Major Henry Killigrew

     Major Henry Killigrew was born. He is unlikely to be the son of the Admiral - not mentioned in major texts. He was the son of Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty and Lucy Jervoise.
     Possibly Lt Col & Captain 14 Dec 1715 of Brig Dormers's Regt of Dragoons in the 1715 Army list [PROK]. Tregellas p.188, queries whether he was the Major in Lord Staffordshire's Royal Regt of Dragoons.
     A Henry, son of Henry was baptised at Paignton, Devon on 21 Aug 1721. This was likely to be the son of Henry who married Elizabeth Courtisse on 28 Feb 1711 there. This Henry is likely to be a son of the Henry who married Joan Webber there in 1668.
     He is not mentioned by Vivian as a son of the Admiral.

Major Henry Killigrew

(circa 1620 - 1644)
     Major Henry Killigrew was born circa 1620 in Essex. He was the son of Sir Henry Killigrew and Jemima Bael.
     Henry matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford University, on 16 March 1636/37. Henry Killigrew, born Essex, son of Henry of Larick, Cornwall, armiger. Matric. 16 March 1637/8 aged 16.
     Major Henry Killigrew made a will dated 1644. 12 Jan 1695 Copy of Writ of Error and Transcript of Record brought in this day (Lords Journals, XV. 460), together with Tenor of Judgment given on 19 Feb (ib. 499 in extenso). Sir Henry Killigrew in 1644 made a Will leaving his property, the Manor of Laurack and Barton of Juts, Cornwall, and lands in the Lindsey Level in Lincolnshire, and other property, to his cousin Jane Berkley, by whose virtuous conversation he had been reclaimed from many vices to which both by nature and custom he was made subject, the lands in Lincolnshire to be hers and her heirs' for ever, the other lands, after her death, to go to his natural son Henry Killigrew alias Henry Hill and his heirs male, failing whom to his nephew Sir Joseph Seymour. He also made a later Will, the purport of which was unknown. After his death Mrs. Berkley demised the Manor and Rectory of Laurack and other property in the parishes of Laurack, St Jermen's, Quethiocke, St Ive, Kellington and St Stephens near Saltash to Edward Nosworthy during her life, whose son and heir Edward transferred them to John Hitchins, the Plaintiff. Sir William Bassett, Knt., the son and heir of Elizabeth Bassett, daughter and heiress of Sir Joseph Killigrew, Knt., Sir Henry's elder brother, ejected Hitchins, as heir to Sir Henry Killigrew, and Hitchins sued him for trespass.
     Henry died in 1644 in Bridgewater, Somerset. He had no issue.

Sir Henry Killigrew

(circa 1528 - 16 March 1602/3)
     Sir Henry Killigrew was born circa 1528 in 'Arwenack', Budock, Cornwall.
     b. c.1528, 4th s. of John Killigrew of Arwennack by Elizabeth, da. of James Trewennard of St. Erth; bro. of John I and William. educ. ?Camb. bef. 1541. m. (1) 4 Nov. 1565, Catherine (d.1583), da. of Sir Anthony Cooke of Gidea Hall, Essex, 4da; (2) 7 Nov. 1590, Jaél de Peigne, 3s. 1da. Kntd. 1591.2. He was the son of Capt John Killigrew and Elizabeth Trewinnard.
     Henry matriculated at Cambridge University. He was probably educated at Cambridge and studied the classics, French and Italian.
     Sir Henry Killigrew was employed as a gentleman servant in the household of John Dudley, Viscount Listle and later Duke of Northumberland in 1545.
     More information about Sir Henry Killigrew may be found at http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/killigrew-henry-1528-1603. Henry was a diplomat . He was a diplomat and ambassador. MP Launceston 18 Feb 1552/3, Truro 1571, 1572-82. Employed by Queen Elizabeth on several missions, notably to Scotland 1558-66, 1572-91. He was knighted 22 Nov 1591. Benefactor to Emanuel College, Cambridge. He was also pardoned with Sir John Killigrew and Peter Killigrew; 15 Jan (1 Eliz) - The brothers John, Henry & Peter Killigrew were pardoned :"Peter Killegrew, etc. of Arwenack, co. Cornwall, gentleman, alias of London, 'mercer'".
Henry Killigrew of Arwenack, was pardoned with his brothers Peter & John of Arwenack in the first year of the reign of Elizabeth (15 Jan 1559).
     4 May 1559: Committment to John Killigrew the younger & Henry Killigrew his brother, custody of Alexander Arundell, son & heir of John Arundell of Talverne, co. Cornwall & Richard Arundell, Alexander's brother, idiots from birth ....
     Sir Henry Killigrew married Katherine Cooke on 4 November 1565 in Gidea Hall, Romford?, Essex.
     In James Killigrew's will dated 12 January 1566/67 in St Budock, Cornwall, England, Sir Henry Killigrew was named as heir; I James Killigrewe of the parish of Budock in the county of Cornwall being in my bodye and of ... remembrance thanks be to God make this my ... last will and testament the xiith of January the ninth year and of our Sovereign Lady Elizabeth by the grace of God Queen of England, France & Ireland and defender of the faith. First I bequeath my soule into hands of God my heavenly father and ... I bequeath my body to the grave in... and I bequeath... of my godsonne Symon Killygrew tenne? pounds? John Chamberlyne ... and to my god daughter Mary ... twenty shillings and I bequeath to Robert my ... forty shillings and to Harry my ... forty shillings and to Mondaye his sonne twenty shillings and I bequeath to my sister Anne Penrose fortye shillings and to ... and B... ... each of them twentye shillings ... and for the ... ... of ... bequeath .......... and I bequeath to my dear friend .... and .... and to my friend Robert Taylor my nephew Harrye Killygrew ... xxs for his paynes I bequeath to my sister Killigrew Tenne shillings to my cozen Mary Killigrew tenne shillings to my cosen Marget Godolfing tenne shillings, Ellen Killigrew tenne shillings and to Mary & Katherine Killigrew tenne shillings & ... and to ... tenne shillings and I bequeath to my cosen Alexander Killygrew twentye shillings and to Leonard? ... Phillip ... fourtye shillings divided between them and I give all the rest of my goods not bequeathed to my brother John Killygrew who ... & make my .... executor of this my last will & testament to devide any .... as he may feel ... Probatum... London 26 Nov to John Killygrew ...      
Sir Henry Killigrew was the Member of Parliament.
b. 1525/30, 4th s. of John Killigrew of Arwennack, by Elizabeth, da. of James Trewynnard of St. Erth, Cornw; bro. of John and William. educ. ?Camb. m. (1) 4 Nov. 1565, Catherine (d.1583), da. of Sir Anthony Cooke of Gidea Hall, Essex, 4da; (2) 7 Nov. 1590, Jáel de Peigne, 3s. 1da. Kntd. 20 Nov. 1591.2 in 1571 and 1572-1582 for Truro, Cornwall.
     He was possibly the Henry Killigrew mentioned at Carsnew Manor in 1585 Wherof paid out for the rents to the lord of Penryn Foryn 14/10 ... To Henry Killigrewe 10/0.
     Sir Henry Killigrew married secondly Jael de Peigne on 7 November 1590 in St Peter Le Poer, London, England. Maister Henry Killigrey & Mistries Jael de Peigne, a French woman.
     Signet bills [Index library v.4]] - Henry, warrant July 1591, June 1601 (wife's denization); Sir Henry, office Aug 1602 & May 1603.
See Dictionary of National Biography for further details: http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/15533.
He fathered a bastard child while at Court, but was hypocritical enough to say in another's case it was "good warning sof God's displeasure".
     Sir Henry Killigrew made a will dated 30 April 1602 in London. Sir Henry Killigrew of London, Knight. Will dated 30 April 1602, proved 6 April 1603, by the relict Dame Jael Killigrew.y brother William Killigrew. My wife Jael. My sons Joseph, Robert & Henry. Manor of Lanrache. My brother in law Sir Francis Godolphin..My daughter Jael.
     Henry died on 16 March 1602/3 in Larach, Cornwall.
     His will was proved on 16 April 1603 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Sir Henry Killigrew of London, Knight. Will dated 30 April 1602, proved 6 April 1603, by the relict Dame Jael Killigrewl.
     Sir Henry Killigrew was the subject of an Inquisition Post Mortem held in Bodmin, Cornwall, on 5 October 1603 Inquisition held at Bodmin in the presence of Johnathan Trelawney, knight; Thomas Lower, gentleman; John Hender, esquire; John Harrys, esquire; Thomas Treffrye esquire; John Deble, esquire; escheator of Cornwall and Edmund Douriche, gentleman feodary of the same with full powers by virtue of a commission of the Lord King in the nature of a writ of 'diem clausit extremum', after the death of Henry Killigrew, deceased, directed to them and to Thomas Dotson, esquire; Richard Couch, esquire; George Carnesew, gentleman; John Trubody, gentleman; John Upton, gentleman; Stephen Toker, gentleman; Peter Leach, gentleman;John Beaford, gentleman; Richard Crossman, gentleman; George Lobb; John Carlion; John Coke; Thomas Wythiell; John Chappell. Property: manor of Landrake; manor of Botlet, alias Botlete; [Boconnoc, Lanreath and St Pinnock] manor of Trencreke; [Creed]; messuage, garden, orchard in Pallawin, alias Penhalwin [Panhalyn in Jacobstow]; lands formerly the possession of the dissolved priory of Truro under the prioir Jeffrey; two messuages, gardens and orchards in Penryn; all which lands the said Henry Killigrew, by his indented charter of 3 Feb 1598, entered on the rolls on 22 Feb 1603 did concede, bargain and sell unto Francis Godolphin, knight; William Killigrew of Hanwoorthe, esquire; Richard Carew of Antony, esquire; William Treffrye of Fowey, esquire; and Richard Gedye their heirs and assigns in perpetuity, being in trust for the use and benefit of the said Henry Killigrew throughout his life and after his death in the performance of his last will and testament. Heir: Joseph Killigrew, esquire, the son of Henry Killigrew. In Latin..
     -Luke MacMahon wrote: ‘Killigrew, Sir Henry (1525x8-1603)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/15533, accessed 24 Sept 2005]Killigrew, Sir Henry (1525x8-1603), diplomat, was the fourth son of John Killigrew (d. 1568), landowner of Arwennack, Cornwall, and his wife, Elizabeth, second daughter of James Trewennard. His brothers included the MPs John Killigrew (d. 1584) and Sir William Killigrew (d. 1622). Based in Cornwall since the mid-thirteenth century the Killigrews owned land in the parish of St Erme near Truro, although the family seat at Arwennack, where Henry Killigrew was most likely born, was not established until 1385. By the reign of Henry VIII the Killigrews were well placed among the west country gentry, John Killigrew being entrusted by the king with the sensitive office of captain of Pendennis Castle. Henry Killigrew may well have attended Cambridge University, although there is no evidence that he ever obtained a degree. Nevertheless he was certainly educated to a high standard. In addition to a thorough grounding in classical languages and literature and a keen interest in music and painting, he possessed a strong grasp of both Italian and French.
Early career and exile, 1552–1558
Killigrew's career as a public servant began in 1552 with his appointment as harbourmaster for the duchy of Cornwall, the same year that he received the office of collector of rents for the manor of Helston, Cornwall. On 18 February 1553 he was returned as MP for Launceston. No doubt in part this small but useful collection of offices reflected the natural expectations that even a younger son born to a well connected landowning family might reasonably have. It also demonstrated the value of holding the correct religious sympathies under a particular regime. He was already known to John Dudley, duke of Northumberland, for his service to him as a gentleman usher in the mid-1540s, and the strong protestant faith evinced by Killigrew and his family did much to bolster their popularity with the government.

