was born circa 1865 in Birmingham, Warwickshire. She was the daughter of Elisha Redgrave and Mary Williams. Alfred, George, Agnes, Arthur, Ann, Fanny, Florence, Frederick and Mary were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1871 census in Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire. Agnes, Ann, Fanny, Florence, Frederick, Gertrude and Alfred were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1881 census in 100 Balsall Heath Rd, Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire.

Frederick Redgrave

(circa 1867 - )
     Frederick Redgrave was born circa 1867 in Birmingham, Warwickshire. He was the son of Elisha Redgrave and Mary Williams. Alfred, George, Agnes, Arthur, Ann, Fanny, Florence, Frederick and Mary were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1871 census in Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire. Agnes, Ann, Fanny, Florence, Frederick, Gertrude and Alfred were listed as the children of Elisha Redgrave in the 1881 census in 100 Balsall Heath Rd, Edgbaston, Birmingham, Warwickshire.