Killigrew's Dudley association did not extend to support for Northumberland's efforts to alter the succession. Killigrew and his family made no effort to oppose Mary's accession. Only when it became clear that a corner-stone of the Counter-Reformation in England would be the queen's marriage to Philip of Spain did Killigrew and his brothers repudiate their allegiance. By December 1553 Killigrew had travelled to the French court to seek the support of Henri II for a planned rising. When this rising failed the French king swiftly distanced himself from the affair, leaving Killigrew and his co-conspirators adrift and exiled. Killigrew remained in Europe until Elizabeth I's accession. By mid-1554 he had joined the household of the protestant François de Vendôme, vidame de Chartres. It was in this capacity that Killigrew gained his first military experience, fighting with the vidame in Italy, experience that was augmented when he once again fought for the French at St Quentin in August 1557. Ironically, another facet of Killigrew's development largely formed during his exile was a strong distrust of the French. For all that he and his fellow exiles were welcomed into the French army, once their usefulness as rebels was exhausted Henri and his advisers treated them with thinly veiled contempt. This poor treatment cemented in Killigrew an enduring dislike of the French that coloured his attitude towards them during his time as a leading Elizabethan diplomat. Most important, it was during this period that he gained invaluable experience of European courts. In addition to the many contacts he made in France he spent time in Italy, not only as part of the vidame's forces, but also in 1556 on a sensitive mission to Edward Courteney, earl of Devonshire, seeking to gain his commitment to lead yet another rebellion against Mary. When this proved unsuccessful, and no doubt heartily disillusioned with his French hosts, Killigrew travelled to Germany and took up residence in Strasbourg. It was there in November 1557 that Thomas Randolph found him, and on Mary's behalf requested that he perform a reconnaissance mission in France. It was significant that this request was apparently made with the full knowledge of Princess Elizabeth. Having completed the mission Killigrew returned to Strasbourg, where he remained until Mary's death. The earlier suggestion that Elizabeth was aware of both Killigrew and his suitability for diplomatic work was confirmed when shortly after her accession the young queen summoned him back to London as a prelude to dispatching him as her envoy to the protestant princes of Germany.
France and Scotland: diplomat and soldier, 1558–1563
Throughout the thirty-five years that Killigrew served Elizabeth as agent and ambassador the focus of his work was to protect England from the encroachment of Catholic Spain and France. By turns ordered to sow dissent among Catholics and forge consensus between protestants, Killigrew's abiding inspiration and succour was his profound protestant faith. Within months of his return to England he was sent on a low-key mission to Otto-Heinrich, the elector palatine, and Christoph, duke of Württemberg, with the aim of re-establishing friendly relations between Germany's protestant princes and England. When he arrived in Heidelberg in December 1558 Killigrew's enthusiasm was such that he may have given the mistaken impression that Elizabeth was actually seeking an alliance with the princes, much to the queen's irritation. Even so, the mission was not entirely fruitless. In addition to signalling England's readiness to reopen communications with Germany's protestant princes, Killigrew also held useful discussions with the new elector palatine, Friedrich III, and his son John Casimir, about the possibility of supplying Elizabeth with mercenaries.

From Germany Killigrew travelled to France to meet his old master, the vidame, now the governor of Calais. His objective was to discuss with him the possibility of the French reinstating Calais to English rule. Killigrew was gulled by the vidames into believing that Henri might entertain such a proposal. He duly forwarded this misinformation both to Elizabeth at court and to her commissioners at Câteau-Cambrésis before arriving at Câteau-Cambrésis himself. There he was promptly detained by the leader of the French negotiators, Anne de Montmorency, constable of France, who took a decidedly dim view of his interference. Killigrew contributed nothing more to the peace talks. He remained in detention until peace was signed after which the constable, no doubt confident that his charge could do no more damage, released him, allowing Killigrew to return home by late March 1559.
Killigrew's homecoming was brief. In May he was dispatched to Paris to serve as secretary to Elizabeth's resident ambassador in France, Sir Nicholas Throckmorton. After Henri died on 10 July 1559 as a result of a jousting accident, leaving the ultra-Catholic Guise faction in control of the French crown, the central aim of the English ambassador and his attaché was to minimize the ability of France to threaten England through her support of Scotland. To this end they gave what tacit support they could to the Huguenot leaders with the hope of further destabilizing France. Additionally they sought, through the dispatch of reports detailing the dangers of further French involvement in Scotland, to persuade the queen and her advisers of the necessity of lending tangible aid to the lords of the congregation. Given the continued presence of French troops in Scotland and the ongoing efforts to increase their numbers, the reports of Throckmorton and Killigrew were sufficient to convince Elizabeth of the need for action. In March 1560 she ordered William Grey, thirteenth Baron Grey of Wilton, to lead an army to Berwick where it would ready itself to aid the lords of the congregation in their siege of the French garrison in Leith. Ever cautious, however, Elizabeth also attempted to secure a peaceful resolution, acquiescing to the dispatch of a French envoy, Jean de Monluc, bishop of Valence, to Scotland in the hope that he might yet broker an agreement between the regent, Mary de Guise, and the rebels. Both to act as escort, and to ensure that Monluc did not stray from his remit, Killigrew was appointed to accompany him. The two men arrived in Scotland in April, but due largely to the intransigence of both parties the talks came to nothing. In consequence the Anglo-Scottish force assaulted Leith and was duly repulsed with heavy losses. Arriving in London on the same day as the unfortunate news, Killigrew was one of those to bear the queen's wrath. However, his fall from grace was brief. The treaty of Edinburgh and the withdrawal of French troops from Scotland vindicated the hardline policy that Killigrew had so energetically urged upon Elizabeth and the zealous diplomat was once more restored to favour.
For two years Killigrew remained in England, with Sir Robert Dudley acting as his patron. Then in August 1562 he was once again called upon to travel to France. In the aftermath of Henri's death and with the support of the dowager queen, Catherine de' Medici, the Guise opposition to the Huguenot cause was proving implacable. By autumn 1562 the Huguenots had been confined to a handful of strongholds to which their enemies were consistently and successfully laying siege. In sending Killigrew to Normandy, Elizabeth sought to discover the strength of the Huguenot forces and fortifications, and whether, in return for her military and financial support, their leaders would be prepared to cede Calais to the English. With extreme reluctance the French rebels agreed that, in return for an army of 6000 men and a gift of a million crowns, they would permit the English to garrison Newhaven (Le Havre) and Dieppe until such time as they were in a position to restore Calais. At the beginning of October Sir Adrian Poynings sailed with the 1500 strong vanguard of the expeditionary force to Le Havre, where Killigrew awaited him. Without official sanction, but quite possibly with the tacit approval of the queen, Killigrew, in company with Thomas Leighton, immediately set out from Le Havre at the head of a 400 strong Anglo-French force intent upon bringing aid to the Huguenots besieged at Rouen. Their effort proved to be too little too late. Having gained entry to the city Killigrew and Leighton's force could do nothing but forestall the inevitable. Rouen fell on 26 October, and Killigrew was one of the few Englishmen captured who was not subsequently hanged. He became the captive of Henri d'Anville de Montmorency, son of the constable. After the payment of a considerable ransom, Killigrew returned home in May 1563.
Triumph in Scotland, 1563–1575
In recognition of Killigrew's work in Scotland he was appointed in June 1561 to the lucrative office of teller of the exchequer. In addition to the salary of £33 6s. 8d. Killigrew and his three colleagues were responsible for the receipt and dispersal of nearly all the exchequer's revenue, providing them with the opportunity to make considerable profits from short-term speculation. It was another sixteen years before Killigrew received his next appointment, when, in 1577, he was made receiver of piracy fines. Finally, in 1580 Elizabeth appointed him surveyor of the royal armoury. Undoubtedly these offices provided Killigrew with a healthy income, much needed to subsidize the relatively poor diets he received as an ambassador—on average £2 per day; they did not, however, make him an influential figure within the government. He was MP for Saltash in Cornwall in 1563 but did little in parliament. Throughout Elizabeth's reign Killigrew's best hope of exercising influence rested in his relationships with the queen's great favourites, his long time patron, Dudley (now earl of Leicester), and from the later 1560s Killigrew's brother-in-law, Sir William Cecil (1520/21-1598). On 4 November 1565 Killigrew married Katherine [see Killigrew, Katherine (c.1542-1583)], fifth daughter of gentleman and scholar Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6-1576), royal tutor, of Gidea Hall, Essex, and his wife, Anne. The marriage, for all the advantages it conveyed to the young diplomat, was apparently one of love. The couple had four daughters. Sir Nicholas Bacon (1510-1579), lord keeper, was an influential brother-in-law, but the most important connection was with Cecil. The link to Cecil, originally little to the principal secretary's liking, ultimately secured for Killigrew the support of the most influential man in England.
Barring two brief missions to Scotland in 1566 and 1567 Killigrew remained in England for more than six years after his ill-starred military escapades in France. His next diplomatic mission, begun in February 1569, took him once again to Heidelberg. In response to an overture made by Friedrich III, Killigrew travelled to Germany to explore the possibility of a defensive alliance and discuss conditions under which the queen might grant a loan of 100,000 crowns in order to finance a protestant military expedition against the Low Countries and France. The mission, to which Killigrew was strongly committed, foundered on the reluctance of Friedrich's German allies to form a confederation with a foreign power, and Elizabeth's fear that too close an association with the protestant princes might well serve simply to draw the wrath of the Catholic powers directly upon her. Killigrew was returned as MP for Truro in 1571 and 1572 and was more active on committees than in previous parliaments, including sitting on one concerned with Mary, queen of Scots (12 May 1572).

On 24 August 1572 thousands of Huguenots were killed in the St Bartholomew's day massacre. This did much to convince Elizabeth and her privy councillors that once free of civil war France might well make a determined effort to restore Catholicism to England, as ever using Scotland to facilitate its efforts. To avoid this it would be vital to ensure that Scotland was united under a strong protestant government. To this end Killigrew, recently returned from France, where for the previous three years he had been serving as secretary to the resident ambassador, Sir Francis Walsingham, was dispatched to Edinburgh. His instructions were to broker a peace between the regency government of James VI, headed by John Erskine, first earl of Mar, and James Douglas, fourth earl of Morton, and the supporters of Mary, Sir William Kirkcaldy of Grange and William Maitland of Lethington. He was instructed to persuade the regency government to take custody of Mary, who was then a prisoner in England, and then arrange her execution as expeditiously as possible, thus relieving Elizabeth of the unwholesome task.

The mission, probably the most challenging of Killigrew's career, also witnessed his greatest success. The ambassador could only get Mar and Morton to connive at the judicial murder of Mary if Elizabeth openly supported them in the act. However, Killigrew was considerably more successful in other respects. Mar died on 29 October 1572, leaving a power vacuum in the regency government. His natural successor, Morton, was disinclined to accept the role without financial and, preferably also, military support from England. Killigrew tried to convince Morton in mid-December that the demands the latter had made were about to be met by Elizabeth. However, Morton was dubious and refused to give way to Killigrew's persuasions that he declare himself governor without firm support in money and military aid from England, which he got. On 31 December the ten-month truce between the two Scottish factions expired and the possibility of renewed conflict seemed great. The leaders of the Scottish queen's party, Kirkcaldy and Maitland, from their position of relative strength in Edinburgh Castle, resisted all Killigrew's attempts to make peace. However, the ambassador had considerably more success with their allies beyond the city. In February 1573 he met the leaders of the two parties, excluding Kirkcaldy and Maitland, at Leith and successfully negotiated an agreement by which the Marians accepted the rule of the regency government in return for liberal concessions on the part of the king. Having helped both to secure the appointment of Morton as governor and to isolate the opposition leaders it only remained for Killigrew to secure the English military support necessary to reduce Edinburgh Castle. This he finally gained in April when Sir William Drury, captain of Berwick, led a force of 1500 men and thirty-three pieces of artillery to Edinburgh. Finally, on 26 May the garrison surrendered. Maitland died in prison on 9 June and Kirkcaldy was executed on 3 August. Due in no small part to the unrelenting efforts of Killigrew, opponents of the regency were either broken or won over, and the danger of a Franco-Scottish alliance eliminated. Over the next two years Killigrew performed two further embassies to Scotland in which he made every effort to nurture Anglo-Scottish relations and support Morton's regency. Elizabeth recalled him in September 1575, bringing to an end the most productive period of his diplomatic career.
Final years, 1575–1603
Aside from his lucrative work as teller of the exchequer, Killigrew was also called upon to offer advice on diplomatic affairs and to act as interpreter and companion to high-ranking foreign guests. His long service to Elizabeth did not go unrewarded. In recognition of his work in Scotland he was granted the manor of Lanreath, Cornwall, in May 1573. The following year Killigrew added to his Cornish holdings with the purchase of the manor of Bottlet from Henry Hastings, third earl of Huntingdon, for £3600. Additionally, he owned an estate in Hendon in Middlesex and a house next to St Paul's churchyard. His position as a significant landowner was reflected in his involvement in local government. In addition to serving as MP for Truro (elected in 1571 and 1572), between about 1579 and 1587 he served on the quorum of the peace for Cornwall. Much of his personal life seems to have been devoted to the management of his estates and correspondence with his puritan friends such as Elizabeth's resident ambassador to the Netherlands, William Davison, and his patrons Burghley and Leicester. In December 1584 his daughter Anne (d. 1632) married Henry Neville (1561/2-1615) of Wargrave in Berkshire. He was the first of several sons-in-law with whom Killigrew got on well.

In November 1585 Killigrew was summoned to perform his penultimate foreign mission, as one of Leicester's key advisers in the Netherlands. For all that the earl commanded an English relief force that represented one of the best hopes of the states general to defeat the Spanish, his high-handed manner and divisive policies made bitter opponents of the Dutch leaders. As one of Leicester's most senior advisers Killigrew shared in this odium. His situation became still less comfortable when Leicester appointed him joint head of the new chamber of finance in July 1586. Killigrew's main responsibilities were to investigate corruption among the Dutch leadership and to impede commercial activities between the Provinces and their Spanish enemies. Relief came when in November he followed Leicester back to England. In June 1587 he returned to the Low Countries, but unlike Leicester, who received his final recall in November, Killigrew remained with the Dutch for another year. With Leicester's departure he became the most senior civilian English representative in the Netherlands. This was a somewhat empty honour given the distrust and resentment with which the English were regarded by the Dutch leaders, in particular Paul Buys and Johan Oldenbarnevelt. Much of Killigrew's remaining time in the Netherlands was devoted to undoing Leicester's work and seeking to make peace between the states general and those towns that had rejected its authority. Killigrew's long-sought recall finally came in January 1589, largely the result of his continuing unpopularity with the Dutch leaders; it was also an acknowledgement that one of Elizabeth's longest serving diplomats was now both old and tired.
Killigrew's final foreign mission, begun in July 1591, as part of an English expeditionary force sent to assist Henri of Navarre in his siege of Rouen, saw him serving as adviser to Robert Devereux, second earl of Essex, and in company with his old comrade, Leighton, attempting to restrain the incautious young general. He was also responsible for much of the logistical organization of the 3400 strong army. Despite his age and growing infirmity Killigrew seems to have performed this latter duty with considerable competence. He went to great lengths to ensure that the army was fed and discipline maintained, as well as expending much effort and money in arranging for the sick to be transported home. Neither he nor Leighton were able to stop Essex treating the campaign as something of an adventure, nevertheless, the general made clear his gratitude for Killigrew's efforts when he knighted the old diplomat on 20 November, a week before his return to England.
Killigrew largely retired from public service. He retained the tellership of the exchequer until March 1599, and occasionally returned to court to participate in diplomatic negotiations. Katherine Killigrew died on 27 December 1583, and her widower married a Frenchwoman, Jaél de Peigne (d. 1617×34), on 7 November 1590. The couple had three sons, Joseph, Henry, and Robert, and one daughter. Killigrew intervened on behalf of Neville in early 1601, who had become embroiled in Essex's revolt. Killigrew died on 2 March 1603 and was buried in London at St Margaret, Lothbury. His will, proved on 16 April, provided annuities for his wife and two younger sons totalling £140, as well as further bequests to them with a value of £1700
Sources
A. C. Miller, Sir Henry Killigrew, Elizabethan soldier and diplomat (1963) · CSP for., 1547–88 · CSP dom., 1547–1603 · R. B. Wernham, Before the Armada: the growth of English foreign policy, 1485–1588 (1966) · J. Warren, Elizabeth I, religion and foreign affairs (1993) · HoP, Commons, 1509–58, 2.466–7 · HoP, Commons, 1558–1603, 2.394–5 · J. L. Vivian, ed., The visitations of Cornwall, comprising the herald's visitations of 1530, 1573, and 1620 (1887) · D. Trim, ‘“The foundation stone of the British army?” The Normandy campaign of 1562’, Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research, 77 (1999), 77–86 · G. R. Hewitt, Scotland under Morton, 1572–80 (1982)
Archives
PRO, corresp., PRO 30/50 | BL, Cotton MSS, corresp. · BL, Harley MSS, papers
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There was probably another daughter Elizabeth, who married Sir Sir Maurice Berkeley, of Bruton, b. 1577 and had the following children: >
1. Charles Berkeley, 2nd Viscount FitzHardinge, b. 14 Dec 1599
2. Sir William Berkeley, Governor of Virginia, b. 1605
3. John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, b. est 1607
.

Children of Sir Henry Killigrew and Katherine Cooke

Children of Sir Henry Killigrew and Jael de Peigne

Sir Henry Killigrew

(circa 1598 - 27 September 1646)
     Sir Henry Killigrew was born circa 1598 in Cornwall. He was the second son and not yet 21 in 1617.. He was the son of Sir Henry Killigrew and Jael de Peigne.
     He was named in his parents wills and his brother Sir Joseph's of 1615.
     Henry matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford University, on 28 April 1615. Sir Henry Killigrew, of Cornwall, militis fil. Queens College, matric. 28 April 1615 aged 17; a student of Grays Inn 1617 (as of London, esq.), second son of Sir Henry of London.
     Sir Henry Killigrew married Jemima Bael. Sir Henry Killigrew was knighted on 15 August 1625.      
Sir Henry Killigrew was the Member of Parliament from 1640 to January 1644 for West Looe, Cornwall, England.
     Henry died on 27 September 1646 in St Malo, Cornwall. He was buried on 3 October 1646 in St Heliers, Jersey, Channel Islands.

Child of Sir Henry Killigrew and Jemima Bael

Sir Henry Killigrew

(4 April 1665 - before December 1711)
     Sir Henry Killigrew was christened on 4 April 1665 in St Martin in the Fields, Westminster. He was the son of Sir Robert Killigrew and Barbara Unknown (Killigrew).
     Henry died before December 1711 in St Giles in the Fields, London. He left no issue.
     The administration of his estate was granted on 10 December 1711 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Administration was granted to Richard Fleming, principal creditor.

Henry Killigrew DD

(11 February 1612/13 - 14 March 1699/0)
      Henry Killigrew DD was born on 11 February 1612/13 in Hanworth, Middlesex. He was aged 10 in 1622. 5th son of Sir Robert, chamberlain to the Queen. He was the son of Sir Robert Killigrew and Mary Woodhouse. Henry Killigrew DD was christened on 16 February 1612/13 in Hanworth.
     Henry Killigrew DD was mentioned in the will of Margaret or Margery Saunders (Leigh) dated 22 May 1623.
     Henry matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford University, on 5 July 1632. He was educated at St Giles Cripplegate by celebrated schoolmaster Farnaby. Thence to Christ Church, Oxford when 16, B.A. 5 July 1632, M.A. 1638. DD 1642.
     Henry Killigrew DD was mentioned in the will of Sir Robert Killigrew dated 12 September 1632. Henry was a clergyman. Preceptor to James II and a chaplain to the Kings Army. Canon of Westminster 1660, prebendary of the twelth stall at Westminster and rector of Wheathamsted where there are some family tombs. In 1667 made Master of the Savoy and Almoner to His Royal Highness. Upon the outbreak of civil war in 1642 he became chaplain to the King's army and in November was created D.D. at Oxford. ... He resigned the Rectory in 1673 in favour of Dr John Lambe, husband of his daughter Elizabeth, who died on 28 Oct 1701 in her fifty-first year. According to some writers the final ruin of the Savoy Hospital was the result of Killigrew's improvidence and greed. A bill was passed in in 1697 abolishing its privileges of santuary. The hospital was leased out in tenements, and the master appropriated the profits; among the leases granted was one (1699) to Henry Killigrew, the patentee of Drury Lane theatre, for his lodgings in the Savoy, at a rent 1l. a year for 40 years. Killigrew and other masters granted licenses of marriage. ....
     Henry Killigrew DD married Judith Unknown.
     Married twice, his widow continued living at the Savoy.
     1664 - Henry Killigrew S.T.P., Master of St Mary le Savoy Hospital, London v.
John Kirk re legacy of Lewis Kirk A4 f12. 1669 Thomas Kentish & Rose Woolley v. Sir John Gerrard I Henry R Killigrew, Rector of Wethhamptsted, Hunts (Archdeaconry of Hunts) A.C.
See Oxford Dictionary of National Biography for further information: www.oxforddnb.com/.
     Henry died on 14 March 1699/0 in Savoy, London, aged 87.

Children of Henry Killigrew DD

Children of Henry Killigrew DD and Judith Unknown

Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty

(circa 1652 - 9 November 1712)
     More information about Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty may be found at http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1690-1715/member/killigrew-henry-1652-1712 and the Dictionary of National Biography online for further information.
      He was born circa 1652 in St Martin's Lane, Westminster, Middlesex. He was the son of Henry Killigrew DD and Judith Unknown.
     Henry served in the Royal Navy.
     He served as a Captain in the Navy in December 1673.
     Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty married Lucy Jervoise circa February 1692. The marriage licence was dated 9 Feb 1692 (aged 40).
     In Capt James Killigrew's will dated 5 December 1694, Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty was named as executor of the estate. He was an executor of Capt James Killigrew's estate on 15 March 1694/95 in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
     Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty lived at St Julians, Hertfordshire, 16 May 1697.      
Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty was In 1702 he stood for the parliamentary election for the Borough of Hindon, Wilts, but he lost to Sir James How
KILLIGREW, Henry (c.1652-1712), of St. Julians, nr. St. Albans, Herts. Constituency
Dates
STOCKBRIDGE 1702 - 1705 , ST. ALBANS 24 Nov. 1705 - 1708

b. c.1652, s. of Henry Killigrew, DD, canon of Westminster, master of the Savoy Hosp., London by his wife Judith. m. lic. 9 Feb. 1692 (aged 40), Lucy, da. of Thomas Jervoise of Herriard, Hants, sister of Thomas Jervoise*, 1s. 3da.1 between 1702 and 1708.
     Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty made a will dated 8 December 1704 in Hertfordshire.
     Henry died on 9 November 1712 in St Albans, Hertfordshire. See Oxford Dictionary of National Biography for further information: www.oxforddnb.com.
     His will was proved on 20 December 1712 at PCC. Will of Henry Killigrew of Saint Julien Saint Stephen, Hertfordshire.

Children of Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty and Lucy Jervoise

Jael Killigrew

(after 1590 - before 20 December 1608)
     Jael Killigrew was also known as Jane in records. She was born after 1590. She was named in the will of her father as the only daughter, not yet 20 in 1602. She was the daughter of Sir Henry Killigrew and Jael de Peigne.
     Jael died before 20 December 1608 in London. She was buried on 20 December 1608 in St Margaret, Lothbury, London.

James Killigrew

( - before 26 November 1568)
     James Killigrew was born in Cornwall. He was described as the second son. He was the son of John Killigrew and Jane or Joan or Maude Petit.
     James Killigrew was mentioned in the will of Bennet Killigrew dated 2 July 1543.
     James Killigrew lived at Blean, Kent, 6 November 1562. Letter of attorney 1) James Kyllygrewe [Kyllegrew] of Cosmas Bleane [Blean], Kent 2) William Swordre [Swerder] and Steven Thornherste. Authority to receive moneys and collect debts in his name.
     Margaret Godolphin was his niece not his cousin according to Vivian.
     James Killigrew made a will dated 12 January 1566/67 in St Budock, Cornwall, England. I James Killigrewe of the parish of Budock in the county of Cornwall being in my bodye and of ... remembrance thanks be to God make this my ... last will and testament the xiith of January the ninth year and of our Sovereign Lady Elizabeth by the grace of God Queen of England, France & Ireland and defender of the faith. First I bequeath my soule into hands of God my heavenly father and ... I bequeath my body to the grave in... and I bequeath... of my godsonne Symon Killygrew tenne? pounds? John Chamberlyne ... and to my god daughter Mary ... twenty shillings and I bequeath to Robert my ... forty shillings and to Harry my ... forty shillings and to Mondaye his sonne twenty shillings and I bequeath to my sister Anne Penrose fortye shillings and to ... and B... ... each of them twentye shillings ... and for the ... ... of ... bequeath .......... and I bequeath to my dear friend .... and .... and to my friend Robert Taylor my nephew Harrye Killygrew ... xxs for his paynes I bequeath to my sister Killigrew Tenne shillings to my cozen Mary Killigrew tenne shillings to my cosen Marget Godolfing tenne shillings, Ellen Killigrew tenne shillings and to Mary & Katherine Killigrew tenne shillings & ... and to ... tenne shillings and I bequeath to my cosen Alexander Killygrew twentye shillings and to Leonard? ... Phillip ... fourtye shillings divided between them and I give all the rest of my goods not bequeathed to my brother John Killygrew who ... & make my .... executor of this my last will & testament to devide any .... as he may feel ... Probatum... London 26 Nov to John Killygrew ...
     His will was proved on 16 November 1568 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
     James died before 26 November 1568 in St Budock, Cornwall.

James Killigrew

(before 1682 - )
     James Killigrew was born before 1682. He was named in the will of his gr-father in 1682.. He was the son of Henry Killigrew and Lady Mary Savage. James Killigrew was christened on 29 May 1694 in St Martin in the Fields, Westminster, Middlesex. James Killagrew, of Henry & Mary, born 19 May 1694.

Capt James Killigrew

(circa 1673 - 18 January 1694/95)
      Capt James Killigrew was born circa 1673 in London, England. He was the son of Henry Killigrew DD.
     James served in the Royal Navy was Commander of HMS Plymouth from 1688.
     His will was proved on 13 June 1693 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.. James Killigrew, gent. died abroad (Ghent]
     Capt James Killigrew made a will dated 5 December 1694. He described himself as commander of the "Plymouth" and mentions his brother the Hon. Henry Killigrew, Esq., as executor. He was widowed on 18 January 1694/95 on the death of his wife Capt James Killigrew.
     His will was proved on 15 March 1694/95 at PCC. Will of James Kelligrew or Killigrew, Commander of their Majesties' ship the Plymouth.
     Petition of Henry Killigrew, brother of Capt James Killigrew, deceased late Commander of HMS Plymouth, claiming his brother's share in a prize of two French men-of-war, address to Parliament.
See Oxford Dictionary of National bBiography for further information: www.oxforddnb.com/.

Jane Killigrew

( - 1733)
     Jane Killigrew was born. Admiral Killigrew wrote to his brother in law Thomas Jervise, from on board HM ship 'Britannia' with news of the birth of his daughter, making Thomas an uncle for the first time. This may be Jane or Mary. She was the daughter of Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty and Lucy Jervoise.
     Jane died in 1733 in St Albans, Hertfordshire. On Saturday last died at St Albans Mrs Jane Killigrew, daughter of the late Admiral Killigrew, a maiden gentlewoman, said to have died worth upwards of 20,000 pounds.

Jane Killigrew

     Jane Killigrew was born in Cornwall. She was the daughter of Capt John Killigrew and Elizabeth Trewinnard.
     Jane Killigrew married John Michell. In 1562 John Michell esquire was the mayor of Truro & Falmouth, in 162-3 he represented Cornwall in parliament and again in 1573-4.

Jane Killigrew

     Jane Killigrew was the daughter of Robert Killigrew and Elizabeth Morys (of Wolstane).

Jane Killigrew

(6 February 1653 - 20 November 1664)
     Jane Killigrew was christened on 6 February 1653 in St Gluvias, Cornwall. Daughter of Simon & Elizabeth. She was the daughter of Simon Killigrew and Elizabeth Orell (Ross or Roose).
     Jane was buried on 20 November 1664 in St Gluvias, Cornwall. Jane, daughter of Simon Killigrew.

Johanna Killigrew

(circa 1529 - )
     Johanna Killigrew was born circa 1529. She was aged 4 years, 11 months & 2 days at her grandfathers inquisition post mortem.. She was the daughter of Henry Killigrew and Elizabeth Bond.

John Killigrew

(circa 1554 - 12 August 1605)
     John Killigrew was born circa 1554 in 'Arwenack', Budock, Cornwall. He was aged over 30 in 1584 at the inquisition into the death of his father. He was the son of Sir John Killigrew and Mary Wolverston.
     John Killigrew and Sir John Killigrew were named in the militia list taken in 1569 in Budock, Cornwall. The 1569 muster lists John Kyllygrew Esq of Budock with John Kyllygrew Esq. jun. who furnished one (erased and fower written over) gelding with his furniture for a light horseman 4 corselts furnished 4 almayn rivets or in their stead 4 coats of plate or brigandines 12 pikes one morrion 12 long bows 2 steel caps or sculls ...but. Next entry is for Peter Kyllygrew with bow arrows ...calybers 2 murryans. John jr was one of the five Commissioners and signed at least five of the Hundreds. See also Penryn.
     He was Captain/Governor of Pendennis Castle (fort). 1569 muster of Cornwall - John Jr. of Budock. Signet Bills list John Killigrew re protection Oct 1587, warrant Aug 1595, discharge Dec 1605.
     John Killigrew married Dorothy Monk, daughter of Sir Thomas Monk and Elizabeth Smith, in late 1578.      
John Killigrew was the Member of Parliament.
b. c.1547, 1st s. of John Killigrew I by Mary, da. of Philip Wolverston, wid. of Henry Knyvet. m. Dorothy, prob. da. of Thomas Monck of Potheridge, Devon, by his 2nd w. an heiress of the Patswell fam., 9s. 5da. suc. fa. 1584 in 1584 for Penryn, Cornwall.
     He was Captain/Governor of Pendennis Castle (fort). In 1584 he petitioned for an increase of the defensive power of the Castle and offered to find men among his tenants, the outlay of which would amount to some 1500 pounds. "I have been 12 months suitor about it", he wrote, "and have made liberal offer, considering my beggarly estate, for its fortifying". A brave effort, considering he was in debt, and his pay as Governor amounted to £118.12.6 p.a..
     Sir John Killigrew re warrant Jan 1584/5 - Signet Bills.
     State Papers list: Hatton to Mildmaye: for stalling John Killigrew's debt as collector of the subsidy in Cornwall; he has inherited his father's debts and has spent £100 on repairing a castle, as the Justices of the Peace there report; Richemond; 12 Dec.1586.
     He was dismissed as Vice-Admiral in 1589 having been appointed in 1587 & 1589. He was actively engaged in piracy and soon fell foul of the Privy Council for plundering some Danish ships, but for nearly two years defied all attempts to question him. His arrest was first ordered in Oct 1587, and again in April and September the following year. In Nov 15888 he was outlawed while travelling around Cornwall with a band of armed retainers, and the sheriff was ordered to raise the Posse Comitatus, and to enter Pendennis Castle if that proved necessary to effect his arrest. Killigrew left for London where in December the Lord Mayor was ordered to arrest him, but failed to find him. In March 1589 another warrant for his arrest was issued, while the following month the Lord High Admiral was told to remove him from the vice admiralty. Finally, in fury at their failure to catch a man, who, they said, 'fleeteth from place to place and cannot be had or taken in contempt of all law and government;, the Privy Council in July 1589 asked the Solicitor-General to issue a writ of rebellion. Having perhaps been warned by his courtier brothers that he had reached the end of the road, Killigrew surrendered to the authorities, who kindly issued a warrant to protect him from arrest by his creditors for thirty days to give him time to try to settle his debts. A long list of new charges were brought against him in 1595, including an allegation that he had bribed the captain of the Queen's ship the Crane, to allow the pirate and traitor Captain Elliott to escape from Helford with a prize. No action seems to have been taken against him on this charge even, when, three years later, the master of one of Elliott's ships surrendered and told the authorities that Killigrew and Elliott had given the Crane's captain £100 to 'go into the country' until Elliott's ship had escaped. The value of courtier brothers is amply demonstrated by the leniency shown to Killigrew..
     In 1595 John Killigrew, captain of Pendennis, claimed the right to muster five nearby parishes for the castle's defence in defiance of the deputy lieutenants who had ordered John Trefusis to muster them for the defence of Penryn.
In the same year a boy from Penryn was passed off as the bastard son of John Killigrew of Arwennack. The Spanish had sent a ship to burn down Arwennack, perhaps because Killigrew, whom the Privy Council had been told had been bought by Spain, had reneged on his agreement. After exploding some fireworks near the house, and capturing the lad, the captain returned to Spain where he told King Philip that the boy was Killigrew's bastard. The lad was kept as a page at the Court, perhaps because it was thought that he might be of value in the future in persuading Killigrew to return to the Spanish fold..
     John Killigrew was mentioned in a deed dated 17 March 1596. 17 Mar. 1596: Bargain and sale. Jn. Killigrew and Arwennack, Esq., to Hugh Michell of Truro, gent. Treworgey, Treworgey Mills, Rosemorder, Rosemerryn, Tregedna, Helnoweth, Penare, Gilling and Killigrew, in parishes of Manaccan, St. Keverne, Budock and Mawgan in Meneage, and the rectories of St. Anthony and Manaccan.
     John Killigrew and Dorothy Monk were mentioned in a deed dated 7 June 1596. 7 June 1596 Final Concord. Hugh Michell, querant, and Jn. Killigrew Esq., and w. Dorothy, deforciants.
     In 1601, he told Cecil (Lord Burghley) that his father left him £10,000 in debt, and that this had cost im £20,000 in 'forfeits and advantages taken from him'.
     John died on 12 August 1605 in Budock, Cornwall.
     Parties: Robert, Earl of Salisbury, Lord High Treasurer, and Sir Julius Caesar, Chancellor of ...John Killigrewe of Arnwinick co. Cornwall, esq. Lease by Killigrave of a piece of ground, part and parcel of Castle Hill, whereon a new fort called Pendennis has lately been erected, together with the fortifications.
     His will was proved in July 1610 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. John Killigrew, esq. of Arwenack; admon to Thos Walkden, gent, St Martin in the fields. He was the subject of an Inquisition Post Mortem held in 1616 or 1617.
     Of an old portrait of this Sir John it is said that "his dress shows he was a person valuing himself upon his clothes". He had 9 sons and 5 daughters, lived extravagantly and gambled, and left the estate on his death to his son (John) in a shattered condition.
The family were considered equal 27th of Cornwall's wealthiest families from the 1520s to the 1590s. He was suspected of treason, dismissed from his post and imprisoned for debt. Charges of misconduct levelled against him by a furious Privy Council while he was evading its attempts to secure his arrest in 1587, 1588 and 1589, and the long list of accusations made against him in 1595 are recorded in HPHC 1558-1603 ii, 395-7.

Children of John Killigrew and Dorothy Monk

John Killigrew

(before 1470 - 8 November 1536)
     John Killigrew was born before 1470 in Cornwall. Son & heir, named in the inquisition taken on the death of his cousin Thomas Killigrew of Arwenack. He was the son of Thomas Killigrew and Agnes Unknown (Killigrew).
     Jane or Joan or Maude Petit married secondly John Killigrew.
     John Killigrew and Jane or Joan or Maude Petit were mentioned in a civil court action between 1493 and 1500 in Cornwall. John Dey and Ennore, his wife, daughter and heir of John Petyt. v. Jane Petyt, now wife to John Kyllygrewe, William Trefusis, and Elizabeth, his wife, and others.: Detention of deeds relating to the manor of Treslouthen .
     John Killigrew and Agnes Unknown (Killigrew), Agnes Killigrew (Buscarnon), Robert Killigrew, Thomas Killigrew, Elinor Killigrew, Elizabeth Killigrew and Thomas Killigrew were beneficiaries in Thomas Killigrew's will dated 22 March 1500/1. John Killigrew was an executor of Thomas Killigrew's estate on 7 June 1501 in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
     Manor of Gurylyn, Title Deeds Helston 28 Sept. 1504: Thos. Laverens alias Davy of Penryn borough, to Jn. Killigrew of Penryn, gent.
29 Sept. 1504: Jn. Killigrew of Penryn, gent., to Thos. Laverens alias David of Penryn. John Killigrew was mentioned at the Inquisition Post Mortem held 5 Henry VIII (1513) on the death of Thomas Killigrew. He was named in will of his cousin Thomas Killigrew of Penryn 1500 ( of Arwennack).
     John Killigrew and Agnes Unknown (Killigrew) were named in the militia list taken in 1522 in Penryn, Cornwall. The value of the lands in the parish of Gluvyas upon Londe ... John Kyllygrew £1/6/8, Agnes Killygrewe, widow, £2/10/-, Alex Kyllygrew £1/10/-. The value of thel ands in Penryn Borough - is headed by: John Kyllygrew £2/0/0.

The survey of the value of the goods of the inhabitants in the borough of Penryn and their harneis
is headed by John Kyllygrew sen and John Kyllygrewe jun with the amount blank. Only one John is listed in the loan, for £40.      
John Killigrew was listed in the Anticipation return in 1523 in Penryn, CON. Kerrier hundred, Penryn - John Kylligrew £2.0.0 40.      
John Killigrew paid the lay subsidy in 1524 in Penryn. Penryn burgh: John Killigrew, goods 40/-, & John Killigrew jun. lands 4. He was not listed burgus of Penryn in 1543.
     John Killigrew was named in the militia list taken in 1535 in Tewington, St Austell, Cornwall. A John Kyllygrew with a bill was listed in the Tinner's Muster roll at Tewynton manor as one of the King's tenants 'cum resiantibus'.
     John died on 8 November 1536 in Cornwall. Other sources suggest a 1543 death date. In the early 1540s Pendennis was built on land leased from its Captain John Killigrew.

Children of John Killigrew and Jane or Joan or Maude Petit

John Killigrew

(before 1300 - )
     John Killigrew was born before 1300 in Cornwall. He was the son of Ralph Killigrew.
     John Killigrew lived at St Erme, Cornwall, 1314.
     John de Kelligreu, son of Margery de Kelligreu sister of Benedict de Roscrou [Gluvias] was mentioned in a quitclaim dated 5 Dec 1318.
     Gift: 1 Reg. de Treloudas; 2 Rich., 1's bro.
4 mess. and 1a. in Kyllysulou and Ialvan
Annual rent: 60s. for 1's life: 2s. after 1's death
Witnesses: Ste. de Trewythenek, Jn. de Kyllygreu, Thos. de Trenewith, Oger de Clehar, Odo do Trevael.
Given at Treloudas, dated 30 Jun 1328
.
     John de kelligren was warranty to an exchange of lands re Robert de Kellestkmur & Arundell of Lanherne and Trerice.

Child of John Killigrew

John Killigrew

(before 1350 - )
     John Killigrew married Mary Poltesmore, daughter of Sir Richard Poltesmore. John Killigrew was born before 1350 in St Erme, Cornwall. He was the son of Otho Killigrew and Joan Canterbury.

Child of John Killigrew and Mary Poltesmore

John Killigrew

( - before 1513)
     John Killigrew was born in Cornwall, England. He was the son of John Killigrew (Thomas?) and Mary Boleigh.
     John died before 1513.

Child of John Killigrew

John Killigrew

( - circa 1670)
     John died circa 1670.
     His will was proved in 1670. The Calendar of wills, administrations and accounts relating to the counties of Cornwall and Devon in the Connotorial Archiaconal Court of Cornwall 1569-1699 lists John Killigrew of St Cller, 1670.

John Killigrew

( - 4 September 1606)
     John was buried on 4 September 1606 in St Bride Fleet St, London. John Killigrew, gent, a prisoner in the Fleete.

Capt John Killigrew

(before 1500 - after 26 November 1567)
     Capt John Killigrew was born before 1500 in Cornwall, England. He was the son of John Killigrew and Jane or Joan or Maude Petit.
     Capt John Killigrew married Elizabeth Trewinnard, daughter of James Trewinnard and Phillipa (?), before 1520. John was a Captain, in Pendennis Castle, Falmouth, Cornwall, England.
     He is listed as John Kyllygrewe jun with his father in the 1522 military survey: the value of the goods of the inhabitants of the borough of Penryn and their "harneis". They head the list and the amount is blank. Only one John Kyllygrew is listed for the loan and the amount is £40, again heading the list..      
Capt John Killigrew paid tax in 1524 in Penryn, Cornwall. 1524 subsidy Penryn burgh: John Killygrew goods 40, & John Killygrew jun. land 4. Probably the John who was listed at Budock in 1543 & the benevolence of 1545 having lands and fees worth 50 (a collector in 1545 and named as a commissioner with Robert Vyvyan & John Reskymer 1543-5); and of Budock in 1569 with John jr. (although he was dead by then).
     He was named as son & heir, of full age at his father's death. He was also named in the will of his brother James and in the Inquisition Post Mortem on the death of his son John.
He and William Killigrew bought extensive ex-monastic lands (spending £508). He and his family were Protestants.
     In 1551 John Killigrew was appointed surveyor of the fortifications being bult there at a cost £3,124 - Killigrew's fee was ¤691 per year..
     In 1554 the Protestant John Killigrew the elder was forced to make recognisances to faithfully keep Pendennis Castle. He was imprisoned from 28 June 1556 in the Fleet Prison, London. St James: John Killigrewe the elder and John Killigrewe the yonger were this daye committed to the Fleete, to be kepte there aparte in close prison .
     He had wardship of the 15 year old son of Thomas Arundell of Tolverne from 1563.
     As his mother was a Petit, he may the John mentioned in the Arundell land records, Manor of Carbugus (Carnaeggas in St Erth) Extent made 13 May 1566: Trenerth in Gwinear presumably – John Killigrewe, esq., formerly John Petit, 2 acres Cornish in Trenerth by Knight’s service and suit as above, rent ¾. Free tenant.
     In Capt John Killigrew's will dated 12 January 1566/67 in St Budock, Cornwall, England, Capt John Killigrew was named as executor of the estate.
     John died after 26 November 1567 in 'Arwenack', Budock, Cornwall. He was buried in 1567 in St Budock. A brass plate in front of the altar records: Here lyeth John Killigrew Esquier, of Arwenack and Lord of ye manor of Killigrew in Cornewall and Elizabeth Trewinnard his wife. He was the first Captaine of Pendennis Castle, made by King Henry the eight & so continued until the nynth of Queen Elizabeth at which time God tooke him to his mercye. Being the year of our Lord 1567. Sr John Killigrew, Knight his sone succeeded him in ye same place by the Gift of Queen Elizabeth.

Children of Capt John Killigrew and Elizabeth Trewinnard

Sir John Killigrew

(before 1528 - 5 March 1583/84)
     Sir John Killigrew was born before 1528 in 'Arwenack', Budock, Cornwall. He was the son of Capt John Killigrew and Elizabeth Trewinnard.
     September 10 1551: John Kyllygrew junr., to same [Cecil], requests more money for payment of the works at Scilly. Begs to know if he is to keep any men at work during winter.
     Mary Wolverston married secondly Sir John Killigrew before 1554. He was imprisoned from 28 June 1556 in the Fleet Prison, London. St James: John Killigrewe the elder and John Killigrewe the yonger were this daye committed to the Fleete, to be kepte there aparte in close prison .
     12 July 1556: John Killigrew of Arwenack & John jr., James Killigrew & Gulielmus Godolphin generosi, Willelmus Maynard, Joannes Eliot & Richardus Grace, de London, mercatores ... paid sufficient sureties to the Court of the Admiralty unto an action entered against them by one Petro de Verastigni, Spaniard.
There was another conspiracy against Mary's rule at this time and the western sea-board families were involved. the Killgrews' ships kept the various parties in touch with each other and they combined with depredations upon Spanish shipping in and out of the Channel. He and Peter Killigrew were pardoned on 15 January 1559 in 'Arwenack', Budock, England. 15 Jan (1 Eliz) - The brothers John, Henry & Peter Killigrew were pardoned :"Peter Killegrew, etc. of Arwenack, co. Cornwall, gentleman, alias of London, 'mercer'".
Henry Killigrew of Arwenack, was pardoned with his brothers Peter & John of Arwenack in the first year of the reign of Elizabeth (15 Jan 1559).
     4 May 1559: Committment to John Killigrew the younger & Henry Killigrew his brother, custody of Alexander Arundell, son & heir of John Arundell of Talverne, co. Cornwall & Richard Arundell, Alexander's brother, idiots from birth ....
     More information about Sir John Killigrew may be found at http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/killigrew-john-i-1584.
     In 1567 Arwennack was re-built..
     Sir John Killigrew and John Killigrew were named in the militia list taken in 1569 in Budock, Cornwall. The 1569 muster lists John Kyllygrew Esq of Budock with John Kyllygrew Esq. jun. who furnished one (erased and fower written over) gelding with his furniture for a light horseman 4 corselts furnished 4 almayn rivets or in their stead 4 coats of plate or brigandines 12 pikes one morrion 12 long bows 2 steel caps or sculls ...but. Next entry is for Peter Kyllygrew with bow arrows ...calybers 2 murryans. John jr was one of the five Commissioners and signed at least five of the Hundreds. See also Penryn.
     In the late 1570s he was embroiled in many disputes including a duel with Digby at Truro. His relation Sir Richard Grenville was the sheriff. Sir John being in the wrong.      
Sir John Killigrew was was a Member of Parliament.
1st s. of John Killigrew, and bro. of Henry and William. m. Mary, da. of Philip Wolverston of Wolverstone Hall, Suff., wid. of Henry Knyvet, 3s. inc. John II 2 da. suc. fa. c.1568. Kntd. 25 Dec. 1576.
Offices Held: Collector of clerical stipends, diocese of Exeter c.1559; j.p. Cornw. c.1559; capt. Pendennis castle 1568-d.; commr. musters, Cornw. by Oct. 1572, piracy by 1577.1
Biography: The Killigrews, father and son, opposed Mary Tudor, using their ships to keep the émigrés in the Normandy ports in touch with English affairs, and attacking Spanish vessels in the Channel. They were both put in the Fleet on 28 June 1556 ‘to be kept there apart in close prison’, and were lucky to be released after only three weeks. Back in favour under Elizabeth, Killigrew was put on the commission of the peace during his father’s lifetime, and, after succeeding to his estates, he became a leading and notorious figure in the county, indulging in cattle theft, ‘evil usage in keeping of a castle’ and ‘abuses’ over arranging the quarter sessions. His speciality, however, was using his office of piracy commissioner to maintain and trade with the pirates and smugglers who frequented the coast he could so easily control from Arwennack and Pendennis castle. His estates covered a large part of the Falmouth area, and he owned the fee farm of Penryn borough, so there was likewise no difficulty in his being returned to Parliament when he wished. He is not mentioned directly or indirectly in the known proceedings of the Commons, and one can only speculate on his motives for being elected.
Killigrew’s trafficking with the pirates had been known to the authorities since 1552, and in 1565 commissioners were appointed to undertake a formal investigation. But the man was powerful enough locally to evade the allegations against him. During 1575 and 1576 the Council wrote to him repeatedly about such matters as his imprisoning a French merchant and seizing four ships from Flushing. Even the good Earl of Bedford complained that ‘the castle in Mr. Killigrew’s charge is much decayed and almost unserviceable’. Just once, in January 1569, a commendation of his behaviour appears in the records, after he and Sir Arthur Champernown had seized some Spanish silver and conveyed it to the Tower. His appointment as a piracy commissioner is anomalous even by Elizabethan standards. The first date found for his acting as such (he may have been appointed much earlier) roughly coincides with repeated disturbances of the peace in Cornwall caused by his local quarrels in the summer of 1577, and with his fighting a duel with the vice-admiral Ambrose Digby. This dispute went to arbitration by Bedford, who awarded Digby £100, still unpaid in December 1579. In January 1582 Killigrew seized a Spanish ship sheltering in Falmouth under stress of weather. Having overpowered the crew he seized the cargo of holland cloth (perhaps this was a disappointment) and had the ship sailed to Ireland. As piracy commissioner he sent up a tendentious report, and then disappeared from view. An investigation by Richard Grenville II and Edmund Tremayne disclosed that Lady Killigrew had presented several lengths of cloth to her servants and that a daughter of the family had paid a debt with 20 yards of the material. Killigrew was summoned to attend before the Privy Council, but no details have survived of any further punishment.
He died intestate 5 Mar. 1584, leaving numerous unpaid debts to his brother Henry, on whom he had been sponging for many years. He was buried at Budock. Administration was not granted until 7 June 1603.2
Ref Volumes: 1558-1603
Author: N. M. Fuidge
in 1571.
     Sir John Killigrew was named in the militia list taken on 26 October 1572 in Cornwall. 1572 Oct 26: John Kyllygrew & Richard Trevanyon to the Sheriff of Cornwall. Certificate of musters of able men within the Hundreds of Penwith and Kerrier.
     Bond in £100 (1) Peter Killigrew of Kergilliack, Budock, gent. (2) John Connock of Liskeard gent.
     In September 1577 Sir John Killigrew of Arwennack, Captain of Pendennis Castle, was appointed a the head of the Commission for Piracy in Cornwall..
     Sir John Killigrew was involved in a criminal court case in 1582 in Falmouth, Cornwall. Rowse describes him as a genial old ruffian, fast degenerating into an unmitigated nuisance. He kept up a large establishment and spent freely, he alternately terrorised and cajoled the countryside and bullied his lesser neighbours; he had got badly into debt and took more and more to dubious courses. He had long had a hand in trafficking with the pirates around the coast, himself the responsible authority for putting them down. Now, Sir John, driven to desperate straits, toook to a little piracy on his own On New Years day 1582, a a Spanish ship was driven by weather into Falmouth Haven and was forced to remain 6 days. On the 7th at midnight, she was entered by a number of Killigrew's servants etc., her goods rifled and the ship carried out to sea.. Sir John's daughter Mistress Wolverston... Lady Killigrew was the leading spirit ....
     Sir John Killigrew made a will dated 28 February 1583/84. The will was recited in the Inquisition taken at his death.
     John died on 5 March 1583/84 in Budock, Cornwall. He died intestate leaving numerous unpaid debts to his brother Henry, on whom he had been sponging for many years. Administration was not granted until 7 June 1603. He was buried in St Budock. At Budock church, to the right of the altar, figures in coloured frame & tablet: Here lyeth the bodies of Sr John Killigrewe of Arwenack in the countye of Cornewall Knight. Who departed this life the 5 day of March Anno XXVI Rne Eliz and Dame Mary his wife, daughter of Phillip Wolverstone of Wolverston Hall in the Countie of Suff. Esq. He was the second Captaine that commanded Pendenis Forte since the first erection therof. He had issue by his said wife 3 sonnes viz: John Thomas and Symon, and 2 daughters Mary & Katherine. John his sonne. Maried Dorothy daughter of Thomas Monck of Poderidge in the Countie of Devon Esq by who he had issue IX sonnes and 5 daughters in whose memorie John Killigrew Grandsonne unto Sr John Killigrewe hath of a pious minde erected this monument Ano Dmi 1617.
     Sir John Killigrew re warrant Jan 1584/5 - Signet Bills.
     Sir John Killigrew was the subject of an Inquisition Post Mortem held on 28 February 1584/85.
     The administration of his estate was granted on 7 June 1603.

Children of Sir John Killigrew and Mary Wolverston

Sir John Killigrew

(circa 1582 - before 29 May 1633)
     Sir John Killigrew was born circa 1582 in Cornwall, England. He was aged over 22 at father's death in 1605.. He was the son of John Killigrew and Dorothy Monk.
     Sir John Killigrew married Jane Fermor.
     National Archives documents: between: Robert, Earl of Salisbury, Lord High Treasurer, and Sir Julius Caesar, Chancellor of the Exchequer, on behalf of the King. John Killigrewe of Arnwinick co. Cornwall, esq. Place or Subject: Lease by Killigrave of a piece of ground, part and parcel of Castle Hill, whereon a new fort called Pendennis has lately been erected, together with the fortifications and other appurtenances; 41 years; 12 l.. Sir John Killigrew and Jane Fermor were divorced circa 1613. She was accused of having become a prostitute after having been 'first debauched by the governor of Pendennis Castle'. The seducer was probably Sir John Parker, who succeeded the previous Captain who had died in 1603. When Killigrew divorced his wife (the cost of which reputedly ruined him), she was kindly treated by the burgesses of Penryn to whom she presented a silver cup incribed "from mayor to mayor, to the town of Penryn, where they received me in great misery, Jane Killigrew 1613.
     Deed of exchange, lands in Budock and Mullion. Parties: 1) John Killigrew of Arwennack, esquire, to 2) William Thoms. Consideration: to fulfil agreement of exchange between Sir John Killigrew, now deceased, 'my grandfather', and Robert Trespreson of Mullion, gentleman now deceased, that Robert Tresprison should convey to John Killigrew all his part of Rosemeren in Budock. John Killigrew to convey to William Tresprison Trembell and Halelaze..
     He erected the monument to his parents at Budock (his grandfather?] in 1617. His estate went to his brother Peter.
1625-26 see correspondence in Calendar of State Papers Domestic re dispute with Capt. Bonython, "now in command of Pendennis Castle on account of his miscondunct, principally of a private and personal nature".
1628/9 Feb 19: Petition of Sir William Irving to the King prays for a grant of the ship [French man-of-war at St Keverne near Falmouth] and her accoutrements, and a cmmssion to Sir John Killigrew and Richard Erisey to seize all articles which belonged to her. Granted. [CSPD 1628-29]
1664 Hearth tax (T L Stoate) - Penryn Borough - Simon Kelligrewes wife 2, ex now the widow John (In 1660 Simon, wife & serving maid).. He became a baronet on 8 November 1617..
     He erected the lighthouse at Lizard Point in 1619 under a patent from James I.
     Exchequer docoments: Parties: Edmund Yeo of North Pertherwin co. Devon, gent. Sir John Killigrew of Arwinick, co. Cornwall, kt. Place or Subject: Settlement of the manor of Bodemarron, with appurtenances, in Cornwall, on Mary, Edmund Yeo's daughter, during his lifetime, and after his death, on Elizabeth his wife..
     Richard Lord Roberts, of Truro. v. Thomas Bankcroft, Sir John Tasborough, Knt., James Polkinghorne.: Lands of Sir John Killigrew, knight, and his ancestors lying in Devon and Cornwall. Incumbrances on such lands. Value, &c., &c.: Devon and Cornwall.
     John died before 29 May 1633 in Falmouth, Cornwall. He died without issue.
     His will was proved on 29 May 1633 at Exeter, Devon. Noncupative will of John Killigrew, of Buthock, in the Consistory Court of Exeter, in which he names his sister Odelia and his mother Dorothy.

John Killigrew (Thomas?)

     Two John Killigrews had wills proved in the PCC from foreign parts, Feb 1704, poor? and June 1740, Kinnebrugh/Kinnisburgh, AW?. John Killigrew (Thomas?) was born. John Killigrew, senior, of Arwennack, son and heir or Thomas Killigrew, named in the Inquisition taken on the death of his son. Called Thomas in the College of Arms.. He was the son of Thomas Killigrew and Unknown Beaupell.
     John Killigrew (Thomas?) married Mary Boleigh.

Children of John Killigrew (Thomas?) and Mary Boleigh

John Killigrew jr

( - 9 November 1461)
     John Killigrew jr was the son of Thomas Killigrew and Unknown Beaupell.
     He may be: John Killigrewe, and Joan his wife, daughter of Thomas Molvra. v. Ralph Reskymner, esq., feoffee of said Thomas.: Messuage, mill, and land, &c. in Mulfra (Molvra), Boskennan, and Botrith Ky.: Cornwall. 1455-1460.
     John Killigrew jr was the subject of an Inquisition Post Mortem held on 6 February 1461. John's son and heir Thomas was aged 15 on 6 Febrary 1461.
     John died on 9 November 1461 in Penryn, Cornwall.
     John Killigrew jr was the subject of an Inquisition Post Mortem held between 1466 and 1467 Another inquisition was held when he came of age.
     Burnard v Killygrewe: Plaintiffs: John Burnard. Defendants: John Killygrewe and Henry Pester, executors of Thomas Kyllygrewe, of Penrynburgh.
Subject: Security for a debt due from John Carthewe. Cornwall. Date:1486-1493, or 1504-1515.

Child of John Killigrew jr

Joseph Killigrew

(12 October 1616 - )
     Joseph Killigrew was christened on 12 October 1616 in St Margaret, Lothbury, London. He was the son of Sir Robert Killigrew and Mary Woodhouse.

Sir Joseph Killigrew

(4 February 1592/93 - 19 April 1616)
     Sir Joseph Killigrew was christened on 4 February 1592/93 in St Stephen, Coleman St, London. He was the eldest son and heir, aged 10 at his father's death, named in the will of his father 1602, not then of age. Named in the will of his father in law Sir Edward Hext 1623 and named in the will of his mother 1617 as deceased. He was the son of Sir Henry Killigrew and Jael de Peigne.
     Joseph Killigrew, "havenor" of the duchy of Cornwall. v. Thos. Penrose: Payment of prisage on wines brought in a ship called "The Jonathan," of London, wrecked near the defendant's house at Mounts Bay, and saved by him. Salvage due to ... Date range: 24 March 1610 - 23 March 1611.
     Joseph Killigrew, 'havenor' of the duchy of Cornwall. v. Thos. Penrose: Payment of prisage on wines brought in a ship called "The Jonathan," of London, wrecked near the defendant's house at Mounts Bay, and saved by him. Salvage due to defendant for same.Is Mounts Bay a privileged place, and no part of the duchy of Cornwall? Did the wines belong to free citizens of London, and are such citizens free from payment of prisage in the free ports of London and in the outports? Touching payment of prisage in case of wreck.
     Sir Joseph Killigrew married Elizabeth Hext circa 1611. She subsequently married Sir John Stawell.
     More information about Sir Joseph Killigrew may be found at http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1604-1629/member/killigrew-sir-joseph-1593-1616.
     Sir Joseph Killigrew made a will dated 29 November 1615. He doesn't mention his wife or daughter.
     Joseph died on 19 April 1616 in Netherham, Somerset?, aged 23. He was buried on 25 April 1616 in St Margaret, Lothbury, London. He was the subject of an Inquisition Post Mortem held 14 James [1616].
     His will was proved on 8 July 1617 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Sir Joseph Killigrew of London, Knight. Will dated 20 Nov 13 James,proved 18 July 1617, by Lady Dame Jael Killigrew. My mother Jael Killigrew. Manor of Lanrach, Cornwall. My brother Robert Killigrew. My cousin Sir Robert Killigrew, knight. To Sir Maurice Berkley, my gray horse. To Sir Edward Seymour, my stalking mare. To Sirt Henry Berley my gray maree "Tarbuckle". To Mr John Paulett, my best sword. To Mr Edward Newton my gilt sword.
     Henry Seymour and his wife Eliz. (formerly the wife of Wm Bassett). v. Edwd. Nosworthy, John Davyes and his wife Jane.: Manor and rectory of Lanrake, and the barton of Juts, formerly belonging to Sir Joseph Killigrew, and afterwards to Sir Henry Killigrew, who was declared a "delinquent" by the late Parliament, &c.
Henry Seymour and his wife Eliz. (formerly the wife of Wm. Bassett). v. Edwd. Nosworthy, John Davies and his wife Jane.: Right and title to the manor and rectory of Lanrake and the barton of Juts, formerly belonging to Sir Joseph Killigrew, and afterwards to Sir Henry Killigrew, who was declared a "delinquent" by the late Parliament, &c
.

Child of Sir Joseph Killigrew and Elizabeth Hext